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SOEPpapers 795 / 2015

The Causal Effect of Paternal Unemployment on Children's Personality

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we show that paternal unemployment has a surprisingly positive causal effect on the "Big 5" personality traits of children aged 17 to 25. In particular, our results from longitudinal value-added models for personality suggest that paternal unemployment makes children significantly more conscientious and less neurotic. Our results ...

2015| Viola Angelini, Marco Bertoni, Luca Corazzini
SOEPpapers 658 / 2014

The Impact of Education on Personality: Evidence from a German High School Reform

This paper investigates the short-term effects of a reduction in the length of high school on students' personality traits using a school reform carried out at the state level in Germany as a quasi-natural experiment. Starting in 2001, academic-track high school (Gymnasium) was reduced from nine to eight years in most of Germany's federal states, leaving the overall curriculum unchanged. This enabled ...

2014| Sarah Dahmann, Silke Anger
SOEPpapers 723 / 2014

Labor Market Integration of German Immigrants and Their Children: Does Personality Matter?

Educational attainment, length of stay, differences in national background and language skills play an acknowledged important role for the integration of immigrants. But integration is also a social process, which suggests that psychological factors are relevant. This paper explores whether and to what extent immigrants and their children need to believe in their ability to control their own success. ...

2014| Anna-Elisabeth Thum
SOEPpapers 623 / 2013

Intrinsic Motivations of Public Sector Employees: Evidence for Germany

We examine differences in altruism and laziness between public sector employees and private sector employees. Our theoretical model predicts that the likelihood of public sector employment increases with a worker·s altruism, and increases or decreases with a workers laziness depending on his altruism. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, we find that public sector employees are significantly ...

2013| Robert Dur, Robin Zoutenbier
Monographien

The Impact of Education on Personality: Evidence from a German High School Reform

This paper investigates the short-term effects of a reduction in the length of high school on students' personality traits using a school reform carried out at the state level in Germany as a quasi-natural experiment. Starting in 2001, academic-track high school (Gymnasium) was reduced from nine to eight years in most of Germany's federal states, leaving the overall curriculum unchanged. This enabled ...

Bonn: IZA, 2014, 51 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 8139)
| Sarah Dahmann, Silke Anger
SOEPpapers 784 / 2015

Do More of Those in Misery Suffer from Poverty, Unemployment or Mental Illness?

Studies of deprivation usually ignore mental illness. This paper uses household panel data from the USA, Australia, Britain and Germany to broaden the analysis. We ask first how many of those in the lowest levels of life-satisfaction suffer from unemployment, poverty, physical ill health, and mental illness. The largest proportion suffer from mental illness. Multiple regression shows that mental illness ...

2015| Sarah Flèche, Richard Layard
SOEPpapers 589 / 2013

Locus of Control and Low-Wage Mobility

We investigate whether non-cognitive skills - in particular Locus of Control - are important determinants of the labour market processes at the low-wage margin. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we estimate dynamic multinomial logit models with random effects and investigate whether Locus of Control influences the probability of being higher-paid or low-paid as well as the probability ...

2013| Daniel D. Schnitzlein, Jens Stephani
Diskussionspapiere 1297 / 2013

Trick or Treat? Maternal Involuntary Job Loss and Children's Non-cognitive Skills

Negative effects of job loss on adults such as considerable fall in income have long been examined. If job loss has negative consequences for adults, it may spread to their children. But potential effects on children's non-cognitive skills and the related mechanisms have been less examined. This paper uses propensity score matching to analyze maternal involuntary job loss and its potential causal effect ...

2013| Frauke H. Peter
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