Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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15. April 2015

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Peer Effects in Labor Supply Decisions of Mothers with Young Children

Social and economic policies are likely to affect individuals not only by the change in financial incentives, but also by a change in the behavior of their social or work environment. It is our goal to determine social interaction effects in the context of employment behavior in Germany. In particular, we analyze whether the labor supply decisions of mothers with young children depend on the decisions made by their coworkers. The identification of social interaction effects bears various challenges that need to be overcome by the design of the empirical strategy. To this end we follow a reduced-form approach exploiting quasi-random variation in the costs of parental leave induced by the introduction of the new Elterngeld in 2007. Administrative linked employer-employee panel data enables us to assign a peer group to each individual and provides us with individual employment histories of all individuals in these social groups. This data set, combined with microeconometric and quasi-experimental methods, allows us to overcome the challenges associated with the identification and determine existence and magnitude of social interaction effects in employment decisions.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
8. April 2015

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Refuting the Cliché of the Distrustful Manager

Although trust is fundamental to social and organizational functioning, media reports and business guidebooks often portray managers as generally distrusting. This study puts the cliché of the distrustful manager to the test. Both self-report and behavioral data from the German Socio-Economic Panel refute this cliché. Individuals in managerial positions neither show a lower level of trust before, nor a systematic reduction in trust after attaining such positions. Moreover, analyses demonstrate that managers are generally more trusting than non-managers. This selection effect implies that individuals who trust others are more successful in the pursuit of management careers than their less trusting counterparts. On a more general level, these findings contribute to a more positive view of individuals who seek and accept managerial responsibilities.

Referent/-in
  • Sabine Hommelhoff (Universtät of Erlangen-Nürnberg)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    1. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Job Search Expectations

    We introduce subjective expectations about the labour market into a job search model. We show how biases in expectations over the wage distribution affect optimal search intensity and the duration of unemployment. Optimistic individuals search more but reject more offers, with an ambiguous effect on unemployment duration. Based on extensive survey data from Germany, we confirm previous evidence that the unemployed are overly optimistic. We show how the simple search model with subjective wage expectations can be empirically estimated using panel data including information on expectations. Estimation is work in progress.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    9. März 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Reservationwages and the wage flexibility puzzle

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Barbara Petrongolo, (Queen Mary / LSE)
  • Zeit
    17:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    11. Februar 2015

    Seminar Do Gender Differences in Career Aspirations Contribute to Sticky Floors?
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This study tests hypotheses regarding the importance of employee preferences in explaining Sticky Floors, the pattern that women are, compared to men, less likely to start to climb the job ladder. To this end we conduct a vignette study in which participants had to score the likeliness with which they would accept job offers with different promotion characteristics. In addition, they were surveyed on a number of preferences and attitudes.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Stijn Baert (Ghent University)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    4. Februar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Dynamics of Earnings in Germany: Evidence from Social Security Records

    Labor markets are subject to structural changes in last decades—globalization, skill biased technological change as well as demographic changes have deep effects on individual earnings biographies and their volatility. We examine these patterns for male employees in West Germany from 1960 - 2009. Therefore, we decompose earnings into permanent and transitory components and estimate parameters of the underlying variance-covariance structure of an error components model. We find both increases in the permanent and transitory component, which is in line with the literature about increasing cross-sectional and lifetime earnings inequality. However, the pattern has changed for younger cohorts, suggesting a long-lasting trend.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    22. Januar 2015

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Call Me Maybe: Experimental Evidence on Using Mobile Phones to Survey African Microenterprises

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    Referent/-in
  • Simon Quinn (University of Oxford)

  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    7. Januar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Inequality and Defined Benefit Pensions when Life Expectancy is Heterogeneous

    This study analyzes the distributional effects of a defined pension benefit system under heterogeneous life expectancies. For this purpose, we propose a methodology that quantifies life expectancy-based regressive redistribution using a life expectancy-adjusted benchmark scenario. This methodology is combined with a structural life-cycle model of labor supply, retirement and consumption decisions that allows for behavioral responses to changes in the pension system. We show that the German pension system induces a large regressive redistribution of life-time income, and has a relevant regressive effect on average annual consumption. Behavioral responses to regressive redistribution matter for the results. Introducing progressivity into either pension contributions or pension benefits only partially offsets the effects of life expectancy-based regressive redistribution via the pension system.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    10. Dez 2014

    Seminar Do financial incentives affect fertility - Evidence from a reform in maternity leave benefits
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: I assess the effects of changes in financial incentives on fertility arising from a reform in parental leave benefits in Germany. Up until 2007 German  parental benefits were means-tested transfers and targeted at lower income families. From 2007 onwards parental leave benefits were increasing in mother’s pre-birth earnings with a minimum benefit being granted to all mothers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Anna Raute (University of Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    5. Dez 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Poverty, labour markets and trade liberalization in Indonesia

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    Referent/-in
  • Krisztina Kis-Katos, University of Freiburg
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    3. Dez 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Dynamic dependencies between employment of mothers and the use of household-related services of child care

    Employment rates of mothers with young children have increased in the past years. Similar developments can be found for the use of childcare facilities and household-related services. This paper discusses the relationship between these variables with special focus on their dynamic dependencies over time. Using data of the German Socio-Economic Panel, the effects of the use household services and childcare on employment are quantified in static regressions. Based on these regressions, a dynamic mulitvariate probit model estimates the variations in the relationship between employment, childcare and the use of household-related services, showing the patterns of interaction in these variables interact.

