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The fundamental role of tax systems in the relationship between workfare and inequality in the lower half of the income distribution

In recent decades, many affluent democracies moved from traditional welfare states to workfare systems. Meanwhile, income inequality developed differently across countries, even when they made apparently similar shifts from welfare to workfare. It is a matter of debate why welfare state change had such heterogeneous consequences across countries. This article proposes that different incentives to take ...

In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 80 (2022), 100712 | Barbara Binder, Andreas Haupt

Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse

Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

DIW Discussion Paper 2002 | Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer

Environmental Behaviour and Decision Making - Evidence from Laboratory, Online and Natural Experiments

Tackling climate change and keeping global temperatures from rising by more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels is one of the major and most challenging issues that our societies are facing. Households are among the prime contributors to annual greenhouse gas emissions, with twenty percent of emissions being generated by residential energy consumption. Therefore, understanding individual decision-making ...

2022, | Stefano Ceolotto

Lifetime consequences of lost instructional time in the classroom: Evidence from shortened school years

This study estimates the lifetime effects of lost instructional time in the classroom on labor market outcomes. For identification, I use historical shifts in the starting date of the school year in Germany, which substantially shortened the duration of the affected school years with no adjustments in the core curriculum. The lost in-school instruction was mainly substituted by additional homework ...

(2022 EffEE Conference on Econometric Evaluation of School Reforms Conference Paper)
| Kamila Cygan-Rehm

Living longer, working longer: analysing time trends in working life expectancy in Germany from a health perspective between 2002 and 2018

Population ageing poses growing challenges to social security systems, in particular to public pension funds. The study analyses how Working Life Expectancy (WLE) and Healthy Working Life Expectancy (HWLE) in terms of three health indicators developed in Germany. Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) from 2002 to 2018 (n = 211,141), time trends in labour force rates, mental and physical ...

In: European Journal of Ageing (online first) (2022), | Chiara Heller, Stefanie Sperlich, Fabian Tetzlaff, Siegfried Geyer, Jelena Epping, Johannes Beller, Juliane Tetzlaff

Impact of migration policies on socio-cultural participation and well-being: evidence from the Migration Act of 2000 in Germany

Purpose: Countries have implemented various migration policies targeting the migrants' economic and political integration and social inclusion. However, little is known about the impact of migration policies on migrants' participation in socio-cultural activities and their link with well-being. The first aim of this study is to explore the effect of the Migration Act of 2000 in Germany on participation ...

In: Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences (online first) (2022), | Eleftherios Giovanis

Private spanner in public works? The corrosive effects of private insurance on public life

Contemporary societies are not only “risk societies”, but also insurance societies. While the shift of systemic risks from the community to the individual is a distinctive trait of modernity, research on the consequences of this process has focused almost exclusively on welfare state responses aimed at re-collectivizing societal risks. Individual-level reactions associated with the need for a private ...

In: The British Journal of Sociology (online first) (2022), | Sinisa Hadziabdic, Sebastian Kohl

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on depression, anxiety, loneliness, and satisfaction in the German general population: a longitudinal analysis

Purpose: Cross-sectional studies found high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms, and loneliness during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Reported increases were lower in longitudinal population-based findings. Studies including positive outcomes are rare. This study analyzed changes in mental health symptoms, loneliness, and satisfaction. Methods: Respondents of the German Socio-Economic ...

In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology (online first) (2022), | Nora Hettich, Theresa M. Entringer, Hannes Kröger, Peter Schmidt, Ana N. Tibubos, Elmar Braehler, Manfred E. Beutel

Hiring behavior, remuneration, and employment perspectives in newly founded establishments

Einstellungsverhalten, Entlohnung und Beschäftigungsperspektiven in neu gegründeten Betrieben: In der Volkswirtschaftslehre wird das Unternehmertum als treibende Kraft hinter dem Prozess kreativer Zerstörung betrachtet, die Innovationen in den Markt einführt, ineffiziente Betriebe verdrängt, und so den Grundstein für das Wachstum der Wirtschaft legt. Ein wesentlicher Bestandteil unternehmerischen Handelns ...

2022, | Lisa Hölscher
6681 results, from 1