Archiv der Veranstaltungen

Vom SOEP organisierte und/oder unterstützte Veranstaltungen

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29. Januar 2014

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Is Being Tough Helpful? Search Requirements, Sanction Threats and Time to Job Finding

(joint with Patrick Arni) 
The enforcement of job search requirements is increasingly employed to determine the level of search effort provided by unemployment insurance recipients. We evaluate the impacts of this policy on the rate of job finding. Previous research on job search monitoring has focused on the effects of an imposed benefit sanction. By estimating the impacts of requirement policies and their anticipated enforcement, we analyze how monitoring affects search outcomes before a sanction event occurs. New Swiss administrative data sources allow us to match individual-level information on requirement setting, compliance behavior and enforcement policies. We estimate a multivariate duration model which we complement with quasi-experimental variation in our parameters of interest. Our preliminary results indicate that additional applications generated by a high-requirement policy do not directly translate into job search success. Search requirements rather seem to influence unemployment exit rates through changes in non-compliance behavior and sanction anticipation.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30-13:30
Ort
Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
22. Januar 2014

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Impact of Tuition Fees on Educational Inequality

This paper studies whether university tuition fees affect the intention to acquire a university degree among high school students and, if so, whether individuals from low-income households are affected in particular. We analyze the introduction and abolishment of tuition fees in Germany using data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). We find a negative effect of tuition fees on the intention of 17-years-olds to acquire a university degree. The effect is mainly driven by individuals from low-income households. By analyzing register data from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, we also show that tuition fees affect the actual number of university graduates more in communities with relatively high unemployment rates.

Referent/-in
  • Michael Bahrs (Universität Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    15. Januar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Educational Choice against All the Odds - Personality Traits as a Tool Kit?

    Students from a non-academic background have a significant lower probability of receiving tertiary education than their peers from an academic background. This is true even in an educational system where higher education is free of charge and financial constraints play a rather small role. Many theoretical and empirical articles describe reasons for this inequality. While primary effects, as less educational input at home, and secondary effects, fewer financial resources, explain the lower attendance, few studies show the factors that lead to a successful transition into tertiary education. In this paper we examine students who enter college against all the odds. Holding parental background and cognitive ability constant, by applying a propensity score matching method, we show that personality traits explain college enrollment intentions. The results show that educational policies should not neglect students' non-cognitive skills, as these skills help explain how to close the educational gap. Our first preliminary results show that "openness to experience" increases students' intention to pursue a college degree. (joint with Frauke Peter)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    18. Dez 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Transition to Parenthood and the Dynamic of Women´s Economic Dependency. A Comparison of Germany and Switzerland

    Referent/-in
  • Lena Liechti
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    11. Dez 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Zur Bedeutung von Konfession und Kirchgang für Bildungserfolg in Westdeutschland

    Ausgehend von Weber sowie Becker und Wößmann diskutieren wir zunächst Zusammenhänge zwischen protestantischer und katholischer Konfession mit der Lebensführung und ob diese zu differentiellen Ergebnissen in der Bildungsteilhabe führen. Anschließend gehen wir auf alternative Erklärungen ein, wonach regional variierende Bildungserfolge auf Minderheiteneffekte (Kontrolldichte, Motivation) zurückzuführen sind. Schließlich diskutieren wir Colemans Sozialkapitalansatz, wonach der Kirchgang von Familienmitgliedern geschlossene Netzwerke erzeugt, die den Eltern ein intensives Monitoring ihrer Kinder ermöglichen. Die unterschiedlichen Erklärungsansätze werden mit ausgewählten Daten aus dem Sozio-oekonomischen Bildungspanel (SOEP) überprüft. Indikator für den Bildungserfolg ist der Gymnasialbesuch von Kindern im Alter von 12 bis 15 Jahren. Auf Seiten der Eltern liegen Angaben zur Religionszugehörigkeit und der Kirchgangshäufigkeit vor (sowie Standardinformationen zur Soziodemographie und zum Kulturkapital). Wir konzentrieren uns auf Westdeutschland, weil wir u.a. an die westdeutschen Nachkriegsstudien zum „katholischen Arbeitermädchen vom Lande" anknüpfen und weil dort die konfessionelle Prägung von Kreisen erheblich variiert. Für Westdeutschland insgesamt lassen sich aktuell keine konfessionellen Differenzen beim Besuch des Gymnasiums feststellen. Aber es zeigen sich erhebliche räumliche Variationen. Je stärker die konfessionelle Prägung eines Kreises von der Konfessionszugehörigkeit der untersuchten Familien abweicht, desto höher ist der Bildungserfolg (positiver Minderheiteneffekt). Vor dem Hintergrund der Befunde zum Kirchgang, nach denen Kirchgang zwar mit höherer Bildung einhergeht, die Struktur der Effekte sich aber nicht im Sinne des Sozialkapitalansatzes interpretieren lässt, tendieren wir dazu, die höheren Bildungserfolge in der (regionalen) Minderheitensituation als spezifische (unbeobachtete) Motivationen zu deuten.

