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6350 results, from 21

How Causal Is Separation? Lessons Learnt from Endogenous Switching Regression Models for Single Mothers’ Economic Strain in Germany

Single mothers often experience precarious financial conditions. However, it is not fully understood to what extent separation is the cause of these conditions versus being their consequence. Estimating an endogenous switching regression model based on a sample of 626 separated and 5,525 non-separated mothers drawn from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 1984-2018, we disentangle the roles of causation ...

SOEPpapers 1147 | Antonia Birkeneder, Christina Boll

Global norms, regional practices: Taste-based and statistical discrimination in German asylum decision-making

Asylum policy-making in advanced democracies frequently faces the accusation that prejudice and stereotyping lead to erroneous decisions. The model of taste-based discrimination suggests that the biases of decision-makers or their peers against certain groups of applicants influence the evaluation of an asylum claim. Conversely, the concept of statistical discrimination implies that a dearth of information ...

Konstanz: Cluster of Excellence 'The Politics of Inequality', 2021,
(Working Paper Series No. 05)
| Lidwina Gundacker, Yuliya Kosyakova, Gerald Schneider

The Social Consequences of the Increase in Refugees to Germany

Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), 2021,
(WZB Discussion Paper SP I 2021-502)
| Marco Giesselmann, David Brady, Tabea Naujoks

The private and fiscal returns to higher education

We quantify the private and fiscal lifetime returns to higher education in Germany accounting for the redistribution through the tax-and-transfer system, cohort effects, and the effect of income pooling within households. For this purpose we build a dynamic microsimulation model that simulates individual life cycles of a young German cohort in terms of several key variables, such as employment, earnings, ...

Berlin: School of Business and Economics, Freie Universität Berlin, 2020,
(Discussion Paper Economics 2020/21)
| Benjamin Fischer, Dominik Hügle

Worrying about Work? Disentangling the Relationship between Economic Insecurity and Mental Health

Literature encompassing economic insecurity and its relationship with mental health has increased significantly in recent years. While the association of job insecurity and mental health has been researched extensively, less is known about the general relationship between economic insecurity and mental health. This paper analyses the simultaneous influence of six different economic insecurity indicators ...

SOEPpapers 1145 | Paul Fiedler

Limited Self-knowledge and Survey Response Behavior

We study response behavior in surveys and show how the explanatory power of self-reports can be improved. First, we develop a choice model of survey response behavior under the assumption that the respondent has imperfect self-knowledge about her individual characteristics. In panel data, the model predicts that the variance in responses for different characteristics increases in self-knowledge and ...

SOEPpapers 1142 | Armin Falk, Thomas Neuber, Philipp Strack

Causality in the Link between Income and Satisfaction: IV Estimation with Internal Instruments

Usually, it is expected that income increases life satisfaction. In recent years tough, research emerged that shows how subjective well-being, including satisfaction, in<U+FB02>uences objective measures, as for example income. This would then require explicit identi<U+FB01>cation strategies for estimating effects of income on life satisfaction. I address this issue using German SOEP data ...

SOEPpapers 1143 | Susanne Elsas

Socioeconomic Status and Inequalities in Children’s IQ and Economic Preferences

This paper explores inequalities in IQ and economic preferences between children from families of high and low socioeconomic status (SES). We document that children from high-SES families are more intelligent, patient, and altruistic as well as less risk seeking. To understand the underlying mechanisms, we propose a framework of how SES, parental investments, as well as maternal IQ and preferences ...

In: Journal of Political Economy 129 (2021), 9, 2504-2545 | Armin Falk, Fabian Kosse, Pia Pinger, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch, Thomas Deckers

Separating PIAAC competencies from general cognitive skills: A dimensionality and explanatory analysis

This study aims to investigate how test scores from PIAAC (Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies) can be interpreted, by comparing the PIAAC competencies literacy and numeracy to reasoning and perceptual speed. Dimensionality analyses supported, that the PIAAC competencies can be separated into a common factor overlapping with reasoning and perceptual speed, and domain-specific ...

In: Studies in Educational Evaluation 71 (2021), 101069 | Lena Engelhardt, Frank Goldhammer, Oliver Lüdtke, Olaf Köller, Jürgen Baumert, Claus H. Carstensen

Loneliness During a Nationwide Lockdown and the Moderating Effect of Extroversion

Loneliness levels were assessed in a longitudinal, nationwide sample (N total = 6,010) collected over the course of the first 3 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. When in-person social contact restrictions were put in place, loneliness increased significantly compared to prepandemic levels but began to decrease again even before contact restrictions were eased. The loneliness costs were distributed ...

In: Social Psychological and Personality Science (online first) (2021), 19485506211037871 | Theresa M. Entringer, Samuel D. Gosling
6350 results, from 21
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