Veranstaltungen

Demographie und Bevölkerung
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17. Oktober 2018

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange subsidies and individual mandate penalties, and assess their separate effects. I find that all three policies decreased the OOP of targeted households at the bottom of the income distribution and increased utilization of medical services and access to health care.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
11. Oktober 2018

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar She's Leaving Home: A Large Sample Investigation of the Empty Nest Syndrome

This presentation presents recent research about the Empty Nest Syndrome using the SOEP. Using life satisfaction, the investigation considers the subjective well-being of mothers and/or fathers following the  departure  of  the  last  child  from  the  parental  home. Following a brief literature review and discussion of economic considerations, empirical results are presented from both fixed effects analysis and entropy balancing. In both cases, evidence for the existence of an Empty nest Syndrome are found. Moderators and confounders are also uncovered, highlighting what may exacerbate or ameliorate somewhat the lower well-being of new Empty Nesters.

Referent/-in
  •  Alan Piper (Universität Flensburg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    24. Sept 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Risk Adjustment and Early Academic Outcomes of Funded Children with Disability

    Referent/-in
  • John Haisken-DeNew (University of Melbourne)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Sept 2018

    Workshop Finanzielles Wissen und Verhalten von Frauen – Noch ein Gendergap!?

    3. Workshop in der Veranstaltungsreihe "Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen"

    Für Ihre Teilnahme ist eine verbindliche Anmeldung erforderlich. Bei Interesse senden Sie bitte eine E-Mail an Anja Kegel (). Anmeldeschluss ist der 1. September 2018.

    Mehr Informationen
    Zeit
    9:15 - 16:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 668
    26. - 27. Juli 2018

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Long-Run Effects of Anti-Poverty Policies

    The 2018 BeNA Lecture will be given by David Neumark, Ph.D. on July 26th and 27th, 2018. Prof. Neumark will talk about the Long-Run Effects of Anti-Poverty Policies. As usual, the Lecture Series consists of three lectures and a research talk. Please see the flyer for more information.

    The lectures and the research talk will be in English, are free of charge, and open to the interested public. Please register no later than July 9, 2018, by sending an email to 

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 321
    25. Juli 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Care & Careers: Housework Distribution and Occupational Prestige

    Despite increasing female labor market participation over the past decades care duties are hardly been shared more equally within couples. We challenge existing approaches (time availability theory, relative resources approach) on the formation of care arrangements with the human capital theory focusing on the consequences of an unequal distribution of housework. We argue that couples make simultaneous decisions on the time spent in market and care work. A more equal care distribution frees women’s time resources and enhances their abilities to participate in the labor market and have more successful employment careers. Based on GSOEP data we investigate the effects of different care work distributions within heterosexual couple households on their employment probability and occupational success. In this version of the paper we estimate fixed effect regressions also that control for individual and household characteristics as well as general time trends. Preliminary results show that the total amount of housework and its distribution between partners significantly affect, both, the labor market participation and the occupational prestige of men and women.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    19. - 20. Juli 2018

    International SOEP User Conference 13th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP 2018)

    The 13th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2018) will be held in Berlin, July 19-20, 2018 at Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences (BBAW).

    The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g., economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology, and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We encourage in particular submission of papers using the longitudinal features of SOEP as well as papers on survey methodology and cross national comparative analysis.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften Jägerstraße 22/23 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 418
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 251
    11. Juli 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Special cluster seminar on education topics

    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    27. Juni 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Training Participation with Increasing Working Horizons: Evidence from a German Pension Reform

    Investments into the human capital of (older) individuals—by employees, governments and especially firms—are expected to depend on the remaining working horizon of individuals. Thus, with the anticipation of shifts in retirement ages due to pension reforms, an increase in training participation rates should be expected. As training increases the employability of older individuals, this would be an important complementary development to pension reforms aiming to increase the employment rates of older age-groups. In this paper, a 1999 German pension reform is used as a natural experiment to study the development of training participation with increasing working horizons. Pre- and post-reform cohorts are compared in a Regression Discontinuity Design using the German Microcensus. However, based on the evidence available for this study, an increase in training participation in anticipation of longer working horizons could not be found. Thus, further interventions are needed to ensure that shifts in the retirement age do not lead to increased old-age unemployment rates due to low productiveness.

    Referent/-in
  • Elisabeth Kurz

  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    20. Juni 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Neighborhood level immigrant share, home ownership and charitable giving to refugees?

