Veranstaltungen

Private Haushalte und Familien
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30. Nov 2016

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar "Wege in Deutschland" - Eine Studie zur Analyse integrationsfördernder und -hemmender Faktoren bei Flüchtlingen

Im Jahr 2015 haben über 1,2 Mio. Flüchtlinge in Deutschland Schutz gesucht. Dies stellt unsere Politik und Gesellschaft vor große Herausforderungen, die neben der unmittelbaren Versorgung, langfristig insbesondere die Integration der Schutzsuchenden in die hiesige Gemeinschaft betreffen.

Im Fokus des großangelegten Projekts „Wege in Deutschland“ (Paths in Germany, PaGe) steht daher die Identifikation integrationsfördernder und -hemmender psychosozialer, individueller Einflussfaktoren besonders in den Bereichen der sog. nicht-kognitiven Faktoren (z.B. Motivation, Kontrollüberzeugungen) sowie persönlichkeitsrelevanten Aspekten (z.B. Big Five Persönlichkeitsfaktoren, Selbstregulation, Zukunftsvorstellungen). Ein weiterer Kernbereich bezieht sich auf Gründungsmotivationen und -perspektiven. Eine erfolgreiche Integration wird im Rahmen des Projekts insbesondere im Sinne einer schulischen oder beruflichen Perspektive bzw. Laufbahn verstanden sowie in Bezug auf kulturelle und soziale Teilhabe an der Gesellschaft. Durch das angewendete Konzept soll die Bedeutung von sog. Metaskills und Einstellungen in Bezug auf vergangene Ereignisse und zukünftige Möglichkeiten für die Integration und den damit verbundenen Erfolg herausgestellt werden. Die Studie richtet ihr Augenmerk auf Asylberechtigte bzw. anerkannte Flüchtlinge zwischen 17 und 45 Jahren, welche innerhalb eines Zeitfensters von ca. 6 Monaten seit Herbst 2015 in die Bundesrepublik Deutschland kamen. Nach einer erfolgreichen Pilotierung wurde zwischen März und Juli 2016 die erste Haupterhebung der Studie im Rahmen einer schriftlichen Befragung umgesetzt (N = 266, M = 27 Jahre, 96% Herkunft Syrien). Im vorliegenden Beitrag soll die aktuelle Stichprobe vor dem Hintergrund vergangener und zukünftiger Herausforderungen bei der Realisierung einer möglichst selektionsfreien Akquise von Teilnehmern vorgestellt werden. Erste deskriptive Befunde sowie der weitere Verlauf der Studie werden dargestellt und diskutiert.

Referent/-in
  • Dr. Elisabeth Hahn (Universität des Saarlandes)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    29. Nov 2016

    Workshop Finanzielle Bildung in der Jugend – gewappnet für die Zukunft!?

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    Zeit
    9:30 bis 16:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Schumpeter Saal DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 668
    2. Nov 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Ethnische Einbettung und Bildungserwerb von Jugendlichen mit Migrationshintergrund – Zur Bedeutung ethnisch segregierter Nachbarschaften und elterlicher Freundschaftsnetzwerke

    In der Präsentation wird ein Ausschnitt aus dem Promotionsprojekt vorgestellt, dessen übergreifende Fragestellung lautet, inwieweit eigenethnische Bezüge den Bildungserwerb von Zuwanderern und ihren Nachkommen befördern oder behindern und ggf. unter welchen Bedingungen eine Beförderung oder Benachteiligung eintritt. Die Begriffe eigenethnische Bezüge bzw. ethnische Einbettung umfassen dabei sowohl eigenethnisch geprägte Netzwerke und Gemeinschaften als auch Alltagskontexte, in denen sich Personen der eigenen Herkunftsgruppe und/oder ethnische Minderheiten bzw. Individuen mit Zuwanderungshintergrund konzentrieren. Es wird damit direkt an die innerhalb der Integrationsforschung geführte Auseinandersetzung über die Folgen der Pflege und Bewahrung eigenethnischer Orientierungen, Identitäten und Eigenschaften für die strukturelle Integration von Zuwanderern und ihren Nachkommen angeknüpft.
    Aufbauend auf den theoretischen Überlegungen werden in der Präsentation empirische Ergebnisse zum Zusammenhang von ethnischer Einbettung und Bildungserfolg in der Sekundarstufe I sowie den zugrundeliegenden Mechanismen vorgestellt. Datengrundlage bildet das SOEP und die erstmalig befragten Jugendlichen, für die seit dem Jahr 2000 ein spezifischer Jugendfragebogen eingesetzt wird. Ein besonderer Schwerpunkt in der Präsentation liegt auf der Operationalisierung der ethnischen Einbettung in Form der Nachbarschaftszusammensetzung und der elterlichen Freundschaftsnetzwerke.

