Post-Socialist Transition and the Intergenerational Transmission of Education in Kyrgyzstan

Diskussionspapiere extern , 31 S.

Tilman Brück, Damir Esenaliev

Bonn: IZA, 2013, 31 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 7318)


We investigate long-term trends in the intergenerational transmission of education in a low income country undergoing a transition from socialism to a market economy. We draw on evidence from Kyrgyzstan using data from three household surveys collected in 1993, 1998 and 2011. We find that Kyrgyzstan, like Eastern European middle income transition economies, generally maintained high educational mobility, comparable to the levels during Soviet times. However, we find that the younger cohorts, who were exposed to the transition during their school years, experienced a rapid decline in educational mobility. We also document that gender differences in schooling and educational mobility, found among olderaged individuals, disappeared in the younger population.

Themen: Verkehr, Gender, Bildung

JEL-Classification: J62;P36;I25
Keywords: intergenerational mobility, educational attainment, gender, transition economy, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia
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