Household indebtedness is rising worldwide. This study investigates one possible driver of this increase that is rooted in the theory of permanent income: high income expectations. We collect data from an emerging country, Thailand, as (over-) indebtedness in markets with incomplete financial infrastructure and social security can be devastating. Furthermore, our sample of rural households is
While several studies suggest that stress-related mental health problems among school children are related to specific elements of schooling, empirical evidence on this causal relationship is scarce. We examine a German schooling reform that increased weekly instruction time and study its effects on stress-related outpatient diagnoses from the universe of health claims data of the German Social
A number of studies show that there is a link between social comparison and high levels of household debt. However, the exact mechanisms behind this link are not yet well understood. In this paper, we perform a lab experiment designed to study the effects of social image concerns and peer information on consumption choices that can be financed through debt taking. We find that having to
A regime shift toward increased inﬂation expectations is credited with jump-starting the recov- ery from the Great Depression in the United States. What role did inﬂation expectations play in Germany that experienced a similarly successful economic upturn in the 1930s? We study inﬂa- tion expectations in the German recovery across several methods: we conduct a narrative study of media sources; we
The European Commission’s Scoreboard of Macroeconomic Imbalances is a rare case of a publicly released early warning system. It was published first time in 2012 by the European Commission as a reaction to public debt crises in Europe. So far, the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure takes a one-size-fits-all approach with regard to the identification of thresholds. The experience of Central and
Wir leiten ein mit dem Pariser Übereinkommen kompatibles EU-ETS-Budget auf Basis von Kosteneffizienzkriterien her mit dem Ziel, die globale Erwärmung mit einer Wahrscheinlichkeit von 50 bis 66% auf 1,5 Grad Celsius zu begrenzen und übersetzen es in einen Pfad der Cap-Reduktion. Unsere Berechnungen ergeben ein Budget von ca. 30 Gt CO2e für das EU ETS für 2016-2050. Unter aktuellen ETS-Parametern We
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