4036 Ergebnisse, ab 3841
SOEPpapers 281 / 2010

Offshoring, Tasks, and the Skill-Wage Pattern

The paper investigates the relationship between offshoring, wages, and the ease with which individuals' tasks can be offshored. Our analysis relates to recent theoretical contributions arguing that there is only a loose relationship between the suitability of a task for offshoring and the associated skill level. Accordingly, wage effects of offshoring can be very heterogeneous within skill groups. ...

2010| Daniel Baumgarten, Ingo Geishecker, Holger Görg
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Armut von Erwerbstätigen im europäischen Vergleich: Erwerbseinkommen und Umverteilung

In Europe, there are significant differences in the extent and in the structure of in-work poverty. Based on a comparison of 20 countries the present study analyses to what extent this is due to the differences in the institutional framework conditions of a given country. The analyses are based on micro data from the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) of 2006 and macro data from ...

In: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 62 (2010), 1, S. 1-30 | Henning Lohmann
SOEPpapers 255 / 2009

Subjektive und objektive Lebenslagen von Arbeitslosen

Das Diskussionspapier thematisiert die objektive und subjektive Lebenslage von Arbeitslosen in Deutschland im Vergleich zur Gesamtbevölkerung. Die Ergebnisse indizieren eine deutlich schlechtere materielle, d. h. objektive Lebenslage der Arbeitslosen. Dies reflektiert sich in den auf Wohlstandskategorien bezogenen subjektivenIndikatoren, weniger aber in den Bewertungen immaterieller Wohlfahrtskategorien. ...

2009| Jürgen Faik, Jens Becker
SOEPpapers 264 / 2010

The Optimal Choice of a Reference Standard for Income Comparisons: Indirect Evidence from Immigrants' Return Visits

I propose two new tests of Falk and Knell's (2004) prediction that individuals' reference income increases with ability. To overcome the difficulty that the reference incomeis not observed in existing large data sets, I extend Falk and Knell's model to establish a link between immigrants' reference income and their return visits to their countries of origin. I derive the (arguably counter-intuitive) ...

2010| Holger Stichnoth
SOEPpapers 263 / 2010

Screening, Competition, and Job Design: Economic Origins of Good Jobs

In recent decades, many firms offered more discretion to their employees, often increasing the productivity of effort but also leaving more opportunities for shirking. These "high-performance work systems" are difficult to understand in terms of standard moral hazard models. We show experimentally that complementarities between high effort discretion, rent-sharing, screening opportunities, and competition ...

2010| Björn Bartling, Ernst Fehr, Klaus M. Schmidt
DIW Wochenbericht 17 / 2001

Ostdeutschland: sind die Löhne das Wettbewerbsproblem der Betriebe?

Die ostdeutschen Unternehmen haben offensichtlich noch immer große Wettbewerbsprobleme. Im Vergleich mit Westdeutschland können die Betriebe - als Gesamtheit gesehen - auf den überregionalen Märkten ihre Produkte nur zu einem geringeren Preis absetzen, die Beschäftigten werden geringer entlohnt und die Unternehmensgewinne sind niedriger. Die empirischen Ergebnisse zu den Lohnkostenniveaus im Unternehmensbereich ...

2001| Bernd Görzig, Martin Gornig
Diskussionspapiere 935 / 2009

Can Child Care Policy Encourage Employment and Fertility? Evidence from a Structural Model

In this paper we develop a structural model of female employment and fertility which accounts for intertemporal feedback effects between the two outcomes. We identify the effect of financial incentives on the employment and fertility decision by exploiting variation in the tax and transfer system which differs by employment state and number of children. To this end we simulate in detail the effects ...

2009| Peter Haan, Katharina Wrohlich

Wirtschaftsfaktor Umweltschutz: vertiefende Analyse zu Umweltschutz und Innovation ; Forschungsprojekt im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, Förderkennzeichen 204 14 107

Berlin: Umweltbundesamt, 2007, XII, 277 S. : Anh.
(Umwelt, Innovation, Beschäftigung ; 2007/01)
| Sylvia Schwermer, Peter Franz (Projektbetreuung), Dietmar Edler (Projektkoord.), Jürgen Blazejczak, Rainer Walz, Katrin Ostertag, Wolfgang Eichhammer, Gerhard Angerer, Christian Sartorius, Claus Doll u.a.
SOEPpapers 50 / 2007

The Marginal Utility of Income

In normative public economics it is crucial to know how fast the marginal utility of income declines as income increases. One needs this parameter for cost-benefit analysis, for optimal taxation and for the (Atkinson) measurement of inequality. We estimate this parameter using four large cross-sectional surveys of subjective happiness and two panel surveys. Altogether, the data cover over 50 countries ...

2007| Richard Layard, Guy Mayraz, Stephen J. Nickell
4036 Ergebnisse, ab 3841