Veranstaltungen

Private Haushalte und Familien
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
17. Oktober 2018

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange subsidies and individual mandate penalties, and assess their separate effects. I find that all three policies decreased the OOP of targeted households at the bottom of the income distribution and increased utilization of medical services and access to health care.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
11. Oktober 2018

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar She's Leaving Home: A Large Sample Investigation of the Empty Nest Syndrome

This presentation presents recent research about the Empty Nest Syndrome using the SOEP. Using life satisfaction, the investigation considers the subjective well-being of mothers and/or fathers following the  departure  of  the  last  child  from  the  parental  home. Following a brief literature review and discussion of economic considerations, empirical results are presented from both fixed effects analysis and entropy balancing. In both cases, evidence for the existence of an Empty nest Syndrome are found. Moderators and confounders are also uncovered, highlighting what may exacerbate or ameliorate somewhat the lower well-being of new Empty Nesters.

Referent/-in
  •  Alan Piper (Universität Flensburg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    24. Sept 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Risk Adjustment and Early Academic Outcomes of Funded Children with Disability

    Referent/-in
  • John Haisken-DeNew (University of Melbourne)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Sept 2018

    Workshop Finanzielles Wissen und Verhalten von Frauen – Noch ein Gendergap!?

    3. Workshop in der Veranstaltungsreihe "Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen"

    Für Ihre Teilnahme ist eine verbindliche Anmeldung erforderlich. Bei Interesse senden Sie bitte eine E-Mail an Anja Kegel (). Anmeldeschluss ist der 1. September 2018.

    Mehr Informationen
    Zeit
    9:15 - 16:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 668
    25. Juli 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Care & Careers: Housework Distribution and Occupational Prestige

    Despite increasing female labor market participation over the past decades care duties are hardly been shared more equally within couples. We challenge existing approaches (time availability theory, relative resources approach) on the formation of care arrangements with the human capital theory focusing on the consequences of an unequal distribution of housework. We argue that couples make simultaneous decisions on the time spent in market and care work. A more equal care distribution frees women’s time resources and enhances their abilities to participate in the labor market and have more successful employment careers. Based on GSOEP data we investigate the effects of different care work distributions within heterosexual couple households on their employment probability and occupational success. In this version of the paper we estimate fixed effect regressions also that control for individual and household characteristics as well as general time trends. Preliminary results show that the total amount of housework and its distribution between partners significantly affect, both, the labor market participation and the occupational prestige of men and women.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    17. Juli 2018

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Are Households Credit Constrained for Sanitation? Experimental Evidence from India

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Britta Augsburg, Institute for Fiscal Studies

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 14:00
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    20. Juni 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Neighborhood level immigrant share, home ownership and charitable giving to refugees?

    Enormous amount of literature in political science, sociology and economics argues that ethnic diversity and economic disparities hinder pro social attitudes and behaviors. Inspired by social identity and out-group threat theories this study tests if being surrounded by ethnic out-group will reduce charitable giving to that out-group among native Germans. This question is tackled by combining individual level data from Socio-Economic Panel with social indicators measured at the neighborhood level. Evidence that charitable giving to refugees among natives decreases in increasing immigrant share is reported. Importantly, this negative statistical association is driven by home-owners residing in the low home-ownership areas. Possible mechanisms underlying these results are discussed.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    9. Mai 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Seeking asylum in Germany: Does human and social capital determine the outcome of asylum procedures?

    The outcome of asylum procedure is vital for staying perspectives of refuges and their well-being, as well as their following economic and social integration in the host society. In principal, persecution and other forms of violation of human rights should solely determine the outcome of asylum procedures according to the Geneva convention and the asylum legislation in Europe. However, some previous (rather qualitative) evidence suggests that the asylum procedure outcome may be subject to socio-economic selectivity. If this is true, unequal chances for recognition of asylum application may contribute to the cumulative (dis-)advantages over the life course.
    Using a recent longitudinal household data, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP-Survey of Refugees in Germany, we investigate whether and how human capital characteristics of refugees and their command about social resources such as networks affect the probability of recognition of the asylum application. Our findings evidence that higher socio-economic status of refugees and support by social networks affect the outcomes asylum procedures positively. Throughout the analysis we control for variables which capture the violation of human rights and other forms of violence, changes in asylum policies and country-of-origin-specific fixed effects. Our findings turn out to be robust to different specifications. Altogether, we conclude that the overarching aim of the asylum process, granting asylum to those who are in need of protection for reasons of violence and persecution seems to be diluted by social and economic factors, which are relevant for the outcomes and the length of asylum processes as well. As Germany has emerged as the dominant destination of asylum-seekers in the OECD, the study is in our view of general interest for an understanding of the forces which drive asylum procedures in developed countries.
    Keywords: asylum, refugees, human capital, social networks, IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees.

