Veranstaltungen

Private Haushalte und Familien
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20. Februar 2019

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Retirement and informal care provision - Effects of the 1999 pension reform in Germany

Using a reform induced increase in the ERA for German women this paper uncovers causal effects of retirement on informal care provision. Studies so far focus on the causality of labor supply on informal care activity in the middle part of an individual’s working career, mostly neglecting effects of retirement. This paper uses the 1999 reform that abolished the ERA at age 60 for women born from 1952 onward to instrument retirement and estimate a causal effect on informal care provision. Doing so, the underlying mechanism, namely that retirement solves a time conflict at the individual level is accessed. I apply two German survey data sets (SOEP and SHARE) and find that affected women decrease their care activity due to the reform on the extensive margin. In an heterogeneity analysis I show that women retiring from employment and highly educated women drive the results. Retirement is estimated to increase informal care activity on the extensive margin.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
16. Januar 2019

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Health-Check Up Utilization in UK: Panel Evidence from the BHPS 1992 - 2008

This analysis has investigated the determinants of screening uptake for the six different screening examinations (breast and cervical cancer screening examination, blood pressure check, cholesterol level test, eyesight test and dental screening). Same type of screening examination and also possible spillover effects from one type of screening examination to another other type of screening examinations have been investigated with univariate and bivariate dynamic panel probit models. The dependent variables were the participation in the screening examination in the recent year. A Wooldridge-type estimator with initial conditions have been used as econometric method. The samples consisted of individuals from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) for the time period from 1992 to 2008. The analysis has showed the high relevance of past screening behavior and the importance of state dependency for the same and the other type of screening examinations even after controlling for covariates and unobserved heterogeneity. The uptake for breast and cervical cancer screening examinations have been higher when the same type of screening examination have been done one or three years earlier or taking part in previous screening examinations for the other four screening examinations. The result is also in accordance with the NHS breast and cervical cancer screening programmes and with  the recommendations for the other four screening examinations in UK. Positive spillover effects has existed between the screening examinations with regard to blood pressure check and cholesterol level test and also breast and cervical cancer examinations. Other socioeconomic and health related variables have had non-uniform results in the six different screening examinations.

Referent/-in
  • Alexander Labeit

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    5. Dez 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Long-term effects of pregnancy and childbirth on sleep quality and duration of first-time and experienced mothers and fathers

    Study Objectives: This study examines the change in mothers’ and fathers’ sleep satisfaction and sleep duration across pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and postpartum up to six years after birth and examines potential protective and risk factors for sleep during that time.
    Methods: Participants of a large representative panel study from Germany reported sleep satisfaction and sleep duration in yearly interviews. During the observation period (2008–2015), 2,367 parents reported birth of the first child, 2,666 parents reported birth of the second and 1,184 parents reported birth of the third child. Fixed-effects regression models were used to analyze changes in sleep associated with childbirth.
    Results: Sleep satisfaction and duration sharply declined with childbirth and reached a nadir during the first three months postpartum, with women more strongly affected (women: d = 0.79, 62 min; men: d = 0.16, 13 min for sleep satisfaction and duration compared with pre pregnancy). In both women and men, sleep satisfaction and duration did not fully recover for up to six years after birth of their first child. Breastfeeding was associated with a slight decrease in maternal sleep satisfaction (d = 0.32) and duration (14 min). Parental age, household income, and dual vs. single parenting were unrelated, or only very weakly related to improved sleep.
    Conclusions: While sleep satisfaction and duration decline particularly in the first months postpartum, both mothers’ and fathers’ sleep do not fully recover to pre-pregnancy levels up to six years after birth of the first child.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand Friedensburg Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    30. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Inequality amid income stagnation: Italy over the last quarter of a century

    The paper analyses the evolution of inequality in Italy from 1989 to 2014, focusing on three business-cycle phases: the 1992 currency crisis, the moderate growth from 1993 to 2007, and the double-dip recession from 2008 to 2013. Data from the national accounts and the Bank of Italy’s Survey on Household Income and Wealth are used. Results show that income inequality, as measured by the Gini coefficient, rose sharply during the recession of the early 1990s but much less during the recent double-dip recession, though the share of people at risk of poverty rose similarly during the two crises. The stability of (synthetic) distributive inequality measures is explained by the fact that the reduction in income during the double-dip recession hit the whole population. Despite this apparent stability, two changes stand out: the widening gap between the young and the elderly and the fact that the deterioration in living conditions was borne wholly by households whose primary earner was foreign born.

