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575 results, from 31
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Have the Effects of Shocks to Oil Price Expectations Changed? Evidence from Heteroskedastic Proxy Vector Autoregressions

    Studies of the crude oil market based on structural vector autoregressive (VAR) models typically assume a time-invariant model and transmission of shocks and possibly allow for heteroskedasticity by using robust inference procedures. We assume a heteroskedastic reduced-form VAR model with time-invariant slope coefficients and explicitly consider the possibility of time-varying shock transmission due ...

    In: Economics Letters 233 (2023), 111416, 5 S. | Martin Bruns, Helmut Lütkepohl
  • DIW Weekly Report 13/14 / 2024

    Heat Transition: Municipalities Need Federal Support in Decommissioning Natural Gas Networks

    Large parts of the existing natural gas distribution networks must be decommissioned due to the decarbonization of the heat supply. However, there are neither regulatory nor economic incentives for the gas network operators to do so and delaying the decommissioning could be expensive for the remaining customers. This Weekly Report analyzes to what extent municipalities can partially decommission the ...

    2024| Isabell Braunger, Philipp Herpich, Franziska Holz, Julia Rechlitz, Claudia Kemfert
  • Externe Monographien

    Understanding the Impact of Education and Environmental Policy on Human Capital Formation

    In dieser Dissertation werden verschiedene Möglichkeiten analysiert, wie politische Entscheidungsträger die Bildung von Humankapital und die Entstehung von Ungleichheiten in diesem Bereich beeinflussen können. Sie besteht aus vier in sich abgeschlossenen empirischen Forschungsarbeiten, die jeweils einen Beitrag zur bildungsökonomischen Analyse der Bildung von Humankapital leisten. Unter Berücksichtigung ...

    Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, 2023, XXII, 219 S. | Laura Schmitz
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Energy Transition Metals: Bottleneck for Net-Zero Emissions?

    The energy transition requires substantial amounts of metals, including copper, nickel, cobalt, and lithium. Are these metals a bottleneck? We identify metal-specific demand shocks, estimate supply elasticities, and study the price impact of the transition in a structural scenario analysis. Prices of these four metals would reach previous historical peaks but for an unprecedented, sustained period ...

    In: Journal of the European Economic Association 22 (2024), 1, S. 200–229 | Lukas Boer, Andrea Pescatori, Martin Stuermer
  • Diskussionspapiere 2036 / 2023

    Have the Effects of Shocks to Oil Price Expectations Changed? Evidence from Heteroskedastic Proxy Vector Autoregressions

    Studies of the crude oil market based on structural vector autoregressive (VAR) models typically assume a time-invariant model and transmission of shocks or they consider a time-varying model and shock transmission. We assume a heteroskedastic reduced-form VAR model with time-invariant slope coefficients and test for time-varying impulse responses in a model for the global crude oil market that includes ...

    2023| Martin Bruns, Helmut Lütkepohl
  • Diskussionspapiere 2033 / 2023

    The Energy-Price Channel of (European) Monetary Policy

    This study examines whether central banks can combat inflation that is caused by rising energy prices. By using a high-frequency event study and a Structural Vector Autoregression, we find evidence that the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Federal Reserve (Fed) are capable of doing so by affecting domestic and global energy prices. This “energy-price channel” of monetary policy plays an important ...

    2023| Gökhan Ider, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Frederik Kurcz, Ben Schumann
  • Externe Monographien

    EEAG Revision Support Study: Final Report

    Luxemburg: EU, 2021, XLI, 308 S. | Paolo Buccirossi, Alessia Marrazzo, Livia Baccari, Karsten Neuhoff, Jörn C. Richstein, Olga Chiappinelli, Jan Stede, Ciara Barbu O'Connor, Michael Hofmann, Robert Klotz, Sean Ennis, Bryn Enstone, Hans W. Friederiszick, Ela Głowicka, Anselm Mattes, Jan Christopher Rönn, Arvid Viaene, Tomaso Duso, Joanna Piechucka, Jo Seldeslachts
  • Diskussionspapiere 2041 / 2023

    De-Fueling Externalities: How Tax Salience and Fuel Substitution Mediate Climate and Health Benefits

    This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the world’s largest environmental tax reform. We compare carbon and air pollutant emissions of the German transport sector and synthetic counterfactuals following the 1999 eco-tax reform, and find average re- ductions in external damages of around 80 billion Euros. We further show that the eco-tax induced low-carbon innovation and document much stronger ...

    2023| Pier Basaglia, Sophie Behr, Moritz A. Drupp
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Price of Natural Gas Dependency: Price Shocks, Inequality, and Public Policy

    The 2022 natural gas price spikes across Europe raised concerns regarding their distributional consequences. This paper investigates the distributional effect of price increases between and, in particular, within different income groups in Germany, accounting for different determinants of gas expenditures. The study finds that low-income households are affected the most by the gas price increase. Low-income ...

    In: Energy Policy 175 (2023), 113472, 17 S. | Mats Kröger, Maximlian Longmuir, Karsten Neuhoff, Franziska Schütze
  • Externe Monographien

    De-Fueling Externalities: Causal Effects of Fuel Taxation and Mediating Mechanisms for Reducing Climate and Pollution Costs

    This paper provides the most comprehensive assessment of how fuel taxation reduces climate and pollution externalities with a quasi-experimental evaluation of the world’s largest environmental tax reform. Leveraging multiple causal inference methods, we compare carbon and air pollutant emissions of the actual and counterfactual German transport sector following the 1999 eco-tax reform and demonstrate ...

    München: CESifo, 2023, 37 S.
    (CESifo Working Papers ; 10508)
    | Pier Basaglia, Sophie M. Behr, Moritz A. Drupp
575 results, from 31
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