    Referent/-in
  • Thorsten Schneider (Universität Leipzig)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    4. Dez 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen What happens if women disappear from the labor market? Occupational status of women at marriage in a modernizing society

    joint with Ineke Maas & Marco H.D. van Leeuwen

    The nineteenth and twentieth centuries are an especially interesting period to investigate women's status attainment in Western societies because interesting and partly contrary developments took place. First, women increasingly withdrew from the labor market after marriage, possibly as a consequence of increasing prosperity that allowed families to survive on only one (the male) income. Secondly girls increasingly participated in secondary education which should have given them more job opportunities. Thirdly, in part due to the early suffragette movement, notions on equal treatment of men and women gained ground. In view of these developments we will answer the following questions: How did the occupational status of women at marriage change over time, and how did it vary between regions? To what extent can regional and temporal variation in the occupational status of women at marriage be explained by (a) the decrease in women's labour force participation rates (b) the increase in schooling of girls and (c) the increase of gender equality notions?

    The data we use, the GENLIAS dataset is an excellent source to study status attainment at marriage over a long period of time. It includes all 19th and early 20th century marriage certificates of the Netherlands. The 911,602 marriage certificates that we analyze do not only contain information on the married persons, but also on their parents, ages and often their occupational titles. In addition the place of marriage is noted. These rich information allow us to employ a multi-level research design, where the theoretical processes are measured at the level of municipalities, and may vary yearly.

    Referentin
  • Wiebke Schulz (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    27. Nov 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Looking Back in Anger? Retirement and Unemployment Scarring

    (joint with A. Knabe und R. Schöb)
    Unemployment leaves scars since it lowers workers' life satisfaction even when they are reemployed. Using German panel data, we test whether unemployment experience prior to retirement lowers well-being in retirement. Although retired people report the less life satisfaction the more unemployment they experienced, we cannot attribute this difference to unemployment. A final unemployment spell does not lower life satisfaction after retirement below the level during employment before. Actually, people are the more satisfied after retirement compared to employment periods the more unemployment they experienced in their lives. Our findings indicate that scars of unemployment are limited to working life and that retirement helps people to overcome issues coinciding with unemployment experience.

    Referent/-in
  • Clemens Hetschko (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    20. Nov 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Employment and Wage Impacts of Social Security Contributions

    We present work in progress on evaluating the employment and wage effects of social security contributions (SSC). We propose to use an equilibrium job search model allowing for extensive and intensive employment reactions, with firms also changing wages. The model naturally generates adjustment dynamics. Using firm-level data on productivity will allow us to identify to what extent productive workers and productive firms sort positively - an estimate for which we believe tax policy must be taken into account. We include detailed information on corporate taxation. The direction and degree of sorting will also determine the distributional impacts of SSC policies across different individuals. We propose to use long-running matched employer-employee data from France and Germany to consider the impacts of large changes in SSC on employment and wages.

    Referent/-in
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    13. Nov 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Unions, Policy, and Family Values: How unions influence state-level leave policy in the United States

    Referent/-in
  • Cassandra Engeman (University of California)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    8. - 9. Nov 2013

    Nonresponse Bias: Qualitätssicherung sozialwissenschaftlicher Umfragen
    Gemeinsame Tagung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft sozialwissenschaftlicher Institute (ASI e.V.) und der Sektion 'Methoden der Empirischen Sozialforschung' in der DGS

    Die Ausschöpfungsraten von sozialwissenschaftlichen Erhebungen in Deutschland befinden sich im Vergleich zur Situation vor 20 Jahren auf einem sehr niedrigen Niveau. Anspruchsvolle Umfragen mit genauer Überwachung des Feldes sowie kontrollierten Bruttostichproben erreichen aktuell selten eine bessere Ausschöpfung als etwa 35 %. Damit wird die Frage nach der Qualität dieser Umfragen immer drängender. Bilden solche Stichproben noch die Lebenslagen, Einstellungen und Verhaltensweisen der jeweiligen Grundgesamtheit ab? Wie groß ist ihre Selektivität bzw. ihre Verzerrung, also der Nonresponse Bias? Wie geeignet sind Gewichtungs‐ und Hochrechnungsverfahren, um trotz geringer Ausschöpfungsquoten verallgemeinerbare Schlüsse auf die Grundgesamtheit ziehen zu können.
    In einer gemeinsamen Tagung wollen die Arbeitsgemeinschaft sozialwissenschaftlicher Institute (ASI e.V.) und die Sektion Methoden der Empirischen Sozialforschung in der DGS diesen Fragen nachgehen.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Schumpeter Saal DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Christof Wolf (christof.wolf@gesis.org)
    Anmeldung: http://www.asi-ev.org/index.php?id=101
    6. Nov 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Music or Sports - An empirical analysis of their differential effects on child development

