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  • Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on depression, anxiety, loneliness, and satisfaction in the German general population: a longitudinal analysis

    Purpose: Cross-sectional studies found high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms, and loneliness during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Reported increases were lower in longitudinal population-based findings. Studies including positive outcomes are rare. This study analyzed changes in mental health symptoms, loneliness, and satisfaction. Methods: Respondents of the German Socio-Economic ...

    In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology (online first) (2022), | Nora Hettich, Theresa M. Entringer, Hannes Kröger, Peter Schmidt, Ana N. Tibubos, Elmar Braehler, Manfred E. Beutel
  • Hiring behavior, remuneration, and employment perspectives in newly founded establishments

    Einstellungsverhalten, Entlohnung und Beschäftigungsperspektiven in neu gegründeten Betrieben: In der Volkswirtschaftslehre wird das Unternehmertum als treibende Kraft hinter dem Prozess kreativer Zerstörung betrachtet, die Innovationen in den Markt einführt, ineffiziente Betriebe verdrängt, und so den Grundstein für das Wachstum der Wirtschaft legt. Ein wesentlicher Bestandteil unternehmerischen Handelns ...

    2022, | Lisa Hölscher
  • Subjective Well-Being Around Retirement

    This paper studies the effect of both retirement and unemployment on life satisfaction, using subjective satisfaction indicators from the German Socio-Economic Panel. Moreover, we analyze how accurate individuals anticipate changes in satisfaction around retirement, as well as the correlation between the forecast error in life satisfaction and the labor market status. Being unemployed has a significant ...

    In: De Economist 161 (2013), 3, 349-366 | Marzieh Abolhassani, Rob Alessie
  • Computers as Stepping Stones? Technological Change and Equality of Labor Market Opportunities

    This paper analyzes whether technological change improves equality of labor market opportunities by decreasing returns to parental background. We find that in Germany during the 1990s, computerization improved the access to technologyadopting occupations for workers with low-educated parents, and reduced their wage penalty within these occupations. We also show that this significantly contributed to ...

    Mannheim: Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW), 2022,
    (ZEW Discussion Paper No. 22-014)
    | Melanie Arntz, Cäcilia Lipowski, Guido Neidhöfer, Ulrich Zierahn
  • Does Money Change Who You Are? Quasi-Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Wage Increases on Personality

    Using the 2015 introduction of a statutory minimum wage in Germany as a quasi-experiment, I investigate the effects of wage increases on personality. The degree to which each worker’s wage is affected by the reform is used as an instrument for the increase in hourly wage in a two-stage least squares estimation based on nationally representative panel data. The results show that wage increases have ...

    (EconStore Working Paper)
    | Adam Ayaita
  • Essays in Applied Microeconomics

    This dissertation consists of three chapters in the field of applied microeconomics with a focus on labor economics and behavioral economics. It covers various topics and methods. A common theme is the importance of decisions. Our economy is the result of innumerable decisions made by individual and institutional agents. The decisions are constraint by resources and differ in complexity and impact. ...

    2022, | Teresa Backhaus
  • Dynamic Effects of Co-Ethnic Networks on Immigrants’ Economic Success

    In this paper we investigate how co-ethnic networks affect the economic success of immigrants. Using longitudinal data of immigrants in Germany and including a large set of fixed effects and pre-migration controls to address the possible endogeneity of initial location, we find that immigrants in districts with larger co-ethnic networks are more likely to be employed soon after arrival. This advantage ...

    In: The Economic Journal 132 (2022), 641, 58-88 | Michele Battisti, Giovanni Peri, Agnese Romiti
  • Grading in Secondary Schools in Germany – The Impact of Social Origin and Gender

    In the German school system, grades are the essential means of performance feedback and assignment. However, little research has been conducted on the factors that determine grades in addition to competencies, and existing findings are poorly replicated. Using data from the representative IQB Trends in Student Performance 2015 survey, our analysis combined a variety of personal and structural characteristics ...

    In: International Journal of Educational Research Open 2 (2021), 2, 100101, 9 S. | Michael Bayer, Sabine Zinn, Christin Rüdiger
  • The fundamental role of tax systems in the relationship between workfare and inequality in the lower half of the income distribution

    In recent decades, many affluent democracies moved from traditional welfare states to workfare systems. Meanwhile, income inequality developed differently across countries, even when they made apparently similar shifts from welfare to workfare. It is a matter of debate why welfare state change had such heterogeneous consequences across countries. This article proposes that different incentives to take ...

    In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 80 (2022), 100712 | Barbara Binder, Andreas Haupt
  • Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

    Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

    In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse
6797 results, from 1