Archiv der Veranstaltungen

Vom SOEP organisierte und/oder unterstützte Veranstaltungen

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10. April 2013

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Association between Educational Fields and Parenthood: The Question of 'How'

Research on education and fertility has been enriched by studies that take the educational field into account next to the educational level. But what causes the association between educational fields and fertility? This paper contributes to the existing literature by examining how characteristics of educational fields are related to the transition to parenthood and the timing of the first birth.

The data come from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). The analysis focusses on women in Western Germany, who hold a vocational or university degree and did not become mothers prior to graduation. Discrete Event History Models are applied to examine the impact of the share of women, the probability for employment in the public sector, the probability of part-time employment, the occupational specificity and the income potential of the educational field a woman is educated in on the transition to parenthood. To examine the impact of these characteristics on the timing of the first birth, two time axes are compared: the years since graduation and age.

The relationship between the share of women in a field and the transition rates to parenthood appears to be u-shaped, with high transition rates for women educated in fields with a low or an outstandingly high share of women. A negative relationship is found between the probability of public sector employment in a field and transition to parenthood, while the probability to work part-time positively impacts on the transition to parenthood. The occupational specificity of a field only impacts on the timing: women educated in fields with a high occupational specificity tend to postpone the birth of a first child but catch-up later. No impact of income potential of a field is found.

Referent/-in
  • Anja Oppermann (Universität Köln)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    21. - 22. März 2013

    9th International Young Scholar German Socio-Economic Panel Symposium

    For the 9th time the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS) of the University of Bremen and the Jacobs University and the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) in collaboration with the Hanse Institute for Advanced Study (HWK) are pleased to announce the “International Young Scholar German Socio-Economic Panel Symposium”.

    The symposium provides an opportunity for doctoral students and young postdoctoral researcher of all disciplines (e.g. economics, demography, psychology, sociology, public health, geography) to present empirical research in progress – carried out with panel data (especially SOEP data) – and to discuss theoretical, conceptual and empirical issues with senior researchers.

    We encourage interested young scholars to submit abstracts. If you would like to attend the symposium, please submit an abstract of your topic (350 words, in English) together with complete contact information before November 15, 2012. We will inform you whether your proposal has been accepted before December 15, 2012. The deadline for submission of the full paper will be February 28, 2013. All accepted papers will be made accessible to commentators and participants one month prior to the symposium.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Hanse Wissenschaftskolleg Delmenhorst/ Germany
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Anne Luise Baumann (abaumann@bigsss-bremen.de) and
    Maike Schulz (mschulz@bigsss-bremen.de)
    20. März 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Bank’s trading activity, the lending channel and real investment - Evidence from individual firm-bank relationships in Germany

    What began as a financial crisis in 2007/2008 quickly became a massive crisis of the real economy. We investigate the importance of the bank lending and firm borrowing channel in the transmission of asset price shocks to real investment. For the analysis we match individual firm and bank financial statements in Germany for the period of 2004-2010. The data include a large number of medium sized businesses. Using IV estimations in first differences to eliminate firm- and bank-specific effects, we find that banks which experience losses from their trading activities cut back lending, and firms whose relationship banks reduce lending decrease investment. The results support the view that a separation of own trading from commercial bank activities may contribute to shielding the real economy from financial crises.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    13. März 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar What can survey question ordering experiments tell us about fertility decision making?

    Objective: In surveys, preceding questions can influence respondents' answers to later questions. As an individual's opinions toward their own fertility are highly dependent upon their circumstances, we test whether prior questions might influence the reporting of fertility preferences.

    Methods: We use three experiments which manipulate the ordering of questions to examine the priming effects of preceding questions. The first two experiments test the effects on childbearing intentions of preceding questions on mortality and morbidity, using an internet survey given to students (n=872 and n=2365) at UK higher education institutions. The third experiment tests for an effect on childbearing intentions of preceding questions on close friends and family using participants (n=409) from the Innovation Panel of the UK Household Longitudinal Study, a broadly representative survey of the UK population.

    Results: The first two experiments shows that for males, but not females, fertility preferences are significantly higher for individuals primed with questions on mortality and morbidity compared to the control group. The third experiment shows that unmarried participants significantly increase their expectation of having a child after questions on close friends and family compared to controls.

    Conclusions: We conclude that fertility preferences are responsive to subtle primes, such as preceding questions. This needs to be taken into account when comparing across surveys. These experiments also highlight the uncertainty of fertility attitudes and thus the plasticity of fertility decision making.

