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230 Ergebnisse, ab 211
DIW Wochenbericht 41 / 2011

Wahl der Kinderbetreuung hängt in Westdeutschland auch mit der Persönlichkeit der Mütter zusammen

Mit dem Ausbau der außerhäuslichen Betreuungsangebote, insbesondere für Kinder unter drei Jahren, nutzen immer mehr Kinder dieser Altersgruppe Kindertageseinrichtungen. Diese formelle Betreuung wird häufig mit der Betreuung durch Großeltern oder andere Personen kombiniert. Welche Betreuungskombinationen und wie viele genutzt werden, hängt mit einer Vielzahl von sozioökonomischen Merkmalen und dem Angebot ...

2011| Liv Bjerre, Frauke H. Peter, C. Katharina Spieß
SOEPpapers 403 / 2011

A Critique and Reframing of Personality in Labour Market Theory: Locus of Control and Labour Market Outcomes

This article critically examines the theoretical arguments that underlie the literature linking personality traits to economic outcomes and provides empirical evidence indicating that labour market outcomes influence personality outcomes. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we investigated the extent to which gender differences occur in the processes by which highly positive and negative ...

2011| Eileen Trzcinski, Elke Holst
Diskussionspapiere 1157 / 2011

A Critique and Reframing of Personality in Labour Market Theory: Locus of Control and Labour Market Outcomes

This article critically examines the theoretical arguments that underlie the literature linking personality traits to economic outcomes and provides empirical evidence indicating that labour market outcomes influence personality outcomes. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we investigated the extent to which gender differences occur in the processes by which highly positive and negative ...

2011| Eileen Trzcinski, Elke Holst
SOEPpapers 370 / 2011

Measuring Individual Risk Attitudes in the Lab: Task or Ask? An Empirical Comparison

This paper compares two prominent empirical measures of individual risk attitudes - the Holt and Laury (2002) lottery-choice task and the multi-item questionnaire advocated by Dohmen, Falk, Huffman, Schupp, Sunde and Wagner (forthcoming) - with respect to (a) their within-subject stability over time (one year) and (b) their correlation with actual risk-taking behaviour in the lab - here the amount ...

2011| Jan-Erik Lönnqvist, Markku Verkasalo, Gari Walkowitz, Philipp C. Wichardt
Diskussionspapiere 1113 / 2011

Personality Characteristics and the Decision to Become and Stay Self-Employed

This paper systematically investigates whether different kinds of personality characteristics influence entrepreneurial development. On the basis of a large, representative household panel survey, we examine the extent to which the Big Five traits and further personality characteristics, which are more specifically related to entrepreneurial tasks, influence entry into self-employment and survival ...

2011| Marco Caliendo, Frank M. Fossen, Alexander S. Kritikos
Monographien

Economic Preferences and Attitudes of the Unemployed: Are Natives and Second Generation Migrants Alike?

Bonn: IZA, 2010, 27 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 5380)
| Amelie F. Constant, Annabelle Krause, Ulf Rinne, Klaus F. Zimmermann
SOEPpapers 343 / 2010

Personality Traits, Self-Employment, and Professions

We investigate the effect of broad personality traits - the Big Five - on an individual's decision to become self-employed. In particular, we test an overall indicator of the entrepreneurial personality. Since we find that the level of selfemployment varies considerably across professions, we also perform the analysis for different types of professions, namely, those classified as being in the "creative ...

2010| Michael Fritsch, Alina Rusakova
Diskussionspapiere 1088 / 2010

Economic Preferences and Attitudes of the Unemployed: Are Natives and Second Generation Migrants Alike?

In this paper we study the economic effects of risk attitudes, time preferences, trust and reciprocity while we compare natives and second generation migrants. We analyze an inflow sample into unemployment in Germany, and find differences between the two groups mainly in terms of risk attitudes and positive reciprocity. Second generation migrants have a significantly higher willingness to take risks ...

2010| Amelie F. Constant, Annabelle Krause, Ulf Rinne, Klaus F. Zimmermann
DIW Economic Bulletin 5 / 2011

Child Care Choices in Western Germany Also Correlated with Mother's Personality

The expansion of formal child care, particularly for children under the age of three, has resulted in more and more children from this age group attending day care facilities. This formal child care setting is frequently combined with care provided by grandparents or other individuals. The combination and number of child care settings made use of is influenced by a variety of socio-economic factors ...

2011| Liv Bjerre, Frauke H. Peter, C. Katharina Spieß
SOEPpapers 388 / 2011

Arbeitszufriedenheit und Persönlichkeit: "Wer schaffen will, muss fröhlich sein!"

The research on job satisfaction has a long history and is one of the most intensively studied subjects - not only in the field of industrial and organizational psychology. The various studies can roughly be classified into situational, dispositional, and hybrid approaches, depending on whether working conditions, personality traits or their interaction are emphasized as determinants. So far, only ...

2011| Simon Fietze
230 Ergebnisse, ab 211