Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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22. Mai 2013

Seminar The Evaluation of Start-Up Subsidies for the Unemployed and the Role of "Unobserved" Characteristics for Matching Estimators
Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

Abstract: Start-up subsidies for the unemployed have become an important part of Active La- bor Market Policy (ALMP) in many countries. Previous evaluation results show pre- dominantly (very) positive results indicating that these programs are an effective way to increase employment probabilities and income of participants. Most of the stud- ies are using matching estimators based on the conditional independence assumption (CIA) to estimate these effects and are prone to bias if there are unobserved factors af- fecting the selection process into the programs.

Mehr Informationen
Referent/-in
  • Martin Weißenberger (University of Potsdam)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    22. Mai 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Estimating labour supply elasticity from bunching: Some issues

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    17. Mai 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Are Women more Attracted than Men to Cooperation?

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    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Peter Kuhn, University of California
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 526
    15. Mai 2013

    Seminar The power of (no) recognition: Evidence from a field experiment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: While recognition is considered a major employee motivation tool by HRM practitioners, sound empirical evidence on its efficacy is just beginning to appear. We contribute to this nascent evidence by running a field experiment involving students on a large undergraduate course. Our treatment, given in randomly selected student groups, was to publicly recognize students who scored within top 30% of their group on the first of the two midterm exams. Our findings are: 1) students in the treatment groups who were not recognized have improved their performance on the second midterm compared to their peers in the control groups; 2) students in the treatment groups who were recognized have done no better than their peers; 3) commitment to the course and the distance between the actual and the top 30% grade moderate the effect of recognition on performance. Discussing several competing theories, we argue that adherence to performance norms is the best explanation to our findings.

    (joint with Nicky Hoogveld)

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    Referent/-in
  • Nick Zubanov (Erasmus University Rotterdam)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    2. Mai 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Role of Language Skills in the German Labor Market

    (joint with Ingo Isphording and Sebastian Otten)

    This paper uses data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to study the effect of language skills on labor market outcomes. To address problems related to endogeneity and measurement error, we construct an instrumental variable based on differences in language acquisition profiles of immigrants across the distribution of linguistic distance between German and the language spoken in the country of origin. Our findings indicate that the effect of language skills on employment probabilities is insignificant, while the positive effect of language skills on wages may be attributed to the sorting of immigrants across occupations. Our results further indicate that OLS regressions systematically underestimate the returns to language skills in the German labor market.

    Referent/-in
  • Mathias Sinning (Australian National University)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    24. April 2013

    Seminar The Impact of Immigration on Natives' Wages: Heterogeneity resulting from Product and Labor Market Regulation
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)


    Sorry, the seminar has been canceled!


    Abstract:
    Does regulation of product and labor markets alter the impact of immigration on wages of competing native workers? We take German reunification as a natural experiment and compare the wage consequences of East Germans migrating into different segments of the West German labor market: one segment without product and labor market regulation, to which standard immigration models best apply, one segment in which product and labor market regulation interact, and one segment covering intermediate groups of workers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Susanne Prantl (University of Cologne, MPI)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    17. April 2013

    Seminar Social Insurance and the Marriage Market
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    When social insurance eligibility depends on marital status, this is a government intervention into the marriage market. I formally show that such intervention influences three behavioral margins in the marriage market, and test the theory exploiting a Swedish reform of survivors insurance - an annuity paid to widows, but not divorcees, upon the husband's death. First, I analyze bunching in the distribution of marriages and show that, by affecting the wedge between marriage and cohabitation, survivors insurance alters the composition of married couples up to 45 years before the annuity's expected payout. This distortion is larger in couples with higher ex post male mortality, holding constant the policy's value at realization and all demographics that I observe, suggesting "adverse selection" into government-provided insurance. Second, I use a regression discontinuity design to show that removal of survivors insurance from existing marriage contracts caused divorces and, in surviving unions, a renegotiation of marital surplus. Third, because survivors insurance subsidized couples with highly unequal earnings (capacities), its elimination raised the long-run assortativeness of matching. I argue that such marriage market responses to social insurance design have important implications for when it is optimal to separate social insurance from marriage in modern societies.

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    Referent/-in
  • Petra Persson (Columbia University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    13. Februar 2013

    Seminar Moving to Opportunity or No Opportunity to Move? - Financial Constraints, Internal Migration and Unemployment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In this paper, I investigate the effect of residential relocation on individual unemployment duration using geo-referenced data from the German Socio-Economic Panel. In contrast with earlier research on migration, this study considers people who move before having found a job and asks how employment outcomes vary by the nature of migration (i.e. its reasons and characteristics). In particular, I highlight the role of financial constraints in the moving decision of unemployed individuals.

