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  • Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

    Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

    In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse
  • Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

    We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

    DIW Discussion Paper 2002 | Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
  • Environmental Behaviour and Decision Making - Evidence from Laboratory, Online and Natural Experiments

    Tackling climate change and keeping global temperatures from rising by more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels is one of the major and most challenging issues that our societies are facing. Households are among the prime contributors to annual greenhouse gas emissions, with twenty percent of emissions being generated by residential energy consumption. Therefore, understanding individual decision-making ...

    2022, | Stefano Ceolotto
  • Lifetime Consequences of Lost Instructional Time in the classroom: Evidence from Shortened School Years

    This study estimates the lifetime effects of lost instructional time in the classroom on labor market performance. For identification, I use historical shifts in the school year schedule in Germany, which substantially shortened the duration of the affected school years with no adjustments in the core curriculum. The lost in-school instruction was mainly compensated for by assigning additional homework. ...

    Munich: CESifo, 2022,
    (CESifo Working Paper No. 9892)
    | Kamila Cygan-Rehm
  • Living longer, working longer: analysing time trends in working life expectancy in Germany from a health perspective between 2002 and 2018

    Population ageing poses growing challenges to social security systems, in particular to public pension funds. The study analyses how Working Life Expectancy (WLE) and Healthy Working Life Expectancy (HWLE) in terms of three health indicators developed in Germany. Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) from 2002 to 2018 (n = 211,141), time trends in labour force rates, mental and physical ...

    In: European Journal of Ageing 19 (2022), 4, 1263-1276 | Chiara Heller, Stefanie Sperlich, Fabian Tetzlaff, Siegfried Geyer, Jelena Epping, Johannes Beller, Juliane Tetzlaff
  • Historical and cross-country differences in life satisfaction across retirement in Germany and Switzerland from 2000-2019

    Objectives. Recent trends such as changes in pension systems or cohort differences in individual resources have altered the face of retirement transitions. Little is known about how these trends affected older people’s life satisfaction around retirement age in the past decades. Here, we investigated how levels and changes in life satisfaction before and after retirement changed with historical time ...

    (PsyArXiv Preprints)
    | Georg Henning, Isabel Baumann, Oliver Huxhold
  • The Interplay of Immigrant Integration and Naturalization

    Viele Aspekte der Integration von Zuwanderern unterliegen länder- oder sogar gemeinschaftsspezifischen Maßnahmen. Die Einbürgerung ist eine zentrale Erscheinungsform der rechtlichen Integration, die stark reguliert ist. Die Staatsbürgerschaft als potenzieller Torwächter für die weitere Integration wurde in der Migrationsforschung bisher nicht angemessen berücksichtigt. Der Status und die Herkunft der ...

    2022, | Wiebke Hübner
  • Mentoring as a grassroots effort for integrating refugees – evidence from a randomised field experiment

    About 80 million people were displaced worldwide at the end of 2020. To support this highly vulnerable group, in recent years, local bottom-up initiatives proliferated to support refugee integration in hosting communities. This study examines a network intervention for refugees in collaboration with a social start-up whose mission is to match refugees and local volunteers to form friendships. We apply ...

    In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 48 (2022), 17, 4085-4105 | Philipp Jaschke, Lea-Maria Löbel, Magdalena Krieger, Nicolas Legewie, Martin Kroh, Jannes Jacobsen, Diana Schacht
  • At Which Age is Education the Great Equalizer? A Causal Mediation Analysis of the (In-)Direct Effects of Social Origin over the Life Course

    The mechanisms linking parental resources to their children’s opportunities are of fundamental interest to sociologists. This study is the first to provide a dynamic life course assessment of the origin–education–destination triangle using causal mediation analysis. While the age-as-equalizer hypothesis suggests that for the highly educated, direct effects of social origin are high at young ages and ...

    In: European Sociological Review 38 (2022), 6, 866-881 | Fabian Kratz, Bettina Pettinger, Michael Grätz
  • Analysing Opportunity Cost of Care Work using Mixed Effects Random Forests under Aggregated Census Data

    Reliable estimators of the spatial distribution of socio-economic indicators are essential for evidence-based policy-making. As sample sizes are small for highly disaggregated domains, the accuracy of the direct estimates is reduced. To overcome this problem small area estimation approaches are promising. In this work we propose a small area methodology using machine learning methods. The semi-parametric ...

    (ArXiv preprint arXiv:2204.10736)
    | Patrick Krennmair, Nora Würz, Timo Schmid
7035 results, from 1