    Referent/-in
  • Andrea Brandolini (Bank of Italy)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand Friedensburg Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    21. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Mentoring of Refugees - A randomized controlled trial with refugees and locals in Germany

    In the randomized controlled trial "Mentoring of Refugees", refugees participating in the 2017 wave of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees were asked about their interest in participating in a mentoring program. Those who declared their interest were randomly selected into treatment and control groups. The treatment group received a spot in a mentoring program. The mentoring program was organized by the social startup “Start with a Friend,” which is active in 14 German cities in which panel respondents were present.The startup connects recently arrived refugees with local counterparts who already live in Germany (most of these so-called “locals” are German citizens) to form friendships. The locals were recruited by Start with a Friend and answered three waves of a survey we administered at different stages of the mentoring relationship (before the first meeting, after six weeks, and after four months). With these data sources, we dispose of a unique data set to study mentoring processes as well as the impacts of these on refugees' integration.
    In our presentation, we will present the implementation of the randomized control trial, first results regarding the interest in participating in a mentoring initiative as well as challenges identified and lessons learned

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Joan Robinson Room DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002a Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Nov 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Parental leave and mothers' careers

    This paper analyzes the impact of the German Parental Leave Reform on mothers' careers in the long run. To identify the causal effect, we use a difference-in-difference approach that compares labor market outcomes of mothers who gave birth just before and right after the reform and net out seasonal effects by including the year before. Using the total population of the Integrated Employment Biographies, we observe that high-income mothers return later to the labor market. In contrast, we do not observe changes in the average duration of the employment interruptions for low income mothers. Seven to nine years after birth, we do not find effects on wages nor on the probability to hold a leadership positions for neither of the two groups. The result suggests that the longer career breaks for high-income mothers do not have negative effects on their subsequent careers.

    (joint work with Corinna Froedermann and Katharina Wrohlich)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    8. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Intergenerational Health Mobility in Germany

    Studies of intergenerational mobility in heath are scarce. This is true despite the importance of health for welfare. I show first estimates of integenerational health mobility in Germany using several measures of self-reported health status (SRHS) during adulthood from the SOEP. I proof that there ist higher mobility in health than in income. Moreover, while my estimates for the intergenerational association in health is considerable lower than in the US, my estimates for relative mobility are comparable of that in the US. In addition, I contrast my estimates in intergenerational transmission in SRHS with those in physical and mental health, inferred with the Short-Form 12 questionnaire. While my estimates show that the intergenerational transmission in physical and SRHS are similar, we see notable larger intergenerational persistence in mental health. Further, a rich set of covariates allows me to provide suggestive evidence for potential mechanisms.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Conference Room 33002c nn DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002c Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    31. Oktober 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Birth Cohort Size Variation and the Estimation of Class Size Effects

    We present evidence that the practice of holding back poorly performing students affects estimates of the impact of class size on student outcomes based on within-school variation of cohort size over time. This type of variation is commonly used to identify class size effects. We build a theoretical model in which cohort size is subject to random shocks and students whose performance falls below a threshold are retained. Our model predicts that initial birth cohort size is mechanically related to the grade-level share of previously retained students once these cohorts reach higher grades. This compositional effect gives rise to an upward bias in class size effects exploiting variation in birth cohort size. Using administrative  data on school enrollment for all primary schools in one federal state of Germany, we find support for this compositional effect. Correcting for the resulting bias in a unique dataset on standardized test scores for the full student population of third graders, we find that not only are smaller classes beneficial for language and math test scores, but also for reducing grade repetition.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    17. Oktober 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

    This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange subsidies and individual mandate penalties, and assess their separate effects. I find that all three policies decreased the OOP of targeted households at the bottom of the income distribution and increased utilization of medical services and access to health care.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    11. Oktober 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar She's Leaving Home: A Large Sample Investigation of the Empty Nest Syndrome

    This presentation presents recent research about the Empty Nest Syndrome using the SOEP. Using life satisfaction, the investigation considers the subjective well-being of mothers and/or fathers following the  departure  of  the  last  child  from  the  parental  home. Following a brief literature review and discussion of economic considerations, empirical results are presented from both fixed effects analysis and entropy balancing. In both cases, evidence for the existence of an Empty nest Syndrome are found. Moderators and confounders are also uncovered, highlighting what may exacerbate or ameliorate somewhat the lower well-being of new Empty Nesters.

