Veranstaltungen

Demographie und Bevölkerung
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1. März 2019

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Global Terror, Well-Being and Political Attitudes

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Referent/-in
  • Olivier Bargain, Bordeaux Université, Conseil d'Analyse Economique, Institut Universitaire de France

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    20. Februar 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Retirement and informal care provision - Effects of the 1999 pension reform in Germany

    Using a reform induced increase in the ERA for German women this paper uncovers causal effects of retirement on informal care provision. Studies so far focus on the causality of labor supply on informal care activity in the middle part of an individual’s working career, mostly neglecting effects of retirement. This paper uses the 1999 reform that abolished the ERA at age 60 for women born from 1952 onward to instrument retirement and estimate a causal effect on informal care provision. Doing so, the underlying mechanism, namely that retirement solves a time conflict at the individual level is accessed. I apply two German survey data sets (SOEP and SHARE) and find that affected women decrease their care activity due to the reform on the extensive margin. In an heterogeneity analysis I show that women retiring from employment and highly educated women drive the results. Retirement is estimated to increase informal care activity on the extensive margin.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    6. Februar 2019

    Veranstaltung Ist Deutschland so ungleich wie vor 100 Jahren?
    Soziale Ungleichheit in historischer Perspektive

    Ist Deutschland heute so ungleich wie vor hundert Jahren? Dieses Ergebnis von Ökonomin Charlotte Bartels zur langfristigen Entwicklung der Einkommensungleichheit in Deutschland wurde in der Öffentlichkeit kontrovers diskutiert. Ihre Studie ist Teil des groß angelegten internationalen Forschungsprojekts der World Inequality Database, die von einem Forscherteam um Anthony Atkinson, Thomas Piketty und Emmanuel Saez initiiert wurde und bisher vor allem auf die Ungleichheit der Markteinkommen abzielt. Aber ist der Einkommensanteil bestimmter Bevölkerungsgruppen am Volkseinkommen das richtige Maß für Ungleichheit? Wie beurteilen Historiker und Soziologen die Entwicklung der Ungleichheit in Deutschland? Wirtschaftshistoriker Nikolaus Wolf dokumentiert die ungleiche Entwicklung von Regionen über das 20. Jahrhundert. Sozialhistoriker Hartmut Kaelble betont, dass auch andere Dimensionen wie Wohnen oder Bildung zu berücksichtigen sind. Dann ist der Trend steigender Ungleichheit weniger eindeutig. Auch bei der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern und der Verteilung von politischen Ämtern, sieht Soziologe Jan Delhey keinen Anstieg der Ungleichheit. Zudem spielt Ungleichheit im Alltag heute eine geringere Rolle als früher. Die Zugehörigkeit zur Elite wird heute weniger durch Statussymbole und Konsum demonstriert. Der historische Vergleich ermöglicht, die langfristigen Entwicklungen der Ungleichheit abzuwägen und die Gegenwart besser zu verstehen. Ist die Ungleichheit in Deutschland also heute besorgniserregend? Und was kann uns die deutsche Geschichte über Ursachen wachsender Ungleichheit lehren? Welche politischen Möglichkeiten gibt es, Ungleichheiten abzubauen?

    Begrüßung durch Marcel Fratzscher | Präsident, DIW Berlin

    Bitte melden Sie sich bis zum 5. Februar 2019 per Email unter an.

    Referent/-in
  • Jan Dehley

    Hartmann Kaelble

    Alexander Nützenadel (Moderation)

    Nikolaus Wolf

  • Zeit
    18.15 bis 19.45 Uhr
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    12. Dez 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Early childhood care services and refugee children: Differences in attendance and consequences for integration

    We focus on early childhood education and care (ECEC) as one important channel of social integration for refugee families that recently arrived in Germany (between 2013 and 2016). First, we examine the attendance of ECEC of refugee children and investigate how patterns vary depending on individual and family characteristics, and institutional determinants of the location of residence. Then, we evaluate the impact of ECEC attendance of refugee children on the social integration of their parents. Our results show a substantial effect of children’s ECEC attendance on the social integration of their mothers. To estimate the causal effect, we adopt an instrumental variable approach exploiting the county-level variation in ECEC attendance rates. Furthermore, we control for a rich set of characteristics for refugee’s human capital, pre-migration history, and current situation in Germany, as well as for economic and institutional characteristics of the location of residence.

