Veranstaltungen

Bildung und Familie

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25 July 2018

Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Care & Careers: Housework Distribution and Occupational Prestige

Despite increasing female labor market participation over the past decades care duties are hardly been shared more equally within couples. We challenge existing approaches (time availability theory, relative resources approach) on the formation of care arrangements with the human capital theory focusing on the consequences of an unequal distribution of housework. We argue that couples make simultaneous decisions on the time spent in market and care work. A more equal care distribution frees women’s time resources and enhances their abilities to participate in the labor market and have more successful employment careers. Based on GSOEP data we investigate the effects of different care work distributions within heterosexual couple households on their employment probability and occupational success. In this version of the paper we estimate fixed effect regressions also that control for individual and household characteristics as well as general time trends. Preliminary results show that the total amount of housework and its distribution between partners significantly affect, both, the labor market participation and the occupational prestige of men and women.

Speaker
Time
12:30 - 13:30
Location
Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Contact(s)
at DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
29 June 2018

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Upward Income Mobility and Legislator Support for Education Policies

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Speaker
  • Luna Bellani, University of Konstanz

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    27 June 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Training Participation with Increasing Working Horizons: Evidence from a German Pension Reform

    Investments into the human capital of (older) individuals—by employees, governments and especially firms—are expected to depend on the remaining working horizon of individuals. Thus, with the anticipation of shifts in retirement ages due to pension reforms, an increase in training participation rates should be expected. As training increases the employability of older individuals, this would be an important complementary development to pension reforms aiming to increase the employment rates of older age-groups. In this paper, a 1999 German pension reform is used as a natural experiment to study the development of training participation with increasing working horizons. Pre- and post-reform cohorts are compared in a Regression Discontinuity Design using the German Microcensus. However, based on the evidence available for this study, an increase in training participation in anticipation of longer working horizons could not be found. Thus, further interventions are needed to ensure that shifts in the retirement age do not lead to increased old-age unemployment rates due to low productiveness.

    Speaker
  • Elisabeth Kurz

  • Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    15 June 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Later pension, poorer health? Evidence from the new State Pension age in the UK

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    Speaker
  • Ludovico Carrino, King’s College London and University of Venice Ca’ Foscari

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    1 June 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Bismarck's Health Insurance and the Mortality Decline

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    Speaker
  • Stefan Bauernschuster, University of Passau

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    30 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

    Based on findings of an extensive empirical literature that mainly stem from high- income countries, economists often hypothesize that having more children, especially young ones, unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Re- search on middle- and low-income countries is scarce, despite of several interesting aspects that are common to these countries and that potentially matter for the relationship between fertility and maternal labor supply: the low wealth of a large number of house- holds, the provision of informal child care within extended families, and the high prevalence of informal employment. I use Mexican census data from 2010 in order to provide new evidence on the relationship between fertility and female labor market outcomes in a middle-income country. In order to disentangle causal effects of childbearing, parental preferences for mixed-sex siblings are exploited. My findings show that an exogenous rise in family size is associated with a significant increase in labor supply by mothers that are induced to change their family size by the instrument. This response tends to be driven by an increase in formal employment at the intensive margin for a very small fraction of women, while having mainly an impact at the extensive margin for informal labor. I further show that the presence of grandparents and low household wealth potentially contribute to this positive effect. The external validity of my results is shown to be limited, but econometric approaches that allow to extrapolate from this effect indicate that the response in informal employment is non-negative for the whole sample.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    18 May 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Upward Income Mobility and Legislator Support for Education Policies

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    CANCELLED!
    Speaker
  • Luna Bellani, University of Konstanz

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The effect of exposure to STEM in secondary school on field of study choice

    The choice for a field of study has large consequences on later labor market outcomes. However, in absence of liberal arts and sciences bachelors, field of study choice is often made quite early: either in secondary school or at the start of university. A growing literature shows that information about (direct or indirect through exposure) affects students’ field of study choices. We investigate the effect of a nationwide policy in which some secondary school students receive additional exposure to STEM fields due to an extra STEM instruction time. We use schools which shift into the program over time using school fixed effects. We find that students affected by the policy have lower graduation rates. Further, we find that students affected by the policy are more likely to pursue a softer STEM degree (Health care or Agriculture) and less likely an interdisciplinary degree.

