Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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13. Januar 2016

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor Market Frictions and Retirement Timing in Germany – A Structural Model and Subsequent Ex-Ante Policy Evaluation

Losing a job after age 60 in Germany is virtually equivalent to the end of one’s working life. Roughly 25% of job exits after age 60 are involuntary with considerable variation along region, age, tenure and education. Considering this, I estimate a structural model of retirement timing in the presence of labor market frictions. A subsequent ex-ante policy analysis is meant to illustrate the likely consequences of shifting the regular retirement age to 67 (“Rente mit 67”) in terms of average retirement age. Scenarios without frictions provide an upper bound for the reaction potential of the work force and likely to overestimate the true effect.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
11. Dez 2015

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Risk-sharing and family labor supply

Mehr Informationen
Referent/-in
  • Andreas Steinhauer, University of Edinburgh

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    9. Dez 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply and the pension system - Evidence from a Regression Kink Design

    This paper uses a Regression Kink Design to estimate the labor supply effects of changes in the financial incentives for early retirement. In particular we examine the effect of the gradual introduction of pension deductions for early retirement according to the 1992 German pension reform on the actual retirement age of women eligible for women old-age pensions. This reform allows to exploit exogenous variation in  benefits using kinks in the schedule of pension benefits depending on the birth cohort. For the empirical analysis we use high-quality administrative data from the German Federal Pension Insurance (VSKT) and find positive and significant effects of the reform on the actual retirement age.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    4. Nov 2015

    Konferenz 2. Symposium Wissenschaft und Unternehmen im Dialog
    Frauen auf dem Weg nach oben - Schneller mit der Quote?

    Die Veranstaltung wird wieder gemeinsam vom Deutschen Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW Berlin), dem Deutscher Juristinnenbund e.V. (djb) und dem Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB) ausgerichtet.

    Auf dem Podium diskutieren Jutta Allmendinger, Präsidentin des WZB Berlin und Elke Holst, Forschungsdirektorin Gender Studies am DIW Berlin, mit Personalverantwortlichen aus Unternehmen.

    Moderation: Ramona Pisal, Präsidentin des Deutschen Juristinnenbundes e.V.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    28. Oktober 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen All-Day Schools and Maternal Labour Supply: The Case of Primary Education in Germany

    (together with Ludovica Gambaro and Frauke Peter)
    This study investigates whether the link between family dissolution and children’s educational attainment is contingent on the broader social and institutional context. The comparison of former capitalist West Germany and socialist East Germany presents an excellent case study as these countries differed considerably with regard to ideology and policies regarding families, schooling and labour markets. We base our analyses on the data of the German Life History Study that covers cohorts born throughout the twentieth century. Results of sibling fixed effect analyses show that growing up in a dissolved family in the former West was detrimental for educational attainment. In contrast, in the East with its comprehensive schooling system and extensive support for families and working mothers, family dissolution was not related to educational outcomes. The effects of family dissolution may thus be reinforced in stratified systems and possibly softened by social policies equalizing the social and economic situation attributed to dissolved families.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    5. Oktober 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Mismatch of Talent? Evidence on Match Quality, Job Mobility and Entry Wages

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Dr. Lena Hensvik, Uppsala University
  • Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    30. Sept 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Lifetime inequality: The impact of taxation, transfers and pensions

    (together with Daniel Kemptner and Victoria Prowse)
    In this paper, we analyze how income taxes, transfer programs and the pension system affect inequality in lifetime income. Importantly, we consider pre-retirement and post-retirement income and thereby we extend the previous literature on lifetime inequality, which has only considered income received before retirement. We use a dynamic structural life-cycle model to derive trajectories of earnings and net income over the whole life-cycle. Based on these life-cycle profiles, we investigate the drivers of inequality in lifetime gross earnings and we study the impact of taxes, transfer and pensions on inequality in lifetime net income. We also explore how major sources of life-cycle risk, namely employment an health risks, affect life-time income and how the different fiscal programmes provide insurance for these life-cycle risks.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    21. - 24. Sept 2015

    Workshop EVA-MIN Summer School “Effects and Evaluation of Minimum Wages”
    4th Potsdam PhD Workshop in Empirical Economics

    Der diesjährige Potsdam PhD Workshop in Empirical Economics wird als Summer School mit einem besonderen Fokus auf das Thema "Effekte und Evaluation des Mindestlohns" stattfinden. Er ist Teil des Leibniz-Forschungsprojekts EVA-MIN. Im Rahmen der Summer School sollen theoretische Effekte, Herangehensweisen an eine Evaluierung der Auswirkungen und bereits bestehende empirische Evidenzen des Mindestlohns diskutiert werden. Talentierten und interessierten jungen Wissenschaftler_innen wird die Möglichkeit geboten, ihre eigenen Forschungsprojekte in Poster Sessions zu präsentieren und kritisch zu besprechen.

    Mehr Informationen gibt es im Call for Papers und auf der Projektseite des EVA-MIN-Projektes.