    Referent/-in
  •  Alan Piper (Universität Flensburg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    24. Sept 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Risk Adjustment and Early Academic Outcomes of Funded Children with Disability

    Referent/-in
  • John Haisken-DeNew (University of Melbourne)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Sept 2018

    Workshop Finanzielles Wissen und Verhalten von Frauen – Noch ein Gendergap!?

    3. Workshop in der Veranstaltungsreihe "Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen"

    Für Ihre Teilnahme ist eine verbindliche Anmeldung erforderlich. Bei Interesse senden Sie bitte eine E-Mail an Anja Kegel (). Anmeldeschluss ist der 1. September 2018.

    Mehr Informationen
    Zeit
    9:15 - 16:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 668
    25. Juli 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Care & Careers: Housework Distribution and Occupational Prestige

    Despite increasing female labor market participation over the past decades care duties are hardly been shared more equally within couples. We challenge existing approaches (time availability theory, relative resources approach) on the formation of care arrangements with the human capital theory focusing on the consequences of an unequal distribution of housework. We argue that couples make simultaneous decisions on the time spent in market and care work. A more equal care distribution frees women’s time resources and enhances their abilities to participate in the labor market and have more successful employment careers. Based on GSOEP data we investigate the effects of different care work distributions within heterosexual couple households on their employment probability and occupational success. In this version of the paper we estimate fixed effect regressions also that control for individual and household characteristics as well as general time trends. Preliminary results show that the total amount of housework and its distribution between partners significantly affect, both, the labor market participation and the occupational prestige of men and women.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    17. Juli 2018

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Are Households Credit Constrained for Sanitation? Experimental Evidence from India

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Britta Augsburg, Institute for Fiscal Studies

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 14:00
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    20. Juni 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Neighborhood level immigrant share, home ownership and charitable giving to refugees?

    Enormous amount of literature in political science, sociology and economics argues that ethnic diversity and economic disparities hinder pro social attitudes and behaviors. Inspired by social identity and out-group threat theories this study tests if being surrounded by ethnic out-group will reduce charitable giving to that out-group among native Germans. This question is tackled by combining individual level data from Socio-Economic Panel with social indicators measured at the neighborhood level. Evidence that charitable giving to refugees among natives decreases in increasing immigrant share is reported. Importantly, this negative statistical association is driven by home-owners residing in the low home-ownership areas. Possible mechanisms underlying these results are discussed.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    9. Mai 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Seeking asylum in Germany: Does human and social capital determine the outcome of asylum procedures?

    The outcome of asylum procedure is vital for staying perspectives of refuges and their well-being, as well as their following economic and social integration in the host society. In principal, persecution and other forms of violation of human rights should solely determine the outcome of asylum procedures according to the Geneva convention and the asylum legislation in Europe. However, some previous (rather qualitative) evidence suggests that the asylum procedure outcome may be subject to socio-economic selectivity. If this is true, unequal chances for recognition of asylum application may contribute to the cumulative (dis-)advantages over the life course.
    Using a recent longitudinal household data, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP-Survey of Refugees in Germany, we investigate whether and how human capital characteristics of refugees and their command about social resources such as networks affect the probability of recognition of the asylum application. Our findings evidence that higher socio-economic status of refugees and support by social networks affect the outcomes asylum procedures positively. Throughout the analysis we control for variables which capture the violation of human rights and other forms of violence, changes in asylum policies and country-of-origin-specific fixed effects. Our findings turn out to be robust to different specifications. Altogether, we conclude that the overarching aim of the asylum process, granting asylum to those who are in need of protection for reasons of violence and persecution seems to be diluted by social and economic factors, which are relevant for the outcomes and the length of asylum processes as well. As Germany has emerged as the dominant destination of asylum-seekers in the OECD, the study is in our view of general interest for an understanding of the forces which drive asylum procedures in developed countries.
    Keywords: asylum, refugees, human capital, social networks, IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees.

