Veranstaltungen

Private Haushalte und Familien
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10. Juli 2019

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Better Together? Heterogeneous Effects of Tracking on Student Achievement

This study estimates mean and distributional effects of early between-school ability tracking on student achievement. For identification, I exploit heterogeneity in tracking regimes between German federal states. After comprehensive primary school, about 40% of students are selected for the academic track and taught in separate schools in all states. The remaining students, however, are either taught comprehensively or further tracked into two different school forms depending on the state. I estimate the effects of this tracking on students' mathematics and reading test scores with a difference-in-difference-in-differences estimator to eliminate unobserved heterogeneity in achievement levels and trends between states. I find substantial achievement gains from comprehensive versus tracked schooling at ages 10-13. These average effects are almost entirely driven by low-achievers. I do not find evidence for negative effects of comprehensive schooling on the achievement of higher performing students. My results show that decreasing the degree of tracking in early secondary school can reduce inequality while increasing the efficiency of educational production.

Referent/-in
  • Pamela A. Meyerhofer (Cornell University)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 356
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 261
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    5. Juni 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Paid Family Leave and Fertility: The Case of California

    Current research on maternal and parental leave focuses on leave take-up and employment outcomes, finding that short leaves have beneficial labor market outcomes. As the US faces below replacement fertility and an aging population, we need to consider potential unintended fertility consequences of these policies. Generous European and Australian leave policies have increased fertility and fertility intentions. The unpaid Family Medical Leave Act in the US also increased fertility. Yet, we do not know the effect of short, modestly paid leaves on fertility, especially in the US policy context. Using Synthetic Control Method, I estimate the impact of the introduction of a modest paid family leave policy, California’s Paid Family Leave (CA-PFL), on several fertility outcomes. Preliminary results find no impact of CA-PFL on aggregate birthrates, which is expected given the modest benefits of this policy. As this policy was targeted towards disadvantaged populations who do not have access to paid family leave and/or cannot afford unpaid leave, the next step is to explore heterogenous effects by race, income, and education. I will also test for changes along the intensive margin such as age at birth and birth timing/spacing. While preliminary findings do not show increasing fertility as previous research suggested, CA-PFL also does not appear to dampen fertility. This means that women can reap the labor market and gender equity benefits of paid family leave found in previous research without unintended fertility consequences.

    Referent/-in
  • Pamela A. Meyerhofer (Cornell University)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 356
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 261
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    5. Juni 2019

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Residential Segregation and Charitable Giving to Refugees

    A large corpus of literature investigates how the presence of ethnic and economic out-group affects pro-social behavior. However, some long-standing theoretical controversies have not yet been resolved and empirical results are mixed. On the one hand, researchers associated with social identity and group-threat theories argue that out-group presence will drive down the pro-social behavior towards the out-group members. On the other hand, social contact theorists claim that residing in the ethnically and economically mixed neighborhoods will have a positive infuence as social contact reduces out-group prejudice. One way to reconcile these two theoretical streams is to take the geographical clustering of social groups into account. Residential segregation will reduce the likelihood of inter-group cooperation by limiting inter-group contact opportunities as well as making group boundaries more salient. My study tests this hypothesis by linking neighborhood-level social indicators and detailed individual-level data on charitable giving to refugees in Germany. I find that likelihood of giving to refugees declines in the city-level immigrant share. However, this effect is driven by the german natives living in the predominantly german neighborhoods.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Conference Room 33002c nn DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002c Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    29. Mai 2019

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Multidimensional Inequality Analysis using SOEP data and the Constitution of Germany

    Well-being inequality is a subject that has being extensively covered and which is widely discussed also in the political and civil environment. However, the majority of the studies done in this field are still limited to the analysis of monetary variables, like income, wealth or expenditure, completely forsaking non-monetary elements such as education, health or employment on the basis that monetary variables have the same trends and are sufficiently good proxies of well-being.
    However, many scholars (such as Sen, 1980, 1992, 1997) think the opposite. This presentation aims to go beyond the monetary-only one dimensional approach and to construct a multidimensional measure of inequality comprised of both monetary and non-monetary values, as it has already been done with well-being (Sen, Stiglitz, Fitoussi, 2010) and poverty (Rippin, 2010) and to see the trends and values of well-being multidimensional inequality in Germany before and after the crisis of 2007. The role of non-monetary inequality and gender and regional differences are also important topics that will be analysed.
    At the same time, a strong theoretical background that justifies the choice of dimensions and weights is proposed in the form of the Constitutional Approach by (Burchi, De Muro & Kollar, 2014) which uses the countries' constitutions and annexed documents to identify the most important variables for those countries.
    The analysis will make use of the SOEP, an invaluable source of information on many aspects of well-being and arguably among the best dataset available for this kind of analysis. A comparison with some previous analysis regarding Italy (using IT SILC) will allow to understand the possible outcome of the research made with the SOEP.