    Speaker
  • Roxanne Korthals

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    2 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Teacher incentives and grade retention

    This paper provides a simple framework to test whether teachers strategically retain students in the first grade of primary school in order to minimize the number of students in their class for grades 2-4. I build a model in which classes are subject to a class size cap and teachers can choose to retain students if their performance falls below an academic threshold. The key prediction, borne out in administrative data for the German state Sachsen, is that grade retention rates increase monotonically with class size but drop sharply in the vicinity of the class-size cap because teachers expect that classes might be split if class size exceeds the class size cap in the next grade.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    27 April 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Understanding the Response to Financial and Non-Financial Incentives in Education: Field Experimental Evidence Using High-Stakes Assessments

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    Speaker
  • Simon Burgess, University of Bristol

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16 February 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Intergenerational Causal Effect of Tax Evasion: Evidence from the Commuter Tax Allowance in Austria

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    Speaker
  • Martin Halla, Johannes Kepler University Linz

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    14 February 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Impact of Initial Placement Restrictions on Labor Market Outcomes of Refugees

    This paper analyzes employment effects of a policy reform that was introduced as a measure for targeted integration of foreigners into local labor markets in Germany. The Residence Rule puts additional constraints on initial residence decisions for refugees after having received a permanent residence permit. Given that this reform applies to a subset of refugees only, it creates exogenous variation that I exploit in a Differences-in-Differences analysis. Using a novel data set, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany, the results suggest a negative effect of the reform on the probability to take up employment. This effect is robust to the inclusion/exclusion of covariates. Yet, since sample size in the post-treatment period is relatively small, some specifications yield statistically insignificant effects.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    31 January 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Income Redistribution and Self-Selection of Immigrants: Evidence from Administrative Data

    We test the predictions of the Roy-Model about the self-selection of immigrants using an administrative dataset including about 90 % of Italians living abroad. The data comprises 13 countries with substantial differences in inequality and levels of redistribution: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, France, Great-Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, New-Zealand, Switzerland, the US, and Venezuela. Our results confirm the predictions of the model: We find a negative, substantial and significant relationship between the level of redistribution – our indicator for the returns to human capital, measured by the (relative) difference of market and after-tax inequality in the host country in the year of arrival – and immigrants’ individual degree of selection, as well as the likelihood to be positively self-selected. These results hold after including covariates at the individual and country level, as well as controlling for migration costs. Our analysis also shed light on the factors associated with the self-selection of immigrants.

    (joint work with Giacomo Corneo)

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    17 January 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Hurricanes, nightlights and the elusive comparative advantage of offshore finance

    A number of small offshore jurisdictions exhibit disproportionally large international capital positions. According to governments of these jurisdictions, such positions are (a) the result of a comparative advantage in providing financial services internationally and (b) improve welfare in these jurisdictions. I use the natural experiment of re-occuring hurricanes to test if (a) the capital positions in these jurisdictions react in line with real economic activity on the island as measured by satellite data on nightlights and (b) if such jurisdictions have an advantage in providing a public good (hurricane resilience) when compared to similar jurisdictions not engaged in offshore finance. Preliminary results suggest that hurricanes have a significant impact on local economic activity but not on capital positions. This suggests that the activities leading to such positions take place elsewhere and are not due to a local 'comparative advantage'. Preliminary evidence on public good provision is mixed suggesting some dissemination of funds acquired through offshore finance activities.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    20 Dec 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Positive Effects of Class Size Reductions on Student Achievement in Germany

    Using a unique dataset on the full student population of 3rd graders in the German state Saarland, we exploit plausibly random variation in class size between cohorts within the same school to estimate the effect of class size on student achievement. Conventional estimates of class size effects are shown to be severely biased by systematic sorting of students between and within schools. Correcting for this, we find that smaller classes are beneficial for language and math test scores and also reduce grade repetition.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    8 Dec 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar How do Fuel Taxes Impact New Car Purchases? An Evaluation Using French Consumer-level Data

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    Speaker
  • Pauline Givord, INSEE, Paris

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Room 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    6 Dec 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Effects of Fees on Study Duration and Completion in the Population of German Students

    This paper exploits unexpected regional changes in fees to uncover the causal effect on the duration of study and completion probabilities for an entire country. The empirical analysis relies on a novel empirical framework that merges difference-in-difference estimation with duration analysis to exploit a natural policy experiment, namely the introduction and terminationof fees for university studies in several German states. This strategy allows uncovering effects of fees on the intensive margin, while holding constant extensive margin responses such as changes in the composition of the student body or migration responses that occur due to fees.We find that even modest fees have large and significant impacts on study duration and will also examine if the private costs paid by students are recovered through pubilc savings due to students studying faster.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    1 Dec 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Hidden Side of Dynamic Pricing: Evidence from the Airline Market

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    Speaker
  • Claudio Piga, Keele University, Staffordshire

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    22 Nov 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Effect of Parental Leave Policies in Frictional Labor Markets

    I analyze the impact of labor market risks on fertility and female labor supply in a dynamic structural life-cycle model. In particular, I provide insights on whether parental leave policies, such as legal job protection periods, can mitigate these risks. To this end, I estimate a dynamic discrete choice model, using a rich German panel dataset, for the time period between 2007 and 2013. Preliminary findings suggest a strong impact of parental leave job protection on fertility.

    A current version of the working paper can be downloaded from here

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    17 Nov 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Role of Mothers and Fathers in Providing Skills – Evidence from Parental Deaths

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    Speaker
  • Helena Holmlund, IFAU, Uppsala

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
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