The Effect of Initial Placement Restrictions on Refugees' Language Acquisition in Germany

SOEPpapers 1035, 46 S.

Felicitas Schikora

2019

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the effect of a recently introduced policy reform on participation in integration courses and on certified language proficiency levels among refugees in Germany. The residence rule restricts initial residence for refugees with a permanent residence permit. Given that treatment intensity varies distinctly across states, I utilize this quasi-experiment and apply a difference-in-differences approach. Using an innovative data-set, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees, I find that stricter statutory provisions have a positive effect on the probability to complete a language course and on the level of certified language proficiency. The results indicate that this effect is driven partly by spatial mismatch.



JEL-Classification: J15;J60;K37
Keywords: Migration, Refugees, Language Acquisition, Placement Restriction, Quasi-Experiment
Frei zugängliche Version: (econstor)
http://hdl.handle.net/10419/197333