Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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20. Nov 2013

BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The returns to graduating with honors - Evidence from law graduates

Abstract:
The paper studies the causal effects of graduating from university with an honors degree on subsequent labor market outcomes. While a rich literature has focused on the identification of the returns to human capital, few studies could analyze returns at the very top of the education distribution. We highlight the importance of honors degrees for future labor market success in the context of German law students. Using multiple empirical designs (regression-control, matching, difference-in-difference, regression discontinuity design), we find that students of law who passed the state bar exam with an honors degree receive a sizable and significant earnings premium, are more likely to work in public service, are less likely to be self-employed, and are more often engaged in Ph.D. studies.

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Referent/-in
  • Mathias Schumann (University of Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    RWI Berlin in the facilities of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (R. 1.15) Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    13. Nov 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Impact of Education on Personality - Evidence from a German High School Reform

    Abstract: This paper investigates the short-term effects of reducing the length of upper secondary school on students' personality traits using state-level high school reforms in Germany as a quasi-natural experiment. Starting in 2001, the number of years of the academic secondary school track (Gymnasium) was gradually reduced from nine to eight in most of Germany's federal states, leaving the overall curriculum unchanged.

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    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    6. Nov 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Achievement: Evidence from Chile

    Abstract: This paper studies the short term and micro level effects of the number of jobs released through early retirement on labour market outcomes for young potential entrants. Causal estimates of old-young substitution effects in local labour markets are obtained by means of instrumental variable estimation, exploiting a unique administrative data set covering the entire population of Norway and exogenous variation created by the gradual phasing in of an early retirement programme. The resulting short term substitution effects are rather sizable: For every additional early retirement pensioner there is room for one new labour market entrant.

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    Referent/-in
  • Katja Kaufmann (Bocconi University, Milan)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    30. Oktober 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Early Retirement and Youth Employment in Norway

    Abstract: This paper studies the short term and micro level effects of the number of jobs released through early retirement on labour market outcomes for young potential entrants. Causal estimates of old-young substitution effects in local labour markets are obtained by means of instrumental variable estimation, exploiting a unique administrative data set covering the entire population of Norway and exogenous variation created by the gradual phasing in of an early retirement programme. The resulting short term substitution effects are rather sizable: For every additional early retirement pensioner there is room for one new labour market entrant.

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    Referent/-in
  • Ola Vestad (Statistics Norway)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    23. Oktober 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Local Employer Competition and Training of Workers

    Abstract: The new training literature suggests that in a monopsonistic market employers will not only pay for firm-specific training but also for general training if the risk of poaching is limited. This implies that training participation should decrease when competition for employees is higher among firms. Using worker level data for Germany we find that the hypothesis is supported empirically. Specifically, we find that employees are significantly less likely to participate in training if the density of firms in a sector is higher within the local labor market.

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    Referent/-in
  • Marcus Tamm, RWI
  • Zeit
    18:30 Uhr
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    16. Oktober 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Estimation of a Roy/Search/Compensating Differential Model of the Labor Market

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    Referent/-in
  • Rune Vejlin, Aarhus University
  • Zeit
    18:30 Uhr
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    18. Sept 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The effects of flexible working hours on German couples' wages

    Working flexible hours is believed to increase an employee's productivity, which is claimed to result in higher wages. This enhancement of productivity is attributed to a reduction in work-life stress as well as to the employee's ability to work non-core hours. Despite these claims, there is no sufficient quantitative evidence as to whether this effect of flexible hours on wages exists. If interpreted as a lack of commitment, taking up flexible working hours could also be punished with lower wages. The SOEP provides a unique opportunity to test these opposing wage arguments. Moreover, with this household panel, for the first time, one can test whether partners profit from changes in couple-level flexibility. Fixed effects analysis is used to test the opposing arguments. Furthermore, the paper looks at who uses the flexible working hours.

    Referent/-in
  • Laura Langner (Rienecker) (University of Oxford)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    17. Juli 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply estimation with endogenous rationing. An application to the federal minimum wage in Germany

    This paper extends a standard static structural labor supply framework by taking labor demand constraints into account. Contrary to previous papers the rationing risk is not only determined by exogenous demand side factors, but also depends on the individual's productivity. The resulting labor supply elasticities from the extended framework differ from the unconstrained model. This approach is shown to be particularly useful for evaluating policy reforms that affect labor supply incentives and have direct consequences for labor costs. We apply the model to analyze the employment effects of a federal minimum wage in Germany as well as the impact of employer- vs. employee-oriented wage subsidies under a statutory minimum.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    12. Juli 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Impact of Immigration on Natives' Wages
    Heterogeneity resulting from Product and Labor Market Regulation

    Does regulation of product and labor markets alter the impact of immigration on wages of competing native workers? Exploiting the unique historical event of the German reunification, we compare the wage consequences of East Germans migrating into different segments of the West German labor market: one segment without product and labor market regulation, to which standard immigration models best apply, one segment in which product and labor market regulation interact, and one segment covering intermediate groups of workers. We find a negative effect of the large influx of close substitutes in production on the wage growth of competing native West Germans in the segment with almost free firm entry into product markets and weak worker influence on the decision-making of firms. Competing native workers were shielded from such pressure if firm entry regulation interacted with labor market institutions, implying a strong influence of workers on the decision-making of profit-making firms.

