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1788 Ergebnisse, ab 1681
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 2 / 2010

Entwicklung eines allgemeinen Gleichgewichtsmodells zur Analyse preispolitischer Maßnahmen im Verkehr

Zur Verbesserung der Umweltbilanz der Verkehrsträger oder auch zur Finanzierung von Straßeninfrastruktur werden verschiedene preispolitische Maßnahmen wie zum Beispiel die CO2-Steuer oder die Pkw-Maut diskutiert. Um ex-ante-Bewertung von Maßnahmen durchführen zu können, sind geeignete Instrumente der Wirkungsanalyse erforderlich. Gegenstand dieses Artikels ist die Beschreibung eines allgemeinen Gleichgewichtsmodells, ...

2010| Dominika Kalinowska, Karl W. Steininger
SOEPpapers 318 / 2010

Occupational Affiliation Data and Measurement Errors in the German Socio-Economic Panel

This paper shows that there are severe measurement errors regarding the occupational affiliations in the German Socio-Economic Panel. These errors are traced back to the survey structure: in years where occupational information is gathered from the entire employed population instead of only from those declaring job or labor market status changes, average occupational mobility is around five times higher. ...

2010| Aysen Isaoglu
Diskussionspapiere 1060 / 2010

Poverty in Germany: Statistical Inference and Decomposition

Based on six harmonized cross-sections of the German Sample Survey of Income and Expenditure, we study inter-temporal changes in poverty from year 1978 to 2003. Results are decomposed by region and household types, and the bootstrap method is applied to test for the statistical significance of all our findings. Across household types, single parents with children have the highest poverty risk. Most ...

2010| Timm Bönke, Carsten Schröder
Diskussionspapiere 1030 / 2010

Empiricism Meets Theory: Is the Boone-Indicator Applicable?

Boone (2008a) proposes a new competition measure based on Relative Profit Differences (RPD) with superior theoretical properties. However, the empirical applicability and robust-ness of the Boone-Indicator is still unknown. This paper aims to address that question. Using a rich, newly built, data set for German manufacturing enterprises, we test the empirical valid-ity of the Boone-Indicator using ...

2010| Alexander Schiersch, Jens Schmidt-Ehmcke
Diskussionspapiere 1029 / 2010

Liquidity Risk, Credit Risk and the Overnight Interest Rate Spread: A Stochastic Volatility Modelling Approach

In this paper we model the volatility of the spread between the overnight interest rate and the central bank policy rate (the policy spread) for the euro area and the UK during the two main phases of the financial crisis that began in late 2007. During the crisis, the policy spread exhibited signs of volatility, owing to the breakdown in interbank market activity. The determinants of this volatility ...

2010| John Beirne, Guglielmo Maria Caporale, Nicola Spagnolo
Diskussionspapiere 997 / 2010

Do Google Searches Help in Nowcasting Private Consumption? A Real-Time Evidence for the US

In this paper, we investigate whether the Google search activity can help in nowcasting the year-on-year growth rates of monthly US private consumption using a real-time data set. The Google-based forecasts are compared to those based on a benchmark AR(1) model and the models including the consumer surveys and financial indicators. According to the Diebold-Mariano test of equal predictive ability, ...

2010| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Maximilian Podstawski, Boriss Siliverstovs
SOEPpapers 292 / 2010

Profit Sharing and Reciprocity: Theory and Survey Evidence

The 1/n problem potentially limits the effectiveness of profit sharing in motivating workers. While the economic literature suggests that reciprocity can mitigate this problem, it remains silent on the optimal degree of reciprocity. We present a representative model demonstrating that reciprocity may increase productive effort but may also increase unproductive effort such as socializing on the job. ...

2010| Thomas Cornelissen, John S. Heywood, Uwe Jirjahn
Diskussionspapiere 981 / 2010

Fractional Cointegration in US Term Spreads

This note examines the stochastic properties of US term spreads with parametric and semi-parametric fractional integration techniques. Since the observed data (rather than the estimated residuals from a cointegrating regression) are used for the analysis, standard methods can be applied. The results indicate that US Treasury maturity rates are I(1) in most cases, although the order of integration decreases ...

2010| Guglielmo Maria Caporale, Luis A. Gil-Alana
SOEPpapers 265 / 2010

Measuring Income in Household Panel Surveys for Germany: A Comparison of EU-SILC and SOEP

Empirical analyses of economic inequality, poverty, and mobility in Germany are, to an increas-ing extent, using microdata from the German Federal Statistical Office's contribution to the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) as well as data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). In addition to their significance for national reporting, the EU-SILC data are of great ...

2010| Joachim R. Frick, Kristina Krell
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Impact of Household Capital Income on Income Inequality: A Factor Decomposition Analysis for the UK, Germany and the USA

This paper analyses the contribution of capital income to income inequality in a cross-national comparison. Using micro-data from the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) for three prominent panel studies, namely the BHPS for the UK, the SOEP for West Germany, and the PSID for the USA, we use the factor decomposition method described by Shorrocks (Econometrica 50:193-211, 1982). The factor decomposition ...

In: Journal of Economic Inequality 9 (2011), 1, S. 35-56 | Anna Fräßdorf, Markus M. Grabka, Johannes Schwarze
1788 Ergebnisse, ab 1681