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687 results, from 31
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Effect of Area-Level Socioeconomic Deprivation on Mental and Physical Health: A Longitudinal Natural Experiment among Refugees in Germany

    Existing studies on contextual health effects struggle to account for compositional bias, limiting causal interpretation. We use refugee dispersal in Germany as a natural experiment to study the effect of area-level socioeconomic deprivation on mental and physical health, while considering the potential mediating role of neighbourhood characteristics. Refugees subject to dispersal (n = 1466) are selected ...

    In: SSM - Population Health 25 (2024), 101596, 11 S. | Louise Biddle, Kayvan Bozorgmehr
  • Externe Monographien

    Restrictions to Civil Liberties in a Pandemic and Satisfaction with Democracy

    In times of crises, democracies face the challenge of balancing effective interventions with civil liberties. This study examines German states’ response during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on the interplay between civil liberties and public health goals. Using state-level variation in mobility restrictions, we employ a difference-in-differences design to show that stay-at-home ...

    München: CESifo, 2023, 37 S.
    (CESifo Working Papers ; 10875)
    | Daniel Graeber, Lorenz Meister, Panu Poutvaara
  • Diskussionspapiere 2070 / 2024

    The Effect of Migration on Careers of Natives: Evidence from Long-term Care

    This paper examines the effect of increasing foreign staffing on the labor market outcomes of native workers in the German long-term care sector. Using administrative social security data covering the universe of long-term care workers and policy-induced exogenous variation, we find that increased foreign staffing reduces labor shortages but has diverging implications for the careers of native workers ...

    2024| Peter Haan, Izabela Wnuk
  • Other refereed essays

    The Long-Term Effects of Measles Vaccination on Earnings and Employment: A Replication Study of Atwood (American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2022)

    Atwood analyzes the effects of the 1963 U.S. measles vaccination on long-run labor market out-comes, using a generalized difference-in-differences approach. We reproduce the results of this paper and perform a battery of robustness checks. Overall, we confirm that the measles vaccination had positive labor market effects. While the negative effect on the likelihood of living in povertyand the positive ...

    In: Journal of Comments and Replications in Economics 2 (2023), 4, S. 1-15 | Mara Barschkett, Mathias Huebener, Andreas Leibing, Jan Marcus, Shushanik Margaryan
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Mass Vaccination and Educational Attainment: Evidence from the 1967–68 Measles Eradication Campaign

    We show that the first nationwide mass vaccination campaign against measles increased educational attainment in the United States. Our empirical strategy exploits variation in exposure to the childhood disease across states right before the Measles Eradication Campaign of 1967–68, which reduced reported measles incidence by 90 percent within two years. Our results suggest that mass vaccination against ...

    In: Journal of Health Economics 92 (2023), 102828, 21 S. | Philipp Barteska, Sonja Dobkowitz, Maarit Olkkola, Michael Rieser
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Disentangling COVID-19, Economic Mobility, and Containment Policy Shocks

    We study the dynamic interaction between COVID-19, economic mobility, and containment policy. We use Bayesian panel structural vector autoregressions with daily data for 44 countries, identified through traditional and narrative sign restrictions. We find that incidence shocks and containment shocks have large and persistent effects on mobility, morbidity, and mortality that last for one to two months. ...

    In: American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 15 (2023), 4, S. 217–248 | Annika Camehl, Malte Rieth
  • SOEPpapers 1188 / 2023

    Intergenerational Scars: The Impact of Parental Unemployment on Individual Health Later in Life

    This paper studies whether individuals that experienced parental unemployment during their childhood/early adolescence have poorer health once they reach the adulthood. We used data from the German Socio-Economic Panel from 2002 until 2018. Our identification strategy of the causal effect of parental unemployment relied on plant closures as exogenous variation of the individual labor market condition. ...

    2023| Michele Ubaldi, Matteo Picchio
  • Berlin Applied Micro Seminar (BAMS)

    Hit where it hurts: Healthcare access and Intimate Partner Violence

    17.04.2023| Judit Vall (University of Barcelona)
  • SOEPpapers 1186 / 2023

    Health Implications of Building Retrofits: Evidence from a Population-Wide Weatherization Program

    What is the impact of housing upgrades on occupant health? Although economists and policymakers are certain about the health implications of housing upgrades, empirical evidence is largely missing or else only based on small-scale experiments in developing countries. This study provides the first population-representative quasi-experimental estimates based on a large-scale refurbishment program that ...

    2023| Steffen Künn, Juan Palacios
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Education and Pandemic SARS-CoV-2 Infections in the German Working Population: The Mediating Role of Working from Home

    Objectives SARS-CoV-2 infections were unequally distributed during the pandemic, with those in disadvantaged socioeconomic positions being at higher risk. Little is known about the underlying mechanism of this association. This study assessed to what extent educational differences in SARS-CoV-2 infections were mediated by working from home.Methods We used data of the German working population derived ...

    In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health (2024), im Ersch. [online first: 2024-02-12] | Benjamin Wachtler, Florian Beese, Ibrahim Demirer, Sebastian Haller, Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Morten Wahrendorf, Markus M Grabka, Jens Hoebel
687 results, from 31
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