    Referent/-in
  • Yuliya Kosyakova (IAB Nürnberg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    7. Februar 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Disappointed Hopes of Upward Mobility? A Study on Income Development in Germany 1995-2015

    Similar to many other OECD countries, income inequality in Germany has increased over the past decades. However, it is not yet clear to what extent there has actually been a decline at the household level. Our study therefore examines what is behind the increased income inequality: increases or decreases of household incomes or a change in the composition of the population. Using SOEP data from 1995-2015 and hybrid panel regressions, we show that income inequality increases between different educational groups and EGP-classes, as well as between migrants and Germans.
    Furthermore, we show that the increasing income inequality at the household level cannot be attributed solely to a change in the composition of the population, but that disadvantaged households have experienced lower increases in disposable household income over time than other households.
    These findings suggest that hopes of upward income mobility are increasingly disappointed among the more disadvantaged population groups in recent years.

    Related Articles:

    Blossfeld, Hans-Peter, Buchholz, Sandra, Bukodi, Erzsébet und Karin Kurz (Hg.) (2008): Young Workers,
    Globalizaton and the Labor Market. London: Edward Elgar.

    Hartmann, Jörg (2016): Do second-generaton Turkish migrants in Germany assimilate into the middle
    class? In Ethnicites 16 (3), S. 368–392.

    Referent/-in
  • Karin Kurz and Jörg Hartmann (both University of Göttingen)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    13. Dez 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Short-Term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform

    This study quantifies the short-term distributional effects of the new statutory minimum wage in Germany. Using detailed survey data (German Socio-Economic Panel), we assess changes in the distributions of hourly wages, contractual and actual working hours, and monthly earnings. Our descriptive results indicate growth at the bottom of the hourly wage distribution in the post-reform year, but also considerable noncompliance among eligible employees. In a second step, we employ a difference-in-differences analysis and exploit regional variation in the ``bite'' of the intervention, measured by the share of employees in a geographical region with wages below the minimum wage prior to the reform. We document the reform's positive effect at the bottom of the wage distribution. However, we find a negative effect of the reform on contractual hours worked, which explains why there is no effect on monthly earnings. At the same time, actual hours worked remain unchanged, suggesting an increase in unpaid overtime.

    (together with Marco Caliendo, Malte Preuss, Carsten Schröder, Linda Wittbrodt)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    22. Nov 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Parental Leave Policies in Frictional Labor Markets

    I analyze the impact of labor market risks on fertility and female labor supply in a dynamic structural life-cycle model. In particular, I provide insights on whether parental leave policies, such as legal job protection periods, can mitigate these risks. To this end, I estimate a dynamic discrete choice model, using a rich German panel dataset, for the time period between 2007 and 2013. Preliminary findings suggest a strong impact of parental leave job protection on fertility.

    A current version of the working paper can be downloaded from here

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    22. Nov 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Sensitivity Analysis of Real Income Growth in the SOEP

    A frequently cited result derived from the SOEP suggests that the poorest two quintiles of the population had hardly experienced any real income growth since reunification, and in addition, they did not benefit from the recent positive economic development in Germany. However, the real rise of only 1 per cent turns into growth of nearly 8 per cent over the last 20 years if the start of the investigated period is shifted slightly and if the influence of the newly added migration sample in 2013 is adjusted for. Likewise, the previously observed minus 8.5 per cent real income loss of the poorest ten percent shifts to a real gain of 5.7 percent since 1994. Furthermore, in relative terms the lower income groups have gained as much of the positive economic development of the past decade as the middle and upper income groups. Similar adjustments for the newly added samples of specific family types suggest that these estimates are rather lower bounds of real income growth in recent years.

    Related Article:
    Judith Niehues, 2017, Einkommensentwicklung, Ungleichheit und Armut – Ergebnisse unterschiedlicher Datensätze, in: IW-Trends 3/2017

    Referent/-in
  • Judith Niehues (IW Köln)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
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