Veranstaltungen

Bildung und Familie

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21 June 2019

DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Roots of Inequality: Estimating Inequality of Opportunity from Regression Trees

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Speaker
  • Paul Hufe, ifo Insititut, München

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 1430
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    15 May 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Impact of Formal Child Care on Parenting Intensity

    (together with C. Katharina Spieß and Sevrin Waights)
    We examine the impact of day care usage on parenting activities. We measure parenting activities as the amount of time that parents spend on child rearing and, in particular, on educational activities with children. Using time-use data and panel data of a household survey, we estimate the effects at the extensive (use vs. non-use) and intensive (full-day vs. half-day) margins of day care, respectively. We make use of variation in day care availability across age groups and geographies to implement fuzzy-DD and IV-2SLS approaches. Our estimates imply that day care usage reduces the amount of time that parents spend with their children overall but that there are only small impacts on the time spent on educational activities, specifically. As a result, day care usage increases the educational content of the home environment. This finding offers evidence for a previously under-explored channel for child development effects, i.e. through the effect of day care on parenting intensity. We find these effects to be more pronounced for less-educated parents, which may help explain the bigger child development impacts for this group seen in the literature.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 356
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 261
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    10 May 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The effects of a conditional home care subsidy on child care choices and maternal employment

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    Speaker
  • Daniel Kühnle, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    26 April 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Multiproduct Retailing and Consumer Shopping Behavior: The Role of Shopping Costs

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    Speaker
  • Daniel Herrera-Araujo, Université Paris-Dauphine

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    17 April 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Information Provision and Postgraduate Studies

    This is the first paper to experimentally examine effects of information provision on postgraduate education decisions. We conduct and evaluate an online-RCT across 446 college students close to completion of their undergraduate degree and provide information about pecuniary and non-pecuniary consequences of postgraduate studies. We find negative effects on intentions and postgraduate enrollment. Exploiting rich baseline information, partly collected five years before the intervention, we show that these effects are strongest for students with worse academic performance based on their final high school GPA and students with parents who have no postgraduate aspirations for their child. For these subgroups of students, the information provision increases the perceived pecuniary returns to having only an undergraduate degree, making a postgraduate degree relatively less attractive. Our results further add to the black box of socio-economic differences in educational decisions and the importance of pecuniary and non-pecuniary information provision, which is scalable at low cost.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 356
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 261
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    12 April 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Family Time Allocations over the last half century

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    Speaker
  • Alexandros Theloudis, LISER (Luxembourg Institute for Socio-Economic Research) and University College London

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    29 March 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Daycare Choice and Ethnic Diversity: Evidence from a Randomized Survey

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    Speaker
  • Mette Gørtz, University of Copenhagen

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    1 March 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Global Terror, Well-Being and Political Attitudes

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    Speaker
  • Olivier Bargain, Bordeaux Université, Conseil d'Analyse Economique, Institut Universitaire de France

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    20 February 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Retirement and informal care provision - Effects of the 1999 pension reform in Germany

    Using a reform induced increase in the ERA for German women this paper uncovers causal effects of retirement on informal care provision. Studies so far focus on the causality of labor supply on informal care activity in the middle part of an individual’s working career, mostly neglecting effects of retirement. This paper uses the 1999 reform that abolished the ERA at age 60 for women born from 1952 onward to instrument retirement and estimate a causal effect on informal care provision. Doing so, the underlying mechanism, namely that retirement solves a time conflict at the individual level is accessed. I apply two German survey data sets (SOEP and SHARE) and find that affected women decrease their care activity due to the reform on the extensive margin. In an heterogeneity analysis I show that women retiring from employment and highly educated women drive the results. Retirement is estimated to increase informal care activity on the extensive margin.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    6 February 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Was Marx Right? Income Inequality, Market Concentration and Voting in late 19th Century Germany

    The  recent  debate  on  the  causes  and  consequences  of  income  inequality shows striking similarity to the debate in many parts of Europe before 1914. Today and back then the focus was on the role of capital share and market concentration as a cause for rising inequality.  In this study we analyze the drivers and consequences of income inequality exploiting a newly constructed regional panel for the German Empire, 1874-1913.  Our data features large variation in terms of inequality across 30 Prussian districts (Regierungsbezirke) and dynamic changes over time, both  within  the  common  institutional  framework of the German Empire.  Both,  capital share and inequality are strongly associated with rising market concentration.  Further, inequality had a strong effect on political polarization.  However, in seeming contrast to modern results but in line with neoclassical political economy, income inequality in 19th century Germany was mainly linked to support for the political left, while the relationship with the political right is much weaker.
    (with Nikolaus Wolf and Felix Kersting)

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    23 January 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Initial Conditions and Nation Building: Evidence from East Germany

