Archiv der Veranstaltungen

Vom SOEP organisierte und/oder unterstützte Veranstaltungen

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23. Oktober 2020

DIW Applied Micro Seminar TBA

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Referent/-in
  • Jörg Claussen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

  • Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    22. Oktober 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Air Quality Alerts on School Absenteeism - Evidence from New York City

    This study examines the relationship between air quality alerts and school absenteeism in New York City. Examining the effects of the alerts in school attendance is relevant because it helps us understand parents' avoidance behavior in situations of exacerbated exposure to air contaminants. Causality arises by exploiting the deterministic nature of the alerts with regression discontinuity designs. Results show a substantial five percent increase in school absences on alert days. Moreover, the study also explores the effect of income, female labor supply, and race on parent's avoidance behavior. On average, schools in more impoverished neighborhoods and with lower shares of female labor supply exhibit higher avoidance.

     

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 228
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 229
    9. Oktober 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Gender Gap in Student Performance: The Role of the Testing Environment

    Abstract:   Our research question is to what extent does the familiarity with the testing environment impact the relative performance of boys and girls in standardized testing. We use an RCT-design on the full population of students in Grade 6 and 10 across several subjects in the Region of Madrid (Spain). This standardized test was either "Externally" administered, meaning that teachers from different schools were centrally allocated by the government to invigilate and mark the test, or internally administered by each school, meaning that invigilators and markers were teachers from the school. Whether schools had externally or internally administered tests were randomly assigned. We find that girls underperform boys in externally administer testing environment, particularly in traditionally male-dominated subjects, such as Math and Science. Additional evidence from surveying students at the end of the tests suggests that that girls experience higher levels of pressure than boys in "Externally" administered testing environments. We contribute to the literature in 2 important ways: 1) Most of the previous work on gender differences are based on natural experiments of particular samples (high achieving graduates) or lab experiments. Here we have an RCT on the entire population. 2) Previous work was not able to look directly at the direct mechanisms at play for girls relative underperformance, which we do with our survey.

    (with José Montalbán, SOFI at Stockholm University)

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    Referent/-in
  • Jörg Claussen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    Note the time change:
    13:30 - 14:45
    Ort
    Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    19. August 2020

    Fünf Jahre "Wir schaffen das"
    Unterschiedliche Perspektiven der Integration Geflüchteter

    Vor fünf Jahren erreichte die Fluchtzuwanderung nach Deutschland ihren Höhepunkt. Bei der Integration von nach Deutschland Geflüchteten wurde bereits viel erreicht. Das DIW Berlin blickt auf Grundlage eigener Datenerhebungen auf die bislang erzielten Erfolge und weiter bestehende Herausforderungen: Welche Erwartungen hatten Geflüchtete an ihre Erwerbstätigkeit und haben sich diese erfüllt? Welche Qualifizierung bringen MigrantInnen mit ins Zielland? Inwiefern ist die schulische und außerschulische Integration geflüchteter Kinder gelungen? Ein weiterer Teil der Studie widmet sich dem Zusammenleben von Geflüchteten und Aufnahmegesellschaft und fragt welche Sorgen und Ängste es auf beiden Seiten gibt.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    14:00 bis 15:15 Uhr
    Ort
    Video conference via Cisco Webex
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    10. - 14. August 2020

    SOEPcampus SOEPcampus@Home
    Introduction to the German Socio-economic Panel Study

    The German Socio-Economic Panel Study is a representative panel study for the German population, collecting data on a broad variety of topics of everyday life, including general wellbeing, household composition, educational aspirations and educational status, income and occupational biographies, leisure time activities, housing, health, political orientation and more. With its long running panel structure, the breadth of topics and the representative nature of the data, the SOEP has become a central resources for quantitative research in the social sciences in Germany.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
    Ort
    Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 428
    17. Juli 2020

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The link between family networks and mental health for exogamous couples in old age