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    Referent/-in
  • Jonathan Stöterau (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    6. Februar 2013

    Seminar Taxation and Precautionary Savings over the Life Cycle
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the effect of progressive taxation on precautionary savings. While there is an extensive literature on precautionary savings in the presence of labor income uncertainty, this paper adds to the small number of studies that explores the link between progressive taxation and precautionary savings.

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    Referent/-in
  • Davud Rostam-Afschar (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    30. Januar 2013

    Seminar Partnership, Gender Roles and the Well-Being Cost of Unemployment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We use the differences between life satisfaction and emotional well-being of employed and unemployed persons to analyze how a person's employment status affects cognitive well-being. Our results show that unemployment has a negative impact on cognitive, but not on affective well-being, which we interpret as a loss in identity utility. Living in a partnership strengthens the loss in identity utility of men, but weakens that of women.

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    Referent/-in
  • Ronnie Schöb (FU Berlin) (joint with Andreas Knabe and Joachim Weimann)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    23. Januar 2013

    Seminar Medium-term Effects of the German Parental Benefit Reform
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the medium-term effects of Germany's recent parental benefit reform on the mothers' labour participation and modes of employment as well as marriage behaviour using a natural experiment. The new scheme led to a four percentage point higher labour participation rate three to four years after childbirth. Moreover, there is an increase in the share of part-time jobs, but not in precarious employment relations. Highly educated mothers with a large earned income before childbirth seem to disproportionally contribute to the improved labour market outcomes. Unmarried couples are under the new regulation less inclined to marry, which can be explained by interactions of the policy with joint income taxation.

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    Referent/-in
  • Sebastian Schmitz (HU Berlin), joint work with Jochen Kluve
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    17. - 18. Januar 2013

    Graduate Center Masterclasses Structural Models of Labor Supply

    14:00-18:00 (17.01.) Room 22008, 09:00-12:30 (18.01) Room 52010

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Victoria Prowse, Cornell University
  • Zeit
    14:00-18:00 / 09:00-12:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    16. Januar 2013

    Seminar Gender Pay Gap, Tasks and Occupational Changes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Since 1990s it is observed that gender segregation in occupations in Germany declines. At the same time, gender pay gap in Germany diminishes. According to the task-based approach, such a dynamic of gender pay gap can be explained by increasing proficiency of women in non-routine cognitive tasks, as well as falling fraction of routine tasks performed by women. As non-routine cognitive tasks are found to be better remunerated, their disproportional increase in female task profile could contribute to the decrease in gender pay gap.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Alexandra Fedorets (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    9. Januar 2013

    Seminar School Starting Age and Crime
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of school starting age on crime while relying on variation in school starting age induced by administrative rules; we exploit that Danish children typically start first grade in the year they turn seven, which gives rise to a discontinuity in children's school starting age. Analyses are carried out using register-based Danish data. We find that higher age at school start lowers the propensity to commit crime. Importantly, we find that the individuals who benefit the most from being old-for-grade are those with high latent abilities whereas those with low latent abilities seem to be unaffected or even worse off by being old-for-grade in school. Moreover, for girls much of the crime reduction stems from an incapacitating effect of schooling as the effect fades in the long run. For boys, on the contrary, we find the reduction in the crime rate to be permanent. Finally, we show how these results are caused by absolute school starting age and not one's age relative to the age of one's peers.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Rasmus Landersø (Rockwool Foundation Research Unit & Aarhus University) (joint with Helena Skyt Nielsen and Marianne Simonsen)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    19. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Die Nachfrage nach Energie, Mobilität und Freizeit und Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage

    Ein Nachfragesystem, dass Mobilität, Energiegüter und Freizeit (respektive Arbeitsangebot) einschließt, wird mit den Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichproben (EVS) der Jahre 1998, 2003 und 2008 geschätzt. Getrennt für Single- und Paarhaushalte weren Eigen- und Kreuzpreiselastizitäten berechnet, mit denen die Auswirkungen der EEG Umlage simuliert werden. Die EEG Umlage wirkt wie eine Stromsteuer und führte zwischen 2008 und 2013 zu einer Steigerung des Strompreises für die Haushalte von im Schnitt 25,9%.
    Belastungswirkungen, Nachfrageeffekte, Arbeitsangebot, Aufkommenswirkungen und Wohlfahrtseffekte werden mit dem Nachfragesystem simuliert.