    Enormous amount of literature in political science, sociology and economics argues that ethnic diversity and economic disparities hinder pro social attitudes and behaviors. Inspired by social identity and out-group threat theories this study tests if being surrounded by ethnic out-group will reduce charitable giving to that out-group among native Germans. This question is tackled by combining individual level data from Socio-Economic Panel with social indicators measured at the neighborhood level. Evidence that charitable giving to refugees among natives decreases in increasing immigrant share is reported. Importantly, this negative statistical association is driven by home-owners residing in the low home-ownership areas. Possible mechanisms underlying these results are discussed.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    15. Juni 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Later pension, poorer health? Evidence from the new State Pension age in the UK

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Ludovico Carrino, King’s College London and University of Venice Ca’ Foscari

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    30. Mai 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

    Based on findings of an extensive empirical literature that mainly stem from high- income countries, economists often hypothesize that having more children, especially young ones, unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Re- search on middle- and low-income countries is scarce, despite of several interesting aspects that are common to these countries and that potentially matter for the relationship between fertility and maternal labor supply: the low wealth of a large number of house- holds, the provision of informal child care within extended families, and the high prevalence of informal employment. I use Mexican census data from 2010 in order to provide new evidence on the relationship between fertility and female labor market outcomes in a middle-income country. In order to disentangle causal effects of childbearing, parental preferences for mixed-sex siblings are exploited. My findings show that an exogenous rise in family size is associated with a significant increase in labor supply by mothers that are induced to change their family size by the instrument. This response tends to be driven by an increase in formal employment at the intensive margin for a very small fraction of women, while having mainly an impact at the extensive margin for informal labor. I further show that the presence of grandparents and low household wealth potentially contribute to this positive effect. The external validity of my results is shown to be limited, but econometric approaches that allow to extrapolate from this effect indicate that the response in informal employment is non-negative for the whole sample.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    9. Mai 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Seeking asylum in Germany: Does human and social capital determine the outcome of asylum procedures?

    The outcome of asylum procedure is vital for staying perspectives of refuges and their well-being, as well as their following economic and social integration in the host society. In principal, persecution and other forms of violation of human rights should solely determine the outcome of asylum procedures according to the Geneva convention and the asylum legislation in Europe. However, some previous (rather qualitative) evidence suggests that the asylum procedure outcome may be subject to socio-economic selectivity. If this is true, unequal chances for recognition of asylum application may contribute to the cumulative (dis-)advantages over the life course.
    Using a recent longitudinal household data, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP-Survey of Refugees in Germany, we investigate whether and how human capital characteristics of refugees and their command about social resources such as networks affect the probability of recognition of the asylum application. Our findings evidence that higher socio-economic status of refugees and support by social networks affect the outcomes asylum procedures positively. Throughout the analysis we control for variables which capture the violation of human rights and other forms of violence, changes in asylum policies and country-of-origin-specific fixed effects. Our findings turn out to be robust to different specifications. Altogether, we conclude that the overarching aim of the asylum process, granting asylum to those who are in need of protection for reasons of violence and persecution seems to be diluted by social and economic factors, which are relevant for the outcomes and the length of asylum processes as well. As Germany has emerged as the dominant destination of asylum-seekers in the OECD, the study is in our view of general interest for an understanding of the forces which drive asylum procedures in developed countries.
    Keywords: asylum, refugees, human capital, social networks, IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees.

    Referent/-in
  • Yuliya Kosyakova (IAB Nürnberg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    2. Mai 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Teacher incentives and grade retention

    This paper provides a simple framework to test whether teachers strategically retain students in the first grade of primary school in order to minimize the number of students in their class for grades 2-4. I build a model in which classes are subject to a class size cap and teachers can choose to retain students if their performance falls below an academic threshold. The key prediction, borne out in administrative data for the German state Sachsen, is that grade retention rates increase monotonically with class size but drop sharply in the vicinity of the class-size cap because teachers expect that classes might be split if class size exceeds the class size cap in the next grade.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    21. Februar 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Selektivität und Erfahrungen bei qualitativen Gesprächen mit SOEP-Befragten - Am Beispiel der "Metropole Ruhr" mit einigen inhaltlichen Ergebnissen

    In den letzten Jahren wurde die SOEP-Stichprobe mehrfach als Basis für qualitative Methoden genutzt. Der Vortrag zeigt am Beispiel der "Metropole Ruhr" die Bedeutung der Selektivität von Gesprächspartnern für qualitative Interviews. Beispielhaft wird auch die Methodik der Anwerbung von SOEP-Befragten für Gespräche gezeigt und einige wenige inhaltliche Ergebnisse werden präsentiert.