    In later life, social ties become increasingly important for one’s mental health. In this study, we test whether exogamous unions, in which one of the partner is migrant and one native, affect older individual’s social networks, and whether the association between exogamy and mental health operates through social networks. We hypothesize that immigrants gain social capital through their native spouse, and thus have better mental health than endogamous immigrants. In contrast, the kin network of exogamous natives is not expanded through their spouse, and we therefore expect their mental health to be lower than that of their endogamous counterparts. We investigate these hypotheses with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study. In line with our hypotheses, we observe that exogamous immigrants have larger social networks due to the expansion of their kin network through their native spouse, while exogamous natives have smaller social networks than endogamous natives. We find that natives who marry immigrants exhibit worse mental health than endogamous natives, while exogamous immigrants’ mental health is better than that of endogamous migrants. Yet, most of these differences can be attributed to selection effects. Once we account for unobserved heterogeneity using correlated random effects models, we find that exogamous native women exhibit significantly worse mental health than any other group. Social networks influence mental health, but contribute little to these observed differences, suggesting that unobservable characteristics attached to those who form exogamous unions are at play. This work enriches the discussion on the effects of social networks and the diversification of union types on mental health in older ages.

    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 472
    9. - 10. Juli 2020

    International SOEP User Conference SOEP 2020 - 14th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (canceled and postponed to 2021)

    Dear SOEP 2020 submitters and interested scientists,

    Due to ongoing health concerns and logistical problems related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the local organizing committee of the SOEP 2020 Conference is sorry to inform you that we have had to cancel the conference in 2020 and are postponing the next SOEP Conference to early July 2021.

    We will be announcing a new call for papers later this year with a new selection process. Thank you for your previous submission, and we apologize for the inconvenience.

    We hope you are staying healthy and safe in these extraordinary times and would be happy to see you at next year's conference.

    Philipp Lersch, Maria Metzing, Carsten Schröder, Janina Britzke, and Christine Kurka

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin Germany
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 418
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    1. Juli 2020

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Long-Term Effects of World War II Destruction on Private Wealth in Germany

    The physical destructions, expropriations, resettlements, and interruptions of international trade during Second World War caused a sharp reduction of wealth levels and inequality in many countries (Piketty, 2014). In Germany, an estimated 20 percent of the West German housing stock was destroyed. This paper assesses whether the effects of this destruction are measurable in the German wealth distribution today using unique data on the destruction of 1739 West German cities linked with recent micro data on household wealth portfolios provided by the Socio-economic Panel. For persons born in cities or villages that were more badly damaged then, wealth is still significantly lower today. Similarly, destruction of parents' cities or villages of birth has significant negative effects on the wealth of their children.  These detrimental effects on wealth holdings today are robust after controlling for a rich set of pre-war regional and city-level control variables.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 472
    16. Juni 2020

    Arbeitsleben, Familie und Wohlbefinden - Wie wirkt sich die Pandemie auf unsere Gesellschaft aus?

    Wie verändert die Coronakrise unseren Alltag? Und wie wirkt sich die Pandemie auf Einzelne und die Gesellschaft aus? Antworten auf diese Fragen findet die Studie „Sozio-ökonomische Faktoren und Folgen der Verbreitung des Coronavirus in Deutschland (SOEP-CoV)“, ein Verbundprojekt zwischen dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP) am DIW Berlin und der Universität Bielefeld. Für SOEP-CoV wurden seit April 2020 mehr als 10.000 Personen telefonisch interviewt.

    Im Online-Symposium werden die Auswirkungen der Corona-Pandemie und der zu ihrer Eindämmung beschlossenen Maßnahmen vorgestellt. Darüber hinaus werden aktuelle Ergebnisse zu Veränderungen in der Arbeitssituation, im familiären Zusammenleben sowie im subjektiven Wohlbefinden präsentiert.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    11:00 Uhr
    Ort
    Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    16. Juni 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

    We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The data allow us to quantify the causal effect of a raise in the retirement age on specific objective health outcomes, which enables us to disentangle the health effects of along different health dimensions. Broad or subjective outcomes, as mostly used in the literature so far, might aggregate and disguise negative and positive implications for different health dimensions. Our results suggest negative effects of an increase in the early retirement age on mental health and some musculoskeletal diagnoses. We do not find effects for metabolic/nutritional and  heart/circulatory diagnoses as well as health care consumption.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:00 - 13:00
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 228
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 229
    12. Juni 2020

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Does Unemployment Make Better Fathers? The Effect of Job Loss on Fathers’ Time Investment in the Household

