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1479 results, from 1471
  • Diskussionspapiere 1103 / 2011

    Do Regions with Entrepreneurial Neighbors Perform Better? A Spatial Econometric Approach for German Regions

    We use a neoclassical production function to analyze the effects of knowledge spillovers via entrepreneurship on economic performance of 337 German districts. To take the spatial dependence structure of the data into account, we estimate a spatial Durbin model. We highlight the importance of the choice of the appropriate weight matrix. We find positive knowledge spillover effects via entrepreneurship ...

    2011| Katharina Pijnenburg, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
  • Diskussionspapiere 1370 / 2014

    Market Power, Fuel Substitution and Infrastructure: A Large-Scale Equilibrium Model of Global Energy Markets

    Assessing and quantifying the impacts of technological, economic, and policy shifts in the global energy system requires large-scale numerical models. We propose a dynamic multi-fuel market equilibrium model that combines endogenous fuel substitution within demand sectors and in power generation, detailed infrastructure capacity constraints and investment, as well as strategic behaviour and market ...

    2014| Daniel Huppmann, Ruud Egging
  • Diskussionspapiere 1253 / 2012

    Endogenous Investment Decisions in Natural Gas Equilibrium Models with Logarithmic Cost Functions

    The liberalisation of the natural gas markets and the importance of natural gas as a transition fuel to a low-carbon economy have led to the development of several large-scale equilibrium models in the last decade. These models combine long-term market equilibria and investments in infrastructure while accounting for market power by certain suppliers. They are widely used to simulate market outcomes ...

    2012| Daniel Huppmann
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Endogenous Production Capacity Investment in Natural Gas Market Equilibrium Models

    The large-scale natural gas equilibrium model applied in Egging, 2013 combines long-term market equilibria and investments in infrastructure while accounting for market power by certain suppliers. Such models are widely used to simulate market outcomes given different scenarios of demand and supply development, environmental regulations and investment options in natural gas and other resource markets.. ...

    In: European Journal of Operational Research 231 (2013), 2, S. 503-506 | Daniel Huppmann
  • SOEPpapers 527 / 2012

    Does Subsidizing Investments in Energy Efficiency Reduce Energy Consumption? Evidence from Germany

    Improving energy efficiency is one of the three pillars of the European energy and climate targets for 2020 and has led to the introduction of several policy measures to promote energy efficiency. The paper analyzes the effectiveness of subsidies in increasing energy efficiency in residential dwellings. An empirical analysis is conducted in which the effectiveness of subsidies on the number of dwelling ...

    2012| Caroline Dieckhöner
  • SOEPpapers 74 / 2007

    Inequalities within Couples: Market Incomes and the Role of Taxes and Benefits in Europe

    In spite of there being few elements of tax or cash benefit systems in developed countries that are any longer explicitly gender-biased in a discriminatory sense, it is well recognised that they have significant gender effects. To the extent that women earn less than men on average under tax-benefit systems that are progressive, there is some redistribution from men to women overall. However, an aggregate ...

    2007| Francesco Figari, Herwig Immervoll, Horacio Levy, Holly Sutherland
  • SOEPpapers 329 / 2010

    Are Education and Entrepreneurial Income Endogenous and Do Family Background Variables Make Sense as Instruments? A Bayesian Analysis

    Education is a well-known driver of (entrepreneurial) income. The measurement of its influence, however, suffers from endogeneity suspicion. For instance, ability and occupational choice are mentioned as driving both the level of (entrepreneurial) income and of education. Using instrumental variables can provide a way out. However, three questions remain: whether endogeneity is really present, whether ...

    2010| Jörn H. Block, Lennart F. Hoogerheide, A. Roy Thurik
  • SOEPpapers 635 / 2014

    A Weighty Issue Revisited: The Dynamic Effect of Body Weight on Earnings and Satisfaction in Germany

    We estimate the relationship between changes in the body mass index (bmi) and wages or satisfaction, respectively, in a panel of German employees. In contrast to previous literature, the dynamic models indicate that there is an inverse u-shaped association between bmi and wages among young workers. Among young male workers, work satisfaction is affected beyond the effect on earnings. Our finding of ...

    2014| Frieder Kropfhäußer, Marco Sunder
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Secondary Use of Personal Data: An Economic Analysis

    The European Commission is currently overhauling the most important instrument for the regulation of cross-border flows of personal data, the Data Protection Directive of 1995 (Directive 95/46/EC). Among the most tedious legal issues is the use of personal data for secondary purposes. Such use occurs if data collected for one purpose (such as credit granting) are later used for another purpose (e.g. ...

    In: European Journal of Law and Economics 44 (2017), 1, S. 165-192 | Nicola Jentzsch
1479 results, from 1471
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