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Waiting for Kin: A Longitudinal Study of Family Reuni<U+FB01>cation and Refugee Mental Health in Germany

Involuntarily or planned – many refugees flee their home country alone, leave behind spouses and children but also siblings, parents and other family members they otherwise care for. Reunification in hosting communities is difficult, as governments limit institutional family reunifications and the individual journey of kin is dangerous and often illegal. Having family abroad is mentally distressing ...

In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (2021) im Ersch. [online first: 2021-02-16] | Lea-Maria Löbel, Jannes Jacobsen

Divisive Jobs: Three Facets of Risk, Precarity and Redistribution

A central challenge in understanding public opinion shifts is identifying whose opinions change. Political economy models typically try to uncover this by exploring voters’ economic vulnerability, in particular the relationship between labour market risk and redistribution preferences. Predominantly, however, such work imputes risk from group-level characteristics and is static in nature. This makes ...

2020,
(SSRN Working Paper)
| Raluca L. Pahontu

Fiscal and Individual Rates of Return to University Education with and without Graduation

Based on a detailed model of the German tax-benefit system, this paper simulates private and fiscal returns to education for college graduates and college dropouts.

In: Applied Economics Letters (online first) (2020), | Friedhelm Pfeiffer, Holger Stichnoth

An Economic Analysis of the Empty Nest Syndrome: What the Leaving Child Does Matters

This study is an empirical investigation of the empty nest syndrome, commonly understood as a situation where there are feelings of loss or loneliness for mothers and/or fathers following the departure of the last child from the family home. This investigation makes use of rich, longitudinal, nationally representative German data to assess whether there is evidence for such a syndrome. Furthermore, ...

SOEPpapers 1119 | Alan Piper

Essays on Migration and Labor Economics

Verschiedene arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahmen zielen darauf ab, die Wirtschaft anzukurbeln und die Arbeitslosigkeit zu bekämpfen. Entgegen den Erwartungen wirken sich einige jedoch nicht positiv auf die Arbeitsmarktergebnisse aus. Eine empirische evidenzbasierte Bewertung vergangener politischen Maßnahmen ist entscheidend für eine effektive Gestaltung zukünftiger Politiken und für die Vermeidung vermeidbarer ...

2019, | Salwan Saif

People underestimate the errors by algorithms for credit scoring and recidivism but tolerate even fewer errors

This study provides the first representative analysis of error estimations and error tolerance in a Western country (Germany) with regards to algorithmic decision-making systems (ADM). We examine people’s expectations about the accuracy of algorithms that predict credit default, recidivism of an offender, suitability of a job applicant, and health behavior. Also, we ask whether expectations about algorithm ...

2021,
(Preprint)
| Felix G. Rebitschek, Gerd Gigerenzer, Gert G. Wagner

Feeling Good or Feeling Better?

Can people remember correctly their past well-being? We study three national surveys of the British, German and French population, where more than 50,000 European citizens were asked questions about their current and past life satisfaction. We uncover systematic biases in recalled subjective well-being: on average, people tend to overstate the improvement in their well-being over time and to understate ...

Bonn: Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), 2020,
(IZA DP No. 13166)
| Alberto Prati, Claudia Senik

Comparing the Educational Gradients in Three Cardiovascular Disease-Specific Health Measures

Less-educated persons have worse cardiovascular health. We compare the educational gradients in three disease-specific health measures (biomarkers, self-reported doctors’ diagnoses and cause-specific mortality) in order to compare their relevance in different stages of the disease process. We study 14,102 people aged 50–89 from the US Health Retirement Study (HRS) in the period 2006–17. We use six ...

In: Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-02-19] | Rasmus Hoffmann, Hannes Kröger

‘Grey zones’ within dependent employment: formal and informal forms of on-call work in Germany

This article aims to take stock of the various manifestations of on-call work in Germany. It is shown that formal on-call work is, by international standards, relatively strictly regulated in Germany, not least as the result of a 2019 reform of the law. Similar to other countries, however, other informal variants are used that lie outside the scope of the re-regulation or ‘normalisation’ of formal ...

In: Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research 26 (2020), 4, 447-463 | Karen Jaehrling, Thorsten Kalina

Self-selection of Asylum Seekers: Evidence From Germany

I examine the pattern of selection on education of asylum seekers recently arrived in Germany from five key source countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Iraq, Serbia, and Syria. The analysis relies on original individual-level data collected in Germany combined with surveys conducted at origin. The results reveal a positive pattern of selection on education for asylum seekers who were able to flee Iraq ...

In: Demography 57 (2020), 3, 1089-1116 | Lucas Guichard
6135 results, from 11
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