Refereed essays Web of Science
The financial sector plays a crucial role in society. Consequently, prior research has examined the preferences of professionals working in finance. However, these studies have tended to be cross-sectional and have neglected the dynamic roles played by (self-)selection and socialization. This paper uses longitudinal data from Germany to examine how individuals’ financial risk preferences affect their ...
Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
106 (2023), 102071, 12 S.
| Max Deter, André van Hoorn
Diskussionspapiere 2027 / 2022
We examine the additivity of stock-market expectations over different time intervals. When asked about a ten-year interval, survey respondents expect a stock-price change that is not equal to, but closer to zero than, the sum of their expectations over two shorter time intervals that cover the same ten years. Such sub-additivity is irrational in that it cannot stem from aggregating short-term expectations. ...
2022| Peter Haan, Chen Sun, Uwe Sunde, Georg Weizsäcker
DIW Roundup 142 / 2022
While there is a broad consensus in the literature that stock ownership is associated with individual characteristics, such as wealth, income, risk preferences, and financial literacy, less is known about the dynamics of stock market participation (SMP). Major fluctuations in SMP are oftentimes related to political events, economic shocks, and technological disruptions. We discuss the literature that ...
2022| Lorenz Meister, Karla Schulze
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 2 / 2023
Zwischen Juli und Dezember erhöhte die Europäische Zentralbank (EZB) ihren Leitzins äußerst kräftig um 250 Basispunkte. Dieser Zinsschock stellte für die deutschen Genossenschaftsbanken wie auch für viele andere Kreditinstitute eine große Herausforderung dar. Infolgedessen mussten die Genossenschaftsbanken deutliche Ertragseinbußen hinnehmen. Diese äußerten sich überwiegend in einem hohen Bewertungsaufwand ...
2023| Andreas Bley
Diskussionspapiere 2042 / 2023
This paper provides causal evidence on the effect of credit crunches on political polarization. We combine data on bank-firm connections and electoral outcomes at the city-level during the 2008-2014 Spanish Financial Crisis. First, we show that firms in a relationship with weak banks experience a reduction in their loan supply and employment growth. Next, we estimate the effects of unemployment on ...
2023| Pia Hüttl, Simon Baumgartner
Diskussionspapiere 2050 / 2023
We construct the first measure of collateral re-use at the bank and bond level for the European repo market using a regulatory transaction dataset. We show that banks materially increase the rate of re-use in response to tightened asset scarcity induced by the Eurosystem’s asset purchase program. We find that dealers accommodate clients’ demand for safe assets rather than liquidity and profit from ...
2023| Justus Inhoffen, Iman van Lelyveld
Diskussionspapiere 2051 / 2023
Although a growing number of investors are engaging with sovereign entities on environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues, little academic research investigates this new form of investor activism. Applying universal ownership theory and drawing on eleven case studies of policy engagement, this article analyzes what drives institutional investors to engage with government entities and what challenges ...
2023| Camila Yamahaki, Catherine Marchewitz
Refereed essays Web of Science
Negative policy rates can convince markets that deposit rates will remain lower-for-longer, even when current deposit rates are constrained by zero. This is the signalling channel of negative interest rates. We analyse the optimality and effectiveness of negative rates in the context of this novel transmission channel. In a stylized model, we prove two necessary conditions for optimality: time-consistency ...
Journal of Monetary Economics
138 (2023), S. 87-103
| Oliver de Groot, Alexander Haas
DIW Weekly Report 26/27 / 2023
Over the past 20 years, China has granted a conspicuous amount of loans to African countries. New loan data show that compared to Western multilateral loans, Chinese loans have relatively high interest rates and shorter maturities, tend to be highly collateralized, and are volatile over time. Thus, Western loans are generally more likely to be in the economic interest of the borrowing country. Furthermore, ...
2023| Lorenz Meister, Lukas Menkhoff, Annika Westen
Diskussionspapiere 2037 / 2023
We examine the causal relationship between US monetary policy shocks, exchange rates and currency excess returns for a sample of eight advanced countries over the period 1980M1 to 2022M11. We find that the dynamics of the US dollar exchange rate is the main driver of currency excess returns. The exchange rate is significantly affected by US monetary policy shocks, where the persistence of this shock ...
2023| Kerstin Bernoth, Helmut Herwartz, Lasse Trienens