The Effect of Unemployment on the Smoking Behavior of Couples

SOEPpapers 1037, 31 S.

Jakob Everding, Jan Marcus

2019

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Abstract

Although unemployment likely entails various externalities, research examining its spillover effects on spouses is scarce. This is the first paper to estimate effects of unemployment on the smoking behavior of both spouses. Using German Socio-Economic Panel data, we combine matching and difference-in-differences estimation, employing the post-double-selection method for control-variable selection via Lasso regressions. One spouse’s unemployment increases both spouses’ smoking probability and intensity. Smoking relapses and decreased smoking cessation drive the effects. Effects are stronger if the partner already smokes and if the male partner becomes unemployed. Of several mechanisms discussed, we identify smoking to cope with stress as relevant.

Jan Marcus

Juniorprofessor in der Abteilung Bildung und Familie



JEL-Classification: I12;J63;J65;C23
Keywords: smoking, risky health behaviors, unemployment, job loss, spillover effects, post-double-selection method
Frei zugängliche Version: (econstor)
http://hdl.handle.net/10419/197335