    At the end of World War II, 40% of the pre-arranged Soviet occupation zone in Germany was under the control of the Allied Expeditionary Force. This occupation was very short-lived and the Red Army gained full control of the Soviet zone less than two months after the German surrender. However, this paper shows that the brief Allied occupation systematically increased opposition to the budding authoritarian regime that the USSR set up in what would become the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). We exploit variation in the identity of the initial occupation army within the Soviet occupation zone, stemming from the idiosyncratic line of contact separating Soviet and Allied forces. We show that support for the state party (SED) during the last free elections in 1946 was systematically lower in the areas initially occupied by the Allies, while the incidence of protests during the 1953 uprising was higher. This increased resistance to the regime in the Allied-liberated region persists until the 1989 protests leading to the demise of the regime.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    12 Dec 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Early childhood care services and refugee children: Differences in attendance and consequences for integration

    We focus on early childhood education and care (ECEC) as one important channel of social integration for refugee families that recently arrived in Germany (between 2013 and 2016). First, we examine the attendance of ECEC of refugee children and investigate how patterns vary depending on individual and family characteristics, and institutional determinants of the location of residence. Then, we evaluate the impact of ECEC attendance of refugee children on the social integration of their parents. Our results show a substantial effect of children’s ECEC attendance on the social integration of their mothers. To estimate the causal effect, we adopt an instrumental variable approach exploiting the county-level variation in ECEC attendance rates. Furthermore, we control for a rich set of characteristics for refugee’s human capital, pre-migration history, and current situation in Germany, as well as for economic and institutional characteristics of the location of residence.

    Speaker
  • Guido Neidhöfer (ZEW)

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    7 Dec 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Elementary and Middle School Principal Effects on Future Academic, Behavioral and Labor-Market Outcomes

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    Speaker
  • Steven Rivkin, University of Illinois at Chicago

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    28 Nov 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions How did EU Eastern enlargement affect the Austrian labor market?

    In recent years, there has been growing public and political opposition against the principle of free movement of labor within the European Union. Already before the first EU Eastern enlargement in 2004, potential adverse labor market effects for natives in the old EU Member States were widely discussed. Despite these discussions, there is little ex-post research on the impact of EU Eastern enlargement on old Member States' labor markets. In our paper, we want to study how the EU Eastern enlargement affected the Austrian labor market. First, we provide a descriptive analysis of the development of labor supply from the new EU Member States in the Austrian labor market with a focus on the period around their EU entry and free labor market access. Second, we want to exploit the observed patterns in immigration from the EU8 countries that joined in 2004 to identify the effect on the Austrian labor market. More precisely, we want to use variation in the EU8 worker density on the community level over time and over the distance to the closest EU8 border. We find that the share of EU8 employees among all employees in Austria increased by a factor of four from 2003 to 2015. With free access, we see a shift in the composition of migrant workers toward lower-qualified and younger groups. We can further show that the inflow of EU8 employment over time is larger in communities closer to the border.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    23 Nov 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Adjusting to Robots: Worker-Level Evidence

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    Speaker
  • Wolfgang Dauth, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16 Nov 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Co-Evolution of Skills and Preferences of School-Age Children

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    Speaker
  • Janos Gabler, Universität Bonn

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 257
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    14 Nov 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Parental leave and mothers' careers

    This paper analyzes the impact of the German Parental Leave Reform on mothers' careers in the long run. To identify the causal effect, we use a difference-in-difference approach that compares labor market outcomes of mothers who gave birth just before and right after the reform and net out seasonal effects by including the year before. Using the total population of the Integrated Employment Biographies, we observe that high-income mothers return later to the labor market. In contrast, we do not observe changes in the average duration of the employment interruptions for low income mothers. Seven to nine years after birth, we do not find effects on wages nor on the probability to hold a leadership positions for neither of the two groups. The result suggests that the longer career breaks for high-income mothers do not have negative effects on their subsequent careers.

    (joint work with Corinna Froedermann and Katharina Wrohlich)

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    9 Nov 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Effect of a Longer Working Horizon on Individual and Family Labour Supply

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    Speaker
  • Marta De Philippis, Bank of Italy

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    31 October 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Birth Cohort Size Variation and the Estimation of Class Size Effects

    We present evidence that the practice of holding back poorly performing students affects estimates of the impact of class size on student outcomes based on within-school variation of cohort size over time. This type of variation is commonly used to identify class size effects. We build a theoretical model in which cohort size is subject to random shocks and students whose performance falls below a threshold are retained. Our model predicts that initial birth cohort size is mechanically related to the grade-level share of previously retained students once these cohorts reach higher grades. This compositional effect gives rise to an upward bias in class size effects exploiting variation in birth cohort size. Using administrative  data on school enrollment for all primary schools in one federal state of Germany, we find support for this compositional effect. Correcting for the resulting bias in a unique dataset on standardized test scores for the full student population of third graders, we find that not only are smaller classes beneficial for language and math test scores, but also for reducing grade repetition.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    26 October 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Internationalization of Innovation: Patents and Firm Performance in the Pharmaceutical Industry

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    Speaker
  • Vivek Ghosal, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
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