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Medical Malpractice Appeals in a Civil Law System: Do Administrative and Civil Courts Award Noneconomic Damages Differently?

How do courts award noneconomic damages? Does it matter if the state is the defendant? This article addresses these questions in the context of medical malpractice appeals to the Spanish Supreme Court. Moreover, this study provides the first empirical analysis of the quantification of noneconomic damages in medical malpractice cases in administrative courts, where the state is the defendant, and in ...

In: Law & Society Review 53 (2019), 2, S. 386-419 | Sofia Amaral-Garcia
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A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of Marijuana Policies and Youth Marijuana Use

Background: Marijuana use carries risks for adolescents’ well-being, making it essential to evaluate effects of recent marijuana policies.Objectives: This study sought to delineate associations between state-level shifts in decriminalization and medical marijuana laws (MML) and adolescent marijuana use.Methods: Using data on 861,082 adolescents (14 to 18+ years; 51% female) drawn from 1999 to 2015 ...

In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 45 (2019), 3, S. 292-303 | Rebekah Levine Coley, Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Marco Ghiani, Claudia Kruzik, Christopher F. Baum
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Sexual Activity, Sexual Thoughts, and Intimacy among Older Adults: Links with Physical Health and Psychosocial Resources for Successful Aging

Research on close relationships in later life has received increased attention over the past decade. However, little is known about sexuality and intimacy in old age. Using cross-sectional data from the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II; Mage = 68 years, SD = 3.68; 50% women; N = 1,514), we examine age differences in behavioral (sexual activity), cognitive (sexual thoughts), and emotional (intimacy) facets ...

In: Psychology and Aging 34 (2019), 3, S. 389-404 | Karolina Kolodziejczak, Adrian Rosada, Johanna Drewelies, Sandra Düzel, Peter Eibich, Christina Tegeler, Gert G. Wagner, Klaus M. Beier, Nilam Ram, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Denis Gerstorf
Forschungsprojekt

DDR-Vergangenheit und psychische Gesundheit: Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren (DDR-PSYCH)

Durch die gemeinsame Analyse von fünf großangelegten Bevölkerungsstudien sollen Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten in der psychischen Gesundheit von Ost- und Westdeutschen untersucht werden. Dies soll Aufschluss über sozialstrukturelle Einflüsse der DDR auf die psychische Gesundheit geben, wobei nicht nur systembedingte Risikofaktoren, sondern auch Resilienz fördernde...

Aktuelles Projekt| Sozio-oekonomisches Panel
Forschungsprojekt

GDR-Past and Mental Health: Risk and Protection Factors (DDR-PSYCH)

After more than 25 years since reunification, the former German Democratic Republic (GDR; often known in English as East Germany; in German DDR) and its socio-political system have remained a point of reference for the analysis of societal, social, and individual processes in Germany. There is a lack of knowledge about the on-going impact of the East German past on the German general population....

Aktuelles Projekt| Sozio-oekonomisches Panel
Blog Marcel Fratzscher

Man nennt es Tod aus Verzweiflung

Dieser Beitrag ist am 1. März in der ZEIT ONLINE–Kolumne „Fratzschers Verteilungsfragen“ erschienen. Der Nobelpreisgewinner Angus Deaton und seine Kollegin Anne Case haben vor einiger Zeit mit ihrer Studie über ein Phänomen viel Aufsehen erregt, das sie death of despair tauften: Tod aus Verzweiflung, also durch Suizid, Alkohol und Drogen. Die beiden zeigten, ...

01.03.2019| Marcel Fratzscher
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Health-Check Up Utilization in UK: Panel Evidence from the BHPS 1992 - 2008

This analysis has investigated the determinants of screening uptake for the six different screening examinations (breast and cervical cancer screening examination, blood pressure check, cholesterol level test, eyesight test and dental screening). Same type of screening examination and also possible spillover effects from one type of screening examination to another other type of screening...

16.01.2019| Alexander Labeit
Interview

"Die fallenden Mortalitätsraten stehen im Gegensatz zu den Ergebnissen in den USA": Interview mit Julia Schmieder

Frau Schmieder, Sie haben die Mortalitätsrate für Männer und Frauen mittleren Alters in Deutschland untersucht und sie in Bezug zu einer ähnlichen Studie in den USA gesetzt. Was hat Sie an diesem Vergleich interessiert? In den USA ist die allgemeine Mortalitätsrate seit Ende der 90er Jahre für eine ganz bestimmte Bevölkerungsgruppe gestiegen. Das ist die Gruppe von ...

13.02.2019| Julia Schmieder
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How Cohabitation, Marriage, Separation, and Divorce Influence BMI: A Prospective Panel Study

Objective: This study examines how changes in cohabitation or marital status affect Body Mass Index (BMI) over time in a large representative sample. Method: Participants were 20,950 individuals (50% female; 19 to 100 years), representative of the German population, who provided 81,926 observations over 16 years. Face-to-face interviews were used to obtain demographic data, including cohabitation and ...

In: Health Psychology 37 (2018),10, S. 948-958 | Jutta Mata, Thorsten Schneider, David Richter, Ralph Hertwig
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