    Referent/-in
  • Paul Mathews (ISER, University of Essex)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    6. März 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Distributional Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap

    This study investigates the relationship between locally available quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC) institutions and the probability of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care arrangements. By considering several indicators of structural quality we extend the existing literature which has mostly focused on the importance of availability or costs of ECEC services for maternal work-care choices during the early years. We investigate the relationships with formal and informal care use, which mostly have been examined in two separate strands of the literature. Furthermore, we provide differentiated analyses for mothers with children aged under three and from three to school age, for East and West Germany, and for partnered and single mothers.

    The empirical analysis is based on the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and on the "Families in Germany"-Study (FiD) for 2010 and 2011, which are linked with regional data on structural quality from German youth and welfare offices in 2010. We use probit regression models of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care, respectively. These components of maternal work-care decisions are interdependent and may be influenced by common unobserved factors. Therefore, the error terms between the probit regressions are allowed to correlate in a framework of seemingly unrelated estimations. Our results show negative associations of local child-teacher-ratios with maternal (full-time) employment and (full-day) formal ECEC use in several subgroups. The effects are stronger for single mothers compared to those with a partner and stronger in West Germany than in East Germany. Other structural quality indicators, such as group size and teacher education, are not significantly related to or show counterintuitive associations with maternal work-care arrangements.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    27. Februar 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The role of family risk attitudes in education and intergenerational mobility: An empirical analysis

    This paper analyses the role of family risk attitudes in intergenerational mobility in incomes and education. Based on 1984-2009 data of sons and fathers from the German Socio-Economic Panel Survey, there is evidence suggesting that sons with risk taking fathers have a significantly higher educational mobility and persistently higher income mobility than peers with risk averse fathers. They obtain significantly higher levels of education, which would be justified by modest evidence on higher returns to education. The relationship seems more complex for sons' own risk attitudes. Risk taking sons experience higher educational mobility, but there is no difference in income mobility to risk averse sons. There are no considerable differences in the levels of education, but modest evidence suggesting lower returns to education for risk taking sons. The findings improve the understanding of the intergenerational transmission mechanism of economic status and show that family risk attitudes impact economic mobility. The study suggests an important intergenerational link between fathers' risk attitudes and sons' levels of education, which has not received much attention in the literature.

    Referent/-in
  • Mathias Hübener (University College London)
  • Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    25. - 26. Februar 2013

    SOEPcampus SOEPcampus@DIW Berlin 2013
    Workshop zur Einführung in die Nutzung von SOEP-Daten

    Am 25. und 26. Februar 2013 veranstalten wir in Zusammenarbeit mit der TU Berlin wieder einen deutschsprachigen Einführungskurs zur Analyse der SOEP-Daten bei uns in Berlin. Neben einleitenden Plenarveranstaltungen mit Vorträgen zu Inhalt, Struktur und Nutzungsmöglichkeiten der SOEP-Daten, Hochrechnung und Gewichtung, sowie Analyseverfahren für Paneldaten liegt der Schwerpunkt des Workshops in Hands-on-Sessions. In deren Verlauf wird der Umgang mit den SOEP-Daten auf Basis verschiedener Softwarepakete am PC in kleinen Arbeitsgruppen geübt. Zudem wird auch das umfangreiche Dokumentationsmaterial und die SOEP-Support-Software (SOEPlit, SOEPinfo, Desktop Companion) vorgestellt.

    Anmeldung

    Eine Anmeldung war ab 7. Januar möglich, leider ist der Kurs jetzt schon überbucht, so dass wir keine Anmeldungen mehr entgegennehmen können.

    Veranstaltungsort: DIW Berlin, Mohrenstr, 58, 10117 Berlin.
    Die Teilnahme am Workshop ist abgesehen von einer geringen Verpflegungspauschale kostenlos. Die Reisekosten müssen jedoch selbst übernommen werden.

    Vorausgesetzte Kenntnisse

    Eine absolute Voraussetzung sind Kenntnisse einer Analyse-Software: Der Workshop gibt eine Einführung in die Analyse der SOEP-Daten, jedoch nicht in Software-Pakete wie Stata oder SPSS. Teilen Sie uns mit der Anmeldung bitte mit, welches Software-Paket Sie vorrangig nutzen. Weiterhin bitten wir um stichwortartige Angaben zur inhaltlichen Fragestellung, die Sie mit den SOEP-Daten bearbeiten wollen, sowie zum geplanten Untersuchungsdesign.