    (joint with Charlotte Cabane and Michael Lechner)

    Previous studies on the effects of leisure activities on skill development do not discuss whether such activities are complements or substitutes. Comparing to which extent various extracurricular activities influence skill development brings us closer to understanding the formation of educational inequalities as well as the mechanisms behind skill production. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, our study compares the role of music and sports for the development of cognitive and non-cognitive skills during adolescence. We use parental taste as an instrumental variable to account for the non-random choice between these activities. Our preliminary findings suggest that music is better than sports for increasing adolescents’ ambition and optimism about future success.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    30. Oktober 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Moving to diversity: residential mobility, changes in ethnic diversity and concerns about immigration

    Studies on ethnic diversity and social cohesion are predominantly crosssectional and assume linearity, i.e. a steady, constant decline of social capital as ethnic diversity increases. Relying on longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and applying a differences-in-differences design, the paper investigates how the event of moving to a more or less diverse neighbourhood affects people's opinions about immigration up until the fourth year after the move.
    The results show that moving to diversity indeed results in more concerns about immigration and that the conclusion would actually have been the opposite if one had relied on a cross-sectional analysis of the data exclusively. Moreover, the effect of ethnic diversity lasts over time: even four years after moving people who moved to a more diverse neighbourhood remain more xenophobic. But people who move to ‘highly-diverse' neighbourhoods, i.e. one of Germany's 15% most diverse neighbourhoods, do not become more concerned. In contrast to assumptions on linear, constant effects of diversity, this shows that prejudice-fostering effects of diversity wear off at high levels of diversity, suggesting that frequent opportunities for personal intergroup contact begin to cancel out feelings of threat.

    Referent/-in
  • Bram Lancee & Merlin Schaeffer (WZB)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    16. Oktober 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Stress inducing or relieving? Retirement's causal effect on health

    This paper estimates the causal effect of retirement on health using Regression Discontinuity Design and instrumental variables. Age serves as an assignment variable for the RDD estimation and eligibility for a state pension is used as an instrument for retirement. Self-reported health status and the physical and mental sum-mary score of the SF12 measure are used as dependent variables. The results show an increase in subjective health and mental health. There is evidence for effect heterogeneity with respect to gender, education and job satisfaction.

    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    2. Oktober 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Maternity Leave in the Context of Couples

    The proposed research focuses on maternity leave duration and re-entry into full- and part-time employment for mothers in Germany. Numerous authors have investigated this subject in order to find out how women's characteristics, combined with family policies and the children's characteristics, influence the re-entries. However, these studies have been limited by their one-sided concentration on the female partner. In answer to this shortcoming, this analysis purposes to study both partners, individually and as a couple. The first part looks at widely accepted covariates and complements these with information on the male partner and relations between both partners, while the second concentrates on occupational uncertainties within both partners' careers.The empirical analysis focuses on the first twenty-two years of post-reunification Germany, using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). Proportional hazards models are used to estimate the re-entries of 2881 mothers in maternity leave. Results show that couples generally assess the re-entry decision on the basis of economic considerations. While the re-entry into part-time employment is primarily affected by the mother's own resources and former career, the return to full-time is more linked to the partner's resources. This utility maximizing act is especially prevalent in families where the mother has a high earning potential, a group having the highest re-entry chances for mothers, especially into full-time employment.

    Referent/-in
  • Stefanie Hoherz (ISER, University of Essex)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    23. - 27. Sept 2013

    SOEPcampus SOEPcampus at datalab2013@uni-bielefeld
    Analysepotentiale sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungsdaten

    Beim diesjährigen datalab-Workshop vom 23. bis 27. September 2013 an der Universität Bielefeld werden die Nutzungsmöglichkeiten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP), des Beziehungs- und Familienpanels (pairfam) sowie die Betriebs- und Linked-Employer-Employee-Datensätze (Mannheimer Innovationspanel, Datensätze des Ifo-Instituts und SOEP-Linked-Employer-Employee-Datensatz (SOEP-LEE)) vorgestellt. Der Workshop bietet eine praxisorientierte Einführung in die Nutzung dieser Datensätze. Neben der Vermittlung von Basisinformationen zum Design, Aufbau und den Analysepotentialen werden erste Erfahrungen in der Nutzung der Datensätze durch intensive Übungen am Computer vermittelt. Die Vorstellung der jeweiligen Datensätze erfolgt durch Mitarbeiter der Forschungsdatenzentren der jeweiligen Datenproduzenten in zwei Modulen mit drei parallel angebotenen Veranstaltungslinien (streams).

