Archiv der Veranstaltungen

Vom SOEP organisierte und/oder unterstützte Veranstaltungen

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27. Sept 2012

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Special Brown Bag Seminar
Dead Man Walking: The Impact of Over-Education on Life Satisfaction

The negative effects of unemployment on wellbeing have been clearly documented in the economics literature. However some current employees may move directly into a new job, never experiencing an unemployment spell, yet find themselves in a new job underutilising their skills or education ("downchanges"). We assess empirically, whether downchanges are similar to unemployment spells, in that they both decrease measures of wellbeing, controlling for observables and time-invariant unobservables. Theoretically persons should only make job moves that are pareto optimal. However, we find significant negative impacts of downchanges on wellbeing amounting to about a quarter of the magnitude of being unemployed, and consider this to be a form of as "hidden unemployment". This suggests that labour market participants prefer a poorer match at their new job than remaining at their old job entering into unemployment, suggesting some kind of forcing out of the old job.

Referent/-in
  • John P. Haisken-DeNew (MIAESR, University of Melbourne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:00
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    24. - 26. Sept 2012

    SOEPcampus SOEPcampus at datalab2012@Universität Bielefeld
    "Analysepotentiale sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungsdaten - Längsschnittliche und kontextbezogene Daten"

    Die Veranstaltung findet vom 24. bis 26. September 2012 an der Universität Bielefeld statt. Vom 15. Juli 2012 an können Sie sich anmelden! Die Veranstaltung richtet sich insbesondere an DoktorandInnen und NachwuchswissenschaftlerInnen, aber auch an Studierende aus den Fächern Soziologie, Ökonomie, Politikwissenschaft und Psychologie.

    Im Rahmen des SOEP-Moduls werden neben einer Einführung in den Datensatz viele praktische Übungen zur Aufbereitung von SOEP-Daten angeboten, außerdem wird die Veranstaltung begleitet von ExpertInnenvorträgen zum Thema Paneldaten. In den computerbezogenen Lehreinheiten wird ausschließlich die Statistik-Software STATA verwendet. TeilnehmerInnen ohne STATA-Kenntnisse wird deshalb eine Einführungsveranstaltung am 24. September 2012 angeboten.

    Zudem setzt der Workshop Kenntnisse in multivariaten Analyseverfahren voraus.

    Ausführliche Informationen zum Workshop sowie die Online-Anmeldung finden Sie hier.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Universität Bielefeld
    9. August 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Nonresponse in Online-Befragungen. Zur Nutzung von prozessproduzierten Daten für die Bewertung und Verbesserung der Datenqualität

    Der Großteil der Daten, die für sozialwissenschaftliche Fragestellungen genutzt werden, stammt aus Befragungen. Schon seit mehreren Jahren haben Online-Befragungen gegenüber telefonischen und persönlichen Befragungen einen enormen Aufschwung erlebt. Üblicherweise sind bei Befragungen Ausschöpfungsquoten von 100 Prozent nicht zu erreichen. Die Ausschöpfungsquoten von Online-Befragungen liegen in der Regel deutlich unter denen von telefonischen und postalischen Umfragen und erreichen Ausschöpfungsquoten zwischen 10 und 30 Prozent. Für Forscher, die für ihre inhaltlichen Fragestellungen auf diese Daten zurückgreifen, stellt sich die Frage, inwiefern auf dieser Datengrundlage valide Aussagen über die interessierende Grundgesamtheit getroffen werden können. Für die Abschätzung einer Stichprobenverzerrung aufgrund von Unit-Nonresponse ist die Ausschöpfungsquote, die oft als einziger Indikator zur Verfügung steht, nicht hinreichend. Hierfür werden möglichst breite Informationen über Teilnehmer und Nichtteilnehmer der Befragung benötigt. Im Unterschied zu klassischen Offlinebefragungen, bietet das Internet durch das Anfallen von prozessproduzierten Daten einen reichhaltigen Datenfundus, der für Zwecke zur Bewertung und Verbesserung der Datenqualität gewinnbringend genutzt werden kann.
    Anhand von Daten aus einer Online-Umfrage, die auf einer Online-Kontaktbörse erhoben wurde und die eine Ausschöpfung von 10 Prozent erreicht hat, zeigen wir das Potenzial der zusätzlich anfallenden prozessproduzierten Daten für eine Nonresponse-Analyse. Unsere Nonresponse-Analyse zeigt zum Teil deutliche Gruppenunterschiede im Teilnahmeverhalten. Die Analyse zeigt zudem, dass die Salienz des Befragungsthemas einen starken Einfluss auf die Teilnahmebereitschaft hat. Anhand eines inhaltlichen Analysebeispiels verdeutlichen wir dann, wie die Ergebnisse der Nonresponse-Analyse zur statistischen Korrektur einer aufgedeckten Stichprobenverzerrung eingesetzt werden können.
    Aus der Analyse schlussfolgern wir, dass in der Konzeption von Online-Umfragen verstärkt ausgelotet werden sollte, inwiefern prozessproduzierte Daten, die im Kontext vieler Internetanwendungen per se anfallen, für eine Nonresponse-Analyse nutzbar gemacht werden können.