    Für den Workshop ist es von Vorteil, wenn Sie mit Struktur und Fragestellungen des SOEP vertraut sind. Wir empfehlen deswegen die Vorab-Lektüre der demnächst erscheinenden Neuauflage des SOEP-Handbuchs "Desktop-Companion." 
    .

    Sollten Sie weitere Fragen zum Workshop haben, wenden Sie sich bitte an  ().

    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    22. Februar 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Student Awareness of Costs and Benefits of Educational Decisions: Effects of an Information Campaign

    Abstract: University fees have recently trebled in England and there are fears that many young people may be put off from participating in further and higher education – especially those from low income backgrounds. This could exacerbate inequalities that are already very stark in the UK. In this paper, we investigate students’ knowledge and their receptiveness to information campaigns about the costs and benefits of staying on in education. We design an ‘information campaign’ that gives some simple facts about economic and financial aspects of educational decisions and test students’ response to this campaign. The fieldwork for our information campaign took place over the period in which the trebling of university fees was announced. This was widely reported in the media, so we also test receptiveness to the surrounding media campaign. The analysis shows evidence of large gaps in students’ knowledge, which are influenced both by the information campaign and media reporting about the increase of tuition fees. However, the latter greatly increased the perception of going to university as ‘too expensive’ – especially among low income groups. Our experiment shows that simple information campaigns can help to mitigate this negative impact on attitudes.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Dr Sandra McNally, LSE
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 490
    20. Februar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Day-care quality and work-care choices of mothers in Germany

    This study investigates the relationship between locally available quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC) institutions and the probability of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care arrangements. By considering several indicators of structural quality we extend the existing literature which has mostly focused on the importance of availability or costs of ECEC services for maternal work-care choices during the early years. We investigate the relationships with formal and informal care use, which mostly have been examined in two separate strands of the literature. Furthermore, we provide differentiated analyses for mothers with children aged under three and from three to school age, for East and West Germany, and for partnered and single mothers.

    The empirical analysis is based on the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and on the "Families in Germany"-Study (FiD) for 2010 and 2011, which are linked with regional data on structural quality from German youth and welfare offices in 2010. We use probit regression models of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care, respectively. These components of maternal work-care decisions are interdependent and may be influenced by common unobserved factors. Therefore, the error terms between the probit regressions are allowed to correlate in a framework of seemingly unrelated estimations. Our results show negative associations of local child-teacher-ratios with maternal (full-time) employment and (full-day) formal ECEC use in several subgroups. The effects are stronger for single mothers compared to those with a partner and stronger in West Germany than in East Germany. Other structural quality indicators, such as group size and teacher education, are not significantly related to or show counterintuitive associations with maternal work-care arrangements.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    13. Februar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Incidence of Social Security Contributions - Empirical Evidence for Germany

    This paper exploits an increase of the East German taxable maximum of health insurance to analyse the incidence of social security contributions. A difference-in-differences approach is used to estimate the effects on yearly changes in gross wages. Employees earning somewhat less than the taxable maximum serve as control group. I find that considerable shifting in any direction can be rejected.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    8. Februar 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Heterogeneous returns over the lifecycle? Re-examining the returns to education in the UK

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Matt Dickson, University of Bath
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 526
    1. Februar 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Illusion of School Choice: Empirical Evidence from Barcelona

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Maia Güell, University of Edinburgh
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 526
    30. Januar 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Body and Mind in the SOEP: Longitudinal interplay between physical health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control

    The relationship between body and mind has fascinated thinkers for centuries. During the last decade empirical research has started to unravel the processes mediating between indicators of physical health and psychological variables. However, longitudinal studies on representative samples on these processes are still scarce. The aim of the present study is to assess the longitudinal interplay between functional health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control. Data from participants of the SOEP with information on functional health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control are analyzed. Functional health is measured by grip strength in 2006 and 2010, subjective sleep quality was rated in 2008 and 2010, and perceived control was assessed in 2005 and 2010. Autoregressive crossed-lagged panel analysis is applied in three age groups (< 40 years, 40 – 59 years, and >59 years) controlling gender and age within the age group.

