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279 results, from 21
Diskussionspapiere 1901 / 2020

Government Spending Multipliers in (Un)certain Times

We estimate the dynamic effects of government spending shocks, using time-varying volatility in US data modeled through a Markov switching process. We find that the average government spending multiplier is significantly and persistently above one, driven by a crowding-in of private consumption and non-residential investment. We rationalize the results empirically through a contemporaneously countercyclical ...

2020| Jan Philipp Fritsche, Mathias Klein, Malte Rieth
DIW Weekly Report 39/40 / 2020

Population Decline Creating Constant Pressure on Eastern German States and Municipalities on the Expenditure Side

As the German constitution aims for equal living conditions, a huge number of political measures to enhance the conditions in the new states were undertaken after unification (known as the “Aufbau Ost”). In the new states, expenditure per capita rose significantly over the average expenditure of the old states and their municipalities and huge budget deficits occurred. Beginning in the mid-1990s, expenditure ...

2020| Kristina van Deuverden
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2020

Sovereign Debt, the Blessing Aspects and the Implications for the Euro Area

Der Euroraum hat eine einheitliche Währungsbehörde, die die Geldschöpfung regelt, aber die einzelnen Eurostaaten begeben jeweils ihre eigenen Staatschulden. Folglich ist auch die Sicherheit der Staatsanleihen sehr unterschiedlich. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird analysiert: i) die Wechselwirkungen zwischen dem finanziellen und dem realer Sektor; ii) die Rolle von Staatsanleihen als Liquiditätsinstrumente; ...

2020| Gabriella Chiesa
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2020

The German Debt Brake: Approaches for an Improvement of the Technical Design

Der Artikel untersucht die deutsche Schuldenbremse von einem technischen Standpunkt aus. Mit der Ausgestaltung der Schuldenbremse anhand der EU-Methode sollte eine adäquate Aufteilung zwischen der konjunkturellen und der strukturellen Komponente des Budgetsaldos gelingen und dabei antizyklische Fiskalpolitik möglich sein. Aktuelle Studien zeigen jedoch, dass die Mechanik der Schuldenbremse eher pro-zyklischer ...

2020| Thomas Lenk, Christian Bender, Philipp Glinka
Research Project

Options for a per-capita rebate of revenues from CO2 pricing

The project looks at different options of a per-capita rebate of revenues from CO2 pricing in Germany. The German government has decided to introduce a national emissions trading system for the heat and transport sectors in its Climate Action Programme 2030. Such a CO2 pricing implies distributional challenges, since lower-income and middle-income households are more exposed to CO2 prices relative...

Completed Project| Climate Policy
DIW Weekly Report 15/16 / 2020

Government Bonds: European Banks Still Display Strong Home Bias: Requiring Capital Backing Could Worsen Problem

The European sovereign debt crisis illustrated how the stability of the entire financial system suffers when banks and sovereigns become too intertwined. However, there has been seemingly little success in reducing the bank-sovereign nexus in the decade since the crisis. As this Weekly Report shows, home bias remains strong and many European banks are still primarily purchasing domestic government ...

2020| Dorothea Schäfer, Michael Stöckel, Henriette Weser
DIW focus 3 / 2020

ECB and Fed Monetary Policy Measures against the Economic Effects of the Coronavirus Pandemic Have Little Effect

To cushion the economic effects of the coronavirus pandemic, central banks have taken far-reaching monetary policy measures. The US Federal Reserve has lowered its interest rates and, like the European Central Bank, has expanded its bond purchase programs. However, it is questionable whether these measures are having the desired effect of calming the markets and supporting the real economy. It is true ...

2020| Kerstin Bernoth, Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Anna Gibert
Audio

Making a nation-wide randomized field experiment:: Lessons from the Finnish basic income trial

The original goal of the Finnish experiment of 2017 and 2018 was to try to get some evidence on how a new social policy instrument mimicking a basic income would work and what kind of behavioral consequences it would have. The realized experiment was restricted to people aged 25–58 already receiving a labor market subsidy or unemployment allowance and a total of 2,000 participants were...

28.01.2020| Veranstaltungsrückblick
Diskussionspapiere 1864 / 2020

Financial Education Affects Financial Knowledge and Downstream Behaviors

We study the rapidly growing literature on the causal effects of financial education programs in a meta-analysis of 76 randomized experiments with a total sample size of over 160,000 individuals. The evidence shows that financial education programs have, on average, positive causal treatment effects on financial knowledge and downstream financial behaviors. Treatment effects are economically meaningful ...

2020| Tim Kaiser, Annamaria Lusardi, Lukas Menkhoff, Carly Urban
DIW Weekly Report 52/53 / 2020

Fiscal Rules Mitigate Economic Setbacks during Crises

91 countries around the world have established fiscal rules to limit national debt and/or budget deficits. Using data from previous natural disasters, this report investigates how these fiscal rules affect overall economic development following a crisis. The results show countries with fiscal rules fare better after such shocks than those without. GDP, private consumption, and investments develop markedly ...

2020| Alexander Kriwoluzky, Laura Pagenhardt, Malte Rieth
279 results, from 21
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