    Referent/-in
  • Doreen Zillmann und Andreas Schmitz (Universität Bamberg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    8. August 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Number of siblings, birth order and maternal investments in preschool children: Resource dilution or resource augmentation?

    This study aims to explore the relationship between sibling number, birth order and maternal time investments in preschool children. Using the GSOEP and "Familien in Deutschland", we investigate maternal time investments in children aged 2-3 and 5-6. The dependent variables consist of two dimensions extracted from the mother's self-reported frequencies in various activities with children activities at home and outside activities. By fitting a random-effects and a fixed-effects model for two measurement points, we give answer to two questions: (a) To what extent do maternal time investments vary between children in families with different sibling compositions? (b) How do these investments change for the same child across time with the birth of a new sibling? The results show that there are quantitative and qualitative differences in time spent by mothers inside and outside the home. (a) There is an advantage for the firstborn with increasing sibship size, even when compared to an only child. Investments in middle and lastborn children get rather diluted with each additional sibling. The child's sex matters only for activities outside the home. (b) Children are more affected by the birth of a new sibling when they already have a younger sibling. The effect of time investments is positive for activities at home, but quite ambiguous for activities outside the home and varies with the child's sex and birth position. Regarding covariates, child care support leads to an increase in maternal time investments, whereas mother's working hours and household income have no impact.

    Referent/-in
  • Magdalena Osmanowski und Andrés Cardona (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    25. Juli 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Special Brown Bag Seminar
    Der neue Datensatz BIOSIB

    Daniel D. Schnitzlein stellt kurz den neuen Datensatz BIOSIB mit den Geschwisterzeigern vor, um ihn dann zur Diskussion zu stellen.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:00
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    18. Juli 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Wage Mobility in East and West Germany

    This article studies long run patterns and explanations of wage mobility as a characteristic of regional labor markets. Using German administrative data we describe wage mobility since 1975 in West and since 1992 in East Germany. Wage mobility declined substantially in East Germany in the 1990s and moderately in East and West Germany since the late 1990s. Therefore, wage mobility does not balance recent increases in cross-sectional wage inequality. We apply RIF regression based decompositions to measure the role of factors associated with these mobility changes. Increasing job stability plays an important role in the East German mobility decline.
    Link: http://ftp.iza.org/dp6246.pdf

     

    Autoren
  • Prof. Dr. Regina T. Riphahn, LMU München
  • Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    4. Juli 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The treatment effect of attending a high-quality school and the influence of unobservables