    Commonly described as the “gender care gap“, there is a persistent gender difference in the division of child care and housework responsibilities within households in most developed countries. Existing literature on paternal child care involvement and parental leave take-up largely suffers from sample size and selection issues. This paper provides evidence on the effect of an exogenous shock on paternal availability, through a negative employment shock, on the allocation of domestic work within couples. We find that paternal child care and housework significantly increase in the short-run on regular weekdays, while we do not see any similar shifts on Sundays. Effects are positive and persistent for fathers who remain unemployed or have a working partner. Employed mothers react by reducing their time allocated to domestic work, while not employed mothers even increase their time investments. The findings are consistent with theories about time availability as well as relative bargaining power within households.

    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 472
    12. Juni 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Local News, UGC and Professionals: Evidence from Citizen Journalism

    Abstract:  User generated content is increasingly substituting content created by professionals. Local news that is generated by citizen journalists could be a promising way of supporting the struggling newspaper industry by reducing costs for professional journalists. We study a network of 122 local Austrian newspapers operating a hybrid model of citizen and professional journalism. We first observe that citizens cover different topics, write shorter articles, and create less engagement. We then exploit a change in the platform’s social recognition system to show that non-monetary incentives drive the production of citizen content, especially for contributors with more experience. We also find that amateur content acts as a substitute for content produced by inexperienced professionals. We finally see that the incentive and substitution effects are more pronounced in smaller regions and for soft news.

    Joint with Pedro Ferreira and Ananya Sen.

    Mehr Informationen
    Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ort
    Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    3. Juni 2020

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Temporary employment and the midlife nadir in human well-being

    Temporary employees rank lower than permanent employees on various measures of mental and physical health, including well-being. Furthermore, much research has indicated an approximate U-shape pattern between age and well-being with a nadir in midlife. Temporary employment may well have different associations with well-being across the lifespan, likely harming people in midlife more than at the start of their working life. Using over twenty years of the German Socio-economic panel (SOEP), this investigation considers the relationship between temporary employment, age and well-being. The results show that temporary employment deepens the U-shape in midlife, and that this result holds when typical socioeconomic factors as well as the industry, region, cohort, personality, employment security and job worries are taken into account.

    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 472
    20. Mai 2020

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Barriers to humanitarian migration, traumatic events and integration outcomes: Evidence from Germany

    In this study we estimate the hidden cost of restrictive migration policies and highlight the need for health-related support among refugees. The traumatic events asylum seekers experience at origin due to exposure to violent conflict and during the journey to the EU may have lasting negative effects on their economic and social integration in the destination country. We hypothesize that the mechanism at play is a relative decline in mental well-being caused by these events. To test our hypothesis, we combine information on the intensity of conflict at countries of origin from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program with the IAB-BAMF-SOEP refugee survey that includes detailed information on experiences of asylum seekers' journey (e.g. victimization), pre-migration refugee characteristics and post-migration integration outcomes (e.g. educational attainment, social behaviour). We also utilise German employment biography data linked to survey respondents to analyse the short- and medium-term labour market implications of these traumatic events. Please note that this project is in a very early stage.

    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 472
    24. April 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar What do we want? And when do we want it? Alternative objectives and their implications for experimental design.

    Summary:  This talk will provide a survey of several papers on the theory and practice of experimental design. I will compare different objectives (estimator precision, outcomes of participants, informing policy choice to maximize average outcomes, and informing policy choice to maximize utilitarian welfare), and their implications for experimental design. I will consider heuristic algorithms, will prove approximate optimality results for some of these algorithms, and will discuss several empirical applications.

    Mehr Informationen
    Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ort
    Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    11. März 2020

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Wrangling and working with 3D-Building Models

    The Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) provides 3D-Building models for Germany. The data come in a City-GML (geographical markup language) format, locating every building throughout Germany and providing information such as its ground plan, height, and the building’s purpose. I will provide an overview on the data, its coverage and limitations, as they are available for everyone within the DIW. Because of the data format, reading the data is not trivial. Thanks to the Research Infrastructure Department and their help; we are able to access the data in a convenient way. I will present first ideas for research using this data in the context of small area estimation and weighting. 

