249 Ergebnisse, ab 21
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Changes in Optimism and Pessimism in Response to Life Events: Evidence from Three Large Panel Studies

Although individuals vary in how optimistic they are about the future, one assumption that researchers make is that optimism is sensitive to changes in life events and circumstances. We examined how optimism and pessimism changed across the lifespan and in response to life events in three large panel studies (combined N = 74,886). In the American and Dutch samples, we found that optimism increased ...

In: Journal of Research in Personality (2021), im Ersch. | William J. Chopik, Jeewon Oh, Eric S. Kim, Ted Schwaba, Michael D. Krämer, David Richter, Jacqui Smith
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Analysing Effects of Birth Order on Intelligence, Educational Attainment, Big Five, and Risk Aversion in an Indonesian Sample

Few studies have examined birth order effects on personality in countries that are not Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD). However, theories have generally suggested that interculturally universal family dynamics are the mechanism behind birth order effects, and prominent theories such as resource dilutionwould predict even stronger linear effects in poorer countries. Here, ...

In: European Journal of Personality 35 (2021), 2, S. 234–248 | Laura J. Botzet, Julia M. Rohrer, Ruben Arslan
SOEPpapers 1082 / 2020

Testing the Social Investment Principle around Childbirth: Little Evidence for Personality Maturation before and after Becoming a Parent

In line with the Social Investment Principle, becoming a parent should lead to more mature behavior and an increase in conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability. However, previous research provided mixed results that do not support this idea. Here, we used data from a nationally representative household panel study from Germany (N = 19,875) to examine whether becoming a parent relates ...

2020| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1078 / 2020

Gender-Specific Personality Traits and Their Effects on the Gender Wage Gap: A Correlated Random Effects Approach using SOEP Data

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this article examines whether gender wage differentials occur due to differences in prototypical personality traits of women and men and provides the first application of a gender wage gap decomposition on the basis of a correlated random effects model. Main results show that agreeableness and openness are the most important personality ...

2020| Sina Otten
SOEPpapers 1071 / 2020

Income Distribution and the Fear of Crime: Evidence from Germany

We here explore the link between individual concerns about crime and the distribution of income in Germany. We make use of 1995-2017 microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to show that both individual polarization and relative deprivation have statistically-significant effects on reported concerns about crime, while relative satisfaction plays no role. At the aggregate level, the main ...

2020| Michelle Acampora, Conchita D'Ambrosio, Markus M. Grabka
Berlin Applied Micro Seminar (BAMS)

Childless Cities

Unfortunately the event is canceled. As soon as a new date is fixed, it will be announced here on the website. BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

16.03.2020| Florian Oswald

MINT-Berufe: Workshops mit Rollenvorbildern können Geschlechterstereotype reduzieren

Forscherinnen von DIW Berlin und Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien analysieren Befragungsdaten von Wiener Schülerinnen und Schülern – Befragte 12- bis 14-Jährige haben bereits ausgeprägte geschlechterstereotype Denkweisen in Bezug auf Technik, bei Mädchen gehen diese mit geringerem Interesse an Technik einher – Großes Potential, mehr Frauen für MINT-Berufe ...

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Irrational Attention to Correlation in Selected Data

It is very rare that the causal link between actions and outcomes can be observed directly. Often, it is much easier to observe correlation. To derive causality from correlation, economists use elaborate techniques. However, little is known about individuals’ capabilities to infer from correlational data in their everyday lives. I test if individuals erroneously infer...

09.12.2020| Annekatrin Schrenker
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

The link between family networks and mental health for exogamous couples in old age

In later life, social ties become increasingly important for one’s mental health. In this study, we test whether exogamous unions, in which one of the partner is migrant and one native, affect older individual’s social networks, and whether the association between exogamy and mental health operates through social networks. We hypothesize that immigrants gain social...

17.07.2020| Chia Liu, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research & University of St. Andrews
249 Ergebnisse, ab 21