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Weitere Aufsätze

Scar or Blemish? Investigating the Long-Term Impact of Involuntary Job Loss on Health

In: Axel Börsch-Supan, Martina Brandt, Karsten Hank, Mathis Schröder (Eds.) , The Individual and the Welfare State
Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
S. 191-201
| Mathis Schröder
SOEPpapers 285 / 2010

Are Recessions Good for Educational Attainment?

In this study, we examine how economic performance during the child-specific primary school phase, during which teachers make recommendations regarding secondary school level, affects the educational level achieved ultimately by these children. Using data for Germany, we find that an economic downturn, coupled with increased unemployment, affects children's education attainment negatively. In terms ...

2010| Carsten Ochsen
SOEPpapers 295 / 2010

Multidimensional Measurement of Richness: Theory and an Application to Germany

Closely following recent innovations in the literature on the multidimensional measurement of poverty, this paper provides similar measures for the top of the distribution using a dual cutoff method to identify individuals, who can be considered as rich in a multidimensional setting. We use this framework to analyze the role of wealth, health and education, in addition to income, as dimensions of multidimensional ...

2010| Andreas Peichl, Nico Pestel
SOEPpapers 74 / 2007

Inequalities within Couples: Market Incomes and the Role of Taxes and Benefits in Europe

In spite of there being few elements of tax or cash benefit systems in developed countries that are any longer explicitly gender-biased in a discriminatory sense, it is well recognised that they have significant gender effects. To the extent that women earn less than men on average under tax-benefit systems that are progressive, there is some redistribution from men to women overall. However, an aggregate ...

2007| Francesco Figari, Herwig Immervoll, Horacio Levy, Holly Sutherland
FINESS Working Papers 4.5 / 2010

Unemployment and Portfolio Choice: Does Persistence Matter?

We use a life-cycle model of consumption and portfolio choice to study the effects of social security on the investment decisions of households for the European case. Our model is mainly based on the one developed by Cocco, Gomes, and Maenhout (2005). We extend it by unemployment risk using Markov chains to model the transition between different employment states. In contrast to most models in the ...

2010| Vladimir Kuzin, Franziska Bremus
Monographien

Unemployment and Portfolio Choice: Does Persistence Matter?

Households can rely on private savings or on public unemployment insurance to hedge against the risk of becoming unemployed. These hedging mechanisms are used differently across countries. In this paper, we use a life cycle model to study the effects of unemployment on the portfolio choice of households in the US and in Germany. We distinguish short- and long-term unemployment and find that, in case ...

Tübingen: IAW, 2011, 53 S.
(IAW Discussion Papers ; 77)
| Franziska Bremus, Vladimir Kuzin
SOEPpapers 600 / 2013

Mental Illness and Unhappiness

This paper is a contribution to the second World Happiness Report. It makes five main points. 1. Mental health is the biggest single predictor of life-satisfaction. This is so in the UK, Germany and Australia even if mental health is included with a six-year lag. It explains more of the variance of life-satisfaction in the population of a country than physical health does, and much more than unemployment ...

2013| Richard Layard, Dan Chisholm, Vikram Patel, Shekhar Saxena
SOEPpapers 396 / 2011

Longevity, Life-Cycle Behavior and Pension Reform

How can public pension systems be reformed to ensure fiscal stability in the face of increasing life expectancy? To address this pressing open question in public finance, we estimate a life-cycle model in which the optimal employment, retirement and consumption decisions of forward-looking individuals depend, inter alia, on life expectancy and the design of the public pension system. We calculate that, ...

2011| Peter Haan, Victoria Prowse
SOEPpapers 329 / 2010

Are Education and Entrepreneurial Income Endogenous and Do Family Background Variables Make Sense as Instruments? A Bayesian Analysis

Education is a well-known driver of (entrepreneurial) income. The measurement of its influence, however, suffers from endogeneity suspicion. For instance, ability and occupational choice are mentioned as driving both the level of (entrepreneurial) income and of education. Using instrumental variables can provide a way out. However, three questions remain: whether endogeneity is really present, whether ...

2010| Jörn H. Block, Lennart F. Hoogerheide, A. Roy Thurik
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

Success at Work, Life Patterns, and Overall Life Satisfaction: Changes in the Lives of Men and Women since the 1980s in West Germany

This paper focuses on the structural relationship between family building and upward mobility. Typically this relationship is analyzed for women only, while we include men as well. With new patterns of intimate partnerships and non-traditional families, on the one hand, and a changing labor market, on the other hand, new assertions about their connection have emerged. Using SOEP-data, the possible ...

2001| Angelika Tölke
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