Veranstaltungen

Bildung und Familie

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21 June 2019

DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Roots of Inequality: Estimating Inequality of Opportunity from Regression Trees

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Speaker
  • Paul Hufe, ifo Insititut, München

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 1430
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    12 April 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Family Time Allocations over the last Half Century

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    Speaker
  • Alexandros Theloudis, LISER (Luxembourg Institute for Socio-Economic Research) and University College London

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    7 Dec 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Elementary and Middle School Principal Effects on Future Academic, Behavioral and Labor-Market Outcomes

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    Speaker
  • Steven Rivkin, University of Illinois at Chicago

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    28 Nov 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions How did EU Eastern enlargement affect the Austrian labor market?

    In recent years, there has been growing public and political opposition against the principle of free movement of labor within the European Union. Already before the first EU Eastern enlargement in 2004, potential adverse labor market effects for natives in the old EU Member States were widely discussed. Despite these discussions, there is little ex-post research on the impact of EU Eastern enlargement on old Member States' labor markets. In our paper, we want to study how the EU Eastern enlargement affected the Austrian labor market. First, we provide a descriptive analysis of the development of labor supply from the new EU Member States in the Austrian labor market with a focus on the period around their EU entry and free labor market access. Second, we want to exploit the observed patterns in immigration from the EU8 countries that joined in 2004 to identify the effect on the Austrian labor market. More precisely, we want to use variation in the EU8 worker density on the community level over time and over the distance to the closest EU8 border. We find that the share of EU8 employees among all employees in Austria increased by a factor of four from 2003 to 2015. With free access, we see a shift in the composition of migrant workers toward lower-qualified and younger groups. We can further show that the inflow of EU8 employment over time is larger in communities closer to the border.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    23 Nov 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Adjusting to Robots: Worker-Level Evidence

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    Speaker
  • Wolfgang Dauth, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16 Nov 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Co-Evolution of Skills and Preferences of School-Age Children

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    Speaker
  • Janos Gabler, Universität Bonn

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 257
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    14 Nov 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Parental leave and mothers' careers

    This paper analyzes the impact of the German Parental Leave Reform on mothers' careers in the long run. To identify the causal effect, we use a difference-in-difference approach that compares labor market outcomes of mothers who gave birth just before and right after the reform and net out seasonal effects by including the year before. Using the total population of the Integrated Employment Biographies, we observe that high-income mothers return later to the labor market. In contrast, we do not observe changes in the average duration of the employment interruptions for low income mothers. Seven to nine years after birth, we do not find effects on wages nor on the probability to hold a leadership positions for neither of the two groups. The result suggests that the longer career breaks for high-income mothers do not have negative effects on their subsequent careers.

    (joint work with Corinna Froedermann and Katharina Wrohlich)

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    9 Nov 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Effect of a Longer Working Horizon on Individual and Family Labour Supply

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    Speaker
  • Marta De Philippis, Bank of Italy

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    31 October 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Birth Cohort Size Variation and the Estimation of Class Size Effects

    We present evidence that the practice of holding back poorly performing students affects estimates of the impact of class size on student outcomes based on within-school variation of cohort size over time. This type of variation is commonly used to identify class size effects. We build a theoretical model in which cohort size is subject to random shocks and students whose performance falls below a threshold are retained. Our model predicts that initial birth cohort size is mechanically related to the grade-level share of previously retained students once these cohorts reach higher grades. This compositional effect gives rise to an upward bias in class size effects exploiting variation in birth cohort size. Using administrative  data on school enrollment for all primary schools in one federal state of Germany, we find support for this compositional effect. Correcting for the resulting bias in a unique dataset on standardized test scores for the full student population of third graders, we find that not only are smaller classes beneficial for language and math test scores, but also for reducing grade repetition.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    26 October 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Internationalization of Innovation: Patents and Firm Performance in the Pharmaceutical Industry

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    Speaker
  • Vivek Ghosal, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    17 October 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

    This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange subsidies and individual mandate penalties, and assess their separate effects. I find that all three policies decreased the OOP of targeted households at the bottom of the income distribution and increased utilization of medical services and access to health care.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    25 July 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Care & Careers: Housework Distribution and Occupational Prestige