    Referent/-in
  • Melanie Olczyk, (Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    28. Oktober 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Ant or the Grasshopper? The Long-Term Consequences of Unilateral Divorce Laws on Savings of European Households

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    Referent/-in
  • Luca Stella, University of Wuppertal, IZA

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    19. Oktober 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Optimal Taxation Under Different Concepts of Justness

    We extend the optimal taxation framework by Saez (2002) to allow for alternative concepts of justness. We calculate weights of a social planner's function as implied by the current German tax and transfer system based on the concepts of Minimum Sacrifice and subjective just incomes from survey questions and compare them to the welfarist case. We use new questions from the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) to obtain information about what amount of taxes individuals consider as just. We find that the German system is not pareto-optimal as it implies negative weights for working poor under the welfarist approach. Minimum absolute and relative sacrifice are the only concepts of justness that do not imply negative social weights for at least one income group.

    Referent/-in
  • Robin Jessen, FU Berlin
    Davud Rostam-Afschar, FU Berlin

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    3. August 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Time use, Experienced Well-Being and Labor Market Status

    We investigate the role of labor market status for day-by-day experienced well-being for employed and unemployed workers. The German representative SOEP-IS dataset (waves 2012-2015) allows us to assess individual time use and accompanying experienced well-being. Using information from the integrated day reconstruction method (DRM) module, our analysis overcome shortcomings of previous studies that had to rely on selective samples and cross-section design. We calculate the share of total time in pleasurable activities (p-index) and use it as an outcome variable. Thus, working and work related activities like commuting as well as housework rank least due to their lower level of affective experience. We further show that the average experienced well-being level of unemployed is significantly higher than the level of the employed. This difference vanishes when calculating the p-index for the employed without working or work-related activities. We interpret this as a hint that working itself reduces the experienced well-being of the workers. Regression analysis with a standard set of controls and day of the week fixed effects confirm this finding. Taking time-invariant individual traits into account does not alter this result. These findings are in strong contrast to the established literature regarding the effects of labor market status on evaluative well-being. Experienced well-being captures further relevant aspects of SWB and its role for labor market status.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    6. Januar 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Parental socioeconomic status and the quality of early childhood education and care: Evidence from Germany

    (joint with Pia S. Schober and C. Katharina Spieß)
    In Germany, large heterogeneity exists with respect to the quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC) institutions. We examine whether children from socioeconomically advantaged families face more favorable conditions when starting their educational career by attending ECEC centers of better quality compared to more disadvantaged children. We exploit a new dataset combining the SOEP (wave 2013) with information from the K²ID-SOEP extension study on the ECEC facilities attended by respondents’ offspring. Our final sample consists of 764 children attending 700 day-care groups in 646 centers across Germany. We test if maternal employment status, parental education, children’s migration background and family income are systematically linked to a wide range of indicators capturing aspects of structural, orientation and process quality. Our results point to significant associations of some indicators mainly with work status and parental education, disadvantaging children of the least educated women and women working part-time or less. We find these relationships primarily for quality indicators that are easy to observe or enquire about for parents.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    16. Dez 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Beyond Filial Piety: The Structural and Cultural Determinants of Intergenerational Contact in China

    This is the first representative study to assess the main determinants of intergenerational contact in China. It used a representative sample of 15,399 child-parent dyads to predict the frequency of (a) face-to-face contacts (b) contacts by (mobile) phone, text messaging and other electronic means and (c) all contacts; focusing in particular on the role of migration as well as children's gender, marital status and education level. The findings showed that distance was a major barrier to face-to-face contact in China, although most migrant children called regularly. They also indicated higher overall levels of contact with sons than with daughters, which can be attributed to the traditional norm of filial piety. At the same time, it was found that unmarried daughters and highly educated daughters had more contact with parents than their male counterparts, which suggests a weakening of gendered family practices in the wake of China's demographic and economic transformation.

