Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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29. Oktober 2014

Seminar Networks, Preferences and Structural Change: Evidence from Forced Migrations
Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

Abstract: Why do workers remain in unproductive sectors? We examine this question in the context of transitions from agriculture to the modern sector in the mid-20th century Finland. Our empirical strategy builds on the evacuation and resettlement of 11% of the Finnish population after WWII. Displaced farmers were given new farms that were remarkably similar to their old ones.

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Referent/-in
  • Matti Sarvimäki (Aalto University)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    29. Oktober 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Occupational Segregation and the Misallocation of Talent

    This paper studies how occupational segregation - the sorting of workers across occupations based on their demographic characteristics - affects the allocation of talent in a competitive labour market.  A model of occupational choice is proposed in which workers must rely on their social contacts to acquire job vacancy information.  Workers are assumed to differ in terms of their cost of specialising in different occupations and their productivity on the job.  In this environment, network effects in job search can lead to occupational segregation in equilibrium.  While occupational segregation implies benefits in terms of job-finding probability, it may also engender significant allocative inefficiencies. Efficient and equilibrium outcomes differ due to a network externality that leads workers to segregate too little, and a pecuniary externality that leads workers to segregate too much.  Which effect dominates is shown to depend on the elasticity of wages to changes in the degree of occupational segregation.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    22. Oktober 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Labour Supply Effects of Commuting Costs in Germany

    Abstract: During the mid to late 2000's, commuter tax break policy in Germany witnessed a period of turbulence with reforms restricting eligibility based on distance to the work place put in place in 2007, only to be reversed two years later thanks to a ruling by the German federal constitutional court.  In this study I exploit the exogenous variation in commuting costs brought about by these policy changes to estimate the effect of commuting costs on measures of daily and weekly labour supply using regression discontinuity and difference in difference methods.

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    Referent/-in
  • Christofer Schröder (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    20. - 21. Oktober 2014

    Symposium Wage Inequality and Trade
    Hermann Otto Hirschfeld Lecture

    The Lecture Series is named after the remarkable German-American statistician Hermann Otto Hartley (known as HOH). Born H.O. Hirschfeld, he completed his PhD in mathematics at the University of Berlin in 1934. Shortly thereafter, he who was of Jewish descent, emigrated to England where he also changed his name a few years later. He worked at Cambridge, Schofield, and University College London. He emigrated to the United States in 1953 to take a position at Iowa State College.
    In 1963 he founded Texas A&M University's Institute of Statistics. He was the driving force behind its expansion during the next two decades. After his retirement from Texas A&M in 1977 he continued to work until his death in 1980 at which point he was a full professor at Duke University. Throughout his career, he helped to establish statistics as an important and autonomous scientific discipline.
    His most influental research was in the area of survey sampling, but he also contributed to mathematical programming and optimization, the estimation of variance components and biometrics. He served as the 74th president of the American Statistical Association.
    In this spirit, the Hermann Otto Hirschfeld Lectures at Humboldt-Universität are given since 2003 in memory of an excellent scientist and an advocate of quantitative methods.

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    Referent/-in
  • Stephen J. Redding, Princeton University
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    15. Oktober 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Intensive Margin Effects of Job Search Requirements

    Job search requirements constrain the effort choice of UI benefit recipients to a minimum number of monthly applications. We analyze how the distribution of search effort and job finding rates react to this constraint. Motivated by job search theory, our intensive margin analysis focuses on the incremental effort that job seekers have to submit relative to their unconstrained effort choice. We use a new type of register data on Swiss job seekers which includes sufficient information to identify both requirement thresholds and unconstrained effort choices on the individual level. We then propose a novel identification strategy to isolate the exogenous component of the match between the requirement threshold and the job seeker's unconstrained effort choice. Our results point towards large, non-linear intensive margin effects of job search requirements, as job finding rates increase substantially in response to a required supplement in search effort. These effects are highly heterogeneous and come at the cost of increased non-compliance and sanction imposition rates. In addition, we show that search requirements can decrease effort when intrinsic motivation for active search is high. This suggests that requirements can operate as reference points and generate crowding out effects that are not predicted by standard job search theory.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    30. Juli 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family-Friendly Workplaces: Selection and Satisfaction

    We exploiting two unique data sources, a linked employer-employee dataset and a dataset on families in Germany, to analyze the effect of a change in firm family friendliness on workforce composition and worker satisfaction. We focus on two types of family friendly policies: The offer of childcare services and flexible working hours. Combining fixed effect and matching methods to account for selection effects we find some evidence for a stronger increase in the fraction of women in firms which introduced a family friendly policy. The effect is in particular strong for childcare services in East Germany. Satisfaction with work and care are also affected. Flexible working hours, if at all, only set incentives for higher educated women to choose a specific employer.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    16. Juli 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Return to Labor Market Mobility: An Evaluation of Relocation Assistance for the Unemployed

    Abstract: Supporting regional mobility among the unemployed might be an effective instrument to reduce unemployment in depressed regions and eliminate the shortage of labor in prosperity areas. Using German administrative data, we investigate the impact of a mobility program for unemployed individuals on labor market prospects of participants.