    This paper studies the effect of attending a high-quality middle school on subsequent educational outcomes. The analysis is based on data from the German socio-economic household panel in which we observe children when they make their secondary school decisions (in the age between 10-12) and later when they self-report on their intentions with regard to their further educational pathway (in the age of 16-17). To identify the treatment effect, we use a regression-control framework as well as an instrumental variable approach (based on local supply of schools). In a second step, we carefully examine the influence of unobservable characteristics in both methods using the new technique proposed by Altonji, Elder and Taber (2005). Our findings suggest that unobservable characteristics are indeed crucial to the validity of the research design. While we find large positive and significant effects of attending a high-quality school, we cannot rule out that the estimates are not in fact driven by selection on unobservables.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    26. Juni 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Data preparation of the new SOEP consumption module - Editing, imputation and smoothing

    In 2010 the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) for the first time included a detailed consumption module in the household questionnaire. This presentation discusses several methodological challenges of the new module and suggests remedy measures. The methodological challenges include inconsistencies between monthly and annual consumption information, missing values and a high incidence of heaping.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:00 - 13:00
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    18. - 20. Juni 2012

    SOEPcampus SOEPcampus@Universität Mannheim 2012
    Workshop "Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)"

    An der Universität Mannheim findet vom 18. bis zum 20. Juni 2012 ein Workshop zur Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem SOEP statt. Der Workshop wird von Prof. Dr. Thomas Gautschi von der Universität Mannheim und der Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences (GESS) in Zusammenarbeit mit dem SOEP am DIW Berlin durchgeführt. Die Veranstaltung richtet sich an fortgeschrittene Studierende, DoktorandInnen und NachwuchswissenschaftlerInnen aus den Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Der Workshop bietet die Möglichkeit,
    einen fundierten Einblick in das Arbeiten mit dem SOEP zu erhalten. Es wird ein Überblick über die Analysemöglichkeiten mit dem SOEP und eine Einführung in die Datenaufbereitung gegeben. Weiterhin werden zwei Verfahren zur Analyse von Paneldaten vorgestellt (Panelregression, Propensity Score Matching) -  einschließlich von Übungen auf Basis des SOEP. Zusammen bieten beide Teile
    eine Grundlage für eigene Forschungsarbeiten mit dem SOEP und ähnlichen Längsschnittdatensätzen.


    Vorkenntnisse
    Voraussetzung für die Teilnahme sind solide Kenntnisse in multivariaten Analyseverfahren und erste praktische Erfahrungen mit der Datenanalyse. Kenntnisse im Arbeiten mit dem SOEP werden nicht vorausgesetzt. In den Beispielen und Übungen im Rahmen des Workshops wird ausschließlich das Statistikprogrammpaket STATA verwendet.

    Organisation & Anmeldung
    Ansprechpartner seitens des Center for Doctoral Studies in Social and Behavioral Sciences in Mannheim (CDSS) ist Marcus Brocard (). Auf der Homepage der GESS finden Sie ein Anmeldeformular sowie weitere Informationen zum Workshop und Details zum Programm. Die TeilnehmerInnenzahl ist begrenzt. Die Teilnahmegebühr beträgt 30,– € (reduziert für Studierende 10,– €).

    Ort
    Universität Mannheim
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Marcus Brocard (cdss@uni-mannheim.de)
    13. Juni 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Socioeconomic status, Parenting practices, and Conscientiousness in Early Childhood

    The role of personality traits in the production of social inequality has increasingly been the subject of sociological inquiry. Conscientiousness, in particular, has proven to be an important predictor of educational achievement and occupational attainment. The importance of conscientiousness in predicting unequal outcomes in the life course leads to the question of whether differences in this trait have their origins in social stratification. Parenting practices have been shown to vary across socioeconomic strata and to influence children's outcomes in different ways. Yet there has been little research to date on the extent to which dimensions of parenting mediate or moderate the effects of SES on child outcomes. The main objective of this paper is to identify whether primary caregivers in Germany differ in their parenting practices by socioeconomic characteristics, and whether these affect the development of conscientiousness in early childhood.

    The study analyzes data from the SOEP, in which children are observed at three measurement points: 0-23 months, 2-3 years, and 5-6 years (N=519).

