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  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Tuition Fees and Educational Attainment

    Following a landmark court ruling in 2005, more than half of Germany’s universities started charging tuition fees, which were later abolished in a staggered manner. We exploit the fact that even students who were already enrolled had to start paying fees. We show that fees increase study effort and degree completion among these students. However, fees also decrease first-time university enrollment ...

    In: European Economic Review 154 (2023), 104431, 28 S. | Jan Bietenbeck, Andreas Leibing, Jan Marcus, Felix Weinhardt
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Does Family Structure Account for Child Achievement Gaps by Parental Education? Findings for England, France, Germany and the United States

    This paper explores the role of family trajectories during childhood in explaining inequalities by maternal education in children's math and reading skills using harmonized, longitudinal, and nationally representative surveys, which follow children over the course of primary and lower secondary school in four high-income countries (England, France, Germany, and the United States). As single parenthood ...

    In: Population and Development Review (2024), im Ersch. [online first: 2024-04-15] | Anne Solaz, Lidia Panico, Alexandra Sheridan, Thorsten Schneider, Jascha Dräger, Jane Waldfogel, Sarah Jiyoon Kwon, Elizabeth Washbrook, Valentina Perinetti Casoni
  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    Closing the Gaps? The Impact of Student Aid Eligibility on Application Behavior to Higher Education

    This study examines how conditional aid eligibility influences students’ application behaviors using extensive data from the French national application platform, Admission Post Bac (APB). Employing a generalized difference-in differences approach, we analyze the impact of an exogenous change in the income threshold for financial aid eligibility. Our primary focus is on high-achieving students, a...

    24.10.2023| Clara Schäper
  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    Age-specific Effects of Early Daycare on Children's Health

    Over the past decades, the share of very young children in daycare has increased significantly in many OECD countries, including Germany. Despite the relevance of child health for child development and later life success, the effect of early daycare attendance on health has received little attention in the economic literature. In this study, I investigate the impact of a large daycare expansion in...

    06.12.2023| Mara Barschkett
  • SOEPpapers 1206 / 2024

    Schooling and Self-Control

    While there is an established positive relationship between self-control and education, the direction of causality remains a matter of debate. We make a contribution to resolving this issue by exploiting a series of Australian and German educational reforms that increased minimum education requirements as a source of exogenous variation in education levels. Instrumental variables estimates suggest ...

    2024| Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Sarah C. Dahmann, Daniel A. Kamhöfer, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch
  • SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

    The Youth Mental Health Crisis during the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of School Closures

    16.11.2022| Judith Vornberger, University of Würzburg (JMU)
  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    The obstinacy of gender stereotypes. Evidence from the Found-in-Translation Task

    The pursuit of science (especially exact sciences) is commonly associated with the male gender. This might have a lot of negative consequences, including discrimination and underrepresentation of female researchers at academia. We conduct two experiments with a series of conditions that make it gradually easier to avoid misattribution of gender of a female scholar. In a novel Found-in-Translation...

    04.06.2024| Patrycja Janowska-Widomska, University of Warsaw
  • SOEPpapers 1204 / 2024

    Life Events and Life Satisfaction: Estimating Effects of Multiple Life Events in Combined Models

    How do life events affect life satisfaction? Previous studies focused on a single event or separate analyses of several events. However, life events are often grouped non-randomly over the lifespan, occur in close succession, and are causally linked, raising the question of how to best analyze them jointly. Here, we used representative German data (SOEP; N = 40,121 individuals; n = 41,402 event occurrences) ...

    2024| Michael D. Krämer, Julia M. Rohrer, Richard E. Lucas, David Richter
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Life Events and Life Satisfaction: Estimating Effects of Multiple Life Events in Combined Models

    How do life events affect life satisfaction? Previous studies focused on a single event or separate analyses of several events.However, life events are often grouped non-randomly over the lifespan, occur in close succession, and are causally linked,raising the question of how to best analyze them jointly. Here, we used representative German data (SOEP; N = 40,121individuals; n = 41,402 event occurrences) ...

    In: European Journal of Personality (2024), im Ersch. [online first: 2024-02-08] | Michael D. Krämer, Julia M. Rohrer, Richard E. Lucas, David Richter
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Perceiver Effects and Socioeconomic Background: Contrasting Parent-reports against Teacher-reports of Elementary School Students' Personality

    familial socioeconomic background can impact not only academic success, but also the personality of offspring. Yet, there is little evidence on whether it might influence how parents describe their children’s personality. To fill this gap, we used latent multitrait-multimethod (CTCM-1) models to examine familial socioeconomic background as possible predictor of parental perceiver effects regarding ...

    In: Journal of Personality Assessment (2024), im Ersch. [online first. 2023-12-06] | Emilija Meier-Faust, Rainer Watermann
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