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    Referent/-in
  • Steffen Künn (IZA Bonn)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    30. Juni 2014

    30.06.2014 - 01.07.2014 Konferenz 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference
    SOEP2014

    The 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2014) will be held in Berlin, June 30 to July 1, 2014, at DIW Berlin and Hertie School of Governance. The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g. economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent Files (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We encourage in particular submissions of papers using the longitudinal features of the SOEP as well as cross national comparative analysis.

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    Keynote Speakers
  • Patricia McManus, Indiana University, Bloomington/USA Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan/Israel
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    25. Juni 2014

    Seminar Unemployment Insurance and Departures from Employment: Evidence from a German Reform
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In 2004 Germany announced an unemployment insurance (UI) reform that involved reductions to the maximum period over which workers could collect UI benefits. The reductions varied by age and were quite substantial; workers in their 50s and above stood to lose up to 14 months of benefits. The effects of this reform differed dramatically by age and time period.

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    Referent/-in
  • Conny Wunsch (University of Basel)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    18. Juni 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Sample Selection and Quantile Regression: An Application to Wages in Germany

    The presentation will consist of an overview of three available econometric procedures for controlling for sample selection in the context of quantile regression. The purpose of the underlying paper is to apply them to the study of the development of wages in Germany over the last three decades.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    11. Juni 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Macro and Micro Patterns in Subjective Wellbeing

    Abstract: Subjective wellbeing research is an emerging field in economics with broad relevance for the general public and for public policy. In this talk I will both give an overview of the development of this field and present my own current research on this topic. First, I will describe the macroeconomic relationship of subjective wellbeing and economic growth and what we have learnt about this relationship from four decades of research. Next, I will discuss different subjective wellbeing measures and present preliminary results from a survey that I am currently conducting with Marc Fleurbaey. In the third part I will present a paper on life satisfaction forecasts.

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    Referent/-in
  • Hannes Schwandt (Princeton)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    28. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Family Pension Benefits and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Germany

    Abstract: Child-raising pension benefits in Germany are designed as a compensation for maternal employment interruptions due to child-birth. In comparison to most other family benefits, child-raising pension benefits are accumulated upon child birth but become effective only on the verge of retirement. Hence, the extent to which child-raising pension benefits are determinants of the maternal employment decision essentially depends on a mother's individual discount factor and her planning horizon.

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    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    RWI Berlin in the facilities of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (R. 1.15) Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    28. Mai 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Divering experiences of early career in Western Germany: The effect of social background and regional labour market context

    Family background has long-lasting effects on labour market outcomes. A crucial period is the transition from the educational system to the labour market. It is here that inequality can get reinforced through an unsuccessful transition involving low work attachment and low pay. A bad first experience has been shown to have long-lasting effects, making this an important point for any policy intervention. While previous studies found an effect of family background on different adverse outcomes, the estimates differ strongly over time and between countries. The main empirical approaches focused on individual characteristics to explain the transmission of disadvantage. This paper studies the early career in the context of regional labour markets to explain variation. Family disadvantage is associated with lower human and social capital which may make the disadvantaged less desirable on the labour market. In tighter labour markets employers are expected to prefer more advantaged young adults. This results in a larger gap between the disadvantaged young adults and the rest in times of high unemployment. Using the German Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) study from 1984 to 2011 this paper shows that disadvantaged young adults (16-35) are more affected by the labour market context than the others. Random coefficient models are used to account for unobserved characteristics. It is shown that both the risk of being workless and the wage are more volatile to changing labour market conditions for young adults from a less advantaged background.

    Referent/-in
  • Wouter Zwysen (ISER, University of Essex/UK)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    21. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Skills, Occupational Choice, and Educational Attainment

    Abstract: Miriam Gensowski proposes a model of educational choice in which the formation of wage expectations accounts for anticipated occupational choices as well as education levels. Occupations are characterized as bundles of tasks that are explicitly linked to multi-dimensional abilities and personality traits. These traits are measured in Project Talent data that I augment with information from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The importance of skills is contrasted with the influence of parental background in this mutually dependent decision.

