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578 results, from 21
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Grading in Secondary Schools in Germany: The Impact of Social Origin and Gender

In the German school system, grades are the essential means of performance feedback and assignment. However, little research has been conducted on the factors that determine grades in addition to competencies, and existing findings are poorly replicated. Using data from the representative IQB Trends in Student Performance 2015 survey, our analysis combined a variety of personal and structural characteristics ...

In: International Journal of Educational Research Open 2 (2021), 2, 100101, 9 S. | Michael Bayer, Sabine Zinn, Christin Rüdiger
Weitere Aufsätze

Gleiche Erbchancen für Frauen und Männer? Zur geschlechtsspezifischen Bedeutung von Erbschaften für die Alterssicherung

In Deutschland bestehen ein Gender-Pay-Gap, ein Gender-Wealth-Gap und ein Gender-Pension-Gap zuungunsten von Frauen. Ziel dieses Beitrags ist erstens zu untersuchen, obzudem ein Gender-Inheritance-Gap vorliegt, also Männer und Frauen ungleiche Erbchancenhaben. Zweitens wird untersucht, ob Erbschaften für die Alterssicherung von Frauenund Männern gleichermaßen von Bedeutung sind. Datengrundlage ist ...

In: Deutsche Rentenversicherung (2021), 3, S. 236-251 | Claudia Vogel, Kira Baresel, Heike Eulitz, Uwe Fachinger, Markus M. Grabka, Christoph Halbmeier, Harald Künemund, Alberto Lozano Alcántara
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Care and Careers: Gender (In)Equality in Unpaid Care, Housework and Employment

This article examines whether reducing care and housework duties and redistributing them within different-sex couples could further enhance gender equality on the labor market in terms of labor market participation for different employment types and actual working hours. Women around the world perform the majority of unpaid care and housework, with a large and persistent gap to men. Most research explains ...

In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 77 (2022), 100659, 14 S. | Claire Samtleben, Kai-Uwe Müller
Berlin Applied Micro Seminar (BAMS)

Gender Differences in Job Search and the Earnings Gap: Evidence from the Field and the Lab

21.03.2022| Patricia Cortés (Boston University)
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

A decomposition of the life-cycle part-time wage gap: Forgone promotion prospects and stagnant wage growth within job levels

Long periods of part-time work lead to a stagnation of wage growth. In this paper, I study how the wage stagnation decomposes in lack of career development and the lack of wage growth conditional on the career level. I develop a dynamic choice model of labor supply which distinctly incorporates vertical career moves to jobs paying higher wages as a function of the choice of hours of work. I...

15.06.2022| Boryana Ilieva
DIW Weekly Report 5/6 / 2021

LGBTQI* People in Germany Face Staggering Health Disparities

Discrimination and rejection experienced by LGBTQI* people affect their mental health and, in the long term, their physical health as well. Survey data from the Socio-Economic Panel and Bielefeld University show that LGBTQI* people in Germany are affected by negative mental health outcomes three to four times more often than the rest of the population. Poor physical health that may be stress-related, ...

2021| David Kasprowski, Mirjam Fischer, Xiao Chen, Lisa de Vries, Martin Kroh, Simon Kühne, David Richter, Zaza Zindel

A Firm-Side Perspective on Parental Leave

Motherhood and parental leave interrupt employment relationships, likely imposing costs on firms. We document that mothers who are difficult to replace internally take shorter leave and that their firms hire replacements more often. Introducing more generous parental leave benefits erases the link between mothers' internal replaceability and their leave duration. In firms with few internal substitutes ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 51 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14478)
| Mathias Huebener, Jonas Jessen, Daniel Kühnle, Michael Oberfichtner
Diskussionspapiere 1969 / 2021

Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax-benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual's earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

2021| Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
Diskussionspapiere 1941 / 2021

Employment Responses to Income Effect: Evidence from Pension Reform

For the design of the pension system, it is crucial to disentangle the employment responses related to the substitution effect and the income effect. In this paper, we provide causal evidence regarding the importance of the income effect, which is generally assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension bene- fits related to children. For the identification, ...

2021| Sebastian Becker, Hermann Buslei, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

Based on findings from high-income countries, typically economists hypothesize that having more children unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Few studies on lower-income countries, in which low household wealth, informal child care, and informal employment opportunities prevail, find mixed results. Using Mexican census data, I do not find evidence for negative employment ...

In: Labour Economics 72 (2021), 102048, 16 S. | Julia Schmieder
578 results, from 21