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Externe referierte Aufsätze

A Domain-Differentiated Approach to Everyday Emotion Regulation from Adolescence to Older Age

Flexibly using different emotion-regulation (ER) strategies in different situational contexts, such as domains, has been argued to promote effective emotion regulation. Additionally, emotion regulation processes may change with age as narrowing time horizons shift emotion-regulation preferences. The purpose of the present study was to examine the occurrence and effectiveness of flexible emotion regulation ...

In: Psychology and Aging (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2022-01-27] | Jennifer A. Bellingtier, Gloria Luong, Cornelia Wrzus, Gert G. Wagner, Michaela Riediger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Subjective Age and Attitudes toward Own Aging across Two Decades of Historical Time

A large body of empirical evidence has accumulated showing that the experience of old age is “younger,” more “agentic,” and “happier” than ever before. However, it is not yet known whether historical improvements in well-being, control beliefs, cognitive functioning, and other outcomes generalize to individuals’ views on their own aging process. To examine historical changes in such views on aging, ...

In: Psychology and Aging 37 (2022), 3, S. 413-429 | Hans-Werner Wahl, Johanna Drewelies, Sandra Duezel, Margie E. Lachman, Jacqui Smith, Peter Eibich, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ilja Demuth, Ulman Lindenberger, Gert G. Wagner, Nilam Ram, Denis Gerstorf
SOEPpapers 1155 / 2021

Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities

We examine the relationship between parenting activities and center-based care using time diary and survey data for mothers in Germany. While mothers using center-based care spend significantly less time in the presence of their child, we find that differences in the time spent on specific activities such as reading, talking, and playing with the child are relatively small or zero. The pattern of results ...

2021| Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess, Sevrin Waights
SOEPpapers 1153 / 2021

Personality Traits Across the Life Cycle: Disentangling Age, Period, and Cohort Effects

Economists increasingly recognise the importance of personality traits for socio-economic outcomes, but little is known about the stability of these traits over the life cycle. Existing empirical contributions typically focus on age patterns and disregard cohort and period influences. This paper contributes novel evidence for the separability of age, period, and cohort effects for a broad range of personality ...

2021| Bernd Fitzenberger, Gary Mena, Jan Nimczik, Uwe Sunde
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Longitudinal Coupling of Momentary Stress Reactivity and Trait Neuroticism: Specificity of States, Traits, and Age Period

Personality traits like neuroticism show both continuity and change across adolescence and adulthood, with most pronounced changes occurring in young adulthood. It has been assumed, but insufficiently examined, that trait changes occur gradually over the years through the accumulation of daily experiences. The current longitudinal measurement burst study examined (a) how changes in average momentary ...

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 121 (2021), 3, S. 691-706 | Cornelia Wrzus, Gloria Luong, Gert G. Wagner, Michaela Riediger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Generation Y: Do Millennials Need a Partner to Be Happy?

IntroductionEmpirical evidence on Ronald Inglehart's theory of value change shows that subsequent generations show a decline in values of physical and economic security (materialism) in favor of an increase in values of self-expression and autonomy (postmaterialism).MethodsWe investigate in a pre-registered study whether Inglehart's theory also applies to partnership, such that millennials think less ...

In: Journal of Adolescence 90 (2021), S. 23-31 | Louisa Scheling, David Richter
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Length of Schooling and the Timing of Family Formation

Individuals typically traverse several life phases before forming a family. We analyze whether changing the duration of one of these phases, the education phase, affects the timing of marriage and childbearing. For this purpose, we exploit the introduction of short school years (SSYs) in Germany in 1966–1967, which compressed the education phase without affecting the curriculum. Based on difference-in-differences ...

In: CESifo Economic Studies 68 (2022), 1, S. 1-45 | Josefine Koebe, Jan Marcus
Diskussionspapiere 1970 / 2021

Behavioral Barriers and the Socioeconomic Gap in Child Care Enrollment

Children with lower socioeconomic status (SES) tend to benefit more from early child care, but are substantially less likely to be enrolled. We study whether reducing behavioral barriers in the application process increases enrollment in child care for lower-SES children. In our RCT in Germany with highly subsidized child care (n > 600), treated families receive application information and personal ...

2021| Henning Hermes, Philipp Lergetporer, Frauke Peter, Simon Wiederhold
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Development of Life Goals over the Adult Lifespan

ObjectivesLife goals are important organizing units for individual agency in development. On a societal level, they align with age-normative developmental tasks; on the individual level, they guide people’s attempts at shaping their own development. This study investigates the development of life goals across the adult lifespan with a focus on differences regarding gender, parental status, education, ...

In: The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-08-21] | Laura Buchinger, David Richter, Jutta Heckhausen
SOEPpapers 1159 / 2022

Physical and Mental Health Changes in the Five Years before and Five Years after Childbirth: A Population-Based Panel Study in First-Time Mothers and Fathers from Germany

Background: The transition to parenthood is characterized by far-reaching changes in life. However, little prospective-longitudinal evidence from general population samples exists on changes of general physical and mental health in the years around the birth of a child among mothers and fathers. Methods: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), this study examined continuous and ...

2022| Eva Asselmann, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Susanne Knappe, Julia Martini
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