    Despite increasing female labor market participation over the past decades care duties are hardly been shared more equally within couples. We challenge existing approaches (time availability theory, relative resources approach) on the formation of care arrangements with the human capital theory focusing on the consequences of an unequal distribution of housework. We argue that couples make simultaneous decisions on the time spent in market and care work. A more equal care distribution frees women’s time resources and enhances their abilities to participate in the labor market and have more successful employment careers. Based on GSOEP data we investigate the effects of different care work distributions within heterosexual couple households on their employment probability and occupational success. In this version of the paper we estimate fixed effect regressions also that control for individual and household characteristics as well as general time trends. Preliminary results show that the total amount of housework and its distribution between partners significantly affect, both, the labor market participation and the occupational prestige of men and women.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    29 June 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Upward Income Mobility and Legislator Support for Education Policies

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    Speaker
  • Luna Bellani, University of Konstanz

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    27 June 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Training Participation with Increasing Working Horizons: Evidence from a German Pension Reform

    Investments into the human capital of (older) individuals—by employees, governments and especially firms—are expected to depend on the remaining working horizon of individuals. Thus, with the anticipation of shifts in retirement ages due to pension reforms, an increase in training participation rates should be expected. As training increases the employability of older individuals, this would be an important complementary development to pension reforms aiming to increase the employment rates of older age-groups. In this paper, a 1999 German pension reform is used as a natural experiment to study the development of training participation with increasing working horizons. Pre- and post-reform cohorts are compared in a Regression Discontinuity Design using the German Microcensus. However, based on the evidence available for this study, an increase in training participation in anticipation of longer working horizons could not be found. Thus, further interventions are needed to ensure that shifts in the retirement age do not lead to increased old-age unemployment rates due to low productiveness.

    Speaker
  • Elisabeth Kurz

  • Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Room 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    15 June 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Later pension, poorer health? Evidence from the new State Pension age in the UK

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    Speaker
  • Ludovico Carrino, King’s College London and University of Venice Ca’ Foscari

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    1 June 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Bismarck's Health Insurance and the Mortality Decline

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    Speaker
  • Stefan Bauernschuster, University of Passau

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    30 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

    Based on findings of an extensive empirical literature that mainly stem from high- income countries, economists often hypothesize that having more children, especially young ones, unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Re- search on middle- and low-income countries is scarce, despite of several interesting aspects that are common to these countries and that potentially matter for the relationship between fertility and maternal labor supply: the low wealth of a large number of house- holds, the provision of informal child care within extended families, and the high prevalence of informal employment. I use Mexican census data from 2010 in order to provide new evidence on the relationship between fertility and female labor market outcomes in a middle-income country. In order to disentangle causal effects of childbearing, parental preferences for mixed-sex siblings are exploited. My findings show that an exogenous rise in family size is associated with a significant increase in labor supply by mothers that are induced to change their family size by the instrument. This response tends to be driven by an increase in formal employment at the intensive margin for a very small fraction of women, while having mainly an impact at the extensive margin for informal labor. I further show that the presence of grandparents and low household wealth potentially contribute to this positive effect. The external validity of my results is shown to be limited, but econometric approaches that allow to extrapolate from this effect indicate that the response in informal employment is non-negative for the whole sample.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    18 May 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Upward Income Mobility and Legislator Support for Education Policies

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    CANCELLED!
    Speaker
  • Luna Bellani, University of Konstanz

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The effect of exposure to STEM in secondary school on field of study choice

    The choice for a field of study has large consequences on later labor market outcomes. However, in absence of liberal arts and sciences bachelors, field of study choice is often made quite early: either in secondary school or at the start of university. A growing literature shows that information about (direct or indirect through exposure) affects students’ field of study choices. We investigate the effect of a nationwide policy in which some secondary school students receive additional exposure to STEM fields due to an extra STEM instruction time. We use schools which shift into the program over time using school fixed effects. We find that students affected by the policy have lower graduation rates. Further, we find that students affected by the policy are more likely to pursue a softer STEM degree (Health care or Agriculture) and less likely an interdisciplinary degree.

    Speaker
  • Roxanne Korthals

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    2 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Teacher incentives and grade retention

    This paper provides a simple framework to test whether teachers strategically retain students in the first grade of primary school in order to minimize the number of students in their class for grades 2-4. I build a model in which classes are subject to a class size cap and teachers can choose to retain students if their performance falls below an academic threshold. The key prediction, borne out in administrative data for the German state Sachsen, is that grade retention rates increase monotonically with class size but drop sharply in the vicinity of the class-size cap because teachers expect that classes might be split if class size exceeds the class size cap in the next grade.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
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