    Referent/-in
  • Yuliya Kosyakova (IAB Nürnberg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    7. Februar 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Disappointed Hopes of Upward Mobility? A Study on Income Development in Germany 1995-2015

    Similar to many other OECD countries, income inequality in Germany has increased over the past decades. However, it is not yet clear to what extent there has actually been a decline at the household level. Our study therefore examines what is behind the increased income inequality: increases or decreases of household incomes or a change in the composition of the population. Using SOEP data from 1995-2015 and hybrid panel regressions, we show that income inequality increases between different educational groups and EGP-classes, as well as between migrants and Germans.
    Furthermore, we show that the increasing income inequality at the household level cannot be attributed solely to a change in the composition of the population, but that disadvantaged households have experienced lower increases in disposable household income over time than other households.
    These findings suggest that hopes of upward income mobility are increasingly disappointed among the more disadvantaged population groups in recent years.

    Related Articles:

    Blossfeld, Hans-Peter, Buchholz, Sandra, Bukodi, Erzsébet und Karin Kurz (Hg.) (2008): Young Workers,
    Globalizaton and the Labor Market. London: Edward Elgar.

    Hartmann, Jörg (2016): Do second-generaton Turkish migrants in Germany assimilate into the middle
    class? In Ethnicites 16 (3), S. 368–392.

    Referent/-in
  • Karin Kurz and Jörg Hartmann (both University of Göttingen)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    13. Dez 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Short-Term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform

    This study quantifies the short-term distributional effects of the new statutory minimum wage in Germany. Using detailed survey data (German Socio-Economic Panel), we assess changes in the distributions of hourly wages, contractual and actual working hours, and monthly earnings. Our descriptive results indicate growth at the bottom of the hourly wage distribution in the post-reform year, but also considerable noncompliance among eligible employees. In a second step, we employ a difference-in-differences analysis and exploit regional variation in the ``bite'' of the intervention, measured by the share of employees in a geographical region with wages below the minimum wage prior to the reform. We document the reform's positive effect at the bottom of the wage distribution. However, we find a negative effect of the reform on contractual hours worked, which explains why there is no effect on monthly earnings. At the same time, actual hours worked remain unchanged, suggesting an increase in unpaid overtime.

    (together with Marco Caliendo, Malte Preuss, Carsten Schröder, Linda Wittbrodt)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    22. Nov 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Sensitivity Analysis of Real Income Growth in the SOEP

    A frequently cited result derived from the SOEP suggests that the poorest two quintiles of the population had hardly experienced any real income growth since reunification, and in addition, they did not benefit from the recent positive economic development in Germany. However, the real rise of only 1 per cent turns into growth of nearly 8 per cent over the last 20 years if the start of the investigated period is shifted slightly and if the influence of the newly added migration sample in 2013 is adjusted for. Likewise, the previously observed minus 8.5 per cent real income loss of the poorest ten percent shifts to a real gain of 5.7 percent since 1994. Furthermore, in relative terms the lower income groups have gained as much of the positive economic development of the past decade as the middle and upper income groups. Similar adjustments for the newly added samples of specific family types suggest that these estimates are rather lower bounds of real income growth in recent years.

    Related Article:
    Judith Niehues, 2017, Einkommensentwicklung, Ungleichheit und Armut – Ergebnisse unterschiedlicher Datensätze, in: IW-Trends 3/2017

    Referent/-in
  • Judith Niehues (IW Köln)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    22. Nov 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Parental Leave Policies in Frictional Labor Markets

    I analyze the impact of labor market risks on fertility and female labor supply in a dynamic structural life-cycle model. In particular, I provide insights on whether parental leave policies, such as legal job protection periods, can mitigate these risks. To this end, I estimate a dynamic discrete choice model, using a rich German panel dataset, for the time period between 2007 and 2013. Preliminary findings suggest a strong impact of parental leave job protection on fertility.

    A current version of the working paper can be downloaded from here

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    15. Nov 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Comparing Survey Data and Administrative Records on Gross Earnings: Nonreporting, Misreporting, Survey-Mode, and Earnings Inequality

    The extent of earnings inequality is usually determined using survey data, but these data may not be accurate. Research indicates that some respondents are likely to avoid reporting their gross earnings and others are likely to misreport them. In addition, the format of the survey might affect the accuracy of responses to sensitive questions on issues such as earnings. Given these three possibilities, researchers’ conclusions might be biased. By comparing survey and administrative data, we looked for the nonreporting and misreporting biases suggested by the literature. We also investigated the mode of data collection as a source of nonreporting and misreporting bias. Finally, we analyzed the effects of nonreporting, misreporting, and the mode of data collection on conclusions on the degree of overall earnings inequality. The analyses drew on data from the German employee survey “Legitimation of Inequality Over the Life-Span” and linked administrative data from the Federal Employment Agency (N = 2,282). Using the administrative data as a benchmark, we found that respondents at the lower and upper end of the earnings distribution were more likely to not report or misreport their earnings. Interviewer presence led to higher nonreporting rates as well. Overall inequality was severely underestimated because of nonreporting whereas misreporting had little impact on conclusions on overall inequality.

    Referent/-in
  • Peter Valet, Jule Adriaans, and Stefan Liebig (University Bielefeld

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    11. Oktober 2017

    Workshop Finanzielle Kompetenzen und Altersvorsorge
    Verhalten steuern durch Beratung und Information – geht das?

