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Biases in Estimates of the Smoking Wage Penalty

Gesundheit, Einkommen und Armut, Methoden

Berlin: German Institute for Economic Research, 2006,
(DIW Discussion Paper No. 654)
| Silke Anger, Michael Kvasnicka

Stop Smoking, Your Paycheck Will Thank You! Wage Effects from Smoking Cessation

A growing body of literature has investigated the wage penalty attached to smoking. Little research, in contrast, has been done on the wage effects of smoking cessation. Using survey panel data from Germany, we study the relative earnings of smokers and former smokers over an extended period of time. Our results from pooled OLS regressions of wages on smoking status for ever smokers (smokers, former ...

Seville: 2009, | Silke Anger, Michael Kvasnicka

Does smoking really harm your earnings so much? Biases in current estimates of the smoking wage penalty

Empirical studies on the earnings effects of tobacco use have found significant wage penalties attached to smoking. This article produces evidence that suggests that these estimates are significantly upward biased. The bias arises from a general failure in the literature to control for past smoking behaviour of individuals. Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) regressions show that the smoking wage penalty ...

In: Applied Economics Letters 17 (2010), 6, 699-702 | Silke Anger, Michael Kvasnicka

One Last Puff? Public Smoking Bans and Smoking Behavior

This paper investigates the short-term effects of public smoking bans on individual smoking behavior. In 2007 and 2008, state-level smoking bans were gradually introduced in all of Germany's federal states. We exploit this variation to identify the effect that smoke-free policies had on individuals’ smoking propensity and smoking intensity. Using rich longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic ...

In: Journal of Health Economics 30 (2011), 3, 591-601 | Silke Anger, Michael Kvasnicka, Thomas Siedler

Do Social Relationships Buffer the Effects of Widowhood? A Prospective Study of Adaptation to the Loss of a Spouse

The idea that strong social relationships can buffer the negative effects of stress on well-being has received much attention in existing literature. However, previous studies have used less than ideal research designs to test this hypothesis, making it difficult to draw firm conclusions regarding the buffering effects of social support. In this study, we examined the buffering hypothesis in the context ...

In: Journal of Personality 82 (2014), 5, 367–378 | Ivana Anusic, Richard E. Lucas

The Validity of the Day Reconstruction Method in the German Socio-economic Panel Study

The Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) is a useful tool for evaluating short-term changes in emotional experiences over a variety of daily situations. However, traditional method of collecting DRM data can be time-intensive for both researchers and participants. In this paper we provide evidence that a random-sampling approach to DRM assessment can provide useful data that are largely consistent with ...

In: Social Indicators Research 130 (2017), 1, 213-232 | Ivana Anusic, Richard E. Lucas, M. Brent Donnellan

Stability and Change of Personality Traits, Self-Esteem, and Well-Being: Introducing the Meta-Analytic Stability and Change Model of Retest Correlations

The stability of individual differences is a fundamental issue in personality psychology. Although accumulating evidence suggests that many psychological attributes are both stable and change over time, existing research rarely takes advantage of theoretical models that capture both stability and change. In this article, we present the Meta-Analytic Stability and Change model (MASC), a novel meta-analytic ...

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 110 (2016), 5, 766-781 | Ivana Anusic, Ulrich Schimmack

Winning Big but Feeling No Better? The Effect of Lottery Prizes on Physical and Mental Health

We use British panel data to determine the exogenous impact of income on a number of individual health outcomes: general health status, mental health, physical health problems, and health behaviors (drinking and smoking). Lottery winnings allow us to make causal statements regarding the effect of income on health, as the amount won by winners is largely exogenous. Positive income shocks have no significant ...

In: Health Economics 24 (2015), 5, 516-538 | Bénédicte Apouey, Andrew E. Clark

Gender, Time Use and Public Policy over the Life Cycle

Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), 2005,
(IZA DP No. 1855)
| Patricia Apps, Ray Rees

Inheritance Tax: Limit Corporate Privileges and Spread Tax Burden

After the inheritance tax ruling by the German Federal Constitutional Court, legislators will have to limit the wide-ranging exemptions on company assets. In recent years, they have exempted half of all assets subject to inheritance tax. In particular, large transfers consisting mainly of corporate assets benefit from the favorable conditions. In 2012 and 2013, over half of all transfers of five million ...

In: DIW Economic Bulletin 5 (2015), 7, 91-99 | Stefan Bach