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352 results, from 1
Diskussionspapiere 1933 / 2021

Measuring Unmeasurable: How to Map Laws to Numbers Using Leximetrics

As the institutional literature convincingly shows, socioeconomic phenomena are to a large extent shaped by the formal institutions, that is, legal acts (laws and ordinances). However, the latter are formulated in a specific language that is difficult to understand, let alone to measure. However, since the early 1990s, a whole branch of economic analysis of governmental regulations has evolved. It is ...

2021| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Linus Pfeiffer
Research Project

Integrated tax and transfer system

In this study, we analyze a reform to better balance income taxation, social contributions and means-tested social benefits. In order to relieve low-wage earners and middle classes, the employee contributions to social security are to be integrated into the personal income tax and the top income tax rates are to be increased. In addition, families with low and middle income are to be relieved and...

Completed Project| Public Economics
Diskussionspapiere 1986 / 2021

Rising Allowances, Rising Rates: A Tinbergen Rule for Capital Taxation

The system of capital taxation consists of two instruments, namely a tax on profits and a depreciation allowance on investment. We will show in this paper that by acting on both instruments simultaneously it is possible to achieve both a growth and a fiscal net revenue target even in cases when a trade off prevails when each instrument is used individually. This is an application of the Tinbergen rule ...

2021| Marius Clemens, Werner Röger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Large and Influential: Firm Size and Governments' Corporate Tax Rate Choice

Theory suggests that large firms are more likely to engage in lobbying behaviour and are geographically more mobile compared with smaller entities. Conditional on jurisdiction size, policy choices are thus predicted to depend on the shape of a jurisdiction's firm size distribution, with more business-oriented policies being enacted if jurisdictions host large firms. The paper empirically tests this ...

In: Canadian Journal of Economics 54 (2021), 2, S. 812-839 | Nadine Riedel, Martin Simmler
DIW Weekly Report 49-52 / 2021

Universal Capital Endowment and Wealth Taxes Could Reduce Wealth Inequality

Wealth is very unequally distributed in Germany. To effect a long-term reduction, the new Federal Government could focus on more effectively promoting home ownership, supplementary retirement provision, and other precautionary savings. However, a universal capital endowment could decrease wealth inequality much more rapidly and successfully. In this report, a universal capital endowment of up to 20,000 ...

2021| Stefan Bach
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Responses to unexpected and permanent changes in pension income

For the design of pension reform it is crucial to disentangle the employment effects related to the substitution and the income effect. In this paper we provide causal evidence about the importance of the income effect which in general has been assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension benefits related to children. For...

03.02.2021| Sebastian Becker
Monographien

The Long-Run Effects of Sports Club Vouchers for Primary School Children

Starting in 2009, the German state of Saxony distributed sports club membership vouchers among all 33,000 third graders in the state. The policy's objective was to encourage them to develop a long-term habit of exercising. In 2018, we carried out a large register-based survey among several cohorts in Saxony and two neighboring states. Our difference-indifferences estimations show that, even after a ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 64 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14246)
| Jan Marcus, Thomas Siedler, Nicolas R. Ziebarth
SOEPpapers 1133 / 2021

The Long-Run Effects of Sports Club Vouchers for Primary School Children

Starting in 2009, the German state of Saxony distributed sports club membership vouchers among all 33,000 third graders in the state. The policy’s objective was to encourage them to develop a long-term habit of exercising. In 2018, we carried out a large register-based survey among several cohorts in Saxony and two neighboring states. Our difference-in-differences estimations show that, even after ...

2021| Jan Marcus, Thomas Siedler, Nicolas R. Ziebarth
Diskussionspapiere 1944 / 2021

Temporary VAT Reduction during the Lockdown

This paper evaluates the temporary VAT reduction introduced by the German government over the third and fourth quarter of 2020 as most controversial part of the COVID-19 stimulus package. Critics argue that VAT reductions are ineffective because of limited pass-through of temporary measures to consumer prices and in presence of lockdown measures. Advocates emphasize positive effects on durables and ...

2021| Marius Clemens, Werner Röger
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Increasing employment and family care? A structural analysis of pension and long-term care policy reforms

We develop a comprehensive life-cycle model of elder parent care and work to evaluate options that address pressing conflicts between pension and long-term care (LTC) policies. Many OECD countries react to challenges of demographic change by increasing LTC by family members (informal care) and raising retirement ages. This intensifies conflicts between paid employment and informal care provision....

25.11.2021| Björn Fischer
352 results, from 1
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