Veranstaltungen

Soziales und Gesundheit
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23. Juni 2017

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Retirement and social connection in old age

Facing an aging population, many societies discuss policies to prolong work lives. At the individual level, such policies could affect social connectedness in several ways. On the one hand, prolonged work lives could promote a healthier social life at advanced ages by maintaining job-related networks for longer. On the other hand, retirement might boost quantity and quality of social networks by an increase in leisure time. This paper sheds light on the net effects of retirement on social wellbeing and the elderly’s social networks with a particular focus on heterogeneity patterns. Using data from SHARE, we analyze whether country, gender, or education are important dimensions of heterogeneity. Potential endogeneity of the individual retirement status is accounted for using an instrumental variables approach. We thereby exploit variation in the individual retirement decision that is induced by pensionable age thresholds. The results suggest that retirement is not an important determinant for social connectedness. Moreover, effect heterogeneity is not particularly pronounced in the dimensions under study.

Referent/-in
Zeit
11:30 - 12:30
Ort
Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
7. Juni 2017

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Increasing Longevity Gap and the Pension System

We use social security records to document the heterogeneity in life expectancy by lifetime earnings for West Germany and we analyze how this longevity gap has evolved over cohorts. In line with previous studies, we provide evidence that the earnings-related longevity gap is increasing over cohorts. We then propose a decomposition to disentangle the role of the increasing earnings inequality over cohorts and the effect of changes in the earnings gradient on life expectancy. Finally, we study the distributional implications of the increasing longevity gap for the pension system. First, we show how the heterogeneity in life expectancy affects the distribution and the inequality of social security wealth and we document how this has evolved between the cohorts. Second, we calculate contribution/benefit ratios and compare the rates by lifetime earnings and between cohorts. Third, we extend the analysis by also accounting for survivor pensions and heterogeneous life expectancies of surviving spouses.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
Schumpeter Saal DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
10. Mai 2017

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Pension Reforms on Savings Behavior

Many OECD countries are currently undergoing reforms of their statutory pension schemes. In theory, a decrease of pension generosity can have a positive or negative effect on private savings - depending on the corresponding level of employment effects. Thus, it is an empirical question to determine the sign of the effect. A particular reform of the German Statutory Pension Scheme lifted the early retirement age (ERA) of women. The reform was implemented along birth cohorts, allowing for an intuitive identification strategy and causal interpretation of effects.
While previous studies found positive effects of other generosity decreasing pension reforms on private savings, this is the first study isolating the effect of an increase of the ERA on savings. An upward-shift of the ERA by 3 to 5 years has a statistically and economically significant negative effect on private monthly savings of single women. The effects in the subsample of couples are insignificant.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
7. April 2017

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Does Making Sick Leave Costly Reduce Absenteeism?

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Referent/-in
  • Olivier Marie, Erasmus School of Economics

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    3. März 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Policy Uncertainty and Social Security Reform

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    Referent/-in
  • Ben Etheridge, University of Essex

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    27. Januar 2017

    Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics Internet and Health Choices: Evidence from the UK

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    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    10:30 - 11:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 203
    25. Nov 2016

    Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics Antibiotic Prescribing under Uncertainty about Resistance

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    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    10:30 - 11:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 203
    25. Nov 2016

    Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics Antibiotic Prescribing under Uncertainty about Resistance

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    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    10:30 - 11:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 203
    15. - 18. Juni 2016

    Konferenz 30th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE)

    The 30th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE) will take place on June 15-18, 2016, organized by the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) at the Harnack House, in Berlin.

    The aim of the Conference is to facilitate the exchange of research ideas and results across a range of fields, including the economics of the household, labour economics, public economics, demography, and health economics.

    Marco Francesconi (University of Essex) will serve as the program chair and Daniel D. Schnitzlein (DIW Berlin, Leibniz University Hannover) as coordinator of the local organizing team. The keynote speakers will be Marianne P. Bitler (University of California-Irvine) and David Figlio (Northwestern University).
    The presidential address will be given by Arthur van Soest (Tilburg University). As part of the 30th anniversary of the Society, there will be a series of special sessions delivered by past presidents of ESPE.