    The results suggest that in Germany,  parenting practices, which, as expected, differ across  SES, partially mediate the relaton between SES and childs conscientiousness.  Results remain unchanged even after the effect of infant/toddler temperament on parenting practices is taken into account.

    Referent/-in
  • Till Kaiser (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    6. Juni 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Effects of introducing a general interest barrier - Evidence from the German corporate tax reform 2008

    In this study we investigate the impact of the thin capitalization rule (TCR) introduced in Germany in 2008 on firms; capital structure, investment and profitability. Since all firms are better off by avoiding the TCR, this means analyzing firms; behavior to avoid the TCR. The identification of the causal effects is based on the escape clauses in the regulation using a difference-in-difference approach. Our results present evidence that firms strongly react (to the new regulation) in order to avoid the limited deductibility of interest expenses: They either decrease their debt ratio or split their assets to use the exemption limit. The latter is especially used by firms with an interest result around the exemption limit of the interest barrier. In general no negative investment effects are caused in the short run by the TCR. This suggests that a part of the firms is able to substitute equity for debt at low costs or expects to be able to circumvent the regulation. However, investment might also be fixed in the short-run for example due to long-lasting contracts. Moreover, our results suggest that the TCR is quite successful in broadening the tax base in the short-run.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    30. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Die Analyse von Paneldaten in der deutschsprachigen empirischen Soziologie

    Zur Ausschöpfung des Potentials von Paneldaten bedarf es der Anwendung spezifischer Methoden. In einschlägigen methodischen Publikation werden dabei solche Analyseinstrumente als geeignet verhandelt, welche die Längsschnittinformation der Daten durch Transformationen isolieren, wie Fixed Effects oder First Differences. Trotzdem zeigen (Meta-) Untersuchungen zur Methodenwahl in soziologischen Fachorganen (z.B. Halaby 2004), dass in der empirischen Soziologie bisher noch kein Standard zur Analyse von Paneldaten etabliert ist.

    Im Lichte dieser Zusammenhänge soll unsere Studie aufklären, wie weit in der deutschsprachigen Soziologie solche Methoden verbreitet sind, welche das in Paneldaten enthaltene Potential zur Kausalitätsannäherung abrufen. Dazu wird im Rahmen einer Metaanalyse von empirischen Panelstudien aus der Zeitschrift für Soziologie (ZFS) und der Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie (KZFSS) der Gebrauch verschiedener Methoden systematisiert, analysiert und schließlich bewertet.

    Konkret sollen erstens die Erkenntnisse aus dem methodischen Diskurs zur Angemessenheit verschiedener Analyseverfahren aufgegriffen und illustriert werden. Zweitens werden 46 vorliegende deutschsprachige Panelstudien aus den Jahren 2000 bis 2009 mit Blick auf die Methodenwahl analysiert und verglichen. Dabei soll insbesondere überprüft werden, ob a.) die Annäherung an die Kausalitätsinterpretation (direkt oder indirekt) als Motiv zur Verwendung von Paneldaten artikuliert wird, b.) die verwendeten methodischen Instrumente konsistent zum kommunizierten Motiv sind und c.) die Begründung der Methodenwahl im methodischen Diskurs verankert ist. Drittens erfolgt auf Grundlage der Auswertung eine Bewertung des panelanaltischen Methodengebrauchs innerhalb der deutschsprachigen Soziologie.  

    Referent/-in
  • Michael Windzio (Direktor EMPAS an der Universität Bremen)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    23. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Changes in the Patterns of Poverty Duration in Germany Over 1992-2010*

    Despite the introduction of major social policy reforms, since the mid-1980s Germany has been experiencing a steady increase in poverty rates among general population. It gave a boost to a great number of studies trying to explain why it happened. By applying decomposition techniques they have been exploring what kind of changes in household structures and labor market conditions of households could have potentially contributed to the dramatic increase in poverty rates over the recent two decades. At the same time, the literature available in the field does not shed light on how poverty duration has been evolving over time as well as what kind of forces might be responsible for it.

