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683 results, from 21
  • Diskussionspapiere 2070 / 2024

    The Effect of Migration on Careers of Natives: Evidence from Long-term Care

    This paper examines the effect of increasing foreign staffing on the labor market outcomes of native workers in the German long-term care sector. Using administrative social security data covering the universe of long-term care workers and policy-induced exogenous variation, we find that increased foreign staffing reduces labor shortages but has diverging implications for the careers of native workers ...

    2024| Peter Haan, Izabela Wnuk
  • Other refereed essays

    The Long-Term Effects of Measles Vaccination on Earnings and Employment: A Replication Study of Atwood (American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2022)

    Atwood analyzes the effects of the 1963 U.S. measles vaccination on long-run labor market out-comes, using a generalized difference-in-differences approach. We reproduce the results of this paper and perform a battery of robustness checks. Overall, we confirm that the measles vaccination had positive labor market effects. While the negative effect on the likelihood of living in povertyand the positive ...

    In: Journal of Comments and Replications in Economics 2 (2023), 4, S. 1-15 | Mara Barschkett, Mathias Huebener, Andreas Leibing, Jan Marcus, Shushanik Margaryan
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Disentangling COVID-19, Economic Mobility, and Containment Policy Shocks

    We study the dynamic interaction between COVID-19, economic mobility, and containment policy. We use Bayesian panel structural vector autoregressions with daily data for 44 countries, identified through traditional and narrative sign restrictions. We find that incidence shocks and containment shocks have large and persistent effects on mobility, morbidity, and mortality that last for one to two months. ...

    In: American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 15 (2023), 4, S. 217–248 | Annika Camehl, Malte Rieth
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Socioeconomic Differences in SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Vaccination in Germany: A Seroepidemiological Study After One Year of COVID-19 Vaccination Campaign

    Objective: To evaluate the socioeconomic patterns of SARS-CoV-2 antigen contacts through infection, vaccination or both (“hybrid immunity”) after 1 year of vaccination campaign.Methods: Data were derived from the German seroepidemiological Corona Monitoring Nationwide study (RKI-SOEP-2; n = 10,448; November 2021–February 2022). Combining serological and self-report data, we estimated adjusted prevalence ...

    In: International Journal of Public Health (2024), im Ersch. [Online first: 2023-09-14] | Susanne Bartig, Florian Beese, Benjamin Wachtler, Markus M. Grabka, Elisabetta Mercuri, Lorenz Schmid, Nora Katharina Schmid-Küpke, Madlen Schranz, Laura Goßner, Wenke Niehues, Sabine Zinn, Christina Poethko-Müller, Lars Schaade, Claudia Hövener, Antje Gößwald, Jens Hoebel
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Mass Vaccination and Educational Attainment: Evidence from the 1967–68 Measles Eradication Campaign

    We show that the first nationwide mass vaccination campaign against measles increased educational attainment in the United States. Our empirical strategy exploits variation in exposure to the childhood disease across states right before the Measles Eradication Campaign of 1967–68, which reduced reported measles incidence by 90 percent within two years. Our results suggest that mass vaccination against ...

    In: Journal of Health Economics 92 (2023), 102828, 21 S. | Philipp Barteska, Sonja Dobkowitz, Maarit Olkkola, Michael Rieser
  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    Migration and native health: new evidence from employer-employee data

    This paper evaluates the effects of immigration on health in the workplace. Using rich linked employer-employee data, I demonstrate that firms with a higher concentration of foreign workers experience lower rates of long-term sick leave among native employees. The effect on the total sick rate is smaller in magnitude. The results are consistent with foreign employment alleviating understaffing and...

    08.11.2023| Izabela Wnuk
  • SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

    Relief through software? A linear probability model on the relationship between digitalization, semi-automation and work intensity in acute nursing care

    This study asks how work intensity differs between nurses that work in three different hospital settings: 1) non-digitalized hospital, 2) digitalized hospital and 3) digitalized+semi-automated hospital. Theoretical and political expectations are that nurses experience less work intensity with higher digital maturity of the hospital. The digital transformation of hospitals is a current political...

    18.10.2023| Julia Bringmann, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    (In)equality at the Workplace? Differences in Occupational Safety and Health Measures during the Covid-19 Pandemic and Related Employee Health

    Auf Basis der Daten einer Sondererhebung des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels zur Covid-19-Pandemie (SOEP-CoV) werden in diesem Beitrag Unterschiede in der Umsetzung verschiedener personenbezogener und organisatorischer Arbeitsschutzmaßnahmen während der Covid-19-Pandemie sowie deren Zusammenhang mit der individuellen Gesundheit von Beschäftigten untersucht. Hierzu wird zunächst ein kurzer Abriss zu sozialen ...

    In: Soziale Welt 74 (2023), 1, S. 116-145 | Anita Tisch, Sophie-Charlotte Meyer, Sabine Sommer, Carsten Schröder
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Financial Incentives and Antibiotic Prescribing Patterns: Evidence from Dispensing Physicians in a Public Healthcare System

    To ensure sufficient access to healthcare in remote areas, some countries allow physicians to directly dispense prescribed drugs through on-site pharmacies. Depending on the medication prescribed, this may pose a significant financial incentive for physicians to over-prescribe. This study, therefore, explored the effect of on-site pharmacies on antibiotic dispensing in a social health insurance system. ...

    In: Social Science & Medicine 321 (2023), 115791, 8 S. | Barbara Stacherl, Anna-Theresa Renner, Daniela Weber
  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    Increasing disability benefits: selection and labor market effects.

    We study the incentive and labor market effects of disability benefit programs using unique policy variation in Germany. In 2014, disability benefits of new recipients were increased considerably while eligibility criteria were not changed. We exploit this quasi-experimental policy variation to test the implications at two different margins. First, we analyze to what extent an increase in the...

    24.05.2023| Annica Gehlen
683 results, from 21
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