Publikationen des DIW Berlin


Diskussionspapiere/ Discussion Papers

1463 The Partisan Effects of Voter Turnout: How Conservatives Profit from Rainy Election Days Felix Arnold, Ronny Freier 2015 11 S.
Published in: Electoral Studies 41 (2016), 213-224

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In this short note, we use data from different elections in the German state of North-Rhine Westphalia between 1975 and 2010 to show that the social democrats generally profit from higher voter turnout at the expense of the conservatives. We deal with the endogeneity of voter turnout by using election day rain as an instrumental variable. Our particular contribution is the comparison of municipal and state elections.




Turnout, Partisan effects, rain, Germany, municipalities, elections