    Referent/-in
  • Guido Neidhöfer (ZEW)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    5. Dez 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Long-term effects of pregnancy and childbirth on sleep quality and duration of first-time and experienced mothers and fathers

    Study Objectives: This study examines the change in mothers’ and fathers’ sleep satisfaction and sleep duration across pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and postpartum up to six years after birth and examines potential protective and risk factors for sleep during that time.
    Methods: Participants of a large representative panel study from Germany reported sleep satisfaction and sleep duration in yearly interviews. During the observation period (2008–2015), 2,367 parents reported birth of the first child, 2,666 parents reported birth of the second and 1,184 parents reported birth of the third child. Fixed-effects regression models were used to analyze changes in sleep associated with childbirth.
    Results: Sleep satisfaction and duration sharply declined with childbirth and reached a nadir during the first three months postpartum, with women more strongly affected (women: d = 0.79, 62 min; men: d = 0.16, 13 min for sleep satisfaction and duration compared with pre pregnancy). In both women and men, sleep satisfaction and duration did not fully recover for up to six years after birth of their first child. Breastfeeding was associated with a slight decrease in maternal sleep satisfaction (d = 0.32) and duration (14 min). Parental age, household income, and dual vs. single parenting were unrelated, or only very weakly related to improved sleep.
    Conclusions: While sleep satisfaction and duration decline particularly in the first months postpartum, both mothers’ and fathers’ sleep do not fully recover to pre-pregnancy levels up to six years after birth of the first child.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand Friedensburg Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    21. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Mentoring of Refugees - A randomized controlled trial with refugees and locals in Germany

    In the randomized controlled trial "Mentoring of Refugees", refugees participating in the 2017 wave of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees were asked about their interest in participating in a mentoring program. Those who declared their interest were randomly selected into treatment and control groups. The treatment group received a spot in a mentoring program. The mentoring program was organized by the social startup “Start with a Friend,” which is active in 14 German cities in which panel respondents were present.The startup connects recently arrived refugees with local counterparts who already live in Germany (most of these so-called “locals” are German citizens) to form friendships. The locals were recruited by Start with a Friend and answered three waves of a survey we administered at different stages of the mentoring relationship (before the first meeting, after six weeks, and after four months). With these data sources, we dispose of a unique data set to study mentoring processes as well as the impacts of these on refugees' integration.
    In our presentation, we will present the implementation of the randomized control trial, first results regarding the interest in participating in a mentoring initiative as well as challenges identified and lessons learned

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Joan Robinson Room DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002a Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Nov 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Parental leave and mothers' careers

    This paper analyzes the impact of the German Parental Leave Reform on mothers' careers in the long run. To identify the causal effect, we use a difference-in-difference approach that compares labor market outcomes of mothers who gave birth just before and right after the reform and net out seasonal effects by including the year before. Using the total population of the Integrated Employment Biographies, we observe that high-income mothers return later to the labor market. In contrast, we do not observe changes in the average duration of the employment interruptions for low income mothers. Seven to nine years after birth, we do not find effects on wages nor on the probability to hold a leadership positions for neither of the two groups. The result suggests that the longer career breaks for high-income mothers do not have negative effects on their subsequent careers.

    (joint work with Corinna Froedermann and Katharina Wrohlich)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    9. Nov 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Effect of a Longer Working Horizon on Individual and Family Labour Supply

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    Referent/-in
  • Marta De Philippis, Bank of Italy

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    8. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Intergenerational Health Mobility in Germany

    Studies of intergenerational mobility in heath are scarce. This is true despite the importance of health for welfare. I show first estimates of integenerational health mobility in Germany using several measures of self-reported health status (SRHS) during adulthood from the SOEP. I proof that there ist higher mobility in health than in income. Moreover, while my estimates for the intergenerational association in health is considerable lower than in the US, my estimates for relative mobility are comparable of that in the US. In addition, I contrast my estimates in intergenerational transmission in SRHS with those in physical and mental health, inferred with the Short-Form 12 questionnaire. While my estimates show that the intergenerational transmission in physical and SRHS are similar, we see notable larger intergenerational persistence in mental health. Further, a rich set of covariates allows me to provide suggestive evidence for potential mechanisms.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Conference Room 33002c nn DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002c Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    31. Oktober 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Birth Cohort Size Variation and the Estimation of Class Size Effects

    We present evidence that the practice of holding back poorly performing students affects estimates of the impact of class size on student outcomes based on within-school variation of cohort size over time. This type of variation is commonly used to identify class size effects. We build a theoretical model in which cohort size is subject to random shocks and students whose performance falls below a threshold are retained. Our model predicts that initial birth cohort size is mechanically related to the grade-level share of previously retained students once these cohorts reach higher grades. This compositional effect gives rise to an upward bias in class size effects exploiting variation in birth cohort size. Using administrative  data on school enrollment for all primary schools in one federal state of Germany, we find support for this compositional effect. Correcting for the resulting bias in a unique dataset on standardized test scores for the full student population of third graders, we find that not only are smaller classes beneficial for language and math test scores, but also for reducing grade repetition.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    17. Oktober 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

    This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange subsidies and individual mandate penalties, and assess their separate effects. I find that all three policies decreased the OOP of targeted households at the bottom of the income distribution and increased utilization of medical services and access to health care.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    11. Oktober 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar She's Leaving Home: A Large Sample Investigation of the Empty Nest Syndrome

    This presentation presents recent research about the Empty Nest Syndrome using the SOEP. Using life satisfaction, the investigation considers the subjective well-being of mothers and/or fathers following the  departure  of  the  last  child  from  the  parental  home. Following a brief literature review and discussion of economic considerations, empirical results are presented from both fixed effects analysis and entropy balancing. In both cases, evidence for the existence of an Empty nest Syndrome are found. Moderators and confounders are also uncovered, highlighting what may exacerbate or ameliorate somewhat the lower well-being of new Empty Nesters.