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    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Dr. Susanne Prantl, University of Cologne
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 520
    10. Juli 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar What is the effort for? Employment histories and incomes in later life in Europe

    The income situation of the elderly population in modern welfare states is the result of an interplay of individual developments over the life course and the national institutional and policy framework. While achievements on the labor market generally are the basis for the economic status in retirement, their actual effect, however, may vary according to the specific national conditions related to pension system, labor market policy and gender regime. I use data of the SHARELIFE study (3rd wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe), which contains life-history information of older individuals in 13 European countries, to analyze individual and institutional determinants of the income situation in later life and their interplay. The results show, first, considerable cross-national variation in the effect of employment history characteristics, especially regarding female part-time employment and family care. Second, institutional factors shape the relationship of employment history and old age income situation of women, while those factors are rather irrelevant for the income situation of older men.
    The talk will also include a comparison of SHARE and SOEP regarding the survey procedures for retrospective employment history information.

    Referent/-in
  • Katja Möhring (GK SOCLIFE, University of Cologne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    10. Juli 2013

    Seminar The Economic Incidence of Social Security Contributions: Evidence from German Administrative Data
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper applies a test for the economic incidence of social security contributions (SSC) based on the reaction of gross wages in response to a variation in social security contributions. Exploiting an increase of the East German taxable maximum of health insurance, a difference-in-differences approach is used to estimate its effects on yearly changes in gross wages.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    3. Juli 2013

    Seminar The Role of Peers in Estimating Tenure-Performance Profiles: Evidence from Personnel Data
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We estimate tenure-performance profiles using panel data on individual workers' performance. The results show that a 10 per cent increase in tenure leads to a performance increase of 4.3 per cent of a standard deviation; this translates to a performance increase of 61 per cent within the first year of the employment relationship.

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    Referent/-in
  • Jan Sauermann (SOFI)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    26. Juni 2013

    Seminar Top of Class: The Importance of Ordinal Rank Position
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We find an individual's ordinal rank within their reference group has effects on later objective outcomes. To evaluate the impact of local rank, we use a large administrative dataset spanning five cohorts of the student population in England. Academic rank within primary school has sizable, robust and significant effects on later achievement, conditional on national test scores.

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    Referent/-in
  • Felix Weinhardt (LSE)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    19. Juni 2013

    Seminar The health effects of weather and pollution: implications for climate change
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper comprehensively assesses the joint effects of extreme weather conditions and pollution shocks on population health. We merge German censuses of hospital admissions and death records for 1999 to 2008 with rich weather and pollution data from more than 2,000 ambient monitors on a daily county level basis. Extreme heat significantly increases hospitalizations and deaths.

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    Referent/-in
  • Nicolas Ziebarth (Cornell University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    14. Juni 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Trends in Hours Worked across Countries
    Evidence using Micro Data

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    Referent/-in
  • Alexander Bick, Arizona State University
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 164
    12. Juni 2013

    Seminar Measuring and Assessing the Effect of Job Mismatch
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We propose and implement a method to measure mismatch using observable worker and job characteristics rather than outcome variables. The approach consists of estimating the deviation from the average match between relative job task supply and demand. We show that, as predicted in the theoretical literature, mismatch is detrimental for wages and job satisfaction.

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    Referent/-in
  • Michael Böhm (LSE/Bonn University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    5. Juni 2013

    Seminar High-Impact Minimum Wages and Heterogeneous Regions
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We estimate the effects on wage and employment growth rates of the introduction and subsequent increases of a substantial minimum wage in the main construction industry of Germany. Using a regional dataset constructed from individual employment histories, we exploit the spatial dimension and border discontinuities of the regional data to account for spillovers between districts and unobserved heterogeneity at the local level.

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    Referent/-in
  • Alfredo Paloyo (RWI Essen)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    24. Mai 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Fertility and Female Labor Supply
    IV Evidence from IVF Treatments

    Abstract: In this paper we introduce a new IV strategy based on IVF induced fertility variation in infertile families to estimate the causal effect of children on their parents' labor supply using the census of IVF treated women(and spouses) in Denmark. Because the observed chances of IVF success do not depend on the labor market histories of women before they enter the IVF treatment, IVF treatment success provides a plausible instrument for childbearing among childless women. IV estimates show that women work significantly less because of childbearing. The labor supply consequences are the largest during the first two years of the child's life and are still observed when children are about ten years old.

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    Referent/-in
  • Dr. Erik Plug, University of Amsterdam
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    23. - 24. Mai 2013

    Graduate Center Masterclasses Macro-Labor Analysis

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    Referent/-in
  • Sanjay Chugh, Boston College
  • Zeit
    14:00-18:00(Do), 09:00-12:30(Fr)
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    22. Mai 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Estimating labour supply elasticity from bunching: Some issues

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
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