    Referent/-in
  • Carsten Haenisch, Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik (FIT)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    3. Dez 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Personality traits in occupational choice - a dynamic occupational choice model with trait-dependent learning

    Abstract: A substantial number of studies establish a significant empirical connection between occupational choice and (non-cognitive) personality traits. Yet, there are no formal behavioral models integrating  non-cognitive traits into the decision process of entrepreneurs that are capable to explain entry and survival simultaneously. This paper attempts to close this gap. With the combined aid of an organization structure  model and a simple learning algorithm, our dynamic occupational choice model clearly states at which points in the decision process personality interferes, discriminates between different types of traits, and generates results consistent with empirical findings.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    26. Nov 2014

    Seminar Occupational specific search costs and matching efficiency
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This study refers to job matching processes in occupational labour markets. Each of these markets comprises jobs that share extensive commonalities in their required qualifications and tasks. According to previous studies these markets reveal different matching efficiencies, but not much is known about the determinants of these differences. We discuss why certain occupational specific properties could determine information asymmetries and, therefore, the costs of job or worker search, respectively.

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    Referent/-in
  • Michael Stops (IAB)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    26. Nov 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Long-term care reform and labour supply of carers

    In Germany, individuals in need of long-term care receive support through benefits of the long-term care insurance. A central goal of the insurance is to support informal care provided by family members. Care recipients can choose between benefits in kind (formal home care services) and benefits in cash. From a budgetary perspective family care is a cost-saving alternative to formal home care and to stationary nursing care. However, the opportunity costs resulting from reduced labor supply of the carer are often overlooked. We focus on the labor supply decision of family carers and the incentives set by the long-term care insurance. We estimate a structural model of labor supply and the choice of benefits of family carers. We find that benefits in kind have small positive effects on labor supply. Labor supply elasticities of cash benefits are larger and negative. If both types of benefits increase, negative labor supply effects are offset to a large extent.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    21. Nov 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Information Flow in Networks of Former Coworkers

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    Referent/-in
  • Albrecht Glitz, Humboldt University Berlin
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    19. Nov 2014

    Seminar Female Labor Supply, Human Capital and Tax Reform
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We consider the impact of Tax credits and income support programs on female education choice, employment, hours and human capital accumulation over the life-cycle. We thus analyze both the short run incentive effects and the longer run implications of such programs. By allowing for risk aversion and savings we are also able to quantify the insurance value of alternative programs.

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    Referent/-in
  • Richard Blundell (UCL & IFS)
  • Zeit
    4 pm
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    19. Nov 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar "After Job Shopping? Employment Effects of a Deregulation of Shop Opening Hours in the German Retail Sector"

    This study investigates the employment impact which emerges from a deregulation of shop opening in the German retail sector. Exploiting the gradual change in the opening times across states difference-in-differences estimates point to an average increase in the employment probability, driven by a rise in the likelihood of working marginal part-time hours. For individuals facing high family-related supply-side constraints the change of the opening times has opposing effects on employment, positive on the lower and negative on the upper part of the hours distribution. Overall the deregulation is estimated to have raised the likelihood of underemployed work.

    Referent/-in
  • Annemarie Paul
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    17. Nov 2014

    Veranstaltung Politics and Work Family Policies in the United States: Stalemate, Gender, Race and Class?

    Gender Studies at DIW Berlin and the project group Demography and Inequalityat the WZB Berlin Social Science Center and Humboldt-University Berlin cordially invite you to the lecture: Politics and Work Family Policies in the United States: Stalemate, Gender, Race and Class?

    Lecture:
    Ariane Hegewisch
    | Study Director at the Institut for Women´s Policy Research (IWPR), Washington D.C.

    Introduction:
    Prof. Anette Fasang | WZB Berlin Social Science Center and Humboldt-University Berlin

    Chair:
    PD Dr. Elke Holst | Research Director Gender Studies, DIW Berlin

    To participate, we kindly ask you to register at events@diw.de by Novemver 12, 2014.

    Zeit
    3.00 to 5.00 pm
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    12. Nov 2014

    Seminar Coworkers, Networks, and Job Search Outcomes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Social networks are an important channel of information transmission in the labor market. This paper studies the mechanisms by which social networks have an impact on labor market outcomes of displaced workers. We base our analysis on administrative records for the universe of private sector employment in Austria where we define work-related networks formed by past coworkers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Perihan Ozge Saygin (University Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    5. Nov 2014

    Seminar Uncertainty and Fertility Decisions: Evidence from German Micro Data
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: How does household fertility relate to labor income uncertainty? A large literature shows how household saving reacts to income uncertainty but only few studies recognize how fertility decisions are affected. We aim to shed some light on this relationship using data from the socio-economic panel from Germany. Our preliminary results indicate that our quantitative measure of income uncertainty is positively related to the number of children on average.

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    Referent/-in
  • Davud Rostam-Afschar (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
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