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Conference Room 33002c nn DIW Berlin Raum 3.3.002c Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 472
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 358
    11. März 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Decomposition of Gender Pension Gaps Across Europe from a life-course perspective – preliminary drafts from sequence data analysis and Blinder-Oaxaca-Decompositions

    My master thesis compares the impact of different life-courses on the Gender Pension Gaps across East and West Germany, Czechia and Italy. Using retrospective data on the dimensions of work and family from SHARELIFE, I contrast two different approaches. The first applies sequence data analysis to identify work-family life course patterns across all four countries as a first step, and includes these life course categories as determinants in a Blinder-Oaxaca-Decomposition of the Gender Pension Gaps. For the second approach, I include the life course variables for work and family indicators separately in the decomposition analysis. My initial results show clear differences in the share of the gap explained by differences in life courses between men and women across countries, highlighting the impact of the different pension systems in the countries. The results differ further across both modelling approaches, revealing the different benefits of both.

    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 356
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 261
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    5. - 6. März 2020

    SOEPcampus SOEPcampus@DIW Berlin 2020

    Am 5. und 6. März 2020 organisieren wir einen zweitägigen Workshop zum Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP) am DIW Berlin. Neben Vorträgen zu Aufbau, Datenstruktur, Ziehungsdesign und Gewichtungsstrategie bieten hands-on Sessions eine praxisorientierte Annäherung an die Daten und ihre Potentiale.

    Der Workshop richtet sich an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler auf allen Qualifikationsstufen, die in Zukunft mit den SOEP-Daten arbeiten wollen oder sich aktuell im frühen Stadium der SOEP-basierten Datenanalyse befinden.

    Referent/-in
    Ort
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    4. März 2020

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Welche Fakten braucht die Gesellschaft eigentlich?

    Sind Daten das neue Gold? Man hat den Eindruck, dass wir alle technischen Finessen ausloten, um an das wertvolle Gut heranzukommen. Was auch immer mit dem Begriff „Daten“ assoziiert wird, scheint diesem Vorhaben Glanz zu verleihen. Entscheidungen, Politik, Management und vieles mehr sollten jetzt „datengesteuert“ sein. Big Data, Machine Learning, Algorithmen und künstliche Intelligenz versprechen Lösungen für Probleme, die bisher ohne großen Erfolg behandelt wurden. Traditionelle Methoden der Wissensgenerierung durch mühsames, kostenintensives und zeitaufwändiges Sammeln von Daten erscheinen in diesem Licht veraltet und überflüssig. Das Etikett "Data for Policy" (D4P) eignet sich jedoch nur bedingt zur Charakterisierung des Beziehungsgeflechts und der gegenseitigen Beeinflussung von Daten einerseits und Politik andererseits. Auch wenn die Datenmenge im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung und Globalisierung enorm wächst, ist dieser Datenrohstoff nicht direkt für die Behandlung politischer Themen nutzbar. Vielmehr sind geeignete Verfahren erforderlich, um aus der Flut der Rohdaten die wertvollen Inhalte zu verdaubaren Informationen zu destillieren, zu verfeinern und zu kommunizieren. Der Begriff "Fakten" wird hier als Oberbegriff für solche Informationen verwendet. Wenn Daten am Anfang der Verarbeitung stehen, befinden sich die Fakten an dessen Ende. Wie können wir relevante, verifizierte Fakten für jedermann bereitstellen?

    Zeit
    12:00 - 13:00
    Ort
    Karl Popper Room DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 472
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 358
    28. Februar 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Optimal Benefit-Based Corporate Income Tax

    Abstract:   I derive an optimal benefit-based corporate tax rate formula as a function of the public input elasticity of profits and the (net of) tax elasticity of profits. I argue that the existence of the corporate income tax should be justified by the benefit-based view of taxation: firms should pay tax according to the benefits they receive from the use of the public input. I argue that benefit-based corporate taxation is normatively fair. Since the public input is a location-specific factor, a positive benefit-based corporate tax rate is also feasible even in a small open economy. The benefit-based view gives three clear principles of corporate tax design. First, we should tax corporate profits at source. Second, the optimal tax base is location-specific rents. Third, profit shifting is normatively wrong. An empirical application of the formula suggests the optimal benefit-based corporate tax rate on public corporations in the United States lies in the range of 35 to 59 percent.

    Mehr Informationen
    Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
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