    Referent/-in
  • Tommaso Bechini  (Sapienza Università di Roma)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Conference Room 33002c nn DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002c Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    10. Mai 2019

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Do immigrants prefer regions in which people are generally more open towards immigrants and immigration?

    In my dissertation, I analyse the effect of migrant-open climate on immigrant location choice: Do immigrants prefer regions in which people are generally more open towards immigrants and immigration? I argue that to maximise well-being, immigrants reduce their risk of facing discrimination by choosing regions of residence in which migrant-open climate is higher.To capture revealed preferences, migrant-open climate is a voter-weighted measure of party positions on immigrants and immigration.
    The work in progress I present at the brown bag seminar focuses on the third empirical chapter, which adds an individual analysis of immigrant location choice in Germany, and tests if immigrants' life satisfaction does depend on migrant-open climate. The SOEP sample consists of both direct and indirect immigrants. Explaining variation in immigrants' moving behaviour, I estimate linear probability models with county and year dummies. I find that the migrant-open climate in a county has a positive pull effect on an immigrant's choice of her or his new location of residence. Secondly, I find a significant negative effect of migrant-open climate on immigrants' life satisfaction, which contradicts my theoretical expectation. That result is driven by immigrants who have never moved, by immigrants with an indirect migration background, and by immigrants who have German citizenship.
    Since people's experienced discrimination partly depends on their ethnicity, I compare effects on both moving probability and life satisfaction for different ethnic groups, and test for threshold effects of migrant-open climate on life satisfaction.
    I am interested in general feedback, but would also appreciate your input on modeling ethnicity with SOEP data. To this end, the presentation also includes a SOEP-specific technical section.

    Referent/-in
  • Vera Guill (BGSS)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Joan Robinson Room DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002a Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    29. März 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Daycare Choice and Ethnic Diversity: Evidence from a Randomized Survey

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Mette Gørtz, University of Copenhagen

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    20. Februar 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Retirement and informal care provision - Effects of the 1999 pension reform in Germany

    Using a reform induced increase in the ERA for German women this paper uncovers causal effects of retirement on informal care provision. Studies so far focus on the causality of labor supply on informal care activity in the middle part of an individual’s working career, mostly neglecting effects of retirement. This paper uses the 1999 reform that abolished the ERA at age 60 for women born from 1952 onward to instrument retirement and estimate a causal effect on informal care provision. Doing so, the underlying mechanism, namely that retirement solves a time conflict at the individual level is accessed. I apply two German survey data sets (SOEP and SHARE) and find that affected women decrease their care activity due to the reform on the extensive margin. In an heterogeneity analysis I show that women retiring from employment and highly educated women drive the results. Retirement is estimated to increase informal care activity on the extensive margin.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    16. Januar 2019

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Health-Check Up Utilization in UK: Panel Evidence from the BHPS 1992 - 2008

    This analysis has investigated the determinants of screening uptake for the six different screening examinations (breast and cervical cancer screening examination, blood pressure check, cholesterol level test, eyesight test and dental screening). Same type of screening examination and also possible spillover effects from one type of screening examination to another other type of screening examinations have been investigated with univariate and bivariate dynamic panel probit models. The dependent variables were the participation in the screening examination in the recent year. A Wooldridge-type estimator with initial conditions have been used as econometric method. The samples consisted of individuals from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) for the time period from 1992 to 2008. The analysis has showed the high relevance of past screening behavior and the importance of state dependency for the same and the other type of screening examinations even after controlling for covariates and unobserved heterogeneity. The uptake for breast and cervical cancer screening examinations have been higher when the same type of screening examination have been done one or three years earlier or taking part in previous screening examinations for the other four screening examinations. The result is also in accordance with the NHS breast and cervical cancer screening programmes and with  the recommendations for the other four screening examinations in UK. Positive spillover effects has existed between the screening examinations with regard to blood pressure check and cholesterol level test and also breast and cervical cancer examinations. Other socioeconomic and health related variables have had non-uniform results in the six different screening examinations.