    Referent/-in
  •  Alan Piper (Universität Flensburg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    24. Sept 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Risk Adjustment and Early Academic Outcomes of Funded Children with Disability

    Referent/-in
  • John Haisken-DeNew (University of Melbourne)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Sept 2018

    Workshop Finanzielles Wissen und Verhalten von Frauen – Noch ein Gendergap!?

    3. Workshop in der Veranstaltungsreihe "Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen"

    Für Ihre Teilnahme ist eine verbindliche Anmeldung erforderlich. Bei Interesse senden Sie bitte eine E-Mail an Anja Kegel (). Anmeldeschluss ist der 1. September 2018.

    Mehr Informationen
    Zeit
    9:15 - 16:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 668
    26. - 27. Juli 2018

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Long-Run Effects of Anti-Poverty Policies

    The 2018 BeNA Lecture will be given by David Neumark, Ph.D. on July 26th and 27th, 2018. Prof. Neumark will talk about the Long-Run Effects of Anti-Poverty Policies. As usual, the Lecture Series consists of three lectures and a research talk. Please see the flyer for more information.

    The lectures and the research talk will be in English, are free of charge, and open to the interested public. Please register no later than July 9, 2018, by sending an email to 

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 321
    25. Juli 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Care & Careers: Housework Distribution and Occupational Prestige

    Despite increasing female labor market participation over the past decades care duties are hardly been shared more equally within couples. We challenge existing approaches (time availability theory, relative resources approach) on the formation of care arrangements with the human capital theory focusing on the consequences of an unequal distribution of housework. We argue that couples make simultaneous decisions on the time spent in market and care work. A more equal care distribution frees women’s time resources and enhances their abilities to participate in the labor market and have more successful employment careers. Based on GSOEP data we investigate the effects of different care work distributions within heterosexual couple households on their employment probability and occupational success. In this version of the paper we estimate fixed effect regressions also that control for individual and household characteristics as well as general time trends. Preliminary results show that the total amount of housework and its distribution between partners significantly affect, both, the labor market participation and the occupational prestige of men and women.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    19. - 20. Juli 2018

    International SOEP User Conference 13th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP 2018)

    The 13th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2018) will be held in Berlin, July 19-20, 2018 at Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences (BBAW).

    The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g., economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology, and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We encourage in particular submission of papers using the longitudinal features of SOEP as well as papers on survey methodology and cross national comparative analysis.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften Jägerstraße 22/23 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 418
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 251
    11. Juli 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Special cluster seminar on education topics

    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    27. Juni 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Training Participation with Increasing Working Horizons: Evidence from a German Pension Reform

    Investments into the human capital of (older) individuals—by employees, governments and especially firms—are expected to depend on the remaining working horizon of individuals. Thus, with the anticipation of shifts in retirement ages due to pension reforms, an increase in training participation rates should be expected. As training increases the employability of older individuals, this would be an important complementary development to pension reforms aiming to increase the employment rates of older age-groups. In this paper, a 1999 German pension reform is used as a natural experiment to study the development of training participation with increasing working horizons. Pre- and post-reform cohorts are compared in a Regression Discontinuity Design using the German Microcensus. However, based on the evidence available for this study, an increase in training participation in anticipation of longer working horizons could not be found. Thus, further interventions are needed to ensure that shifts in the retirement age do not lead to increased old-age unemployment rates due to low productiveness.

    Referent/-in
  • Elisabeth Kurz

  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    20. Juni 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Neighborhood level immigrant share, home ownership and charitable giving to refugees?

    Enormous amount of literature in political science, sociology and economics argues that ethnic diversity and economic disparities hinder pro social attitudes and behaviors. Inspired by social identity and out-group threat theories this study tests if being surrounded by ethnic out-group will reduce charitable giving to that out-group among native Germans. This question is tackled by combining individual level data from Socio-Economic Panel with social indicators measured at the neighborhood level. Evidence that charitable giving to refugees among natives decreases in increasing immigrant share is reported. Importantly, this negative statistical association is driven by home-owners residing in the low home-ownership areas. Possible mechanisms underlying these results are discussed.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
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