    The paper submission site will open by November 1, 2015. The submission deadline is February 1, 2016. Acceptance decisions will be announced by April 1, 2016.

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    Keynote Speakers
  • Marianne P. Bitler (University of California-Irvine)
    David Figlio (Northwestern University)

  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    23. Mai 2016

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar A Quantitative Analysis of the Retail Market for Illicit Drugs

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Alessandro Gavazza (LSE)

  • Zeit
    15.15 - 16.30
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    4. Mai 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Income and the Utilization of Long-Term Care: Evidence from Short-Term Income Shocks

    Ex post moral hazard poses a concern to private insurers and to policymakers considering the expansion of publicly subsidized health insurance.  This is especially true of private long-term care insurance markets in the United States, which are small and have been contracting in recent years.  A significant publicly administered option was passed as part of the Affordable Care Act but then repealed.  Long-term care thus constitutes the largest out-of-pocket health care expense facing the elderly in the United States today.  In formulating policy to mitigate this risk, it is important to distinguish moral hazard arising from price effects, which may be considered socially inefficient spending, from moral hazard arising from income effects, which may represent a socially efficient increase in access to care.  Little evidence exists, however, on the effects of income on utilization of long-term care services.  In this paper, we examine the purchase of long-term care services following plausibly exogenous positive shocks to income.  We find that positive income shocks lead to a greater probability of purchase of home-based long-term care but not of nursing home care.
    (joint with Daifeng He, Jing Dong and John Nyman)

    Referent/-in
  • R. Tamara Konetzka (University of Chicago)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    9. März 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Full or partial retirement? A dynamic discrete choice analysis

    We consider forward looking older workers deciding between immediate retirement and working full-time or part-time until a given retirement age. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of modelling the part-time work decision in the option value and the dynamic programming models.

    Referent/-in
  • Tunga Kantarci (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    17. Februar 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Dynastic Inequality and Persistence of Human Capital Over Three Generations

    Empirical research on the persistence of inequality has been largely restricted to a two generational framework, mainly due to a lack of appropriate data on multiple generations. At the same time, it is often assumed that the intergenerational persistence of socio-economic outcomes follows a first-order Markov process; i.e. the influence of ancestors vanishes within few generations. However, an increasing number of studies show that this assumption should be revisited. This study aims to quantify the extend of persistence of human capital over three generations, comparing the US and Germany. Hereby, we make use of the rich informational content of nationally representative household survey data; the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) and the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Applying different measures, we evaluate the persistence of human capital over a span of over 120 years. Our results highlight a relatively high persistence of human capital over three generations in both countries, while intergenerational mobility is slightly lower in Germany than in the US. Finally, we cannot reject the hypothesis that the grandparental coefficient is higher than the one obtained by an iterated regression procedure assuming an AR(1) process, shedding light on the long-run aspects of equality of opportunity within the two societies.
    (joint with Maximilian Stockhausen, FU Berlin)

    Referent/-in
  • Guido Neidhöfer (FU Berlin)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    10. Februar 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Full or partial retirement? Effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age in the Netherlands and the United States

    The share of the older workers in the labor force has increased due to population aging and pension reforms in many countries. However, rules of the public and private pension schemes and restrictions from the employers still require large populations of older workers with possibly heterogeneous work preferences to retire fully at a given age. We study the preferences of older people for a rich set of retirement trajectories characterized by early or delayed full retirement as well as partial retirement at various ages in the Netherlands and the United States. Two in five prefer partial retirement over early or delayed abrupt full retirement. This suggests that partial retirement can substantially increase the utility derived from work in old age. Furthermore, we study the effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age on the preferences to delay retirement fully or partially as means of reducing public expenditure. Individuals want to use partial retirement to extend their work lives if deferring pension rights are made actuarially attractive or if pension accruals are made less generous. On the other hand, as the retirement age increases, individuals want to retire early or work part-time instead of full-time. The comparison of the results between the Netherlands and the United States shows that while people in the Netherlands are responsive to a substitution effect of higher pensions, people in the United States are responsive to an income effect of higher pensions.

