Growing downside risks to the economic outlook, together with well-known structural weaknesses, make still more pressing the need for strong reflection on European policy priorities. How can we improve productivity and competitiveness in the EU and in Germany? Is current investment adequate given crisis legacies and the challenges lying ahead? What strategies are needed to foster innovation as a
We explore the decline in teen employment in the United States since 2000, which was sharpest for 16–17 year-olds. We consider three main explanatory factors: a rising minimum wage that could reduce employment opportunities for teens and potentially increase the value of investing in schooling; rising returns to schooling; and increasing competition from immigrants that, like the minimum wage,
Motivations to participate in the labour market as well as to invest in labour market skills are crucial forthe successful integration of refugees. In this paper we use a unique dataset – the IAB-BAMF-SOEPRefugee Survey, which is a representative longitudinal study of all refugees reported on administrativerecords in Germany – and analyse which determinants and characteristics are correlated with
This paper presents a broad retrospective evaluation of mergers and merger decisions in the digital sector. We first discuss the most crucial features of digital markets such as network effects, multi-sidedness, big data, and rapid innovation that create important challenges for competition policy. We show that these features have been key determinants of the theories of harm in major merger cases
Unternehmen investieren heute nicht mehr nur in Maschinen und Bauten, sondern zunehmend in Forschung und Entwicklung, Software und in ihre digitalen Kompetenzen. Doch bei den Investitionen in ihr sogenanntes Wissenskapital liegen die deutschen Unternehmen im internationalen Vergleich deutlich zurück. Das gefährdet die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der deutschen Volkswirtschaft insgesamt.
We analyze self-selection of refugees and irregular migrants and test our theory in the context of the European refugee crisis. Using unique datasets from the International Organization for Migration and Gallup World Polls, we provide the first large-scale evidence on reasons to emigrate, and the self-selection and sorting of refugees and irregular migrants. Refugees and female irregular migrants
Adding to the rich literature on the economic integration of refugees, this article extends the scope towards the role of institutions by focusing on the transfer of human capital by means of credential recognition. The 2012 Federal Act of Recognition in Germany is a new institution that provides the possibility to study the transfer of human capital in depth. I argue that analysing the decision
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