    Referent/-in
  • Rob Gruijters (BGSS)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    25. Nov 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family structure and educational attainment in East and West Germany during the 20th century – a sibling analysis

    This study investigates whether the link between family dissolution and children’s educational attainment is contingent on the broader social and institutional context. The comparison of former capitalist West Germany and socialist East Germany presents an excellent case study as these countries differed considerably with regard to ideology and policies regarding families, schooling and labour markets. We base our analyses on the data of the German Life History Study that covers cohorts born throughout the twentieth century. Results of sibling fixed effect analyses show that growing up in a dissolved family in the former West was detrimental for educational attainment. In contrast, in the East with its comprehensive schooling system and extensive support for families and working mothers, family dissolution was not related to educational outcomes. The effects of family dissolution may thus be reinforced in stratified systems and possibly softened by social policies equalizing the social and economic situation attributed to dissolved families.

    Referent/-in
  • Wiebke Schulz, Universität Bielefeld

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    28. Oktober 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen All-Day Schools and Maternal Labour Supply: The Case of Primary Education in Germany

    (together with Ludovica Gambaro and Frauke Peter)
    This study investigates whether the link between family dissolution and children’s educational attainment is contingent on the broader social and institutional context. The comparison of former capitalist West Germany and socialist East Germany presents an excellent case study as these countries differed considerably with regard to ideology and policies regarding families, schooling and labour markets. We base our analyses on the data of the German Life History Study that covers cohorts born throughout the twentieth century. Results of sibling fixed effect analyses show that growing up in a dissolved family in the former West was detrimental for educational attainment. In contrast, in the East with its comprehensive schooling system and extensive support for families and working mothers, family dissolution was not related to educational outcomes. The effects of family dissolution may thus be reinforced in stratified systems and possibly softened by social policies equalizing the social and economic situation attributed to dissolved families.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    30. Sept 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Lifetime inequality: The impact of taxation, transfers and pensions

    (together with Daniel Kemptner and Victoria Prowse)
    In this paper, we analyze how income taxes, transfer programs and the pension system affect inequality in lifetime income. Importantly, we consider pre-retirement and post-retirement income and thereby we extend the previous literature on lifetime inequality, which has only considered income received before retirement. We use a dynamic structural life-cycle model to derive trajectories of earnings and net income over the whole life-cycle. Based on these life-cycle profiles, we investigate the drivers of inequality in lifetime gross earnings and we study the impact of taxes, transfer and pensions on inequality in lifetime net income. We also explore how major sources of life-cycle risk, namely employment an health risks, affect life-time income and how the different fiscal programmes provide insurance for these life-cycle risks.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    29. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Role of Time Preferences in Educational Decision Making

    We evaluate the role of time preferences in educational decision making, when deviating from the standard-neoclassical assumption of exponential discounting. Based on a dynamic structural life-cycle model we analyse the importance of the discount factor for policy simulations. This is done by considering two relevant policies: (1.) a change in the state grant for students (BaföG) as a way to affect short-run benefits while at school and (2.) a change in progressive taxation as a way to affect long-run benefits of schooling since labour income generally increases with additional years of schooling.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    15. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Peer Effects in Labor Supply Decisions of Mothers with Young Children

    Social and economic policies are likely to affect individuals not only by the change in financial incentives, but also by a change in the behavior of their social or work environment. It is our goal to determine social interaction effects in the context of employment behavior in Germany. In particular, we analyze whether the labor supply decisions of mothers with young children depend on the decisions made by their coworkers. The identification of social interaction effects bears various challenges that need to be overcome by the design of the empirical strategy. To this end we follow a reduced-form approach exploiting quasi-random variation in the costs of parental leave induced by the introduction of the new Elterngeld in 2007. Administrative linked employer-employee panel data enables us to assign a peer group to each individual and provides us with individual employment histories of all individuals in these social groups. This data set, combined with microeconometric and quasi-experimental methods, allows us to overcome the challenges associated with the identification and determine existence and magnitude of social interaction effects in employment decisions.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    25. Februar 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Protection or selection? New insights into the effect of children on union dissolution in Germany

    Research on divorce or union dissolution demonstrates that the presence of children, the number of children and/or the age of the youngest child is negatively correlated with the risk of breaking up. One line of argument is that children stabilize unions. Different mechanisms might be at work such as stronger feelings of obligation, stronger economic dependencies of mothers due to family specific investments leading to low or no labour market investments or due to reduced working hours as a consequence of insufficient external child care and so on. Another line of argument is that partners being less satisfied with or obligated to their relationship are less prone to have any children at all or to have further ones. We can also put it the other way round: A more promising relationship increases the chance of having (more) offspring as well as the chance of having a stable union.