    Hence, this paper aims at exploring and explaining changes in the patterns of poverty duration in Germany over 1992-2010. To be more precise, the following set of questions will be addressed: (1) How the distribution of time spent by individuals in poverty evolved over 1992-2010? (2) Have the probabilities to exit (re-entry) poverty for spells with different durations changed over the period of interest and, if yes, how? (3) Which socio-economic and demographic characteristic of individuals and their households became more important determinants of poverty exits (re-entries) and which ones lost their significance with time? (4) What kind of social and economic policies introduced in 1992-2010 can be potentially responsible for the observed changes in the patterns of poverty duration?
    The primary method applied for the empirical part of the paper is discrete-time survival analysis based on the joint modeling of poverty entries and exits, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity and initial condition problem. In order to capture changes in poverty durations over time and explore potential contributions of different forces to these changes a five-year moving window is created and used for the analysis. It permits to investigate when exactly a change occurred and what forces might be potentially responsible for it.

    The data for the analysis is derived from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The waves covering 1990-2010 are used for the sample construction with the purpose to incorporate information on both Western and Eastern parts of Germany into analysis.

    Referent/-in
  • Iryna Kyzyma (CEPS/INSTEAD, BIGSSS)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    23. Mai 2012

    In absolute or relative terms? How framing prices affects the consumer price sensitivity of health plan choice
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:This paper provides field evidence on (a) how price framing affects consumers' decision to switch health insurance plans and (b) how the price elasticity of demand for health insurance can be influenced by policymakers through simple regulatory efforts. In 2009, in order to foster competition among health insurance companies, German federal regulation required health insurance companies to express price differences between health plans in absolute Euro values rather than percentage point payroll tax differences. Using individuallevel panel data, as well as aggregated health plan-level panel data, we find that the reform led to a sixfold increase in an individual's switching probability and a threefold demand elasticity increase.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Nicolas R. Ziebarth (Cornell University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    16. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Day care (quality) and differences in child outcomes

    Studies in recent years show that universal child care has a beneficial impact on children‘s outcomes (e.g., Havnes/Mogstad 2009, 2011, Datta‐Gupta/Simonsen 2010, 2011). However evidence remains mixed on whether all types of day care attendance have a positive effect on children's development.  Some papers show that day care attendance can also negatively influence child outcomes: e.g. Seyda (2009) or Landvogit et al. (2007) examine if day care attendance increases children's likelihood to attend higher secondary education by accounting for full-time and part-time day care attendance. Both studies conclude that a longer duration decreases children's likelihood of higher secondary schooling. Yet, these studies investigate attendance vs. non‐attendance, or formal care vs. informal care, but day care "quantity" and day care quality are rarely differentiated.

    By combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) and administrative data on day care quality, this paper examines potential effects of duration of day care attendance as well as the underlying structural quality of day care institutions at the "Jugendamtsbezirk" (youth welfare office) level on changes in children's health or personality traits. If parents regard day care as an investment in the human capital of children, they were to prefer day care centers with "better" quality. Day care facilities vary in terms of structural quality, e.g. staff-child-ratio, group size, or education of day care teachers. Hence while it might be beneficial to attend a day care center, a longer stay at a facility with mediocre quality might have negative consequences.  This paper investigates in what way a child's duration of day care attendance and the quality of day care facilities influences differences in children's health or personality traits between age three and six. Preliminary results indicate that day care quality explains some of the variation in children's health and personality traits between age three and six.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    9. Mai 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Generalized Roy Model and The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Social Programs

    The standard analysis of treatment eff ects only considers the gross benefi t of treatment and does not consider the cost as perceived by the agents or the surplus arising from participation in programs (the private subjective evaluation of the program). This paper extends the analysis of Heckman and Vytlacil (1999, 2005) to identify parameters measuring the costs and net gains of arising from participation in a program within the context of a generalized Roy model. The analysis does not require that the analyst observe the subjective cost of treatment. Instead, we use information derived from agent choices about participating in a program to infer the cost of treatment as perceived by the agent. We apply our methodology to the analysis of college choice and nd that variability in net gains from attending college is mainly due to variability in the cost associated with schooling.

