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2252 Ergebnisse, ab 2221
  • SOEPpapers 663 / 2014

    The German Part-Time Wage Gap: Bad News for Men

    Despite the increasing incidence of part-time employment in Germany, the effects on wage rates are studied rarely. I therefore use SOEP panel data from 1984 to 2010 and apply different econometric approaches and definitions of part-time work to measure the socalled part-time wage gap of both, men and women in East and West Germany. A very robust finding is that part-time working men are subject to ...

    2014| Elke Wolf
  • SOEPpapers 627 / 2014

    Overeducation among Graduates - an Overlooked Facet of the Gender Pay Gap? Evidence from East and West Germany

    Germany's occupational and sectoral change towards a knowledge-based economy calls for high returns to education. Nevertheless, female graduates are paid much less than their male counterparts. We wonder whether overeducation affects sexes differently and whether this might answer for part of the gender pay gap. We decompose total year of schooling in years of over- (O), required (R), and undereducation ...

    2014| Christina Boll, Julian Sebastian Leppin
  • DIW Roundup 8 / 2014

    Erwerbsminderung als Armutsrisiko

    Schwere Erkrankungen stellen ein wesentliches Risiko für Einkommen und Vermögensbildung der Haushalte in Deutschland dar. Das Risiko krankheits-bedingter Erwerbsunfähigkeit soll zwar langfristig durch die Erwerbs-minderungsrente (EM-Rente) abgesichert werden. Die durchschnittlichen Nettozahlbeträge sind allerdings im Zeitraum zwischen 2000 und 2012 von 706 EUR auf gerade einmal 607 EUR gefallen. Dies ...

    2014| Daniel Kemptner
  • DIW Economic Bulletin 11 / 2014

    Eastern Germany Still Playing Economic Catch-Up

    The economic gap between eastern and western Germany is still sizeable, even 25 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In terms of GDP per inhabitant and productivity, eastern Germany has attained nearly three-quarters of western German levels, respectively. Since some years, the catch-up process is advancing very slowly indeed. The main reason for low productivity is the lack of highly skilled jobs. ...

    2014| Karl Brenke
  • SOEPpapers 633 / 2014

    Economic Growth Evens-out Happiness: Evidence from Six Surveys

    In spite of the great U-turn that saw income inequality rise in Western countries in the 1980s, happiness inequality has dropped in countries that have experienced income growth (but not in those that did not). Modern growth has reduced the share of both the "very unhappy" and the "perfectly happy". The extension of public amenities has certainly contributed to this greater happiness homogeneity. This ...

    2014| Andrew E. Clark, Sarah Flèche, Claudia Senik
  • SOEPpapers 583 / 2013

    Health-Related Life Cycle Risks and Public Insurance

    This paper proposes a dynamic life cycle model of health risks, employment, early retirement, and wealth accumulation in order to analyze the health-related risks of consumption and old age poverty. In particular, the model includes a health process, the interaction between health and employment risks, and an explicit modeling of the German public insurance schemes. I rely on a dynamic programming ...

    2013| Daniel Kemptner
  • DIW Wochenbericht 40 / 2014

    Ostdeutschland: ein langer Weg des wirtschaftlichen Aufholens

    Der wirtschaftliche Rückstand Ostdeutschlands gegenüber Westdeutschland ist 25 Jahre nach dem Fall der Mauer immer noch groß. Beim Bruttoinlandsprodukt je Einwohner werden 71 Prozent und bei der Produktivität etwa drei Viertel des westdeutschen Niveaus erreicht. Der Aufholprozess kommt nur noch sehr langsam voran. Der entscheidende Grund für die geringe Produktivität ist der Mangel an hochqualifizierten ...

    2014| Karl Brenke
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Spillover Effects of Maternal Education on Child's Health and Health Behavior

    This study investigates the effects of maternal education on child's health and health behavior. We draw on a rich German panel data set containing information about three generations. This allows instrumenting maternal education by the number of her siblings while conditioning on grandparental characteristics. The instrumental variables approach has not yet been used in the intergenerational context ...

    In: Review of Economics of the Household 11 (2013), 1, S. 29-54 | Daniel Kemptner, Jan Marcus
  • SOEPpapers 509 / 2012

    Haben gebildetere Mütter gewissenhaftere Kinder? Soziale Herkunft und Persönlichkeitsentwicklung im frühkindlichen Alter

    Nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten, die sich als relevant für Berufs- und Lebenserfolg erwiesen haben, wurden von der Soziologie lange nicht berücksichtigt. Ihre Wichtigkeit für die Positionierung in der Gesellschaft rückt sie jedoch mittlerweile immer mehr in den Fokus der soziologischen Ungleichheitsforschung und lässt die Frage aufkommen, inwiefern die Genese dieser Merkmale sozialstrukturell beeinflusst ...

    2012| Till Kaiser
  • SOEPpapers 448 / 2012

    Migrant's Pursuit of Happiness: The Impact of Adaption, Social Comparison and Relative Deprivation; Evidence from a 'Natural' Experiment

    The German reunification, which several economists have called a 'natural' experiment, provides the unique possibility to inquire the impact of migration on subjective well-being (SWB). The main goal of the research is to assessing the impact of adaptation, social comparison and relative deprivation on the change in SWB associated with moving from Eastern to Western Germany after the German reunification ...

    2012| Silvia Maja Melzer, Ruud J. Muffels
2252 Ergebnisse, ab 2221
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