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Universität Bielefeld
    20. Sept 2013

    30 Years of German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP)
    Anniversary Colloquium on Happiness Research

    The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) is currently collecting its 30th wave of data. We would like to celebrate this milestone with a colloquium on "Happiness Research", which has become one of the central fields of research with the SOEP data over the last ten years.

    An increasing number of SOEP users are focusing on themes of satisfaction and happiness in their analyses, and we therefore are delighted to announce that internationally renown researchers have agreed to present their findings in keynote speeches at the colloquium. 

    In a special session, awards for the best papers based on SOEP data published in 2011 and 2012 will then be presented by the Chairman of the Board of the Society of Friends of DIW Berlin (VdF), which is also the main sponsor of the colloquium.

    How to get there

    Mehr Informationen
    Keynote Speakers
  • Conchita D'Ambrosio (University of Luxembourg/Luxembourg), Paul Frijters (University of Queensland/Australia), Bruce Headey (University of Melbourne/Australia), Rich Lucas (Michigan State University/USA), Andrew Oswald (University of Warwick/UK), Nilam Ram (Pennstate University/USA), and Rainer Winkelmann (University of Zurich/Switzerland).
  • Ort
    Hertie School of Governance Raum: Forum A Friedrichstr. 180 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    18. Sept 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The effects of flexible working hours on German couples' wages

    Working flexible hours is believed to increase an employee's productivity, which is claimed to result in higher wages. This enhancement of productivity is attributed to a reduction in work-life stress as well as to the employee's ability to work non-core hours. Despite these claims, there is no sufficient quantitative evidence as to whether this effect of flexible hours on wages exists. If interpreted as a lack of commitment, taking up flexible working hours could also be punished with lower wages. The SOEP provides a unique opportunity to test these opposing wage arguments. Moreover, with this household panel, for the first time, one can test whether partners profit from changes in couple-level flexibility. Fixed effects analysis is used to test the opposing arguments. Furthermore, the paper looks at who uses the flexible working hours.

    Referent/-in
  • Laura Langner (Rienecker) (University of Oxford)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    17. - 18. Sept 2013

    SOEPcampus SOEPcampus@Universität Bamberg 2013
    International SOEP User Workshop

    The SOEP in cooperation with Johannes Giesecke (University of Bamberg) and the Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences (BAGSS) will be organizing an international workshop (in English). 

    The workshop offers participants the opportunity to gain a broad, well-grounded understanding of how to work with the SOEP data. In addition to providing an overview of the structure and possibilities for analysis offered by the SOEP, the workshop will focus on questions about the sample and weighting, international comparisons based on the SOEP, and intergenerational analysis. Participation is free of charge.
    If you are interested, please contact SOEP team member Christine Kurka at .

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Universität Bamberg
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    17. Juli 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply estimation with endogenous rationing. An application to the federal minimum wage in Germany

    This paper extends a standard static structural labor supply framework by taking labor demand constraints into account. Contrary to previous papers the rationing risk is not only determined by exogenous demand side factors, but also depends on the individual's productivity. The resulting labor supply elasticities from the extended framework differ from the unconstrained model. This approach is shown to be particularly useful for evaluating policy reforms that affect labor supply incentives and have direct consequences for labor costs. We apply the model to analyze the employment effects of a federal minimum wage in Germany as well as the impact of employer- vs. employee-oriented wage subsidies under a statutory minimum.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    10. Juli 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar What is the effort for? Employment histories and incomes in later life in Europe

    The income situation of the elderly population in modern welfare states is the result of an interplay of individual developments over the life course and the national institutional and policy framework. While achievements on the labor market generally are the basis for the economic status in retirement, their actual effect, however, may vary according to the specific national conditions related to pension system, labor market policy and gender regime. I use data of the SHARELIFE study (3rd wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe), which contains life-history information of older individuals in 13 European countries, to analyze individual and institutional determinants of the income situation in later life and their interplay. The results show, first, considerable cross-national variation in the effect of employment history characteristics, especially regarding female part-time employment and family care. Second, institutional factors shape the relationship of employment history and old age income situation of women, while those factors are rather irrelevant for the income situation of older men.
    The talk will also include a comparison of SHARE and SOEP regarding the survey procedures for retrospective employment history information.

    Referent/-in
  • Katja Möhring (GK SOCLIFE, University of Cologne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
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