    Referent/-in
  • Stefan Siebert (HU Berlin)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    14. Februar 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Impact of Initial Placement Restrictions on Labor Market Outcomes of Refugees

    This paper analyzes employment effects of a policy reform that was introduced as a measure for targeted integration of foreigners into local labor markets in Germany. The Residence Rule puts additional constraints on initial residence decisions for refugees after having received a permanent residence permit. Given that this reform applies to a subset of refugees only, it creates exogenous variation that I exploit in a Differences-in-Differences analysis. Using a novel data set, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany, the results suggest a negative effect of the reform on the probability to take up employment. This effect is robust to the inclusion/exclusion of covariates. Yet, since sample size in the post-treatment period is relatively small, some specifications yield statistically insignificant effects.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    7. Februar 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Disappointed Hopes of Upward Mobility? A Study on Income Development in Germany 1995-2015

    Similar to many other OECD countries, income inequality in Germany has increased over the past decades. However, it is not yet clear to what extent there has actually been a decline at the household level. Our study therefore examines what is behind the increased income inequality: increases or decreases of household incomes or a change in the composition of the population. Using SOEP data from 1995-2015 and hybrid panel regressions, we show that income inequality increases between different educational groups and EGP-classes, as well as between migrants and Germans.
    Furthermore, we show that the increasing income inequality at the household level cannot be attributed solely to a change in the composition of the population, but that disadvantaged households have experienced lower increases in disposable household income over time than other households.
    These findings suggest that hopes of upward income mobility are increasingly disappointed among the more disadvantaged population groups in recent years.

    Related Articles:

    Blossfeld, Hans-Peter, Buchholz, Sandra, Bukodi, Erzsébet und Karin Kurz (Hg.) (2008): Young Workers,
    Globalizaton and the Labor Market. London: Edward Elgar.

    Hartmann, Jörg (2016): Do second-generaton Turkish migrants in Germany assimilate into the middle
    class? In Ethnicites 16 (3), S. 368–392.

    Referent/-in
  • Karin Kurz and Jörg Hartmann (both University of Göttingen)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    29. Januar 2018

    Veranstaltung Integration of Migrants in the EU: Why Such Differences Between Member States?

    Since the early 1990s, immigration has been a more important source of population increase in the EU than the natural change due to births and deaths, while in recent years Europe is facing a large inflow of refugees. At the same time, Eurobarometer opinion surveys reveal that immigration tops the list of challenges that EU citizens are most concerned about and therefore effective policies toward immigration are more important now than ever.

    Following the keynote address by Jutta Cordt on European and German immigration policies, the event will focus on integration of migrants in the EU and explore the reasons behind the large differences in migration integration effectiveness across the EU member states.

    11.00 - 11.15

    Welcome Address

    Marcel Fratzscher President of DIW Berlin

    Guntram Wolff Director, Bruegel

    11.15 - 12.00

    Keynote Address

    Jutta Cordt , Head of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, on the Integration of Migrants in Europe

    12.00 - 12.30

    Presentation of the Report: People on the Move: Impact and Integration of Migrants in the European Union

    Zsolt Darvas, Senior Fellow, Bruegel

    12.30 - 13.30

    Panel Discussion

    Chair: Guntram Wolff Director, Bruegel

    Manu Bhardwaj Vice President for Research and Insights, Mastercard Center for Inclusive Growth

    Herbert Brücker Professor of Economics at the University of Bamberg and head of the department for International Comparisons and European Integration at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) in Nuremberg

    Naika Foroutan Vice-Director of the Berlin Institute on Integration and Migration Research (BIM)

    Manjula M. Luthria Senior Economist at the Social Protection Labor and Jobs Global Practice, World Bank

    The event will be followed by a lunch. We hope that you will be able to join us, and look forward to your participation. To participate, we kindly ask you to register by emailing .

    A Livestream of the event will be available here...

    This event is made possible with the kind support of the MasterCard Center for Inclusive Growth.

    Zeit
    11.00 - 13.30 Uhr
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    24. Januar 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The relationship between trust, cognitive abilities, and democracy. Evidence from 30 countries around the world

    Beside risk preferences, willingness to trust in others is one of the key requirements in economic transactions. A growing literature in economics deals with the question what factors determine an individual’s willingness to trust. Existing results highlight a strong and robust positive correlation between measures of cognitive abilities and trust measures. However, most of the existing literature only focuses on single country studies, or is only able to include proxies for cognitive ability. The present study applies data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) including survey measures of trust for 30 countries around the world. In addition, PIAAC contains comprehensive measures of cognitive abilities in three domains, numerical skills, literacy skills, and problem solving skills. The results show, that the average level of trust varies substantially among the analyzed countries with the Scandinavian countries ranked at the top of the scale. The evidence supports a positive correlation between trust and cognitive abilities over all countries. This result is robust to including country fixed effects or controlling for country characteristics. However, the strength of this relationship varies substantially between countries.
    Including measures of democracy in the respective countries shows that the strength of the relationship between trust and cognitive skills increases with the level of democracy in a society. In the second part of the paper, based on PIAAC-L – a longitudinal extension of the German PIAAC data – German reunification is used as a natural experiment to analyze the effect of democracy in a setting that allows for a more causal interpretation. The results support the finding of a positive effect of democracy on the relationship between trust and cognitive ability.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    18. Januar 2018

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Measuring Poverty and Vulnerability in Real Time

    Abstract

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in

  • Joshua Blumenstock, University of California, Berkeley

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 14:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
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