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The Impact of Immigration on the Well-Being of Natives

Combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for 1998–2009 with local labor market information, this is the first paper to investigate how the spatial concentration of immigrants affects the life satisfaction of the native Germans. Our results show a positive and robust effect of immigration on natives’ well-being, which is not driven by local labor market characteristics. Immigration has only ...

In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 103 (2014), C, 72-92 | Alpaslan Akay, Amelie F. Constant, Corrado Giulietti

Ethnic Diversity and Well-Being

This paper investigates how ethnic diversity, measured by the immigrants' countries of origin, influences the well-being of the host country. Using panel data from Germany for the period 1998 to 2012, we find a positive effect of ethnic diversity on the well-being of German citizens. To corroborate the robustness of our results, we estimate several alternative specifications and investigate possible ...

Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), 2016,
(IZA DP No. 9726)
| Alpaslan Akay, Amelie F. Constant, Corrado Giulietti, Guzim Martin

Sundays Are Blue: Aren’t They? The Day-of-the-Week Effect on Subjective Well-Being and Socio-Economic Status

This paper analyses whether individuals are influenced by the day of the week when reporting subjective well-being. By using a large panel data set and controlling for observed and unobserved individual characteristics, we find a large day-of the-week effect. Overall, we find a 'blue' Sunday effect with the lowest level of subjective well-being. The day-of-the-week effect differs with certain socio-economic ...

Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), 2009,
(IZA DP No. 4563)
| Alpaslan Akay, Peter Martinsson

Positional Concerns through the Life Cycle: Evidence from Subjective Well-Being Data and Survey Experiments

This paper uses both subjective well-being and survey experimental data to analyze how people’s positional concerns regarding income and goods vary with age. The subjective wellbeing approach is mainly based on German panel data for the period 1984-2009 (German Socio-Economic Panel), while the survey experimental approach is based on a tailor-made experimental design conducted among Swedish adults. ...

Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), 2012,
(IZA DP No. 6342)
| Alpaslan Akay, Peter Martinsson

Can’t Sleep! Relative Concerns and Sleep Behavior

We investigate the effect of relative concerns with respect to income on the quantity and quality of sleep using a long panel dataset on the sleep behavior of people in Germany. We find that relative income has a substantial negative effect on number of hours of sleep on weekdays and overall satisfaction with sleep, i.e., sleep quality, whereas absolute income has no particular effect on sleep behavior. ...

Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg, 2017,
(University of Gothenburg Working Papers in Economics No. 709)
| Alpaslan Akay, Peter Martinsson, Hilda Ralsmark

For Better or for Worse: The Long-Term Effects of Postwar Reconstruction on Family Formation

This paper provides causal evidence on the long-term legacies of postwar reconstruction and mandatory employment on women’s family formation outcomes such as marriage, age at first marriage and divorce. We exploit city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of World War II reconstruction in Germany which determined the mobilization of women in the postwar era. We find that participation in the postwar ...

Bonn: Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), 2013,
(IZA DP No. 7239)
| Mevlude Akbulut Yuksel, Melanie Khamis, Mutlu Yuksel

Children of War: The Long-Run Effects of Large-Scale Physical Destruction and Warfare on Children

This paper provides causal evidence on the long-term consequences of large-scale physical destruction on educational attainment, health status, and labor market outcomes of children. I exploit the plausibly exogenous region- by- cohort variation in the intensity of World War Two (WWII) destruction as a unique quasi- experiment. I fi nd that exposure to destruction had long- lasting detrimental effects ...

In: Journal of Human Resources 49 (2009), 3, 634-662 | Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel

War during childhood: The long run effects of warfare on health

This paper estimates the causal long-term consequences of an exposure to war in utero and during childhood on the risk of obesity and the probability of having a chronic health condition in adulthood. Using the plausibly exogenous city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of WWII destruction as a unique quasi-experiment, I find that individuals who were exposed to WWII destruction during the prenatal ...

In: Journal of Health Economics 53 (2017), May 2017, 117-130 | Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel

Women Make Houses, Women Make Homes

This paper examines the persistent effects of historical labor market institutions and policies on women's long-term labor market outcomes. We quantify these enduring effects by exploring quasi-experimental variation in Germany's post-World War II mandatory reconstruction policy, which compelled women to work in the rubble removal and reconstruction process. Using difference-in-differences and instrumental ...

In: Labour Economics 49 (2017), December 2017, 145-161 | Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel, Melanie Khamis, Mutlu Yuksel

Learning to Participate in Politics: Evidence from Jewish Expulsions in Nazi Germany

This paper provides causal evidence on the importance of socioeconomic circumstances, socialization, and childhood events, in the formation of adult political behaviour and attitudes, using region-by-cohort variation in exposure to the Jewish expulsions in Nazi Germany as a quasi-experiment. We find that the expulsion of Jewish professionals had long-lasting detrimental effects on the political attitudes ...

Bonn: IZA Institute of Labor Economics, 2017,
(IZA DP No. 10778)
| Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel, Dozie Okoye, Mutlu Yuksel