    Mehr Informationen
    Zeit
    9:15 - 16:30 Uhr
    Ort
    Schumpeter Saal DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 668
    27. Juni 2017

    Berlin Lunchtime Meeting Elterngeld und Ungleichheit – Perspektiven im Bundestagswahljahr

    Die Elterngeld-Reform ist eine der bedeutendsten familienpolitischen Reformen der letzten Jahrzehnte. So hat das Elterngeld die wirtschaftliche Situation vieler Familienhaushalte verbessert und das Erwerbsverhalten insbesondere von Müttern verändert. Allerdings gibt es Unterschiede. In einer neuen Analyse des DIW Berlin, die im Wochenbericht am 28. Juni erscheint, werden die Auswirkungen der Elterngeldreform auf die Entwicklung von Kindern untersucht: erhöht das Elterngeld soziale Ungleichheiten? Beim Berlin Lunchtime Meeting stellt Prof. C. Katharina Spieß die Studie vor, anschließend diskutieren vor diesem Hintergrund Abgeordnete der Bundestagsfraktionen die Studienergebnisse und familienpolitische Herausforderungen für die nächste Legislaturperiode.

    Wir freuen uns auf Ihre Teilnahme und bitten um Ihre verbindliche Anmeldung an .

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
    • Franziska Brantner
    • Cornelia Möhring
    • Sylvia Pantel
    • Swen Schulz
  • Zeit
    12:00 -13:15
    Ort
    Schumpeter Saal DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 569
    8. - 9. Juni 2017

    Workshop Concerns for Status and Social Image: Theory, Evidence and Implications for Welfare and Policy

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 698
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Jennifer Rontganger, Ina Thies-Hoelzmann
    mail: statusconference2017@wzb.eu
    fon: +49 30 25491-407 / -441
    24. Mai 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Low-income children, pre-school peer groups, and early child development: evidence from England

    Early education has increasingly been prioritised within OECD countries’ policy agenda, with a growing focus on early education’s potential to narrow the social class gaps in child development. The positive impact of early provision depends upon a number of factors, however – including the influence of the peers with whom a child interacts. Emerging evidence suggests that peers can directly influence children’s pre-academic skills, as well as affect the quality of the interactions between adults and children at group level.
    This paper examines socio-economic segregation in early education in England. Drawing on administrative data, we analyse a cohort of three-and-four-year-olds who attended early education in 2011 (approximately 560,000 children). We investigate the distributions of children across settings according to income-level and find little evidence of segregation. We also examine the relationships between peer groups in early education and children’s development in the initial year of formal schooling. We find that children who are themselves low income and attend settings with fewer peers who are also low-income have better developmental assessments.  However, this variation is largely eliminated once additional child-level characteristics, the characteristics of settings and of local areas are accounted for.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    10. Mai 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Pension Reforms on Savings Behavior

    Many OECD countries are currently undergoing reforms of their statutory pension schemes. In theory, a decrease of pension generosity can have a positive or negative effect on private savings - depending on the corresponding level of employment effects. Thus, it is an empirical question to determine the sign of the effect. A particular reform of the German Statutory Pension Scheme lifted the early retirement age (ERA) of women. The reform was implemented along birth cohorts, allowing for an intuitive identification strategy and causal interpretation of effects.
    While previous studies found positive effects of other generosity decreasing pension reforms on private savings, this is the first study isolating the effect of an increase of the ERA on savings. An upward-shift of the ERA by 3 to 5 years has a statistically and economically significant negative effect on private monthly savings of single women. The effects in the subsample of couples are insignificant.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    26. April 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Value of Partial Retirement for Labor Supply, Public Balances and Income Inequality - Evidence from a Structural Analysis

    This paper develops a structural dynamic retirement model to investigate effects and corresponding underlying mechanisms of a partial retirement program in Germany on labor supply, fiscal balances and the pension income distribution. The structural approach  allows to disentangle the two counteracting mechanisms that drive the employment effects of partial retirement: 1) the crowd-out from full-time employment, and 2) the movement from early retirement or unemployment to partial retirement. It also allows to investigate the isolated role of financial compensations in a partial retirement program. The analysis is based on a unique administrative dataset that collects biographical information on full employment histories and combines information on partial retirement take-up with information on individual pension levels. For this purpose I subsequently perform three counterfactual policy simulations: 1) full access to partial retirement 2) an increase of the normal retirement age from 65 to 67, and 3) Adding wage and pension compensations to partial retirement. The results show negative employment effects but potentially positive fiscal consequences as well as a reduction in pension income inequality when partial retirement is introduced. Wage and pension compensations in partial retirement do not substantially affect employment behavior but pension compensations proof necessary to avoid an increased risk of old-age poverty when access to partial retirement is unrestricted.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    1. März 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Evaluating the Labor Market Effects of Compulsory Military Service in Germany

    Between 1956 and 2011 more than 12.4 million German men had to perform some form of compulsory national service, either military or civil. However, little is known about the impacts of this conscription system on draftees in Germany. I present new evidence on the long-run effects of mandatory military service on wages of West-German men born between 1960 and 1970 using detailed longitudinal data.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7