    To get new insight into this controversial topic of protection vs. selection we test the consequences of births resulting from unplanned pregnancies on the stability of (marital and cohabitating) unions. We frame women with an unplanned pregnancy as the treatment group. As unplanned pregnancies are highly selective we use the technique of propensity score matching (PSM) to identify one control group of women with planned pregnancies and one control group of women without a pregnancy (birth). Then we compare the union stability of these three groups using survivor functions. We use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), as since 2003 this yearly panel survey asks mothers of new-borns if the pregnancy had been planned or not.

    Referent/-in
  • Thorsten Schneider (Universität Leipzig)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    21. Januar 2015

    Seminar Equalization of Opportunity: Definitions, Implementable Conditions and Application to Early-Childhood Policy Evaluation
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper develops a criterion to assess equalization of opportunity that is consistent with theoretical views of equality of opportunity. We characterize inequality of opportunity as a situation where some groups in society enjoy an illegitimate advantage. In this context, equalization of opportunity requires that the extent of the illegitimate advantage enjoyed by the privileged groups falls.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Francesco Andreoli (CEPS/INSTEAS and University of Verona
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    16. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics RCT Research: When it works (as planned) and when it doesn't?
    Taking the case of microfinance evaluation studies.

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    Referent/-in
  • Britta Augsburg (Institute for Fiscal Studies)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    10. Dez 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The top tail of the German wealth distribution

    We investigate the top tail of the German wealth distribution using the first wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Assuming that wealth follows a Pareto distribution above a minimum level, we correct for the "missing rich" by imputing wealth above three million Euro. Then, we investigate the German wealth distribution considering the impact of the imputation. To test the robustness of the results, the imputation is replicated using the SOEP 2012. The findings suggest that the concentration of wealth in the top tail is substantially higher in the corrected wealth distribution.

    Referent/-in
  • Aline Zucco
  • Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    5. Dez 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Zukunftsangst! Fear of (and hope for) the future and its impact on life satisfaction

    The thoughts that an individual has about the future contribute substantially to their life satisfaction in a positive or negative direction. This is a result found via five different methods, some of which control for personality and disposition and the potential endogeneity of thoughts and life satisfaction. The reduction in life satisfaction experienced by individuals who report being pessimistic is greater than that for well-known objective statuses like unemployment. Including individuals’ thoughts about the future substantially increases the explanatory power of standard life satisfaction models. Life satisfaction is made up of objective and subjective factors and methods exist to account for their potential endogeneity to enhance our understanding of well-being. This investigation is an example of such an analysis combining a subjective factor, thoughts about the future (treated as endogenous), with more standard objective factors to aid understanding regarding well-being.

    Referent/-in
  • Alan Piper, University of Flensburg
  • Zeit
    11:30 - 12:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    4. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Impact of Nutritional Interventions on cognitive skills
    Evidence from India's Midday Meal Program

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Rajshri Jayaraman (ESMT)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    5. Nov 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Sowing the Wind and Reaping the Whirlwind? The Effect of Wind Turbines on Residential Well-Being

    (together with Christian Krekel)
    This paper investigates the effects of wind turbines on residential well-being, using panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and a novel data set on wind turbines in Germany for the time period between 2000 and 2012. Using a Geographical Information System (GIS), it calculates the distance to wind turbines, measured as the Euclidean distance between households and the nearest wind turbine, as the most important determinant of their visual pollution. The depth of the novel data set, which has been collected at the regional level and which includes, besides the characteristics of the wind turbines, their construction date, allows to estimate the causal effects of wind turbines on residential well-being, using difference-in-difference propensity-score matching. Preliminary results suggest that the construction of wind turbines in a pre-defined buffer area of 4,000 metres around households has negative effects on the life satisfaction of household members. The results are robust to different buffer areas.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
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