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DIW Economic Bulletin 7 / 2012

Income Distribution: An Important Factor for Economic Forecasts

The development of private consumption is a crucial factor in compiling macroeconomic projections as part of national accounts. Household savings also play an important role as an explanatory variable for consumer development, since private households must decide whether to spend their incomes on consumption or saving. The estimated savings rate in DIW Berlin's economic projections can be improved ...

2012| Ferdinand Fichtner, Simon Junker, Carsten Schwäbe
Diskussionspapiere 1504 / 2015

Childhood Roots of Financial Literacy

Financial literacy predicts informed financial decisions, but what explains financial literacy? We use the concept of financial socialization and aim to represent three major agents of financial socialization: family, school and work. Thus we compile twelve relevant childhood characteristics in a new survey study and examine their relation to financial literacy, while controlling for established socio-demographic ...

2015| Antonia Grohmann, Roy Kouwenberg, Lukas Menkhoff
SOEPpapers 527 / 2012

Does Subsidizing Investments in Energy Efficiency Reduce Energy Consumption? Evidence from Germany

Improving energy efficiency is one of the three pillars of the European energy and climate targets for 2020 and has led to the introduction of several policy measures to promote energy efficiency. The paper analyzes the effectiveness of subsidies in increasing energy efficiency in residential dwellings. An empirical analysis is conducted in which the effectiveness of subsidies on the number of dwelling ...

2012| Caroline Dieckhöner
SOEPpapers 583 / 2013

Health-Related Life Cycle Risks and Public Insurance

This paper proposes a dynamic life cycle model of health risks, employment, early retirement, and wealth accumulation in order to analyze the health-related risks of consumption and old age poverty. In particular, the model includes a health process, the interaction between health and employment risks, and an explicit modeling of the German public insurance schemes. I rely on a dynamic programming ...

2013| Daniel Kemptner
FINESS Working Papers 6.1 / 2009

Risk Attitudes and Investment Decisions across European Countries: Are Women More Conservative Investors than Men?

This study questions the popular stereotype that women are more risk averse than men in their financial investment decisions. The analysis is based on micro-level data from large-scale surveys of private households in five European countries. In our analysis of investment decisions, we directly account for individuals' self-perceived willingness to take financial risks. The empirical evidence we provide ...

2009| Oleg Badunenko, Nataliya Barasinska, Dorothea Schäfer
SOEPpapers 500 / 2012

Mobility Regimes and Parental Wealth: The United States, Germany, and Sweden in Comparison

We study the role of parental wealth for children's educational and occupational outcomes across three types of welfare states and outline a theoretical model that assumes parental wealth to impact offspring's attainment through two mechanisms, wealth's purchasing function and its insurance function. We argue that welfare states can limit the purchasing function of wealth, for instance by providing ...

2012| Fabian T. Pfeffer, Martin Hällsten
Monographien

Unemployment and Portfolio Choice: Does Persistence Matter?

Households can rely on private savings or on public unemployment insurance to hedge against the risk of becoming unemployed. These hedging mechanisms are used differently across countries. In this paper, we use a life cycle model to study the effects of unemployment on the portfolio choice of households in the US and in Germany. We distinguish short- and long-term unemployment and find that, in case ...

Tübingen: IAW, 2011, 53 S.
(IAW Discussion Papers ; 77)
| Franziska Bremus, Vladimir Kuzin
FINESS Working Papers 4.5 / 2010

Unemployment and Portfolio Choice: Does Persistence Matter?

We use a life-cycle model of consumption and portfolio choice to study the effects of social security on the investment decisions of households for the European case. Our model is mainly based on the one developed by Cocco, Gomes, and Maenhout (2005). We extend it by unemployment risk using Markov chains to model the transition between different employment states. In contrast to most models in the ...

2010| Vladimir Kuzin, Franziska Bremus
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Forecasting Private Consumption by Consumer Surveys

Survey-based indicators are widely seen as leading indicators for economic activity. As such, consumer confidence might be informative for the future path of private consumption. Although the indicators receive high attention in the media, their forecasting power often appears to be very limited. This paper takes a fresh look at the data that serve as a basis for the consumer confidence indicator (CCI) ...

In: Journal of Forecasting 32 (2013), 1, S. 10-18 | Christian Dreger, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
SOEPpapers 234 / 2009

Schenkungen und Erbschaften im Lebenslauf: vergleichende Längsschnittanalysen zu intergenerationalen Transfers

The research on private financial transfers between generations lacks a longitudinal perspective. Gifts as intergenerational transfers inter vivos allow us to study the importance of life course events for the chances of receiving transfers. In Germany, gifts are highly private and leave more scope for decision-making than the regulated bequests. Thus, gifts are better suited to test theories on family ...

2009| Thomas Leopold, Thorsten Schneider
454 Ergebnisse, ab 351