    Referent/-in
  • Alexander Labeit

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    5. Dez 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Long-term effects of pregnancy and childbirth on sleep quality and duration of first-time and experienced mothers and fathers

    Study Objectives: This study examines the change in mothers’ and fathers’ sleep satisfaction and sleep duration across pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and postpartum up to six years after birth and examines potential protective and risk factors for sleep during that time.
    Methods: Participants of a large representative panel study from Germany reported sleep satisfaction and sleep duration in yearly interviews. During the observation period (2008–2015), 2,367 parents reported birth of the first child, 2,666 parents reported birth of the second and 1,184 parents reported birth of the third child. Fixed-effects regression models were used to analyze changes in sleep associated with childbirth.
    Results: Sleep satisfaction and duration sharply declined with childbirth and reached a nadir during the first three months postpartum, with women more strongly affected (women: d = 0.79, 62 min; men: d = 0.16, 13 min for sleep satisfaction and duration compared with pre pregnancy). In both women and men, sleep satisfaction and duration did not fully recover for up to six years after birth of their first child. Breastfeeding was associated with a slight decrease in maternal sleep satisfaction (d = 0.32) and duration (14 min). Parental age, household income, and dual vs. single parenting were unrelated, or only very weakly related to improved sleep.
    Conclusions: While sleep satisfaction and duration decline particularly in the first months postpartum, both mothers’ and fathers’ sleep do not fully recover to pre-pregnancy levels up to six years after birth of the first child.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand Friedensburg Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    30. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Inequality amid income stagnation: Italy over the last quarter of a century

    The paper analyses the evolution of inequality in Italy from 1989 to 2014, focusing on three business-cycle phases: the 1992 currency crisis, the moderate growth from 1993 to 2007, and the double-dip recession from 2008 to 2013. Data from the national accounts and the Bank of Italy’s Survey on Household Income and Wealth are used. Results show that income inequality, as measured by the Gini coefficient, rose sharply during the recession of the early 1990s but much less during the recent double-dip recession, though the share of people at risk of poverty rose similarly during the two crises. The stability of (synthetic) distributive inequality measures is explained by the fact that the reduction in income during the double-dip recession hit the whole population. Despite this apparent stability, two changes stand out: the widening gap between the young and the elderly and the fact that the deterioration in living conditions was borne wholly by households whose primary earner was foreign born.

    Referent/-in
  • Andrea Brandolini (Bank of Italy)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand Friedensburg Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    21. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Mentoring of Refugees - A randomized controlled trial with refugees and locals in Germany

    In the randomized controlled trial "Mentoring of Refugees", refugees participating in the 2017 wave of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees were asked about their interest in participating in a mentoring program. Those who declared their interest were randomly selected into treatment and control groups. The treatment group received a spot in a mentoring program. The mentoring program was organized by the social startup “Start with a Friend,” which is active in 14 German cities in which panel respondents were present.The startup connects recently arrived refugees with local counterparts who already live in Germany (most of these so-called “locals” are German citizens) to form friendships. The locals were recruited by Start with a Friend and answered three waves of a survey we administered at different stages of the mentoring relationship (before the first meeting, after six weeks, and after four months). With these data sources, we dispose of a unique data set to study mentoring processes as well as the impacts of these on refugees' integration.
    In our presentation, we will present the implementation of the randomized control trial, first results regarding the interest in participating in a mentoring initiative as well as challenges identified and lessons learned

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Joan Robinson Room DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002a Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Nov 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Parental leave and mothers' careers

    This paper analyzes the impact of the German Parental Leave Reform on mothers' careers in the long run. To identify the causal effect, we use a difference-in-difference approach that compares labor market outcomes of mothers who gave birth just before and right after the reform and net out seasonal effects by including the year before. Using the total population of the Integrated Employment Biographies, we observe that high-income mothers return later to the labor market. In contrast, we do not observe changes in the average duration of the employment interruptions for low income mothers. Seven to nine years after birth, we do not find effects on wages nor on the probability to hold a leadership positions for neither of the two groups. The result suggests that the longer career breaks for high-income mothers do not have negative effects on their subsequent careers.

