SOEP-Core v34i (1984-2017)

The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study is a wide-ranging representative longitudinal study of private households, located at the German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin. Every year, there were nearly 15,000 households, and more than 25,000 persons sampled by the fieldwork organization TNS Infratest Sozialforschung. The data provide information on all household members, consisting of Germans living in the Eastern and Western German States, foreigners, and immigrants to Germany. The Panel was started in 1984. Some of the many topics include household composition, occupational biographies, employment, earnings, health and satisfaction indicators. As early as June 1990—even before the Economic, Social and Monetary Union—SOEP expanded to include the states of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), thus seizing the rare opportunity to observe the transformation of an entire society. Also immigrant samples were added in 1994/95 and 2013/2015 to account for the changes that took place in Germany society. Two samples of refugees were introduced in 2016. Further new samples were added in 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012. The survey is constantly being adapted and developed in response to current social developments.

Summary: This is the international Science Use Version of the SOEP-Core dataset 10.5684/soep.v34. It contains 95% of all households from the first wave of each SOEP subsample based on a random sampling of the original households in each subsample. It is released for worldwide use.

Dataset Information

Title: Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), Data from 1984-2017, International Scientific Use Version

DOI: 10.5684/soep.v34i
Collection Period: 1984-2017
Publication Date: 2019-03-05
Principal investigators: Jürgen Schupp, Jan Goebel, Martin Kroh, Carsten Schröder, Charlotte Bartels, Klaudia Erhardt, Alexandra Fedorets, Andreas Franken, Marco Giesselmann, Markus Grabka, Selin Kara, Peter Krause, Hannes Kröger, Simon Kühne, Maria Metzing, Janine Napieraj, Jana Nebelin, David Richter, Diana Schacht, Paul Schmelzer, Christian Schmitt, Daniel Schnitzlein, Rainer Siegers, Knut Wenzig, Stefan Zimmermann

Data collector: Kantar Public Germany

Population: Persons living in private households in Germany.

Selection method: All samples of SOEP are multi-stage random samples which are regionally clustered. The respondents (households) are selected by random-walk or register sample. 

Collection mode: The interview methodology of the SOEP is based on a set of pre-tested questionnaires for households and individuals. Principally an interviewer tries to obtain face-to-face interviews with all members of a given survey household aged 12 years and over. Additionally one person (head of household) is asked to answer a household related questionnaire covering information on housing, housing costs, and different sources of income. This covers also some questions on children in the household up to 12 years of age, mainly concerning attendance at institutions (kindergarten, elementary school, etc.)

Citation of the data set: Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), data for years 1984-2017, version 34i, SOEP, 2019, doi:10.5684/soep.v34i.


Individual (PAPI) 2017: Field-de,en Var-de Var-en
Household (PAPI) 2017: Field-de,en Var-de Var-en
Biography (PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Catch-up Individual (PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Youth (16-17-year-olds, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Early Youth (13-14-year-olds, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Pre-teen (11-12-year-olds, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Mother and Child (Newborns, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Mother and Child (2-3-year-olds, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Mother and Child (5-6-year-olds, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Parents and Child (7-8-year-olds, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Mother and Child (9-10-year-olds, PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en
Deceased Individual (PAPI) 2017: Field-de Var-de Var-en

Please find all sample specific questionnaires of this year and all questionnaires of previous years on this site

1) Supplementary of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany (M5) 2017

2) SOEP-Core v34 – Documentation of Sample Sizes and Panel Attrition in the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) (1984 until 2017)

3) SOEP-Core v34 – Biographical Information in the Meta File PPATH (Month of Birth, Immigration Variables, Living in East or West Germany in 1989)

4) SOEP-Core v34 – PPATHL: Person-Related Meta-Dataset

5) SOEP-Core v34 – HPATHL: Household-Related Meta-Dataset

6) SOEP-Core v34 – PBRUTTO: Person-Related Gross File

7) SOEP-Core v34 – HBRUTTO: Household-Related Gross File

8) SOEP-Core v34 – PGEN: Person-Related Status and Generated Variables

9) SOEP-Core v34 – HGEN: Household-Related Status and Generated Variables

10) SOEP-Core v34 – Codebook for the $PEQUIV File 1984-2017 : CNEF Variables with Extended Income Information for the SOEP

11) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOIMMIG: Generated variables for foreign nationals, immigrants, and their descendants in the SOEP

12) SOEP-Core v34 – HEALTH

13) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOPAREN: Biography Information for the Parents of SOEP-Respondents

14) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOAGEL & BIOPUPIL: Generated Variables from the “Mother & Child”, “Parent”, “Pre-Teen”, and “Early Youth” Questionnaires

15) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOSIB: Information on siblings in the SOEP

16) SOEP-Core v34 – The couple history files BIOCOUPLM and BIOCOUPLY, and marital history files BIOMARSM and BIOMARSY

17) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOAGE17: The Youth Questionnaire

18) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOSOC: Retrospective Data on Youth and Socialization

19) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOJOB: Detailed Information on First and Last Job

20) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOEDU: Data on educational participation and transitions

21) SOEP-Core v34 – BIORESID: Variables on Occupancy and Second Residence

22) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOBIRTH: A Data Set on the Birth Biography of Male and Female Respondents

23) SOEP-Core v34 – BIOTWIN: TWINS in the SOEP

24) SOEP-Core v34 – LIFESPELL: Information on the Pre- and Post-Survey History of SOEP-Respondents

25) SOEP-Core v34 – MIGSPELL and REFUGSPELL: The Migration-Biographies

26) SOEP-Core v34 – Activity Biography in the Files PBIOSPE and ARTKALEN

1) Handgreifkraftmessung im Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP) 2006 und 2008

2) Documentation on ISCED Generation Using the CAMCES Tool in the IAB-SOEP Migration Samples M1/M2

3) The new IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: an introduction into the methodology and the contents

4) The Request for Record Linkage in the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample

5) Flowcharts for the Integrated Individual-Biography Questionnaire of the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample 2013

6) The Measurement of Labor Market Entries with SOEP Data: Introduction to the Variable EINSTIEG_ARTK

7) Job submission instructions for the SOEPremote System at DIW Berlin – Update 2014

8) SOEP 2015 – Informationen zu den SOEP-Geocodes in SOEP v32

9) Editing and Multiple Imputation of Item Non-response in the Wealth Module of the German Socio-Economic Panel

10) Die Vercodung der offenen Angaben zu den Ausbildungsberufen im Sozio-Oekonomischen Panel

11) Das Studiendesign der IAB-BAMF-SOEP Befragung von Geflüchteten

12) Scales Manual IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany – revised version

13) SOEP 2010 – Preparation of data from the new SOEP consumption module: Editing, imputation, and smoothing

14) SOEP Scales Manual (updated for SOEP-Core v32.1)

15) Kognitionspotenziale Jugendlicher - Ergänzung zum Jugendfragebogen der Längsschnittstudie Sozio-oekonomisches Panel (SOEP)

16) Die Vercodung der offenen Angaben zur beruflichen Tätigkeit nach der International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO08) - Direktvercodung - Vorgehensweise und Entscheidungsregeln bei nicht eindeutigen Angaben

17) Die Vercodung der offenen Angaben zur beruflichen Tätigkeit nach der Klassifikation der Berufe 2010 (KldB 2010): Vorgehensweise und Entscheidungsregeln bei nicht eindeutigen Angaben

18) Multi-Itemskalen im SOEP Jugendfragebogen

19) Zur Erhebung des adaptiven Verhaltens von zwei- und dreijährigen Kindern im Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)

20) Documentation of ISCED Generation Based on the CAMCES Tool in the IAB-SOEP Migration Samples M1/M2 and IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees M3/M4 until 2017

21) Missing Income Data in the German SOEP: Incidence, Imputation and its Impact on the Income Distribution

22) SOEP 2013 – Documentation of Generated Person-Level Long-Term Care Variables in PFLEGE

23) SOEP-Core v34 – PFLEGE: Documentation of Generated Person-level Long-term Care Variables

24) SOEP 2006 – TIMEPREF: Dataset on the Economic Behavior Experiment on Time Preferences in the 2006 SOEP Survey

25) SOEP-Core v34: Codebook for the EU-SILC-Like Panel for Germany Based on the SOEP

26) Assessing the distributional impact of "imputed rent" and "non-cash employee income" in microdata : Case studies based on EU-SILC (2004) and SOEP (2002)

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