    Referent/-in
  • Philipp Eisenhauer (ZEW Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    16:30-17:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    9. Mai 2012

    The effect of unemployment on the mental health of spouses - Evidence from plant closures in Germany
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    Previous studies on the health effects of unemployment neglect spillover effects on spouses. This study estimates the effect of one spouse's unemployment on the mental health of the other spouse. In order to give the estimates a causal interpretation, this study focuses on an exogenous entry into unemployment (plant closure), and combines matching based on entropy balancing and difference-in-difference to make the estimation robust against selection on observables and time-invariant unobservables. Using German Socio-Economic Panel Study data this paper finds that unemployment decreases the mental health for spouses almost as much as for the directly affected individuals. The findings highlight that previous studies underestimate the public health costs of job loss as they do not consider the consequences for spouses.

    Mehr Informationen
    Speaker
    Zeit
    6.30-8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    2. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    It’s the Economy, Stupid: A Context-based Theory of Civic and Political Participation in Germany

    There has been a recent shift in Political Science towards integrating
    aggregate-level contextual factors into the study of individual-level
    political behaviors. while intriguing, findings are inconsistent and
    this research area is bereft of theoretical underpinnings. The
    underlying idea that drives my dissertation is that civic and
    political participation are, at least partially, a response to
    economic, political and social realities.The literature on social
    context is rooted in the idea that the perception of threat influences
    civic and political behaviors. As I argue, perceptions of the threat
    represented by foreigners-and thus the impact of social context-vary
    based on local economic context. Foreigners are more likely to be seen
    as threatening in cities with restricted capacities to fulfill their
    traditional welfare tasks, which has consequences for civic and
    political behaviors.To develop this theory, I merge SOEP data with
    city-level economic, social and demographic data

    Referent/-in
  • Lindsay M. Pettingill (Georgetown University)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    11. April 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply of mothers with young children: Validating a structural model using a natural experiment

    In this paper we estimate an intertemporal structural model of labor supply for mothers with young children. In order to validate the structural model, we make use of a recently introduced parental leave reform in Germany. We compare the behavioral predictions of the structural model under the reform (out-of-sample fit) to results based on an evaluation of the parental leave reform as a natural experiment. We show that the structural model predicts actual behavior reasonably well. Based on both methods we find that due to the new parental leave scheme, that pays higher benefits for a shorter period of time, labor supply of mothers in the first year after giving birth declines, however increases in the second year. The results differ by socio-economic characteristics. We find the strongest effects for low-income mothers, who have a significantly higher probability to return to work two years after giving birth than under the old parental leave scheme.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:00-13:00
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    4. April 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Integrating Inequality in Multidimensional Poverty Indices: The Correlation Sensitive Poverty Index

    The study deals with the inclusion of inter-personal inequality in multidimensional poverty indices. Inter-personal inequality is usually equated with association among poverty dimensions, i.e. whether a substitute, complement, or independent relationship exists among the poverty dimensions in question. The equation produced a situation where the existence of simultaneous deprivations serves as the main justification for poverty measures to go beyond simple averages, yet is usually neglected in the actual calculations. This is also the case for the popular Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) utilised by UNDP in their Human Development Reports. The study questions the appropriateness of the equation and suggests to take a more holistic approach by defining inter-personal inequality as the association-sensitive spread of simultaneous deprivations across the population. The suggested definition is introduced in the form of a new axiom and it is demonstrated how this proceeding leads to a new identification method and eventually to a new class of correlation sensitive poverty indices. This new class is unique in the sense that it is the first class of additive poverty indices that i) is able to account for the fact that households may suffer from simultaneous deprivations, and ii) is association-sensitive. An example from India illustrates the empirical relevance of the new methodological approach. In particular, evidence is provided that reveals how the additional information provided by the new indices when compared to the MPI has the potential to improve the targeting of poverty reduction policies.

    Referent/-in
  • Nicole Rippin (Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
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