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687 results, from 61
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Role of Pre-pandemic Depression for Changes in Depression, Anxiety, and Loneliness during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results from a Longitudinal Probability Sample of Adults from Germany

    Background: The present study aims to delineate the role of preexisting depression for changes in common mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Using mixed-effects linear regression models, we analyzed data on the course of depressive (Patient Health Questionnaire-2) and anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-2) symptoms as well as loneliness (three-item UCLA Loneliness Scale) ...

    In: European Psychiatry 65 (2022), 1, e76, S. 1–8 | Christoph Benke, Eva Asselmann, Theresa Entringer, Christiane A. Pané-Farré
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Socio-economic and Demographic Factors Influencing the Spatial Spread of COVID-19 in the USA

    As the COVID-19 pandemic progressed in the USA, ‘hotspots’ shifted geographically over time to suburban and rural counties showing a high prevalence of the disease. We analyse population-adjusted confirmed case rates based on daily US county-level variations in COVID-19 confirmed case counts during the first several months of the pandemic (1 March 2020 through 23 May 2020) to evaluate the spatial dependence ...

    In: International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics 12 (2022), 4, S. 366-380 | Christopher F. Baum, Miguel Henry
  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    Restrictions to Civil Liberties in a Pandemic and Satisfaction with Democracy

    Unexpected crises, such as armed conflicts, natural disasters and pandemics require immediate government decisions on how to act to protect the population. The COVID-19 pandemic was the worst sudden onset global crisis since the Second World War, and highlighted tension between civil liberties and public health objectives. How did attitudes towards democracy respond to restrictive policy...

    17.01.2023| Lorenz Meister
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Nationally Representative Results on SARS-CoV-2 Seroprevalence and Testing in Germany at the End of 2020

    Pre-vaccine SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence data from Germany are scarce outside hotspots, and socioeconomic disparities remained largely unexplored. The nationwide representative RKI-SOEP study (15,122 participants, 18–99 years, 54% women) investigated seroprevalence and testing in a supplementary wave of the Socio-Economic-Panel conducted predominantly in October–November 2020. Self-collected oral-nasal ...

    In: Scientific Reports 12 (2022), 19492, 13 S. | Hannelore Neuhauser, Angelika Schaffrath Rosario, Hans Butschalowsky, Sebastian Haller, Jens Hoebel, Janine Michel, Andreas Nitsche, Christina Poethko-Müller, Franziska Prütz, Martin Schlaud, Hans Walter Steinhauer, Hendrik Wilking, Lothar H. Wieler, Lars Schaade, Stefan Liebig, Antje Gößwald, Markus M. Grabka, Sabine Zinn, Thomas Ziese
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Expectation Management of Policy Leaders: Evidence from COVID-19

    This paper studies how the communication of political leaders affects the expectation formation of the public. Specifically, we examine the expectation management of the German government regarding COVID-19-related regulatory measures during the early phase of the pandemic. We elicit beliefs about the duration of these restrictions via a high-frequency survey of individuals, accompanied by an addi-tional ...

    In: Journal of Public Economics 209 (2022), 104659, 26 S. | Peter Haan, Andreas Peichl, Annekatrin Schrenker, Georg Weizsäcker, Joachim Winter
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Resuming Social Contact after Months of Contact Restrictions: Social Traits Moderate Associations between Changes in Social Contact and Well-being

    Humans possess a need for social contact. Satisfaction of this need benefits well-being, whereas deprivation is detrimental. However, how much contact people desire is not universal, and evidence is mixed on individual differences in the association between contact and well-being. This preregistered longitudinal study (N = 190) examined changes in social contact and well-being (life satisfaction, depressivity/anxiety) ...

    In: Journal of Research in Personality 98 (2022), 104223 | Michael D. Krämer, Yannick Roos, David Richter, Cornelia Wrzus
  • Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

    The Role of Physician-Patient Similarity in Diagnosis and Treatment Decisions: Evidence from Antibiotic Prescribing

    Physicians in primary care provide initial diagnosis and treatment for a diverse set of patients. However, whereas patients are demographically and socio-economically heterogeneous, physicians typically come from affluent and highly-educated backgrounds. As a result, there is often a mismatch between physicians and the community they serve. I investigate the role of patient-physician similarity...

    10.06.2022| Shan Huang, DIW Berlin
  • Schumpeter BSoE Macro Seminar

    Lifestyle Behaviors and Wealth-Health Gaps in Germany

    03.05.2022| Minchul Yum, University of Mannheim
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Social Norms and Preventive Behaviors in Japan and Germany during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    According to a recent paper by Gelfand et al., COVID-19 infection and case mortality rates are closely connected to the strength of social norms: “Tighter” cultures that abide by strict social norms are more successful in combating the pandemic than “looser” cultures that are more permissive. However, countries with similar levels of cultural tightness exhibit big differences in mortality rates. We ...

    In: Frontiers in Public Health (2022), 10, 842177 | Christoph Schmidt-Petri, Carsten Schröder, Toshihiro Okubo, Daniel Graeber, Thomas Rieger
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Assessing the Value of Data for Prediction Policies: The Case of Antibiotic Prescribing

    We quantify the value of data for the prediction policy problem of reducing antibiotic prescribing to curb antibiotic resistance. Using varying combinations of administrative data, we evaluate machine learning predictions for diagnosing bacterial urinary tract infections and the outcomes of prescription rules based on these predictions. Simple patient demographics improve prediction quality substantially ...

    In: Economics Letters 213 (2022), 110360, 4 S. | Shan Huang, Michael Allan Ribers, Hannes Ullrich
687 results, from 61
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