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  • Other refereed essays

    The Impact of the Tax Reduction on Fuel Prices in Germany: A Synthetic Difference-in-Differences Approach

    We analyse the impact of the temporary tax reduction on diesel and gasoline prices from June to the end of August 2022 in Germany. By implementing a synthetic difference-in-differences approach with different baskets of European countries, we find a significant reduction in prices by 33.8–34.4 cents per litre for gasoline and 12.2–14.6 cents per litre for diesel. These results are robust to variations ...

    In: Review of Economics 74 (2023), 2, S. 141-160 | Lea Bernhardt, Xenia Breiderhoff, Ralf Dewenter
  • Diskussionspapiere 2041 / 2023

    De-Fueling Externalities: How Tax Salience and Fuel Substitution Mediate Climate and Health Benefits

    This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the world’s largest environmental tax reform. We compare carbon and air pollutant emissions of the German transport sector and synthetic counterfactuals following the 1999 eco-tax reform, and find average re- ductions in external damages of around 80 billion Euros. We further show that the eco-tax induced low-carbon innovation and document much stronger ...

    2023| Pier Basaglia, Sophie Behr, Moritz A. Drupp
  • Externe Monographien

    De-Fueling Externalities: Causal Effects of Fuel Taxation and Mediating Mechanisms for Reducing Climate and Pollution Costs

    This paper provides the most comprehensive assessment of how fuel taxation reduces climate and pollution externalities with a quasi-experimental evaluation of the world’s largest environmental tax reform. Leveraging multiple causal inference methods, we compare carbon and air pollutant emissions of the actual and counterfactual German transport sector following the 1999 eco-tax reform and demonstrate ...

    München: CESifo, 2023, 37 S.
    (CESifo Working Papers ; 10508)
    | Pier Basaglia, Sophie M. Behr, Moritz A. Drupp
  • Externe Monographien

    The Long-Run Effects of Sports Club Vouchers for Primary School Children

    Starting in 2009, the German state of Saxony distributed sports club membership vouchers among all 33,000 third graders in the state. The policy's objective was to encourage them to develop a long-term habit of exercising. In 2018, we carried out a large register-based survey among several cohorts in Saxony and two neighboring states. Our difference-indifferences estimations show that, even after a ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2021, 64 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14246)
    | Jan Marcus, Thomas Siedler, Nicolas R. Ziebarth
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    From Negative to Positive Carbon Pricing in Mexico

    Over the course of a decade, Mexico transitioned from a peak of 1.8% of GDP given as fuel subsidies in 2008 to generating positive fuel tax revenues equivalent to 1.6% of its GDP in 2018. This paper analyzes Mexico's carbon pricing experience: the mechanisms that made fossil fuel subsidies such a large burden on public finances, the strategies followed in its five-year phase-out, and the institutional ...

    In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 11 (2022), 2, S. 5-25 | Carlos Muñoz-Piña, Mariza Montes de Oca Leon, Marisol Rivera-Planter
  • DIW Weekly Report 11 / 2022

    Tax Revenue: Swifter Recovery during the Coronavirus Pandemic than during the Global Financial Crisis

    Although economic growth continued to be lukewarm in 2021, tax revenue increased significantly, even exceeding the pre-crisis level despite economic policy measures associated with revenue losses. During the 2008-2011 global financial crisis, tax revenue followed a different path: Its recovery lagged behind economic recovery, first reaching the pre-crisis level in 2011. In 2021, value-added tax (VAT) ...

    2022| Kristina van Deuverden
  • Diskussionspapiere 2004 / 2022

    Durable Consumption, Limited VAT Pass-Through and Stabilization Effects of Temporary VAT Changes

    This paper revives the question of whether a temporary VAT change is an adequate instrument for crisis stabilization. In empirical assessments, we find that durable goods consumption fluctuates strongly over the business cycle and that VAT rate changes affect durable goods in particular. Therefore, we build a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model that is capable of addressing this major ...

    2022| Marius Clemens, Werner Röger
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

    We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax–benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual’s earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

    In: International Tax and Public Finance 30 (2023), S. 167–214 | Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
  • Diskussionspapiere 1933 / 2021

    Measuring Unmeasurable: How to Map Laws to Numbers Using Leximetrics

    As the institutional literature convincingly shows, socioeconomic phenomena are to a large extent shaped by the formal institutions, that is, legal acts (laws and ordinances). However, the latter are formulated in a specific language that is difficult to understand, let alone to measure. However, since the early 1990s, a whole branch of economic analysis of governmental regulations has evolved. It is ...

    2021| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Linus Pfeiffer
  • Research Project

    Integrated tax and transfer system

    In this study, we analyze a reform to better balance income taxation, social contributions and means-tested social benefits. In order to relieve low-wage earners and middle classes, the employee contributions to social security are to be integrated into the personal income tax and the top income tax rates are to be increased. In addition, families with low and middle income are to be relieved and...

    Completed Project| Public Economics
386 results, from 21
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