    Der Vortrag findet auf deutsch statt.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    7. Dez 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The effect of unemployment insurance on exit from employment

    Abstract: We investigate whether changes in the generosity of unemployment insurance (UI) affect exit from employment via UI. We exploit a recent reform of German UI that drastically reduced maximum benefit periods for workers aged 45 or older. Economic theory suggests that less generous UI makes employed workers more eager to keep their job, implying a reduction in unemployment entry after the reform. However, such reforms may also have some potentially undesired effects: Workers who exit from employment have an incentive to enter UI before rather than after the reform becomes effective in order to benefit from longer maximum benefit periods. This would imply an increase in unemployment entry after announcement but before actual implementation of the reform. The reform we study was announced 1.5 years before becoming effective, which provides the opportunity to test for both anticipation and ex-post effects of the reform. We use a large administrative dataset that allows separate analyses by gender and potential exit age. For a sample of workers with strong labor market attachment we find a very strong increase in exit rates directly before the reform becomes effective, especially among workers close to the average pre-reform retirement age. Moreover, exit rates to UI decrease for workers aged 57 or older compared to pre-reform-announcement levels once the changes in UI have been implemented. We show that our empirical findings can be explained by a simple retirement model that allows for exit from the labor market via UI.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Conny Wunsch, University St. Gallen
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    5. Dez 2012

    Seminar The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    This paper exploits the effects of job information centers in West Germany on pupils' educational and occupational choices, as well as on their labor market outcomes in later life. This paper contributes to the very sparse literature on the impacts of the public provision of labor market related information. We exploit the fact that West Germany job information centers were introduced at different times in different places, and use a differences-in-differences approach to identify parameters with causal interpretation. Combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP) with administrative data on the location and introduction of job information centers allows us to detect whether an individual could have benefited from the information service during their youth. The results suggests that individuals in counties with a job information center while they were in grades 8 and 9, choose more education, have more prestigious jobs and have higher wage incomes than pupils who did not have access to facilities.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • joint with Thomas Siedler, DIW Berlin
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    28. Nov 2012

    Seminar Reagan's Innovation Dividened? Technological Impacts of the 1980s US Defense Build-Up
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    US government spending since World War II has been characterized by large investments in defense related goods, services and R&D. In turn, this means that the Department of Defense (DoD) has had a large role in funding corporate innovation in the US. This paper looks at the impact of military procurement spending on corporate innovation among publicly traded firms for the period 1966-2003. The study utilizes a major database of detailed, historical procurement contracts for all Department of Defense (DoD) prime contracts since 1966. Product-level spending shifts - chiefly centered around the Reagan defense build-up of the 1980s - are used as a source of exogenous variation in firm-level procurement receipts. Estimates indicate that defense procurement has a positive absolute impact on patenting and R&D investment, with an elasticity of approximately 0.07 across both measures of innovation. In terms of magnitudes, the contribution of defense procurement to innovation peaked during the early Reagan build-up, accounting for 11.4% of the total change in patenting intensity and 6.5% for R&D. This compares to a defense sector share in output of around 4%. The later defense cutbacks under Bush Senior and Clinton then curbed the growth in technological intensity by around 2%.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Mirko Draca (London School of Economics)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    21. Nov 2012

    Seminar Sector choice, wages, firm structure, and tournament incentives: Evidence from comparing the Swedish private and public sectors
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper studies the decision of Swedish employees to work in the private or public sector. While the existing sector choice literature focusses on (spot) wage differentials, this paper studies additionally how the expected payoffs from internal promotion tournaments affect sector choice. Jobs promising higher wage ‘prizes' and with higher a priori likelihoods of winning those prizes (i.e. being promoted) should be preferred over more competitive tournaments with lower prizes. Using economy-wide Swedish employer-employee-matched data, the paper estimates how firm-internal wage profiles and the competitiveness of the pyramidal structure matter for sector choice.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Klaus Brösamle (Hertie School of Governance)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    14. Nov 2012

    Seminar Examining the Structure of Spatial Health Effects using Hierarchical Bayes Models
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper makes use of Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects. We focus on Germany and combine rich individual-level household panel data with administrative county-level information to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable, we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. Our findings reveal strong and highly significant spatial dependencies and clusters.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Peter Eibich (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21b Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
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