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    Referent/-in
  • Miriam Gensowski(University of Copenhagen)
  • Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    21. Mai 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Early retirement disincentives: Effectiveness and implications for distribution and welfare

    This paper evaluates the effectiveness of early retirement disincentives that have been introduced in Germany and investigates the distributional and welfare implications. Therefore, we set up a detailed model of the German social security and tax system with special focus on the PAYG-pension system. Building on the fact that the institutional changes were phased in - impacting birth cohorts to a different degree - we are able to estimate the parameters of a structural dynamic retirement model. This enables us to analyze whether and to what extent disincentives are able to steer retirement behavior. The estimates are based on high quality administrative data. We also compute changes in Gini coefficients of expected remaining lifetime consumption as well as equivalent and compensating variations to assess welfare effects. Furthermore, we discuss if recently introduced subsidies for private old age provisions are adequate to compensate the associated welfare losses.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    20. Mai 2014

    Symposium Symposium in Tokio: Frauen in Führungspositionen

    Das Japanisch-Deutsche Zentrum Berlin (JDZB), das Deutsche Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Berlin (DIW) und das Keizai Koho Center (KKC; Japan Institute for Social and Economic Affairs) veranstalten gemeinsam eine Tagung, in der Spezialistinnen beider Länder die Herausforderungen für einen größeren Anteil von Frauen in Führungspositionen diskutieren, insbesondere aus Sicht der Unternehmen.  

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    Ort
    Tokyo
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 281
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Wolfgang Brenn
    Teilnehmen
    16. Mai 2014

    Veranstaltung Wall Street Women: Saviors of the Global Economy?


    Melissa Fisher,
    New York University, Department of Social and Cultural Analysis

    Chair: PD Dr. Elke Holst, Research Director Gender Studies, DIW Berlin
    Introduction: Dr. Anja Kirsch, Department of Management, Freie Universität Berlin

    In her book Wall Street Women Melissa Fisher ethnographically examined how the first cohort of women in finance enacted "market feminisms", incorporating tenets of liberal feminism such as equal rights into Wall Street institutions. Drawing on nearly two decades of field work with women in financial professions, this talk explores the recent evolution in the gendering of Wall Street as well as the potential effects of that evolution. Melissa Fisher will focus on effects of the 2008 financial crisis which was far more than any of its predecessors, depicted in strikingly gendered terms - with many commentators articulating a divide between masculine, greedy, risk-taking behavior and feminine, conservative, risk-averse approaches for healing the crisis.

    To participate, we kindly ask you to register at by May 13, 2014.  

    Zeit
    1.00 pm to 3.30 pm
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 281
    14. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Selecting the selected? A sibling-analysis on tertiary education transition in Germany

    Abstract: Past studies show, that early educational tracking strengthens the persistence of economic outcomes from parents to children. In the case of Germany, this could be one of the reasons for the experienced low educational mobility. This being said, an interesting question which has been analysed in fewer studies so far, deals with the transition to tertiary education. Do all pupils who reach the highest secondary school track face the same opportunities to go to the university? And how strong is the parental background effect, which already decides majorly about the selection into secondary school, also in the mechanism of selection into tertiary education? We address this question through a multilevel analysis focusing on sibling correlations in cognitive and non-cognitive abilities. The data we use derives from German Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) and has the great advantage that we can follow pupils who participated in the survey at the age of 17 later in life. Thus, we have informations about their notes and subjective perceptions about future success when they were still in school, and informations about the tertiary education path (University, vocational school or others) they pursued thereafter. Our results are twofold, showing on the one hand, that only the family average in notes and not the individual deviation from it have a significant effect on the probability to go to university. This points at a strong influence of parental background also at transition to tertiary education. On the other hand, subjective perceptions show to have an individual effect which holds also controlling for family effects. This final result gives a hopeful scenario for policy makers and opens interesting opportunities for further research.

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    Referent/-in
  • Tamás Keller (TARKI Budapest)
  • Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    7. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Unhealthy retirement? Evidence of occupation heterogeneity

    Abstract: We investigate the causal effect of retirement on health and cognitive abilities by exploiting the variation between and within European countries in old age retirement rules. We show negative and significant effect of retirement on both health and cognitive abilities. We also show evidence of significant heterogeneity across occupational groups. In particular, the negative effect of retirement disappears and turn to be even positive for those working in very physically demanding jobs.

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    Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Fabrizio Mazonna (Università della Svizzera italiana Lugano)
    7. Mai 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Subsidized Early Child Care on Maternal Labor Supply: Quasi-experimental Evidence from Germany

    (joint with Katharina Wrohlich)
    This paper uses spatial and temporal variation in county child care availability for children under three year induced by the expansion of public child care in West Germany to analyze the impact of subsidized early childcare provision on maternal labor supply. We imply a general difference-in-differences approach to identify this causal link, controlling for time and county fixed effects, as well as potential determinants of the regional child care availability, since the degree of expansion might not be exogenous. So far, our preliminary results based on two different data sets (SOEP and Microcensus) do not show a significant effect of the differences in child care availability on the county level on the individual probability of mothers to work.

    Referent/-in
  • Denise Sengül
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
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