    Referent/-in
  • Tunga Kantarci (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    9. Dez 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply and the pension system - Evidence from a Regression Kink Design

    This paper uses a Regression Kink Design to estimate the labor supply effects of changes in the financial incentives for early retirement. In particular we examine the effect of the gradual introduction of pension deductions for early retirement according to the 1992 German pension reform on the actual retirement age of women eligible for women old-age pensions. This reform allows to exploit exogenous variation in  benefits using kinks in the schedule of pension benefits depending on the birth cohort. For the empirical analysis we use high-quality administrative data from the German Federal Pension Insurance (VSKT) and find positive and significant effects of the reform on the actual retirement age.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    2. Nov 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Medicaid Insurance in Old Age

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Eric French, University College London

  • Zeit
    15.15 - 16.30
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    30. Sept 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Lifetime inequality: The impact of taxation, transfers and pensions

    (together with Daniel Kemptner and Victoria Prowse)
    In this paper, we analyze how income taxes, transfer programs and the pension system affect inequality in lifetime income. Importantly, we consider pre-retirement and post-retirement income and thereby we extend the previous literature on lifetime inequality, which has only considered income received before retirement. We use a dynamic structural life-cycle model to derive trajectories of earnings and net income over the whole life-cycle. Based on these life-cycle profiles, we investigate the drivers of inequality in lifetime gross earnings and we study the impact of taxes, transfer and pensions on inequality in lifetime net income. We also explore how major sources of life-cycle risk, namely employment an health risks, affect life-time income and how the different fiscal programmes provide insurance for these life-cycle risks.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    21. - 24. Sept 2015

    Workshop EVA-MIN Summer School “Effects and Evaluation of Minimum Wages”
    4th Potsdam PhD Workshop in Empirical Economics

    Der diesjährige Potsdam PhD Workshop in Empirical Economics wird als Summer School mit einem besonderen Fokus auf das Thema "Effekte und Evaluation des Mindestlohns" stattfinden. Er ist Teil des Leibniz-Forschungsprojekts EVA-MIN. Im Rahmen der Summer School sollen theoretische Effekte, Herangehensweisen an eine Evaluierung der Auswirkungen und bereits bestehende empirische Evidenzen des Mindestlohns diskutiert werden. Talentierten und interessierten jungen Wissenschaftler_innen wird die Möglichkeit geboten, ihre eigenen Forschungsprojekte in Poster Sessions zu präsentieren und kritisch zu besprechen.

    Mehr Informationen gibt es im Call for Papers und auf der Projektseite des EVA-MIN-Projektes.

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    Lecturers
  • Gerard van den Berg, Universität Mannheim Stephen Machin, University College London
  • Ort
    Universität Potsdam
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 284
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Marco Caliendo, Universität Potsdam
    workshop@empwifo.uni-potsdam.de)
    23. März 2015

    Veranstaltung WISIND-Abschlusskonferenz

    Das WISIND-Projekt verwendet eine Fülle klassischer wie innovativer Forschungsmethoden, um einen Indikator alltäglicher krimineller Bedrohungen in Deutschland zu erstellen und in einen weiteren sozialen Kontext zu stellen. Des Weiteren wird die Sicherheitswirtschaft in Deutschland vermessen.

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    Zeit
    10:00 - 18:00
    Ort
    Schumpeter Saal DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 348
    18. März 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The German child-care pension benefit and household savings

    In this paper, I estimate the impact of the German child-care pension benefit (Kindererziehungszeiten) on household savings, exploiting the pension reform 1992 as a natural experiment based on the Income and Expenditure Survey (EVS). The child-care pension benefits are designed as a compensation for employment interruptions due to child-birth and they increase a mother’s pension wealth. In principle, this implies negative incentives for private savings. However, the preliminary results indicate that household savings are not affected by the higher generosity of child-care pension benefits.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
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