    (joint work with Corinna Froedermann and Katharina Wrohlich)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    8. Nov 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Intergenerational Health Mobility in Germany

    Studies of intergenerational mobility in heath are scarce. This is true despite the importance of health for welfare. I show first estimates of integenerational health mobility in Germany using several measures of self-reported health status (SRHS) during adulthood from the SOEP. I proof that there ist higher mobility in health than in income. Moreover, while my estimates for the intergenerational association in health is considerable lower than in the US, my estimates for relative mobility are comparable of that in the US. In addition, I contrast my estimates in intergenerational transmission in SRHS with those in physical and mental health, inferred with the Short-Form 12 questionnaire. While my estimates show that the intergenerational transmission in physical and SRHS are similar, we see notable larger intergenerational persistence in mental health. Further, a rich set of covariates allows me to provide suggestive evidence for potential mechanisms.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Conference Room 33002c nn DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002c Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    31. Oktober 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Birth Cohort Size Variation and the Estimation of Class Size Effects

    We present evidence that the practice of holding back poorly performing students affects estimates of the impact of class size on student outcomes based on within-school variation of cohort size over time. This type of variation is commonly used to identify class size effects. We build a theoretical model in which cohort size is subject to random shocks and students whose performance falls below a threshold are retained. Our model predicts that initial birth cohort size is mechanically related to the grade-level share of previously retained students once these cohorts reach higher grades. This compositional effect gives rise to an upward bias in class size effects exploiting variation in birth cohort size. Using administrative  data on school enrollment for all primary schools in one federal state of Germany, we find support for this compositional effect. Correcting for the resulting bias in a unique dataset on standardized test scores for the full student population of third graders, we find that not only are smaller classes beneficial for language and math test scores, but also for reducing grade repetition.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    17. Oktober 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

    This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange subsidies and individual mandate penalties, and assess their separate effects. I find that all three policies decreased the OOP of targeted households at the bottom of the income distribution and increased utilization of medical services and access to health care.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 334
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    11. Oktober 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar She's Leaving Home: A Large Sample Investigation of the Empty Nest Syndrome

    This presentation presents recent research about the Empty Nest Syndrome using the SOEP. Using life satisfaction, the investigation considers the subjective well-being of mothers and/or fathers following the  departure  of  the  last  child  from  the  parental  home. Following a brief literature review and discussion of economic considerations, empirical results are presented from both fixed effects analysis and entropy balancing. In both cases, evidence for the existence of an Empty nest Syndrome are found. Moderators and confounders are also uncovered, highlighting what may exacerbate or ameliorate somewhat the lower well-being of new Empty Nesters.

    Referent/-in
  •  Alan Piper (Universität Flensburg)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    24. Sept 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Risk Adjustment and Early Academic Outcomes of Funded Children with Disability

    Referent/-in
  • John Haisken-DeNew (University of Melbourne)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 326
    14. Sept 2018

    Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen Finanzielles Wissen und Verhalten von Frauen – Noch ein Gendergap!?

    3. Workshop in der Veranstaltungsreihe "Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen"

    Für Ihre Teilnahme ist eine verbindliche Anmeldung erforderlich. Bei Interesse senden Sie bitte eine E-Mail an Anja Kegel (). Anmeldeschluss ist der 1. September 2018.

    Mehr Informationen
    Zeit
    9:15 - 16:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 668
    25. Juli 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Care & Careers: Housework Distribution and Occupational Prestige

    Despite increasing female labor market participation over the past decades care duties are hardly been shared more equally within couples. We challenge existing approaches (time availability theory, relative resources approach) on the formation of care arrangements with the human capital theory focusing on the consequences of an unequal distribution of housework. We argue that couples make simultaneous decisions on the time spent in market and care work. A more equal care distribution frees women’s time resources and enhances their abilities to participate in the labor market and have more successful employment careers. Based on GSOEP data we investigate the effects of different care work distributions within heterosexual couple households on their employment probability and occupational success. In this version of the paper we estimate fixed effect regressions also that control for individual and household characteristics as well as general time trends. Preliminary results show that the total amount of housework and its distribution between partners significantly affect, both, the labor market participation and the occupational prestige of men and women.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    17. Juli 2018

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Are Households Credit Constrained for Sanitation? Experimental Evidence from India

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Britta Augsburg, Institute for Fiscal Studies

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 14:00
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 436
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