    Referent/-in
  • Sakari Lemola (Uni Basel)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    16. Januar 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Growing up in a children’s home alters the set-point of general life satisfaction throughout the adult life-span

    Little is known on childhood adversities such as growing up in children's home and enduring differences in life satisfaction in adulthood. In the present study we tested whether individuals reared in children's homes differ in their general life satisfaction from people raised in their families. The data comprised of 19,210 German adults (51.5% female) aged from 17 to 101 years (M = 44.79 years, SD = 18.74 years) and were provided by the SOEP, an ongoing, nationally representative longitudinal study of private households in Germany. Compared to people raised in families, individuals reared in children's homes reported significantly lower general life satisfaction in the manner of a dose response relationship. Therefore, growing up in a children's home can be regarded as a game changer - a factor that may alter children's life prospects indelibly.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    9. Januar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen How learning a musical instrument affects educational achievement

    Learning a musical instrument during childhood may increase educational opportunities by improving cognitive skills, teaching non-cognitive skills or by sending positive signals to teachers. Our study tests these hypotheses with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, which contains information on musical practice during childhood as well as detailed parental background characteristics. In order to reduce the bias resulting from non-random selection into musical practice, we use propensity score matching. Moreover, we test the robustness of our results with siblings fixed effects. We find that learning a musical instrument improves cognitive skills by 0.3 and school marks by 0.15 standard deviations. Educational ambitions improve whereas non-cognitive skills do not seem to be affected. Positive effects are stronger for children from lower socio-economic status.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    19. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Die Nachfrage nach Energie, Mobilität und Freizeit und Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage

    Ein Nachfragesystem, dass Mobilität, Energiegüter und Freizeit (respektive Arbeitsangebot) einschließt, wird mit den Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichproben (EVS) der Jahre 1998, 2003 und 2008 geschätzt. Getrennt für Single- und Paarhaushalte weren Eigen- und Kreuzpreiselastizitäten berechnet, mit denen die Auswirkungen der EEG Umlage simuliert werden. Die EEG Umlage wirkt wie eine Stromsteuer und führte zwischen 2008 und 2013 zu einer Steigerung des Strompreises für die Haushalte von im Schnitt 25,9%.
    Belastungswirkungen, Nachfrageeffekte, Arbeitsangebot, Aufkommenswirkungen und Wohlfahrtseffekte werden mit dem Nachfragesystem simuliert.

    Der Vortrag findet auf deutsch statt.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    12. Dez 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Are we architects of our own happiness? The importance of family background for well-being

    Modern societies and economies are built on the promise that individuals are basically free to choose actions to achieve their greatest happiness. This implies that individuals are the architects of their own happiness (or well-being). Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper analyzes to which extent individuals' well-being is determined not by their own actions but by the influence of their family background. We present sibling correlations as well as intergenerational correlations in well-being.
    We find high sibling correlations for all areas of subjective well-being and therefore substantial influence of family background. This influence weakens with the siblings' distance from their parental home. The comparison of sibling correlations with intergenerational correlations shows that the influence of family background is much stronger than suggested by traditional one dimensional measures of intergenerational mobility.

    Referent/-in
  • Christoph Wunder (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    5. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Health risks and insurance against work incapacity over the life-cycle

    This paper proposes a structural life-cycle model to analyze the links between individuals' health, labor market participation, wealth accumulation, and early retirement. I rely on the framework of a dynamic programming discrete choice model which is estimated using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study. A sequential Expectation-Maximization algorithm is used to obtain good starting values for a subsequent full information maximum likelihood estimation. A policy analysis focuses on the early retirement option of the German statutory pension scheme which constitutes an insurance against work incapacity. I simulate scenarios where health shocks do or do not occur at different ages during the life-cycle for individuals with differing endowments at age 40. A comparison of expected consumption paths and net present values of expected life-cycle incomes between the scenarios sheds some light on health-related poverty risks and the magnitude of risks being uninsured by the German early retirement scheme. Furthermore, I investigate a counterfactual policy scenario where reductions on the pension benefits of early retirees are abolished for individuals who are in bad health.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    28. Nov 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Regional Differences in Retirement Timing

    Referent/-in
  • Susanne Strauss (Uni Tübingen, currently guest researcher at DIW)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    21. Nov 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Examining the Structure of Spatial Health Effects using Hierarchical Bayes Models

    Abstract

    This paper makes use of Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects. We focus on Germany and combine rich individual-level household panel data with administrative county-level information to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable, we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. Our findings reveal strong and highly significant spatial dependencies and clusters. The strong and systematic county-level impact is comparable to an age effect on health of up to 30 years. Even 20 years after the peaceful German reunification, we detect a clear spatial East-West health pattern that equals an age impact on health of up to 15 life years.

    Referent/-in
  • in Zusammenarbeit mit Nicolas R. Ziebarth (Cornell University)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
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