1991 Ergebnisse, ab 1551
Diskussionspapiere 1000 / 2010

Labor Market and Income Effects of a Legal Minimum Wage in Germany

In view of rising wage and income inequality, the introduction of a legal minimum wage has recently become an important policy issue in Germany. We analyze the distributional effects of a nationwide legal minimum wage of 7.50 € per hour on the basis of a microsimulation model which accounts for the complex interactions between individual wages, the tax-benefit system and net household incomes, also ...

2010| Kai-Uwe Müller, Viktor Steiner
SOEPpapers 298 / 2010

Income Comparisons among Neighbours and Life Satisfaction in East and West Germany

A series of studies have suggested that changes in others' income may be perceived differently in post-transition and capitalist societies. This paper draws on the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) matched with micro-marketing indicators of population characteristics in very tightly drawn neighbourhoods to investigate whether reactions to changes in their neighbours' income divide the German ...

2010| Gundi Knies
SOEPpapers 271 / 2010

Inequality Aversion and Risk Attitudes

Using self reported measures of life satisfaction and risk attitudes, we empirically test whether there is a relationship between individuals inequality and risk aversion. The empirical analysis uses the German SOEP household panel for the years 1997 to 2007 to conclude that the negative effect of inequality measured by the sample gini coefficient by year and federal state is larger for those individuals ...

2010| Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Xavier Ramos
SOEPpapers 269 / 2010

A Detailed Decomposition of Changes in Wage Inequality in Reunified Post-transition Germany 1999-2006: Accounting for Sample Selection

In this article, I analyze the changes in wage inequality in the eastern region, western region and reunified Germany a decade after reunification. For that purpose, I use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for the period 1999 - 2006, and implement the decomposition methodologies of Fields (2003) and Yun (2006). I find that during the sub-period 1999-2002 each of the characteristics effect, ...

2010| Usamah Fayez Al-Farhan
Weekly Report 8 / 2010

Old-Age Pension Entitlements Mitigate Inequality: But Concentration of Wealth Remains High

Entitlements from old-age pension schemes - statutory, company, and private - represent a considerable source of wealth. For data-related reasons, analyses of the personal wealth distribution have so far failed to take this into account, however. According to recent calculations based on the 2007 data of the German Socio- Economic Panel (SOEP), the present value of total pension and state annuity entitlements ...

2010| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka
Diskussionspapiere 950 / 2009

The Impact of Losses on Income Tax Revenue and Implicit Tax Rates of Different Income Sources: Evidence from Microsimulation Using Tax Statistics for Germany

In order to calculate the burden of a comprehensive and progressive income tax falling on a certain income source, an apportionment scheme for the entire tax burden has to be chosen. This raises the question of how to deal with losses, which is relevant for Germany in view of the heavy losses from renting. Using micro data from tax statistics we analyze the income tax shares of functional income sources ...

2009| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei
SOEPpapers 239 / 2009

Triggers and Determinants of Severe Household Indebtedness in Germany

Overindebted private households have created economic and political concern. Using measures of relative (over-) indebtedness which relate household income and debt services to different concepts of subsistence levels, this paper investigates whether severe household indebtedness is driven by trigger events such as unemployment, childbirth, divorce, or the death of the partner. Exploiting the panel ...

2009| Matthias Keese
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Measuring State Dependence in Individual Poverty Histories When there Is Feedback to Employment Status and Household Composition

This paper argues that the assumption of strict exogeneity, which is usually invoked in estimating models of state dependence with unobserved heterogeneity, is violated in the poverty context as important variables determining contemporaneous poverty status, in particular employment status and household composition, are likely to be influenced by past poverty outcomes. Therefore, a model of state dependence ...

In: Journal of Applied Econometrics 24 (2009), 7, S. 1095-1116 | Martin Biewen
Diskussionspapiere 1137 / 2011

A Wealth Tax on the Rich to Bring down Public Debt? Revenue and Distributional Effects of a Capital Levy

The idea of higher wealth taxes to finance the mounting public debt in the wake of the financial crises is gaining ground in several OECD countries. We evaluate the revenue and distributional effects of a one-time capital levy on personal net wealth that is currently on the German political agenda. We use survey data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and estimate the net wealth distribution ...

2011| Stefan Bach, Martin Beznoska, Viktor Steiner
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2011

Anmerkungen zur Zukunft der Sozialpolitik

Die deutsche Sozialpolitik steht vor enormen Herausforderungen. Die gesetzlichen Renten-, Kranken- und Pflegeversicherungen stehen nicht zuletzt wegen des absehbar starken demographischen Wandels unter Druck. In Zukunft werden immer mehr Leistungsempfängern immer weniger Beitragszahler gegenüber stehen. Die Politik ist gefordert, einem drohenden Generationenkonflikt entgegenzuwirken. In diesem Beitrag ...

2011| Ulrich Roppel
1991 Ergebnisse, ab 1551