    Mehr Informationen
    Lecturers
  • Gerard van den Berg, Universität Mannheim Stephen Machin, University College London
  • Ort
    Universität Potsdam
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 284
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Marco Caliendo, Universität Potsdam
    workshop@empwifo.uni-potsdam.de)
    15. Juli 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Effect of Minimum Wages on Firm-Financed Training – Evidence from the German Construction Sector

    The effects of minimum wages on employment and wages have been studied extensively; however, few studies have analyzed the effects on other policy-relevant factors. In this study, I empirically analyze the effect of the minimum wage introduction on firm-provided apprenticeship training in the main construction sector in Germany. The analysis is based on a 50 percent random sample of the IAB Establishment History Panel–a large administrative firm-level data set. Preliminary results deploying difference-in-differences and synthetic control models indicate that the minimum wage decreased the number of apprentices hired by firms.

    Referent/-in
  • Mathias Schumann (University of Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    8. Juli 2015

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Minimum Wages, Age-Tagging, and Youth Employment in the Netherlads

    Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of age-tagged minimum wages on youth employment in the Netherlands. Dutch minimum wage for workers aged 15-23 is defined as a step-wise increasing function of worker's calendar age. At the age of 23, workers become eligible for "adult"' minimum wage which does not vary further with age. This creates an incentive for firms to discriminate their employees on basis of their age, substituting more expensive older workers by younger hires.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Jan Kabatek (Tilburg University)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    4. Juli 2015

    Veranstaltung BEgender@DIW 2015
    Symposium on Behavioral Economics with an Emphasis on Gender

    Gender Studies at DIW Berlin is hosting a symposium on behavioral economics with an emphasis on gender issues. The keynote speaker is Julie A. Nelson (Professor of Economics at University of Massachusetts Boston, USA, leading writer of feminist economic thoughts, (co-)author of famous books like “Beyond Economic Man” and “Feminism, Objectivity, and Economics”.), who will present her research on the “difference” view with regard to the “robust” findings of women’s greater risk aversion compared to men.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • de Miranda, Katharina L.
    (University of Kiel)

    Friedl, Andreas
    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)

    Katuscak, Peter
    (University of Arkansas and
    University of Economics in Prague)

    Khachatryan, Elina
    (University of Kassel)

    Andrea Kiss
    (CEU, Duke University)

    Nelson, Julie A.
    (University of Massachusetts Boston)

    Rau, Holger A.
    (University of Göttingen)

    Schmitt, Norma
    (DIW Berlin)

    Schröder, Melanie
    (University Hamburg)

    van Veldhuizen, Roel
    (WZB, Berlin)

    Weichselbaumer, Doris
    (JK University Linz)

    Weissenrieder, Caprice
    (Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences)

  • Zeit
    09:00-18:00
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 381
    24. Juni 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Employment Interruptions and Job Satisfaction of Mothers at the Return to Work: Evidence from a Parental Leave Reform in Germany

    Previous research has investigated how career breaks of mothers after giving birth are associated with labour market outcomes, and found generally a negative association (i.e. motherhood penalty). However, there is no empirical evidence regarding job satisfaction. This is regrettable because job satisfaction measures a dimension of workplace well-being that cannot be captured by objective measures. In this paper I exploit the 2007 parental leave reform (Elterngeld) in Germany. Under the new regime the maximum length of paid leave is set at 14 months for all women, replacing a means tested system that allowed paid leaves of 12 or 24 months for low income mothers only. I apply a sharp regression discontinuity design to a sample of mothers from the German Socio Economic Panel. Preliminary results indicate that overall the reform had a positive effect on job satisfaction of mothers. Subgroup analysis shows that the overall positive effect might be driven by high-income mothers who under the previous means tested regime were not eligible for any paid leave.

    Referent/-in
  • Elena Mariani (London School of Economics)
  • Zeit
    12:30 -13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 354
    3. Juni 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Trends of unemployment scarring over time in Germany

    To date, we find abundant evidence that unemployment leads to reduced wages upon re-employment (e.g. Arulampalam, 2001; Burda and Mertens, 2001; Gangl, 2006) and also negatively affects other job quality outcomes (Brand, 2006). We still lack a systematic account of scarring trends over time, however. One central goal of our contribution is to fill this gap and investigate how scar effects in Germany have evolved over time and to unveil the institutional and macro-economic mechanisms behind observed trends. Moreover, existing work has rarely considered effect heterogeneity in unemployment scarring and changing compositions of the unemployed over time. By not considering these, substantial parts of the observed temporal trends with respect to average scar effects could be due to changes in the composition of the unemployed. By contrast, in our study we deliberately investigate the role of composition in explaining change over time. We believe that our focus on time trends on the one hand and on compositional change on the other, will provide us with the new opportunity to test existing theoretical explanations for unemployment scarring and thus has the potential to offer important insights into the mechanisms that drive cumulative disadvantage following unemployment.

    Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel 1985-2013 we estimate the effects of a recent unemployment experience on subsequent employment outcomes. In particular, we focus on the scar effects of unemployment on reemployment probabilities and (conditional on being reemployed) on subsequent wages and occupational status. The longitudinal nature of the data affords us with the possibility to examine the employment outcomes for workers who experience a spell of unemployment and compare them to those of (otherwise similar) workers who did not experience unemployment. Based on this empirical approach, one can extract the average re-employment probabilities as well as the wage and occupational status penalties that are associated with unemployment and investigate the changing nature of unemployment scarring over time. Furthermore, we are able to test for change in compositional effects over time. By so doing, some more light is shed on the important issue of heterogeneous effects of unemployment, which clearly goes beyond looking at average treatment effects. We achieve these goals of the empirical analyses by combining a new matching method called ‘Coarsened Exact Matching’ (CEM) proposed by Iacus, King & Porro (2008) with the difference-in-differences approach (Heckman et al., 2007). This analytical strategy allows us to control for selection based on observable and unobservable characteristics. We are estimating the ‘treatment effects’ of unemployment covering an observational period of more than 25 years.

    Our preliminary results confirm the findings of prior work that unemployment leaves substantial scars. Scars are not only observed shortly after the unemployment spell, but also in the mid-term (4 years after the unemployment incidence) suggesting that the labour market disadvantage caused by unemployment is rather persistent. With respect to the evolution of these scar effects we show that there is no secular trend over the time period under study. However, there exists considerable temporal variation in the size of scarring effects. The specific pattern of this temporal variation can be partly brought in line with the business cycle, but parts of the observed temporal effects are also to be explained by fundamental reforms of the German unemployment benefit system. Finally, we investigate the role of compositional effects. Drawing on the idea of decomposition techniques and using a reweighting approach, we can examine whether we would observe the same scarring trends if our population had stayed the same. Our findings suggest that in some periods the estimation of average treatment effects is affected by compositional change. In particular, while in the mid-90s the specific composition of the unemployed at that time leads to an estimation of larger average treatment effects regarding wages, from the mid-2000s the opposite is the case. A detailed inspection of these specific time periods suggest that this is mainly due to an over-proportional share of high-skilled workers and men, in the mid-90s, as well as their underrepresentation from the mid-2000s. This result underlines the necessity to consider effect heterogeneity as well as changing compositions when investigating the scarring effects of unemployment.
    (Paper joint with Johannes Giesecke)

    Referent/-in
  • Martina Dieckhoff (WZB Berlin)
  • Zeit
    13:00 - 14:00
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    1. Juni 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Occupational Choice and Changes in the Wage Structure

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Nicolas Roys, (University of Wisconsin - Madison)
  • Zeit
    5 pm
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    27. Mai 2015

    Seminar Spouses' Retirement and the Take-Up of Disability Pension
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper studies the effect of one spouse’s retirement on the retirement of the other using a Norwegian early reform, which reduced the retirement age for workers in selected firms. The findings indicate that after the reform, the spouses of those who could retire earlier were less likely to remain in the workforce compared to the spouses of those who were not included in the early retirement scheme.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Julian Vedeler Johnsen (University of Bergen)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    20. Mai 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Impact of Job Loss on Risk-taking

    Using German panel data and plant closure as an exogenous unemployment shock, we show that job loss affects individual risk-taking in very heterogeneous ways: Those who experience involuntary job loss and quick reemployment report a significant rise in risk aversion. We also find some evidence that individuals who stay unemployed report a drop in risk aversion. In addition, we observe strong anticipation of the risk-taking effects of job loss as well as reversion of the effects over time.

    Referent/-in
  • Clemens Hetschko (Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    15. Mai 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Reconsidering the impact of family size on labour supply: The twin-problems of the twin-birth instrument

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    Referent/-in
  • Nils Braakmann, Newcastle University
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    4. Mai 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar The Optimal Timing of Unemployment Benefits: Theory and Evidence from Sweden

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Camille Landais (LSE)
  • Zeit
    17 Uhr
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    29. April 2015

    Seminar The Long-Lasting Shadow of the Allied Occupation of Austria on its Spatial Equilibrium
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: As a consequence of WWII, Austria was divided for ten years into four different occupation zones. Before tight travel restrictions came into place, about 11 percent of the population residing in the Soviet-zone moved across the demarcation line. We exploit this large internal migration shock, as a natural experiment to further our understanding of why economic activity is so highly unevenly distributed across space.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Christoph Eder (Innsbruck Univeristy)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    15. April 2015

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Welfare Economics of Heritage Conservation Areas: Quality of Life vs. Housing Productivity

    Abstract: Using a unique panel dataset for English cities I investigate the welfare impact of heritage conservation areas that protect historic districts by regulating development. I estimate a housing cost function and find that conservation area designation over 1997-2007 significantly increased house prices by reducing productivity. In a second step, I construct a quality of life index and regress it on the predicted productivity effects of designation. The quality of life effect is significant and outweighs the housing productivity effect, implying that designation is welfare improving. These results are robust to instrumentation using a Bartik-type instrument based on housing build date.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Sevrin Waights (LSE)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
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