Title: Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), data from 1984-2018
Collection period: 1984-2018
Publication date: 01.11.2019
Principal investigators: Stefan Liebig, Jan Goebel, Martin Kroh, Carsten Schröder, Markus Grabka, Jürgen Schupp, Charlotte Bartels, Alexandra Fedorets, Andreas Franken, Jannes Jacobsen, Selin Kara, Peter Krause, Hannes Kröger, Maria Metzing, David Richter, Diana Schacht, Paul Schmelzer, Christian Schmitt, Daniel Schnitzlein, Rainer Siegers, Knut Wenzig, Stefan Zimmermann
The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study is a wide-ranging annual representative longitudinal study of private households, located at the German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin. In 2018 more than 33,000 individuals in almost 20,000 households have been interviewed by the fieldwork organization Kantar Public. The data provide information on all household members, consisting of Germans living in the Eastern and Western German States, foreigners, and immigrants to Germany. The Panel was started in 1984. Some of the many topics include household composition, occupational biographies, employment, earnings, health and satisfaction indicators. As early as June 1990—even before the Economic, Social and Monetary Union—SOEP expanded to include the states of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), thus seizing the rare opportunity to observe the transformation of an entire society. Also immigrant samples were added in 1994/95 and 2013/2015 to account for the changes that took place in Germany society. Two samples of refugees were introduced in 2016, another one in 2017. Further new samples were added in 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2017, and 2018. The survey is constantly being adapted and developed in response to current social developments. The international version contains 95% of all cases surveyed (see 10.5684/soep.v35i).
Contributor: Kantar Deutschland GmbH (Data Collector)
Population: Persons living in private households in Germany
Sampling: All samples of SOEP are multi-stage random samples which are regionally clustered. The respondents (households) are selected by random-walkor register sample.
Collection Mode:The interview methodology of the SOEP is based on a set of pre-tested questionnaires for households and individuals. Principally an interviewer tries to obtain face-to-face interviews with all members of a given survey household aged 16 years and over. Additionally one person (head of household) is asked to answer a household related questionnaire covering information on housing, housing costs, and different sources of income. This covers also some questions on children in the household up to 16 years of age, mainly concerning attendance at institutions (kindergarten, elementary school, e
The SOEP micro data which we make available for scientific research can only be interpreted using statistical software. Direct use of SOEP data is subject to the high standards for lawful data protection in the Federal Republic of Germany. Signing a contract on data distribution with the DIW Berlin is therefore a precondition for working with SOEP data. After signing the contract, the data of every new wave will be available on request. more information
Version specific changes in the dataset.
We have found a small label error in the bioage data set.
SOEPcompanion (v34) (PDF, 6.07 MB)
You can find the questionnaires here
Overview of the fieldwork across different samples Wave Report 2018 (PDF, 5.29 MB)